Current Calif News and Events

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Severe morning sickness associated with higher risk of autism
Children whose mothers had hyperemesis gravidarum -- a severe form of a morning sickness -- during pregnancy were 53% more likely to be diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder, according to Kaiser Permanente research published in the American Journal of Perinatology. (2019-10-03)

Second sight study at Baylor College of Medicine
Baylor College of Medicine researchers, in collaboration with the University of California, Los Angeles and Second Sight Medical Products (Los Angeles, Calif.) are using a visual cortical prosthesis to help bring sight to the blind. (2019-07-17)

Gastric bypass surgery may benefit muscle strength more than previously thought
Gastric bypass surgery improves relative muscle strength and physical performance in people with obesity, according to a study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2019-01-16)

More than half of patients alive two years after receiving CAR-T therapy for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma in ZUMA-1 trial
A follow-up analysis of patients enrolled in a Phase I/II multi-center trial for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) reported 51 percent of patients receiving an anti-CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR T) called axi-cel were still alive two years post-treatment. (2018-12-02)

Midlife women transitioning to menopause have a higher risk of metabolic syndrome, which predisposes to heart disease and type 2 diabetes
Midlife women transitioning to menopause may be able to lower their risk of developing heart disease and type 2 diabetes, if they exercise more or eat a lower calorie diet, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2018-10-25)

Largest autism sequencing study to date yields 102 genes associated with ASD
In the largest genetic sequencing study of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) to date, researchers have identified 102 genes associated with ASD, and report significant progress toward teasing apart the genes associated with ASD from those associated with intellectual disability and developmental delay, conditions between which there is often overlap. The findings were presented at the American Society of Human Genetics 2018 Annual Meeting in San Diego, Calif. (2018-10-16)

Robocalls improve diabetes eye screening among low-income minorities
Automated reminder calls may be an effective tool to improve screening for diabetic eye disease among low-income minority patients, especially African Americans, a new study finds. The study results will be presented Monday at ENDO 2018, the Endocrine Society's 100th annual meeting in Chicago, Ill. (2018-03-19)

PCOS may reduce gut bacteria diversity
Women who have a common hormone condition that contributes to infertility and metabolic problems tend to have less diverse gut bacteria than women who do not have the condition, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2018-01-23)

Antibiotic-resistant bacteria in ready-to-eat foods
Research presented at the ASM Microbe 2017 meeting by Bryan Sanchez of California State University-Northridge in Northridge, Calif., show that antibiotic-resistant bacteria are present in many ready-to-eat foods such as fresh produce and dairy products and may serve as a source of human exposure to antibiotic-resistant bacteria. (2017-06-04)

Lemelson-MIT program announces 42 InvenTeam grantees
The Lemelson-MIT Program announced today the award of 42 Junior Varsity (JV) InvenTeamâ„¢ grants to 39 schools in California (metro Los Angeles), Massachusetts, Oregon and Texas (metro Houston). Grantees serve a diverse group of students in grades 7-10 from public, charter, and magnet schools. (2017-02-22)

NIH to expand critical catalog for genomics research
The NIH plans to expand its ENCODE Project, a fundamental genomics resource used by many scientists to study human health and disease. Funded by NHGRI, the ENCODE Project strives to catalog all the genes and regulatory elements -- the parts of the genome that control whether genes are active or not -- in humans and select model organisms. With four years of additional support, NHGRI builds on a long-standing commitment to developing freely available genomics resources for use by the scientific community. (2017-02-02)

ASHG announces results of 2016 Teen Genes Video Challenge
ASHG is pleased to announce the first-place winner and three honorable mentions for its 2016 Teen Genes Video Challenge. Entrants were asked to submit a 3-5 minute video that describes any current application of genetics and explains how it works. (2016-12-09)

When it comes to a child's weight in the ER, mama knows best
Parents outperform even sophisticated measurement systems in emergency departments when it comes to estimating their children's body weight, according to the results of a systematic review of the literature on pediatric weight estimation published online today in Annals of Emergency Medicine ('Weight Estimation Methods in Children: A Systematic Review'). (2016-04-19)

