Current Carbohydrates News and Events | Page 16

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Pythons can be couch potatoes, too
Gary Larson, creator of (2002-08-26)

Potential cause of arthritis discovered
Certain types of naturally occurring carbohydrates in the body may cause rheumatoid arthritis, a debilitating, painful disease affecting hundreds of millions of people worldwide according to research being presented at the American Chemical Society national meeting in Boston. It's the first time researchers have associated carbohydrates present naturally in the body with this disease. (2002-08-21)

Low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets increase risk of kidney stones and may raise bone loss risk
Popular low-carbohydrate, high-protein diets may result in rapid weight loss, but researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas report that they also pose serious health problems, including an increase in the risk of kidney stones and a possible higher risk of bone loss. (2002-08-01)

UC Riverside scientists report molecular switch assists plant survival in floods
Scientists at the University of California, Riverside, studying plant tolerance of low oxygen stress, report in the June 14th, 2002, issue of the journal Science that plants use a rheostat-like mechanism at the cellular level to balance the production of an enzyme with the consumption of stored carbohydrates. The enzyme, called (2002-06-13)

Obesity...by choice
New study suggests we may choose obesity by consuming available and unhealthy foods and ignoring the best instincts of our body. (2002-05-30)

Colic in infants linked to inability to digest apple juice, but not white grape juice
Young babies with a history of colic are more likely to re-experience some of the symptoms of colic after drinking apple juice than after drinking white grape juice, according to research published in the May, 2002 issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the American Academy of Pediatrics. (2002-05-06)

UB study finds early nutritional modification programs metabolism, predisposes to obesity
Consuming a milk formula high in carbohydrates during the critical early weeks of postnatal life causes permanent changes in pancreatic islets and leads to overproduction of insulin and development of obesity in adulthood, University at Buffalo biochemists, working with rats, have found. (2002-04-23)

New nutrition guidelines for diabetics promote emphasis on high-monounsaturated fat diet
Diabetics are no longer limited to a high-carbohydrate/low-fat diet, according to the latest guidelines issued by the American Diabetes Association (ADA). While that is still considered a healthy diet, they may now choose a high-monounsaturated diet instead. (2002-02-05)

Deep sea creatures collected for studies
Sea animals that live deep in the ocean near hot water vents, and rarely brought to the surface for study, were recently brought to University of California, Santa Barbara by James Childress, a professor of biology and an authority on deep-sea organisms. Fifteen scarlet-colored tube worms, 12 white crabs, and 30 yellow mussels are now on the campus in tanks that simulate the pressure of the deep ocean (2002-01-31)

Obese women convert carbohydrate to fat faster than lean women
Publishing in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, McDevitt et al. found significant differences in de novo lipogenesis between lean and obese women in response to a control diet, but not to overfeeding of carbohydrates. (2001-11-21)

All food energy improves memory in elderly, study says
All types of food energy, not just carbohydrates, appear to enhance memory performance in healthy older adults, says a study published in the November issue of the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. (2001-11-19)

High-protein diets not proven effective and may pose health risks
High-protein diets have no proven effectiveness in long-term weight reduction and pose potential health threats for those who adhere to them for more than a short time, according to an advisory from the American Heart Association's Nutrition Committee in today's Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association. (2001-10-08)

Censoring self-specific B cells
Any one of 50 human VH regions can be included in the final rearranged immunoglobulin as B cell precursors mature. Although this process is essentially random, VH regions are not uniformly distributed among mature, IgG-secreting plasma cells, because these cells are subject to both positive and negative selection as they mature. (2001-09-26)

UGA researcher unlocks links between complex carbohydrates and spread of cancer
A professor of biochemistry and molecular biology has discovered an enzyme that could help unravel the mystery of how cancer spreads in the human body. With the help of $2 million in funding from the National Cancer Institute, he and his team of researchers are working to find an inhibitor of this enzyme and develop a drug that would bind to that enzyme and prevent or slow the migration of cancer cells. (2001-09-10)

