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Current Catalyst News and Events, Catalyst News Articles.
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Mysterious catalyst explained
From methanol to formaldehyde -- this reaction is the starting point for the synthesis of many everyday plastics. Using catalysts made of gold particles, formaldehyde could be produced without the environmentally hazardous waste generated in conventional methods. Just how the mysterious gold catalyst works has been found out by theoretical and experimental researchers at the Ruhr-Universität Bochum in a cooperation project. (2013-04-30)

Ceramic foam cleans up exhaust gases
The introduction next year of the Euro 6 exhaust-gas standard means that catalytic converters will become more expensive, above all for diesel vehicles. Empa is working on a catalytic substrate made of ceramic foam which, because of its structure, is more efficient and therefore more economic. Not only that -- it also requires less noble metal coating. (2013-04-25)

Recipe for low-cost, biomass-derived catalyst for hydrogen production
Researchers at Brookhaven National Laboratory describe details of a low-cost, stable, effective catalyst that could replace costly platinum in the production of hydrogen. The catalyst, made from renewable soybeans and abundant molybdenum metal, produces hydrogen in an environmentally friendly, cost-effective manner, potentially increasing the use of this clean energy source. (2013-04-24)

'Artificial leaf' gains the ability to self-heal damage and produce energy from dirty water
Another innovative feature has been added to the world's first practical (2013-04-08)

Research demonstrates why going green is good chemistry
NSF-funded research on mechanochemistry will be presented at the American Chemical Society's annual meeting in New Orleans. (2013-04-08)

Amberlyst-15 can act as a catalyst for the acylation of phenols and alcohols
Mumbai Researchers offer a novel and highly sustainable method for the acylation of phenols and alcohols. They found that Amberlyst-15 is an active catalyst for the acylation of phenols and alcohols by means of acetic anhydride as an acylating agent at room temperature under heterogeneous conditions. The scientists confirmed that applications of this catalyst allow mild and highly selective transformations and synthesis in a facile and environmentally friendly manner. (2013-04-04)

Light may recast copper as chemical industry 'holy grail'
Wouldn't it be convenient if you could reverse the rusting of your car by shining a bright light on it? It turns out that this concept works for undoing oxidation on copper nanoparticles, and it could lead to an environmentally friendly production process for an important industrial chemical, University of Michigan engineers have discovered. (2013-03-28)

Catalyst in a teacup: New approach to chemical reduction
Taking their inspiration from Nature, scientists at the University of New South Wales in Sydney have developed a new method for carrying out chemical reduction - an industrial process used to produce fuels and chemicals that are vital for modern society. Their catalyst-based approach has the big advantages that it uses cheap, replenishable reagents and it works well at room temperature and in air - so much so, it can even be carried out safely in a teacup. (2013-03-24)

Thin films of nickel and iron oxides yield efficient solar water-splitting catalyst
University of Oregon chemists say that ultra-thin films of nickel and iron oxides made through a solution synthesis process are promising catalysts to combine with semiconductors to make devices that capture sunlight and convert water into hydrogen and oxygen gases. (2013-03-20)

X-ray laser allows scientists to take live snapshots of chemical reactions
An international team under the leadership of Hamburg scientists has observed a catalyst in action on the molecular level with the world's strongest X-ray laser. For the first time, scientists directly verified a state of transition in which the molecules hover above the catalyst for a short time before finally flying away. This investigation method provides new insights into the surface chemistry world and may contribute to improve a large number of catalysts. (2013-03-14)

Breakthrough research shows chemical reaction in real time
The ultrafast, ultrabright X-ray pulses of the Linac Coherent Light Source have enabled unprecedented views of a catalyst in action, an important step in the effort to develop cleaner and more efficient energy sources. (2013-03-14)

UC Santa Barbara scientists develop a whole new way of harvesting energy from the sun
A new method of harvesting the sun's energy is emerging, thanks to scientists at UC Santa Barbara's departments of chemistry, chemical engineering, and materials. Though still in its infancy, the research promises to convert sunlight into energy using a process based on metals that are more robust than many of the semiconductors used in conventional methods. The researchers' findings are published in the latest issue of the journal Nature Nanotechnology. (2013-02-24)

