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Current Carbenoid Species News and Events, Carbenoid Species News Articles.
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Wildlife struggle to cope with extreme weather
The mass death of flying foxes in extreme heat in North Queensland last month underscores the importance of University of Queensland wildlife research released today. The UQ research sheds light on how various species have responded to major climate events. (2018-12-20)

Female penises evolved twice in bark lice
In a group of bark lice, a penis has evolved twice -- in the females. In their nutrient-scarce environment, 'seminal gifts' are an incentive for females to force mating, leading to the co-evolution of female penises and male vaginas. (2018-12-20)

New insights on animal movement in fire-prone landscapes
A new Biological Reviews article considers how fire histories affect animals' movement and shape the distribution of species. (2018-12-19)

Lower oxygen levels to impact the oceanic food chain
The North Pacific Ocean is losing oxygen, pushing species significant to the marine ecosystem to shallower water where there's more sunlight, higher temperatures and greater risk of predators. (2018-12-19)

Hurricane Maria gave ecologists rare chance to study how tropical dry forests recover
To counteract the damage hurricanes have caused to their canopies, trees appear to adjust key characteristics of their newly grown leaves, according to a year-long field study presented at the British Ecological Society's annual conference today. (2018-12-18)

Explaining differences in rates of evolution
Scientists look to fossils and evolutionary trees to help determine the rate of evolution -- albeit with conflicting results. A new model by ETH researchers has helped to resolve these contradictions. (2018-12-18)

Broading the biodiversity catalogue of spider populations in the Iberian Peninsula
The biodiversity catalogue of the Iberian Peninsula spiders is now adding the discovery of a dozen new species -from seven different families- that are mainly found in edaphic environments (soil), according to an article led by Professor Miquel Àngel Arnedo, from the Faculty of Biology and the Biodiversity Research Institute (IRBio) of the University of Barcelona. (2018-12-18)

The importance of 'edge populations' to biodiversity
More than two-thirds of Canada's biodiversity is made up of species that occur within the country's borders only at the very northern edge of their range. Biologists have long debated how much effort should be dedicated to conserving these 'edge populations.' One argument in their favor is that they may be especially well suited to lead northward range shifts for their species as the climate warms. (2018-12-18)

Clemson researchers: Trees grow more efficient leaves to compensate for hurricane damage
When Hurricane Maria hit Puerto Rico last year, ecologists at Clemson's Belle W. Baruch Institute of Coastal Ecology and Forest Science took the opportunity to study how hurricanes affect tropical dry forests in the Caribbean. Doctoral student Tristan Allerton presented findings from the year-long field study Tuesday at the British Ecological Society's annual conference. (2018-12-18)

Texas A&M scientists find Mexican endemic fish never identified in US
Conway, Perkin and team from Texas A&M identified the Conchos shiner in U.S. waters of the Rio Grande. Previously, the Conchos shiner was considered restricted to the upper parts of the Rio Conchos drainage in Mexico. (2018-12-17)

Scientists revealed how water fleas settled during the Ice Age
A new study shows that the roots used by three close species of microscopic Daphnia crustaceans to settle across the territory of Northern Eurasia differed greatly. This findings shed light on how the continental freshwater fauna was formed. They are published in PLOS ONE. (2018-12-17)

Species at the extremes of the food chain evolve faster, study says
Reef fish species at the extremes of the food chain -- those that are strict herbivores or strict fish predators -- evolve faster than fish species in the middle of the food chain with a more varied diet, according to a new study published in Nature Ecology and Evolution. (2018-12-17)

Tale of two trees: New web tool estimates gene trees with ease
Scientists introduce ORTHOSCOPE, a new web-based tool capable of inferring gene function, estimating gene trees and identifying sets of ancestral genes in just minutes. (2018-12-13)

Moun­tain birds de­clin­ing in Europe
Population data for European mountain birds have been for the first time combined in a recent study, with worrying results: the abundances of mountain-specialist birds has declined by as much as 10% in the 2000s. (2018-12-13)

