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Screening programs unlikely to prevent sudden cardiac arrest in competitive athletes
Screening programs for cardiac conditions are not an effective way to prevent sudden cardiac arrest in competitive sport, and may prevent healthy athletes from participating, a new study suggests. (2017-11-15)

Health and social care spending cuts linked to 120,000 excess deaths in England
The squeeze on public finances since 2010 is linked to nearly 120,000 excess deaths in England, with the over-60s and care home residents bearing the brunt, reveals the first study of its kind, published in the online journal BMJ Open. (2017-11-15)

Heavy drinking and smoking linked to visible signs of aging
Heavy drinking and smoking are linked to visible signs of physical ageing, and looking older than one's years, suggests research published online in the Journal of Epidemiology & Community Health. (2017-11-15)

Cognitive behavioural therapy for children and adolescents with OCD works in the long run
The vast majority of children and adolescents who receive cognitive behavioural therapy treatment for OCD thrive and live without symptoms a year after the end of treatment. This is shown by new research from Aarhus University's Centre for Child and Adolescent Psychiatry in Risskov. (2017-11-14)

Increased risk of vascular dementia in heart attack survivors
It is well known that vascular dementia is triggered by factors such as stroke, but an extensive study from Aarhus University, Denmark, now shows that heart attack also is associated with increased risk -- by 35 per cent, in fact. According to Jens Sundbøll, who is behind the study, this can be an argument for more intensive preventive efforts. (2017-11-13)

Research examines impact of coral bleaching on Western Australia's coastline
The 2016 mass bleaching event is the most severe global bleaching event to ever be recorded. New research records the impact of this event to the rugged reefs of Western Australia. (2017-11-08)

Artificial sweeteners in groundwater indicate contamination from septic systems
The presence of artificial sweeteners in rural groundwater shows evidence for contamination by local septic system wastewater, researchers from the University of Waterloo have found. (2017-11-07)

Exercise may be best intervention to prevent falls among elderly, according to new study published during Falls Prevention Month
Exercise alone or in combination with other assessments and interventions appears to be the most effective strategy for preventing falls causing injury among older people, a new study has found. (2017-11-07)

Depressed fathers risk not getting help
Postnatal depression among new mothers is a well-known phenomenon. Knowledge about depression in new fathers, however, is more limited. A new study from Lund University in Sweden shows that depression among new fathers may be more common than previously believed. There is also a major risk that it remains undetected using today's screening instruments, and that fathers do not receive the help they need. (2017-11-06)

Researchers discover eight new epilepsy genes
A new study examining 200 children with epileptic encephalopathy -- epilepsy combined with intellectual or overall developmental disability -- identified eight new genes involved in this type of epilepsy thanks to their use of whole-genome sequencing, which had never been done before in an epileptic study of this scope. (2017-11-06)

Study: Air pollution battle is crucial to China's public health
China's measures to improve air quality are working, but more stringent policies should be put in place to safeguard public health, a new study has shown. The study, from Tsinghua University, Beijing, used satellite-derived aerosol optical depth measurements, ground based observations, and air quality simulations to examine the levels of fine particulate matter with aerodynamic diameter less than 2.5 μm (PM2.5) and its adverse health impacts across China. (2017-11-06)

Left or right? Like humans, bees have a preference
A discovery that bees have individual flying direction preferences could lead to strategies for steering drone aircraft fleets. Researchers at The University of Queensland's Queensland Brain Institute have found that honeybees have individually distinct biases in (2017-11-02)

Riding the bike to work is just as effective as leisure time exercise
A new study conducted at the University of Copenhagen shows that inactive, overweight people can lose fat mass just as effectively by riding the bike to work than by exercising in their leisure time. It is a time-effective solution if you want to be physically active, but lead a busy everyday life, the researchers say. (2017-11-01)

Flour power to boost food security
A glue-like protein that holds the wheat grain together could hold the secret for yielding more, and healthier, flour from wheat. (2017-10-31)

'Protect your eyes while on the slopes,' scientists warn
Snow fanatics are no doubt aware of the risk of getting sunburnt on the slopes, but a new study published in PLOS ONE shows that it is more than a red face that skiers and snowboarders should be concerned about. (2017-10-31)

Less red tape and shorter working hours might help stave off retirement of UK doctors
Less red tape and shorter working hours are the two key factors that might persuade older UK doctors to carry on working rather than hanging up their stethoscopes, suggests an analysis of survey responses, published in the online journal BMJ Open. (2017-10-31)

Review finds poor compliance with helmet use in baseball and softball
Despite lower rates of traumatic brain injuries in baseball and softball, there is poor compliance overall with helmet use and return-to-play guidelines following a concussion across all levels of play, according to a new systematic review. (2017-10-30)

Food should be marketed as a 'meal' rather than a 'snack' to avoid overeating
Marketing food as a 'snack' leads to increased consumption and continued overeating, a new study in the journal Appetite reports. (2017-10-30)

Peatland plants adapting well to climate change, suggests study
They account for just three per cent of the Earth's surface but play a major role in offsetting carbon dioxide emissions -- and now a team of scientists led by the universities of Southampton and Utrecht has discovered that the plants that make up peat bogs adapt exceptionally well to climate change. (2017-10-27)

'European Muslims perceive the EU more positively than other Europeans'
For the first time, the Cluster of Excellence analyses the attitudes of European Muslims towards the EU - Far less sceptical than other groups such as Christians and those without religious affiliation - Reason probably lies with their relatively higher life satisfaction in their host country - Religiosity does not seem to influence the attitudes of Muslims towards the EU - Experiencing discrimination however threatens positive attitudes. (2017-10-27)

