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Current Carbohydrates News and Events, Carbohydrates News Articles.
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Keto diet works best in small doses, Yale researchers find
A ketogenic diet -- which provides 99% of calories from fat and only 1% from carbohydrates -- produces health benefits in the short term, but negative effects after about a week, Yale researchers found in a study of mice. (2020-01-27)

Examining low-carbohydrate, low-fat diets, risk of death
An analysis of self-reported national dietary data from more than 37,000 US adults suggests associations between low-carbohydrate and low-fat diets and the risk of death may depend on the quality and food sources of the carbohydrates, proteins and fats people eat. (2020-01-21)

Molecular 'doormen' open the way to potential obesity treatment
Fat cells are filled with droplets coated by molecules that act like hotel doormen: These 'doormen' control cellular access for nutrients as well as for the exit of energy-supplying molecules called lipids. In healthy individuals, outgoing and incoming traffic in fat cells is finely balanced, supplying energy while preventing excessive spread of undesirable fat in the belly. (2020-01-10)

Earliest evidence for rhizomes roasting in Africa 170 thousand years ago
The 170,000-year-old charred remains of starchy plant parts from Border Cave, South Africa provides the earliest direct evidence for the collecting and cooking of carbohydrate-rich rhizomes, a new study reports. (2020-01-02)

Structures in seaweed shed light on sustainability
By examining the enzymes that break down the alginate, the researchers from China and the United Kingdom may be able to harness the natural process to produce biofuel. During this process, they identified previously unknown enzymatic families that contribute to the bioconversion. (2019-12-19)

Refined carbs may trigger insomnia, finds study
Women who consumed a diet high in added sugars and refined carbohydrates had a greater risk of developing insomnia, a new study by researchers at Columbia University has found. (2019-12-11)

Ketogenic diet helps tame flu virus
A high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet like the Keto regimen has its fans, but influenza apparently isn't one of them. Mice fed a ketogenic diet were better able to combat the flu virus than mice fed food high in carbohydrates, according to a new Yale University study published Nov. 15 in the journal Science Immunology. (2019-11-15)

Experts unlock key to photosynthesis, a find that could help us meet food security demands
Scientists have solved the structure of one of the key components of photosynthesis, a discovery that could lead to photosynthesis being 'redesigned' to achieve higher yields and meet urgent food security needs. (2019-11-13)

Meal-detection technology brings 'artificial pancreas' one step closer to reality
A.I. researchers at Stevens Institute of Technology have developed a system that can detect when a person is eating and calculate how many carbohydrates they are consuming with unprecedented accuracy and speed. The work provides a significant advance for people who wear continuous glucose monitors as part of their diabetes treatment, allowing insulin to be administered closer to the time when it's actually needed, reducing dangerous swings in blood glucose levels. (2019-11-12)

Study offers data-driven definition of unhealthy yet pervasive 'hyper-palatable' foods
New research published in Obesity and presented at the 7th Annual Obesity Journal Symposium offers specific metrics that might qualify foods as hyper-palatable -- and finds most foods consumed in the United States meet these criteria. (2019-11-05)

Potato as effective as carbohydrate gels for boosting athletic performance, study finds
Consuming potato puree during prolonged exercise works just as well as a commercial carbohydrate gel in sustaining blood glucose levels and boosting performance in trained athletes, scientists report. (2019-10-18)

A new, unified pathway for prebiotic RNA synthesis
Adding to support for the RNA world hypothesis, Sidney Becker and colleagues have presented what's not been shown before -- a single chemical pathway that could generate both the purine and pyrimidine nucleosides, the key building blocks of RNA. (2019-10-03)

Horse nutrition: Prebiotics do more harm than good
Prebiotics are only able to help stabilise the intestinal flora of horses to a limited degree. Before they can reach the intestines, commercially available supplements partially break down in the animals' stomachs, which can lead to inflammation of the stomach lining. This was discovered by researchers at Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg (MLU) and the University of Veterinary Medicine Hannover (TiHo). The study appeared recently in the journal ''PLOS ONE''. (2019-10-01)

