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Current Chronic Illness News and Events, Chronic Illness News Articles.
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Palliative care may mean fewer difficult transitions for older adults nearing end of life
A team of researchers decided to examine whether palliative care could make life easier for older adults with serious illnesses who live in nursing homes, especially as they neared the end of their lives. The team studied the connection between palliative care treatment and very ill nursing home residents' need for emergency services or hospital admissions. The researchers published their findings in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society. (2016-11-18)

Researchers identify pathway important for kidney function
Boston University researchers, in collaboration with Centers for Therapeutic Innovation at Pfizer Inc., have discovered a novel molecular pathway needed to regulate kidney podocytes -- special octopus-like cells that are critical in maintaining normal kidney function. The findings, which appear in JCI Insight, may help identify a new drug target for chronic kidney diseases associated with podocyte loss. (2016-11-17)

Studies point to gene-based brain glitches in ill Gulf War vets
Researchers at the Minneapolis VA Health Care System have pinpointed genetic variants that appear to make veterans more vulnerable to Gulf War illness. The team also found that a certain type of brain scan can reliably distinguish between vets with and without the illness. (2016-11-17)

Chronically ill women underusing online self-care resources, study shows
Barriers to internet use may be preventing chronically ill middle-aged and older women from being as healthy as they otherwise could be. (2016-11-16)

UK study to help chronic pain sufferers back to work
Researchers from the University of Warwick's Medical School are leading a novel study to explore ways of helping people with chronic pain back to work. (2016-11-16)

Vitamin D reduces respiratory infections, says CU Anschutz study
Researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus have found that high doses of vitamin D reduce the incidence of acute respiratory illness in older, long-term care residents. (2016-11-16)

Poorer patients face malnutrition risk
Patients with chronic lung disease living in deprived areas are more likely to be malnourished than those from wealthier postcodes, a QUT study has found. (2016-11-15)

Improving pain care through implementation of the Stepped Care Model for Pain Management
A new study published in the Journal of Pain Research provides evidence that implementation of a Stepped Care Model for Pain Management has the potential to more adequately treat chronic pain. (2016-11-14)

Study shows bilingual lupus support and education program has positive impact
A bilingual support group addressing the psychological and educational needs of patients with lupus and their families is a valuable resource to help them cope, according to a study at Hospital for Special Surgery. (2016-11-14)

New study ties West Nile virus to risk of shorter life span
West Nile virus may be much more deadly than previously believed, with deaths attributable to the mosquito-borne disease occurring not just in the immediate aftermath of the infection but also years later, long after patients seem to have recovered from the initial illness, according to a new study presented today at the 2016 Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH). (2016-11-14)

Pain sensors specialized for specific sensations
Many pain-sensing nerves in the body are thought to respond to all types of 'painful events', but new UCL research in mice reveals that in fact most are specialized to respond to specific types such as heat, cold or mechanical pain. The study found that over 85 percent of pain-sensing neurons in whole organisms are sensitive to one specific type of painful stimulus. (2016-11-11)

Researcher to examine if brain training helps combat memory loss in heart failure patients
The National Institutes of Health has awarded a $2.5 million grant to an IU School of Nursing researcher for a study that will examine whether computerized cognitive training exercises can improve memory and quality of life for heart failure patients. Heart failure is a prevalent condition, affecting 5.1 million Americans, and is associated with increased mortality and hospitalizations and poor quality of life. (2016-11-11)

Smartphones offer promise in better gauging rural life, researchers find
The use of smartphones enhances self-reporting of weather incidents, school attendance, illness, and other aspects of daily life in rural areas, a team of researchers has found. Its pilot study indicates that such technologies have the potential to transform data collection in these regions, providing near-real-time windows into the development of markets, the spread of diseases, and the diffusion of ideas and innovations. (2016-11-10)

Healthy living equals better brain function
New research suggests living a healthier lifestyle could also increase executive function, which is the ability to exert self-control, set and meet goals, resist temptation, and solve problems. (2016-11-09)

Disability, reduced social participation associated with chronic conditions in middle-age
Middle-age adults living with a combination of arthritis, heart disease or diabetes, and depression are more likely to experience disability and limited involvement in society, new research from McMaster University has found.The research team analyzed population-based data from more than 15,000 participants in the Canadian Community Health Survey on Healthy Aging. (2016-11-09)

Television cooking shows overlook safe food handling practices
Television cooking shows are an important resource for home cooks, but if these shows fail to model recommended food safety measures, it may lead to poor practices among consumers. Therefore, researchers from the University of Massachusetts Amherst devised a study to assess food safety on television food shows and determine whether they present positive or negative models for viewers. (2016-11-08)