A film research study shows how the brain reacts to difficult moral issues
The family relationship between film characters clearly affects the reactions in the viewers' brain. The study has also detected a significant conflict between the reactions of the brain and the person's own account. (2017-10-27)

Sharp rise in children admitted to intensive care in England and Wales since 2009
The number of children admitted to intensive care in England and Wales has risen sharply since 2009, but is not explained by either population growth or the rising birth rate, finds research published online in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. However, this trend will put further strain on an already overstretched NHS, warn the researchers. (2017-10-26)

New method helps rule out heart valve infection
A risk assessment system developed by researchers at Lund University in Sweden shows which patients, with a certain type of streptococcal bacteria in the blood, need to be examined for a heart valve infection -- a serious condition requiring prolonged medical treatment. (2017-10-25)

The male dominance in diplomacy is changing
The number of female diplomats in the world has increased in the last 20 years, although the most prestigious positions remain heavily male dominated. However, even this imbalance is changing, according to new research from the University of Gothenburg. (2017-10-25)

Cerebral palsy survey in Uganda fills knowledge gap
Cerebral palsy is more common and has higher mortality in Uganda than in high income countries. The underlying brain injury often occurs after the first month after birth, probably caused by malaria, a new population based study by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden and Makerere University in Uganda reports. The study, which is published in The Lancet Global Health, is the largest of its kind on cerebral palsy in Africa. (2017-10-25)

Stopping children getting unnecessary antibiotics for colds and sore throats
A collaboration between UK, Canadian and Chinese scientists has helped to reduce the over-prescription of unneeded antibiotics to children in rural China, according to research published today in Lancet Global Health. (2017-10-25)

Australian research highlights worldwide risk of HIV and Hepatitis C epidemics
Two reviews of the global prevalence of injecting drug use and of interventions to prevent the spread of blood borne viruses among people who inject drugs are published today in leading international journal The Lancet Global Health. (2017-10-24)

New study suggests psychedelic drugs may reduce criminal behaviour
Newly published research suggests that common psychedelic drugs -- such as magic mushrooms, LSD and mescaline (a substance derived from the peyote cactus) -- may reduce criminal offences. The new study, co-authored by UBC Okanagan's Associate Professor of Psychology Zach Walsh, found that psychedelic drugs are associated with a decreased likelihood of antisocial criminal behaviour. (2017-10-23)

When new players learn slot-machine tricks, they avoid gambling addiction
Novice gamblers who watched a short video about how slot machines disguise losses as wins have a better chance of avoiding gambling problems, according to new research. (2017-10-19)

World first: scientists find where HIV 'hides' to evade detection by the immune system
In a decades-long game of hide and seek, scientists from Sydney's Westmead Institute for Medical Research have confirmed for the very first time the specific immune memory T-cells where infectious HIV 'hides' in the human body to evade detection by the immune system. (2017-10-19)

Terry Fox research team's model for detecting lung cancer saves lives, is a world leader
A pan-Canadian team of cancer researchers has developed a predictive model for detecting early-stage lung cancer in high-risk individuals with significantly greater accuracy than other leading models. This Terry Fox Research Institute study suggests the team's innovative approach could be considered for use in lung cancer screening programs both in Canada and around the world. (2017-10-18)

DNA tests on albatross poo reveal secret diet of top predator
A study that used DNA tests to analyse the scats of one of the world's most numerous albatrosses has revealed surprising results about the top predator's diet. DNA analysis of 1460 scats from breeding sites around the Southern Ocean has shown that the diet of black-browed albatrosses contains a much higher proportion of jellyfish than previously thought. (2017-10-18)

Rare tree species safeguard biodiversity in a changing climate
New research suggests that rare species of trees in rainforests may help safeguard biodiversity levels as the environment undergoes change. (2017-10-18)

Social media accounts promote skeletal images of women
Skeletal images of bodies featuring protruding bones and pencil-thin limbs are being shared and promoted on social media, new research shows. (2017-10-16)

Baltic clams and worms release as much greenhouse gas as 20,000 dairy cows
Scientists have shown that ocean clams and worms are releasing a significant amount of potentially harmful greenhouse gas into the atmosphere. (2017-10-13)

Risk of tsunamis in Mediterranean Sea has been overstated
A review of geological evidence for tsunamis during the past 4500 years in the Mediterranean Sea has revealed that as many as 90 per cent of these inundation events may have been misinterpreted by scientists and were due to storm activity instead. (2017-10-11)

'Killer' toothaches likely cause misery for captive orca
An international research team has undertaken the first in-depth investigation of the teeth of captive orca (killer whales) and have found them a sorry state, which raises serious concerns for these majestic mammals' overall health and welfare. (2017-10-11)

Omega-6 fats may help prevent type 2 diabetes
The risk of developing type 2 diabetes could be significantly reduced by eating a diet rich in omega-6 polyunsaturated fats, a new study suggests. These findings, published in The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, shed new light on the potential health benefits of omega-6, which is found in bean and seed oils such as soybean and sunflower oils and in nuts, and support clinical recommendations to increase dietary intake of omega-6 rich foods. (2017-10-11)

A lesson for Canada: Quebec pharmacare system creates winners and losers
Quebec spends $200 more per person than the rest of Canada to provide prescription drug coverage to everyone in the province, finds new research that could inform plans for a nationwide universal drug plan. (2017-10-10)

A hard lesson -- the way poor sleep impacts on schooling
More than a third of primary school children are failing to get sufficient sleep, according to research to be presented at the British Sleep Society conference Oct. 12. The study has linked poor sleep with difficulties in paying attention in class, keeping up with school work, forgetfulness and absenteeism. (2017-10-10)

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