UCSD biologists identify genetic mechanism conferring resistance to 'Bt toxins'
Biologists at the University of California, San Diego have discovered the genetic and molecular means by which roundworms, and probably insects, can develop resistance to the most widely used biologically produced insecticide--crystalline toxins from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis, or Bt. (2001-08-02)

UT Southwestern team isolates key protein in transforming excess glucose into fat
A biochemistry team from the Department of Veterans Affairs and UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas has identified a glucose-sensitive protein that translates excessively high-carbohydrate intake into body fat, especially when combined with a sedentary lifestyle. (2001-07-30)

UIC chemists synthesize biologically-important carbohydrate molecules
University of Illinois at Chicago chemistry professor David Crich and his research team have successfully synthesized two different oligosaccharides containing only the beta-mannose type linkage. (2001-06-26)

PNNL and WSU study ways to manure valuable
PNNL and WSU are beginning a two-year study to determine the best processes to generate higher-value products from manure. The study is being funded by an $800,000 grant through DOE and is focused on developing new processes to use animal manure as feedstock for commodity chemical production. (2001-06-17)

New study suggests honey can boost endurance performance in athletes
A new study presented today at the annual Experimental Biology meetings is first to show that honey performs as well as glucose in sustaining endurance and power in elite cyclists. Results indicate that honey is an effective and affordable alternative carbohydrate source for endurance athletes. (2001-04-04)

Consuming more protein, less carbohydrates may be healthier
New University of Illinois research suggests a diet higher in protein and lower in carbohydrates than currently recommended may help people maintain desirable body weight and overall health. The research focuses on how to maintain sufficient muscle mass so a person can efficiently expend energy to maintain a healthy body. (2001-04-02)

Enzyme could provide continual fat burning
An enzyme discovered by Baylor College of Medicine researchers is critical to the metabolic pathway that governs the body's ability to burn fat and could open a door into new ways to reduce obesity, diabetes and other fat-related human diseases. (2001-03-28)

Baltimore chemist wins national award for insights into body's carbohydrates
Yuan Chuan Lee of Timonium, Md., will be honored April 3 for his achievements in revealing how carbohydrates function as biological signals in the body. He will receive the 2001 Claude S. Hudson Award in Carbohydrate Chemistry from the American Chemical Society at its national meeting in San Diego. (2001-03-28)

Metabolism in women after weight loss varies from that of never overweight women
In a study of 18 normal-weight women, Raben et al. found that women who reach a normal weight after previous obesity have different metabolic profiles than women who have never been overweight. The study provides comparative information on metabolic reactions to either a high-fat, high-starch or high-sucrose diet. (2001-01-21)

New Mayo Clinic Healthy Weight Pyramid helps you lose weight and keep it off!
There is no Mayo Clinic Diet. But, there is a new Mayo Clinic Healthy Food Pyramid.' This is the first food pyramid developed to encourage weight loss, weight maintenance and long term health. (2000-11-20)

Researchers use water instead of solvent to produce a new acrylic
Virginia Tech researchers have synthesized a novel acrylic blend using water instead of organic solvents. (2000-08-22)

Honey : Natures's sweetener may increase recuperation after workouts
A research study presented at the annual National Strength and Conditioning Association meeting suggests that honey may increase recuperation after workouts. Results show that combining honey with a protein supplement may boost post- workout recuperation and favor better blood sugar maintenance after exercise. (2000-06-21)

Pizza, brownies to be part of 'low-fat' diabetes diet
A new diet study aimed at trying to reverse diabetes or diminishing its symptoms will allow participants to eat favorite high-fat foods like brownies and pizza by replacing the real fat with Olestra, a fat substitute now found only in snack foods like potato chips. (2000-06-19)

The glycemic index: Rethinking diet and cardiovascular risk
A diet which decreases fat and increases carbohydrate is frequently prescribed for preventing cardiovascular disease (CVD). According to a new study in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, the decision to substitute carbohydrates for fats should take into consideration the type of carbohydrate chosen since the wrong choices may put an individual at greater risk of CVD. (2000-05-29)