Modest improvements in diets of US adults but still too much sugar, saturated fat
US adults made modest improvements to their diets in recent years but still eat too much low-quality carbohydrates and saturated fat based on an analysis of nationally representative survey data. The study included data from nearly 44,000 adults who reported their dietary intake in a 24-hour period. (2019-09-24)

Strip steak: Bacterial enzyme removes inflammation-causing meat carbohydrates
When we eat red meat, the animal carbohydrate Neu5Gc is incorporated in our tissues, where it generates inflammation. UC San Diego researchers discovered how gut bacteria enzymes strip our cells of Neu5Gc, introducing the possibility of using the enzymes to reduce the risk of inflammatory diseases. (2019-09-23)

Otago study first to report benefits and safety of FODMAP diet in children
The low FODMAP diet, a diet low in carbohydrates that trigger digestive symptoms like bloating and stomach pain, is a useful treatment in children and adolescents with gastrointestinal problems, new University of Otago research confirms. (2019-09-23)

Meal type and size are the key factors affecting carb-counting in type 1 diabetes
Meal type and size are the most important factors influencing the accuracy of carb-counting for the control of blood sugar in type 1 diabetes, according to new research being presented at this year's European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) Annual Meeting in Barcelona, Spain (Sept. 16-20). (2019-09-16)

Why fruit flies eat practically anything
Kyoto University researchers uncover why some organisms can eat anything -- 'generalists -- and others have strict diets -- 'specialists'. Using different Drosophila species the team found that diversity in diet stems from the flexible response to carbohydrates regulated by the TGF-β/Activin signaling pathway. Specialists accumulated metabolites under high carbohydrate conditions, culminating in reduced adaptation, while generalists do not. (2019-09-03)

Protein shakes may not be the answer for post-gym muscle pain
Sports scientists at the University of Lincoln, UK, found that neither whey-protein based shakes nor milk-based formulas enhanced the rate of muscle recovery following resistance training when compared to a carbohydrate only drink. (2019-09-02)

Healthy foods more important than type of diet to reduce heart disease risk
In a study published in the International Journal of Cardiology, researchers at BIDMC examined the effects of three healthy diets emphasizing different macronutrients -- carbohydrates, proteins, or unsaturated fats -- on a biomarker that directly reflects heart injury. (2019-08-28)

Microbes have adapted to live on food that is hundreds of years old
Microbial communities living in deep aquatic sediments have adapted to survive on degraded organic matter, according to a study published in Applied and Environmental Microbiology and coauthored by professors at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville. (2019-08-13)

Reduced carbohydrate intake improves type 2 diabetics' ability to regulate blood sugar
Patients with type 2 diabetes improve their ability to regulate blood sugar levels if they eat food with a reduced carbohydrate content and an increased share of protein and fat. This is shown by a recent study conducted at Bispebjerg Hospital in collaboration with, among other partners, Aarhus University and the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports at the University of Copenhagen. The findings are contrary to the conventional dietary recommendations for type 2 diabetics. (2019-08-10)

Houseplants ability to survive drought can provide useful knowledge for the climate change era
PLANTS It has long been known that some plants tolerate drought better than others. As some of the first to do so in the past 100 years, Danish scientists have investigated the mechanisms behind the Aloe plant's ability to survive extended periods of drought. New knowledge could contribute to more resilient crops for a future of more weather extremes. (2019-08-06)

Ants that defend plants receive sugar and protein
The aggressiveness of ants in arid environments with scarce food supply helps protect plants against herbivorous arthropods. (2019-07-17)

Altered gene expression may trigger collapse of symbiotic relationship
Researchers in Japan have identified the potential genes responsible for coral bleaching caused by temperature elevation. (2019-07-04)

Foundational study explores role of diet in diabetes complications
A pressing question in diabetes research is how elevated blood levels of sugar, cholesterol, and fat may contribute to blood vessel damage in relation to the diet. A new study by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital set out to determine which components of the Western diet -- one rich in sugar, cholesterol and fat -- may worsen diabetes complications. (2019-07-02)