Algae raceway paves path from lab to real-world applications
In a twist of geometry, an oval can make a line. The new algae raceway testing facility at Sandia National Laboratories may be oval in shape, but it paves a direct path between laboratory research and solving the demand for clean energy. (2016-02-03)

CA's state fish can benefit from restoring and protecting streamside meadows
Rising temperatures can create stressful and possibly lethal stream habitat for native trout. To help understand the interactive effects of climate warming and livestock grazing on water temperature, researchers from the Pacific Southwest Research Station and University of California, Berkeley, conducted a six-year study documenting high elevation water temperatures in areas of the Golden Trout Wilderness. (2016-01-13)

Taking antidepressants with cancer drug does not increase breast-cancer recurrence
A large study of patients with breast cancer who took the anti-cancer drug tamoxifen while taking an antidepressant were not found to have an increased risk of recurrence, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published in The Journal of the National Cancer Institute. (2015-12-01)

UCI to livestream symposium: The Challenge of Informed Consent in Times of Controversy
The 2015 stem cell symposium, The Challenge of Informed Consent in Times of Controversy, will take place from 9 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Friday, Nov. 13, at University of California, Irvine. The symposium will be livestreamed, and a video recording will be available on following the event. The symposium will explore whether the Food and Drug Administration and other government agencies should intensify the regulation of human subject research and establish enforcement standards. (2015-11-10)

Fogarty Institute for Innovation and FDA collaborate to create an educational interface
The Fogarty Institute for Innovation, a nonprofit that provides intellectual, physical and financial resources to medtech startups, and the FDA signed an agreement to begin a first-of-its-kind educational program to help accelerate medical device innovation and improve the overall efficiency of the approval process. (2015-09-01)

Women, regardless of their backgrounds, seek help for the 'got to go' feeling
Regardless of their racial, ethnic, educational or socioeconomic background, women seek help for a frustrating -- and ubiquitous -- feature of becoming 'a woman of a certain age:' the need be close to the women's room. (2015-04-07)

Sanford-Burnham licenses small molecule to Daiichi Sankyo for further development
Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute today announced that it has signed a licensing agreement to further develop a first-in-class small molecule with Daiichi Sankyo for the treatment of cardiovascular-metabolic disease. The small molecule is based on longstanding, groundbreaking biology work by a Sanford-Burnham scientist and his laboratory team, who for decades focused their research on treating a consequence of cardiovascular-metabolic disease. (2015-04-02)

79 Fellows elected to the American Academy of Microbiology
In January of 2015, the American Academy of Microbiology elected 79 new Fellows. Fellows of the Academy are elected annually through a highly selective, peer-review process, based on their records of scientific achievement and original contributions that have advanced microbiology. (2015-03-03)

Using stem cells to grow new hair
In a new study from Sanford-Burnham Medical Research Institute, researchers have used human pluripotent stem cells to generate new hair. The study represents the first step toward the development of a cell-based treatment for people with hair loss. In the United States alone, more than 40 million men and 21 million women are affected by hair loss. The research was published online in PLOS One yesterday. (2015-01-27)

Statin use during hospitalization for hemorrhagic stroke associated with improved survival
Patients who were treated with a statin in the hospital after suffering from a hemorrhagic stroke were significantly more likely to survive than those who were not, according to a study published today in JAMA Neurology. This study was conducted by the same researchers who recently discovered that the use of cholesterol-lowering statins can improve survival in victims of ischemic stroke. (2014-09-22)

Study gives new perspective on agricultural plastic, debris burning, and air quality
A recent study published in the Journal of the Air and Water Association shows that inclusion of agricultural plastic in debris piles has no effect on smoke emissions. (2014-07-24)

UC Irvine Health receives NIH award to study kidney disease, track treatment methods
UC Irvine Health will use a $3.4 million grant from the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases of the National Institutes of Health to examine the 'Transition of Care in Chronic Kidney Disease.' (2014-06-17)

Licensing executive named distinguished fellow by international organization
Craig Smith, a licensing and business development specialist at Sandia National Laboratories, has been selected as a distinguished fellow by the Licensing Executives Society International and its Chemicals, Energy, Environment and Materials sector. (2014-06-05)