Some alcoholics may self-medicate with carbohydrates between drinks
  • Alcoholics have reduced levels of serotonin, a brain chemical.
  • Alcohol increases serotonin levels, as do carbohydrates.
  • Those alcoholics with high cravings for carbohydrates have a unique response to specific diets.
  • Carbohydrate craving may be an important clue in developing treatments for alcoholic populations.
(2000-05-21)

Honey may be the ideal pre-workout energy source
Honey, nature's energy food is easy on blood sugar and insulin. Results of research presented April 17 at the Experimental Biology meetings in San Diego shows that honey is one of the most effective form of carbohydrate gels to ingest just prior to exercise. (2000-04-16)

UT Southwestern to study effect of low-carbohydrate diet on kidney-stone formation and bone loss
A resurgence in interest in the high-protein, low- carbohydrate diet has prompted two doctors at UT Southwestern Medical Center at Dallas to zero in on the fad diet to see if it increases the risk of kidney stones and loss of bone. (2000-03-23)

The 'peanut butter diet': Heart-healthy alternative to olive oil
Recent research into the effects of monounsaturated fats (MUFAs, found in olive and certain other oils) suggests that low fat may not necessarily be the best way to ensure a healthy heart. The MUFAs in peanuts and peanut oil are biochemically similar to olive oil, and convey extra benefits through their high protein content. (1999-11-21)

All fats are not created equal: Some fats may protect the heart
Limiting the amount of saturated fat, such as butter or animal fat, in your diet is a good idea. Now the American Heart Association is recommending that you replace some of that saturated fat with monounsaturated or polyunsatured fat. Monounsaturated fat is abundant in olive and canola oil. Polyunsaturated fats are found in corn or soybean oil. (1999-09-13)

National award recognizes local researcher Carolyn Bertozzi
Carolyn Bertozzi of Albany, Calif., will be honored August 24 by the world's largest scientific society for using sugars attached to the surfaces of body cells to further understanding and treatment of diseases ranging from rheumatoid arthritis to cancer. She will receive the1999 Arthur C. Cope Scholar Award from the American Chemical Society at its national meeting in New Orleans. (1999-08-24)

Eating proper foods at right time after exercise can speed recovery
Athletes have been advised for years that carbohydrates and amino acids can enhance their performance. Now, it appears that timing of the right food -- in addition to fluid replacement -- may be crucial to post-exercise recovery, according to University of Illinois researchers. (1999-07-07)

Lo-Cal Diet Slows Prostate Cancer In Animals, New Research Finds
A low-calorie diet slows the progress of prostate cancer in animals, new research shows. The slowing of tumor progression occurred whether the calories were reduced by cutting fat, carbohydrates, or the overall diet. (1999-03-19)

New Vaccine Being Tested In Prostate Cancer Patients
Chemists at the Sloan-Kettering Institute for Cancer Research have created a novel vaccine they hope will thwart prostate cancer. Now in early human trials, the vaccine is the first made synthetically to target abundant, but elusive, carbohydrates on the surface of tumor cells. (1998-11-20)

Low-Fat Diet Alone Reversed Type 2 Diabetes In Mice
Researchers at Duke University Medical Center have shown they can reverse type 2 diabetes in mice simply by feeding them a very low-fat diet, and they believe the same potential exists in humans. (1998-09-10)

Eating Less Fat At One Meal May Lead To Higher Fat Intake Later
A new study finds that people who eat low-fat or low- carbohydrate lunches compensate by eating more fat or carbohydrates at other meals. The result is that participants consume similar levels of fat carbohydrates each day, regardless of how healthy their lunch is. (1998-05-04)

Researchers Discover Ways The Ulcer/Cancer Bug Can Trigger Disease
A mouse with a human gene has revealed why some people who harbor the peptic ulcer bacterium get sick while others don't. If the stomach lining provides toeholds for the bacterium, it may draw the immune system's friendly fire. (1998-03-31)

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