Low-carb 'keto' diet ('Atkins-style') may modestly improve cognition in older adults
In a pilot study of 14 older adults with mild cognitive problems suggestive of early Alzheimer's disease, Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that a high-fat, low-carbohydrate diet may improve brain function and memory. (2019-06-27)

Researchers take two steps toward green fuel
An international collaboration led by scientists at Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology (TUAT),Japan, has developed a two-step method to more efficiently break down carbohydrates into their single sugar components, a critical process in producing green fuel. (2019-06-14)

New family on the block: A novel group of glycosidic enzymes
A group of researchers from Japan has recently discovered a novel enzyme from a soil fungus. In their study, they speculate that this enzyme plays important roles in the soil ecosystem, and then describe its structure and action. (2019-06-11)

Researchers from IKBFU discover that pine nut shells increase physical endurance
For several decades, the number of chronicle diseases has been growing. The main reason for this is the imbalanced diet. Biologists and chemists study natural foods concerning the fact that it can help strengthen health and prevent numerous diseases. (2019-06-06)

Gene mutation evolved to cope with modern high-sugar diets
A common gene mutation helps people cope with modern diets by keeping blood sugar low, but close to half of people still have an older variant that may be better suited to prehistoric diets, finds a new UCL-led study. (2019-06-04)

Controlled study links processed food to increased calorie consumption
On May 16, 2019 in the journal Cell Metabolism, researchers report results from the first randomized, controlled trial that directly compared differences in calorie consumption and weight gain between an ultra-processed and an unprocessed diet. The team found that even when the two diets were matched for the amount of presented carbohydrates, fat, sugar, salt, and calories, people consumed more food and gained weight on an ultra-processed diet. (2019-05-16)

How plants are working hard for the planet
As the planet warms, plants are working to slow the effect of human-caused climate change -- and research published today in Trends in Plant Science has assessed how plants are responding to increasing carbon dioxide (CO2). (2019-05-16)

Avocados, as a substitution for carbohydrates, can suppress hunger without adding calories
A new study released by the Center for Nutrition Research at Illinois Institute of Technology suggests that meals that include fresh avocado as a substitute for refined carbohydrates can significantly suppress hunger and increase meal satisfaction in overweight and obese adults. (2019-05-08)

Risk of metastatic cancer increases in those who have diabetes
As if people living with diabetes didn't have enough health concerns, here's another: increased risk of metastatic cancer. New Cornell University research points to a possible explanation for this health double whammy. (2019-05-01)

Keto diet has potential in military, researchers say
A new study has researchers hopeful that a ketogenic diet could prove useful in the military, where obesity is an ongoing challenge, both in terms of recruiting soldiers and keeping them fit for service. (2019-04-30)

Early lipids boost brain growth for vulnerable micro-preemies
Dietary lipids, already an important source of energy for tiny preemies, also provide a much-needed brain boost by significantly increasing global brain volume as well as increasing volume in regions involved in motor activities and memory, according to research presented during the Pediatric Academic Societies 2019 Annual Meeting. (2019-04-27)

Plants and microbes shape global biomes through local underground alliances
Princeton University researchers report that the distribution of forest types worldwide is based on the relationships plant species forged with soil microbes to enhance their uptake of nutrients. These symbioses could help scientists understand how ecosystems may shift as climate change alters the interplay between plants, microbes and soil. (2019-04-17)

Breast milk analyses show new opportunities for reducing risk of childhood obesity
The composition of breast milk in normal weight mothers differs from that of overweight mothers, and variations in small molecule metabolites found in breast milk are possible risk factors for childhood obesity. (2019-04-10)

UBC researchers say eggs for breakfast benefits those with diabetes
While some cereals may be the breakfast of champions, a UBC professor suggests people with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) should be reaching for something else. Associate Professor Jonathan Little, who teaches in UBC Okanagan's School of Health and Exercise Sciences, published a study this week demonstrating that a high-fat, low-carb breakfast (LCBF) can help those with T2D control blood sugar levels throughout the day. (2019-04-10)

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