Monitoring the environment with artificial intelligence
Microorganisms perform key functions in ecosystems and their diversity reflects the health of their environment. Researchers from UNIGE use genomic tools to sequence the DNA of microorganisms in samples, and then exploit this considerable amount of data with artificial intelligence. They build predictive models capable of establishing a diagnosis of the health of ecosystems and identify species that perform important functions. This new approach will significantly increase the observation capacity of large ecosystems. (2018-12-13)

Fallen through the net?
Using long-term data from the ''Butterfly Monitoring Germany'' citizens' research project, scientists have now investigated the matter using butterflies as an example. According to the research, there are more butterfly species in Natura 2000 areas than elsewhere. However, the same decline in the numbers of species regardless whether the communities are located within or outside the protected areas. (2018-12-12)

Invasive species and habitat loss our biggest biodiversity threats
Invasive species and habitat loss are the biggest threats to Australian biodiversity, according to new research by the Threatened Species Recovery Hub in partnership with The University of Queensland. Lead researcher Stephen Kearney from UQ's School of Earth and Environmental Sciences said Australia was rich in unique biodiversity, but has had a poor track record since European settlement. (2018-12-10)

Small and isolated habitat patches crucial to species survival
Small, local patches of habitat could be playing a much bigger role in conserving biodiversity than you think, according to new research. The global study just published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (see article here) looked at the conservation values of vegetation patches in 27 countries on four continents, and considered their size and distance to other habitat. (2018-12-10)

Could algae that are 'poor-providers' help corals come back after bleaching?
How much of a reef's ability to withstand stressful conditions is influenced by the type of symbiotic algae that the corals hosts? New work investigates how the nutrients algae share with their coral hosts varies between species and what this could mean for a coral's ability to survive in a changing climate. They determined that in the wake of a bleaching event, even an algal tenant that's poor provider may be better than no provider. (2018-12-06)

Study solves puzzle of snail and slug feeding preferences
A study led by the University of Plymouth suggests the reason some seedlings are more commonly eaten by slugs and snails may be down to the smells produced by young seedlings in the early stages of their development. (2018-12-05)

Think about bees say researchers as Grand-Staircase Escalante National Monument Shrinks
A year ago, President Donald Trump announced his intention to reduce the size of Utah's Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument, which Utah State University researchers say is a hotspot for bee biodiversity. The entomologists urge federal agencies to consider the pollinators in management plans, going forward, for the monument. (2018-12-04)

How microbial interactions shape our lives
The interactions that take place between the species of microbes living in the gastrointestinal system often have large and unpredicted effects on health, according to new work from a team led by Carnegie's Will Ludington. Working with fruit flies, the team found that the interactions that take place between the microbial populations are as important to a fly's physiology as which individual species are present. (2018-12-04)

Human environmental effects favor cosmopolitan species over local iconic species
Human habitat modification is favoring the same species everywhere, while unique species are disappearing, finds a study publishing on Dec. 4 in the open-access journal PLOS Biology, led by Tim Newbold at University College London and Andy Purvis at the Natural History Museum in London. (2018-12-04)

Mystery of color patterns of reef fish solved
Scientists have solved the mystery of why some closely-related species of an iconic reef fish have vastly different colour patterns, while others look very similar. (2018-12-04)

In death, Lonesome George reveals why giant tortoises live so long
Genetic analysis of DNA from Lonesome George and samples from other giant tortoises of the Galapagos -- which can live more than 100 years in captivity -- found they possessed a number of gene variants linked to DNA repair, immune response, and cancer suppression not possessed by shorter-lived vertebrates. (2018-12-03)

Machine learning helps predict worldwide plant-conservation priorities
A new approach co-developed at The Ohio State University uses data analytics and machine learning to predict the conservation status of more than 150,000 plants worldwide. Results suggest that more than 15,000 species likely qualify as near-threatened, vulnerable, endangered or critically endangered. (2018-12-03)

A bastard seal from the past reveals the potential for human hybrids
If discovered as fossils, grey and ringed seals are so different that they could be classified as belonging to different families. Yet, a seal pup born in 1929 was found to be an almost perfect intermediate between the species. Compared to Neanderthals and modern humans, grey and ringed seals are genetically and dentally at least twice as different, suggesting that there may be more fossil human hybrids to be discovered. (2018-11-30)