When water speaks
Why certain catalyst materials work more efficiently when they are surrounded by water instead of a gas phase is unclear. RUB chemists have now gleamed some initial answers from computer simulations. They showed that water stabilizes specific charge states on the catalyst surface. The research group from the Centre for Theoretical Chemistry also calculated how to increase the efficiency of catalytic systems without water by varying pressure and temperature. (2013-02-21)

Synthetic molecule first electricity-making catalyst to use iron to split hydrogen gas
To make fuel cells more economical, engineers want a fast and efficient iron-based molecule that splits hydrogen gas to make electricity. Online Feb. 17 at Nature Chemistry, researchers report such a catalyst. It is the first iron-based catalyst that converts hydrogen directly to electricity. The result moves chemists and engineers one step closer to widely affordable fuel cells. (2013-02-17)

X-ray laser sees photosynthesis in action
Opening a new window on the way plants generate the oxygen we breathe, researchers used the LCLS X-ray free-electron laser to simultaneously look at the structure and chemical behavior of a natural catalyst involved in photosynthesis for the first time. (2013-02-14)

Sustainable new catalysts fueled by a single proton
Boston College researchers have conceived an exceptionally efficient class of catalysts powered by a single proton embedded within their structures. The catalysts generate desirable organic molecules, are prepared easily and inexpensively, deliver exceptional selectivity and offer numerous applications to medical and life science research. (2013-02-13)

A new technology for producing hydrogen
The Ph.D. thesis of Aingeru Remiro-Eguskiza, a chemical engineer of the University of the Basque Country, deals with the quest for a process to produce hydrogen from bio-oil that has a lower impact on the environment than the process using current routes. (2013-02-13)

Scientists team with business innovators to solve 'big data' bottleneck
Researchers have demonstrated that a crowdsourcing platform pioneered in the commercial sector can solve a complex biological problem more quickly than conventional approaches--and at a fraction of the cost. (2013-02-07)

Could the humble sea urchin hold the key to carbon capture?
A team from Newcastle University, UK, have discovered a cheap, quick, safe way of storing carbon that could significantly reduce global CO2 emissions into the atmosphere. (2013-02-04)

Researchers harness nature to produce the fuel of the future
A Princeton-led team has moved a step closer to designing bio-inspired syn­thetic cat­a­lysts to pro­duce hydro­gen from water. (2013-01-30)

New information on binding gold particles over metal oxide surfaces
The strong binding of gold on electronically modified calcium oxide can now be understood in detail. (2013-01-22)

Engineers seek ways to convert methane into useful chemicals
With natural gas production rising, engineers and scientists are seeking ways to convert methane into useful chemicals. A finding in Nature Chemistry suggests a pathway. (2012-12-20)

2 problems in chemical catalysis solved
The research group of Professor Petri Pihko at the Department of Chemistry and the NanoScience Center of the University of Jyväskylä has solved two acute problems in chemical catalysis. (2012-12-20)

A thin-skinned catalyst for chemical reactions
A team of Boston College researchers reports developing a nanocrystal structure capable of controlling catalysis with the pores of a skin-like membrane that can accept or reject molecules based on their size or chemical properties. (2012-12-13)

Gases from grasses
Researchers from the University of Virginia used computer simulations and laboratory experiments to discover a reaction site on gold-titanium oxides that is responsible for high rates of catalysis relevant to biofuel and fuel cell reactions. The findings help scientists understand the principle of the catalysis and choose the right catalysts for certain reactions. (2012-12-03)

'Cloning' could make structurally pure nanotubes for nanoelectronics
Researchers from the University of Southern California and NIST have demonstrated a technique for growing virtually pure samples of single-wall carbon nanotubes with identical structures, a process they liken to (2012-11-14)

USC scientists 'clone' carbon nanotubes to unlock their potential for use in electronics
Scientists have developed a method of (2012-11-14)