State of wildland fire emissions, carbon, and climate research
The current state of knowledge, critical knowledge gaps, and importance of fire emissions for global climate and terrestrial carbon cycling is the focus of nine science syntheses published in a special issue in the Forest Ecology and Management journal titled, Wildland Fire Emissions, Carbon, and Climate: Science Overview and Knowledge Needs. (2014-06-05)

Consistent blood pressure control may cut rate of second stroke in half
Stroke survivors who consistently control their blood pressure may reduce the likelihood of a second stroke by more than 50 percent. Less than a third of stroke survivors maintained consistent blood pressure control more than 75 percent of the time. (2014-03-27)

Predation on invertebrates by woodland salamanders increases carbon capture
Woodland salamanders perform a vital ecological service in American forests by helping to mitigate the impacts of global warming. Woodland salamander predation on invertebrates indirectly affects the amount of leaf litter retained for soil-building where nutrients and carbon are captured at the litter-soil interface. (2014-03-10)

NASA's IRIS spots its largest solar flare
On Jan. 28, 2014, NASA's Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph, or IRIS, witnessed its strongest solar flare since it launched in the summer of 2013. Solar flares are bursts of X-rays and light that stream out into space, but scientists don't yet know the fine details of what sets them off. (2014-02-21)

Integrating vegetation into sustainable transportation planning may benefit public health
Strategic placement of trees and plants near busy roadways may enhance air quality and positively impact public health. (2014-01-24)

AACR and Prostate Cancer Foundation to host conference on prostate cancer research
The American Association for Cancer Research and the Prostate Cancer Foundation will host the AACR-Prostate Cancer Foundation Conference on Advances in Prostate Cancer Research at the Manchester Grand Hyatt in San Diego, Calif., Jan. 19-21. (2014-01-13)

Combustion chemist to be awarded Polanyi Medal for pioneering work at Sandia Labs
Sandia National Laboratories combustion chemist Craig Taatjes, whose groundbreaking work on Criegee intermediates has provided scientific insight into hydrocarbon combustion and atmospheric chemistry, has been selected to receive the prestigious Polanyi Medal by the International Symposium on Gas Kinetics. (2013-11-26)

Weight at time of diagnosis linked to prostate cancer mortality
Men who are overweight or obese when they are diagnosed with prostate cancer are more likely to die from the disease than men who are of healthy weight, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Obesity Research & Clinical Practice. (2013-10-29)

Automated telephone calls improve blood pressure control
Patients who received automated telephone calls inviting them to get their blood pressure checked at a walk-in clinic were more likely to have controlled hypertension than patients who did not receive calls, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the Journal of Clinical Hypertension. (2013-09-16)

Woodland salamanders indicators of forest ecosystem recovery
Woodland salamanders are a viable indicator of forest ecosystem recovery, according to researchers from the US Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station. (2013-08-28)

NASA's HS3 mission analyzes Saharan dust layer over Eastern Atlantic
One of two of NASA's Global Hawk unmanned aircraft flew over the remnants of Tropical Storm Erin and investigated the Saharan Air Layer in the Eastern Atlantic Ocean on Aug. 20 and 21. The instruments aboard the Global Hawk sampled the environment of ex-Erin and revealed an elevated dust layer overrunning the storm. (2013-08-23)

Infrared NASA image revealed fading Gil's warming cloud tops
Tropical Depression Gil regained strength after moving into warmer waters and an area with lighter wind shear as Hurricane Henriette hangs on. (2013-08-07)

Planetary 'runaway greenhouse' more easily triggered, research shows
It might be easier than previously thought for a planet to overheat into the scorchingly uninhabitable (2013-07-30)

NASA's IRIS telescope offers first glimpse of sun's mysterious atmosphere
As the telescope door opened on July 17, 2013, IRIS's single instrument began to observe the sun in exceptional detail. IRIS's first images showed a multitude of thin, fibril-like structures that have never been seen before, revealing enormous contrasts in density and temperature occur throughout this region even between neighboring loops that are only a few hundred miles apart. The images also show spots that rapidly brighten and dim, which provide clues to how energy is transported and absorbed throughout the region. (2013-07-25)

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