Austrian-Danish research team discover as many as 22 new moth species from across Europe
Following a long-year study of the family of twirler moths, scientists from the Tyrolean State Museum, Austria and the Zoological Museum of the University of Copenhagen have discovered a startling total of 44 new species, including as many as 22 species inhabiting various regions throughout Europe. Given that the Old Continent is the most extensively researched one, their findings, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, pose fundamental questions about our knowledge of biodiversity. (2018-11-29)

Climate change risks 'extinction domino effect'
New research reveals the extinction of plant or animal species from extreme environmental change increases the risk of an 'extinction domino effect' that could annihilate all life on Earth. This would be the worst-case scenario of what scientists call 'co-extinctions', where an organism dies out because it depends on another doomed species, with the findings published today in the journal Scientific Reports. (2018-11-29)

Food webs essential for nature conservation efforts in the future
Nature conservation should not focus on individual species but on whole food webs, because the protection of their functioning is important for the predictability of species, especially when global warming is increasing environmental variability. (2018-11-28)

Global warming increases the risk of an extinction domino effect
The complex network of interdependencies between plants and animals multiplies the species at risk of extinction due to environmental change. (2018-11-28)

Predators drive Nemo's relationship with an unlikely friend
Predators have been identified as the shaping force behind mutually beneficial relationships between species such as clownfish and anemones. (2018-11-27)

Something to chew on
Cows eat grass. It seems simple enough. But just which kind of grass cows and their vegetarian comrades munch on can influence the entire ecosystem. (2018-11-26)

Drones offer ability to find, ID and count marine megafauna
New research demonstrates that consumer-grade drones are effective tools for monitoring marine species across multiple sites in the wild. The work shows that the technology can be a valuable platform for scientists and conservationists interested in studying populations of sharks, rays, sea turtles and other marine megafauna. (2018-11-26)

'Old-fashioned fieldwork' puts new frog species on the map
Months of old-fashioned fieldwork helped define the range and unique characteristics of the recently discovered Atlantic Coast leopard frog. A study published this month in the journal PLOS ONE pinpointed the frog's range along the Eastern Seaboard, its unusual call and a list of distinguishing traits. The lead author is a zoologist with the New York Natural Heritage Program based at the SUNY College of Environmental Science and Forestry in Syracuse, N.Y. (2018-11-26)

A fresh look at winter footprints: Environmental DNA improves tracking of rare carnivores
A new project shows that animal footprints contain enough DNA for species identification. The study, led by the USDA Forest Service, extracted DNA from snow samples collected within animal tracks and applied newly developed molecular genetic assays. The assays positively detected the DNA of each species, outperforming traditional lab techniques on previously undetectable genetic samples. This method could revolutionize winter surveys of rare species by greatly reducing or eliminating misidentifications and missed detections. (2018-11-26)

Ultracold quantum mix
The experimental investigation of ultracold quantum matter makes it possible to study quantum mechanical phenomena that are otherwise hardly accessible. A team led by the Innsbruck physicist Francesca Ferlaino has now succeeded for the first time in mixing quantum gases of the strongly magnetic elements Erbium and Dysprosium and creating a dipolar quantum mixture. (2018-11-23)

Responses of waterbirds to climate change is linked to their preferred wintering habitats
A new scientific article shows that 25 European waterbird species can change their wintering areas depending on winter weather. Warm winters allow them to shift their wintering areas northeastwards, whereas cold spells push birds southwestwards. (2018-11-20)

Sticky and heavily armed, a tomato-relative is the new 'star' of the Brazilian inselbergs
Heavily armed, new species of tomato genus Solanum is not the villain but the 'star' in its ecosystem in Brazil. Despite its large thorn formations and sticky stems, it turns out that newly discovered Solanum kollastrum plays important role in the life of local pollinators and is a possible food source to bat species in the region. The study was published in the open access journal PhytoKeys. (2018-11-20)

Australian mammals at greatest risk from cats and foxes, new study
New research led by the Threatened Species Recovery Hub has revealed which Australian mammals are most vulnerable to cats and foxes, and many much-loved potoroos, bandicoots and bettongs, as well as native rodents, are at the top of the list. (2018-11-20)

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