Environmentally friendly chemistry important for manufacturing pharmaceuticals
Limiting the quantity of catalysts - substances that trigger a chemical reaction - used in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals is important, and research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, has now demonstrated that small quantities of copper work well in this respect. (2012-11-08)

Nanocrystals and nickel catalyst substantially improve light-based hydrogen production
Hydrogen is an attractive fuel source because it can easily be converted into electric energy and gives off no greenhouse emissions. A group of chemists at the University of Rochester is adding to its appeal by increasing the output and lowering the cost of current light-driven hydrogen-production systems. (2012-11-08)

Nanotechnology developed at Louisiana Tech University leads to breakthrough in fuel conversion
Recognizing a national need to eliminate U.S. dependency on foreign oil and reverse large trade deficits driven by oil imports, Jupiter Fuels -- a privately owned startup development company focused on proving the economics of breakthrough natural gas-to-liquid fuel conversion technology -- is capitalizing on nanotechnology energy research taking place at Louisiana Tech University. (2012-10-29)

New cobalt-graphene catalyst could challenge platinum for use in fuel cells
There's a new contender in the race to find an inexpensive alternative to platinum catalysts for use in hydrogen fuel cells. Brown University chemist Shouheng Sun and his students have developed a new material -- a graphene sheet covered by cobalt and cobalt-oxide nanoparticles -- that can catalyze the oxygen reduction reaction nearly as well as platinum does and is substantially more durable. (2012-10-17)

The best of both catalytic worlds
Berkeley Lab researchers have combined the best properties of heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysts by encapsulating metallic nanoclusters within the branched molecular arms of dendrimers. The results are heterogenized homogeneous nanocatalysts that are sustainable and feature high reactivity and selectivity. (2012-10-10)

Synthetic liver enzyme could result in more effective drugs with fewer side effects
Medicines could be made to have fewer side effects and work in smaller doses with the help of a synthetic enzyme developed at Princeton University that makes drug molecules more resistant to breakdown by the human liver. (2012-10-09)

Fueling the fleet, Navy looks to the seas
Scientists at the US Naval Research Laboratory are developing a process to extract carbon dioxide and produce hydrogen gas from seawater, subsequently converting the gases into jet fuel by a gas-to-liquids process. (2012-09-24)

Every atom counts in graphene formation
Rice University researchers detail the atom-by-atom energies at play in the chemical vapor deposition process of creating graphene. (2012-09-04)

Showing the way to improved water-splitting catalysts
Scientists and engineers around the world are working to find a way to power the planet using solar-powered fuel cells. Such green systems would split water during daylight hours, generating hydrogen that could be stored and used later to produce water and electricity. But robust catalysts are needed to drive the water-splitting reaction. Now chemists at the California Institute of Technology have determined the mechanism by which some highly effective cobalt catalysts work. (2012-09-04)

Scientists produce H2 for fuel cells using an inexpensive catalyst under real-world conditions
Scientists at the University of Cambridge have produced hydrogen, H2, a renewable energy source, from water using an inexpensive catalyst under industrially relevant conditions (using pH neutral water, surrounded by atmospheric oxygen, O2, and at room temperature). (2012-08-23)

IBN develops superior fuel cell material
Using a mixture of gold, copper and platinum nanoparticles, IBN researchers have developed a more powerful and longer lasting fuel cell material. This breakthrough was published recently in leading journal, Energy and Environmental Science. (2012-08-23)

Novel technique to synthesize nanocrystals that harvest solar energy
A new video protocol in Journal of Visualized Experiments focuses on the liquid phase synthesis of two nanocrystals that produce hydrogen gas or an electric charge when exposed to light. (2012-08-23)

New catalyst could improve production of glass alternatives
University of Oregon chemists have identified a catalyst that could dramatically reduce the amount of waste made in the production of methyl methacrylate, a monomer used in the large-scale manufacturing of lightweight, shatter-resistant alternatives to glass such as Plexiglas. (2012-08-21)

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