Quality of life in late life can be good
New LifeCourse research shows patients' quality of life can improve in the last months of life; caregivers need to understand how patients' goals change with illness, and health professionals can improve late life communications by understanding the whole person needs of caregivers. (2016-11-08)

Across the lifespan: Emerging targets to treat mental illness
Dr. Jill Goldstein of Harvard University and Brigham and Women's Hospital and Dr. Dilip Jeste of the University of California, San Diego, will deliver keynote addresses at the annual Campbell Family Mental Health Research Symposium, hosted by the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health in Toronto, Canada. This annual symposium highlights advances in neuroscience discoveries leading to new treatments for mental illness and addictions. (2016-11-07)

Andeans with altitude sickness produce massive amounts of red blood cells
To better understand why some people adapt well to life at high altitude while others don't, researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine studied red blood cells derived from representatives of both groups living in the Andes Mountains. The study reveals that high-altitude, low-oxygen dwellers prone to chronic mountain sickness produce massive amounts of red blood cells thanks to overproduction of the enzyme SENP1. (2016-11-07)

Using a patient's own words, machine learning automatically identifies suicidal behavior
Using a person's spoken or written words, new computer tools can identify with great accuracy whether that person is suicidal, mentally ill but not suicidal, or neither. (2016-11-07)

After Australia cut drug copays for indigenous people, hospital use declined
When the Australian government reduced drug costs for indigenous people with or at risk for chronic conditions, they became substantially less likely to need hospitalization to treat those health problems. (2016-11-07)

CHEST experts issue advice for investigating occupational and environmental causes of chronic cough
Although the understanding of cough triggered by occupational and environmental causes has improved, experts say there is still a gap between current guidelines and clinical practice. A report by the CHEST Expert Cough Panel published in the journal CHEST suggests an approach to investigating occupational and environmental causes when these are suspected. The report has been endorsed by professional associations in the US, Canada, and Asia. (2016-11-03)

ACP applauds new Medicare policies to support high-value primary care
The American College of Physicians (ACP) is pleased that the 2017 Medicare Physician Fee Schedule final rule by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) includes several important initiatives to support high-value primary care. The policies in the rule more accurately recognize the work of primary care physicians and other cognitive specialties to accommodate the changing needs of Medicare beneficiaries. ACP applauds CMS for being responsive to the numerous policy recommendations from ACP that we submitted on the initial proposed rule. (2016-11-03)

Scientists successfully tune the brain to alleviate pain
Scientists at The University of Manchester have shown for the first time that if the brain is 'tuned-in' to a particular frequency, pain can be alleviated. (2016-11-02)

Research connects first-time kidney stone formers and chronic kidney disease
Mayo Clinic nephrologists have uncovered a connection between first-time kidney stone formers and chronic kidney disease. In a paper published today in Mayo Clinic Proceedings, researchers announce a persistent decline in kidney functioning following an individual's first case of kidney stones. (2016-11-02)

Few children born to parents with serious mental illness live with both parents while growing up
A study published in the November 2016 issue of the Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry found that the living arrangements of children whose parents have a serious mental illness differ from the general population. (2016-10-31)

Young people with liver conditions face an elevated risk of depression and anxiety
Researchers have found that many teens and young adults with chronic liver conditions suffer from depression and anxiety, which can have considerable impacts on their emotional and physical health. The findings, which are published in Liver Transplantation, indicate that greater attention should be directed to the mental health of these young patients. (2016-10-27)

Medicaid policies that help smokers quit also save on health care costs
Medicaid policies that require patients to go for tobacco-cessation counseling before they get a nicotine patch or some other type of anti- smoking drug actually lead to a reduction in the use of such medication, according to a new study. Medicaid agencies that adopted the policy did so because they thought it would give smokers an edge. But this study suggests that the policy did the opposite -- and actually lowered the use of anti-smoking medication by one-quarter to one-third. (2016-10-27)

Mitochondria control stem cell fate
What happens in intestinal epithelial cells during a chronic illness? Basic research conducted at the Technical University of Munich addressed this question by generating a new model system. Functioning mitochondria play a decisive role in cellular homeostasis, but what happens when an important player of the anti-stress program in mitochondria is switched off? On one hand, this leads to the loss of stem cells, but on the other, it sets healing processes in motion. (2016-10-27)

Placebo sweet spot for pain relief found in brain
Scientists have identified for the first time the region in the brain responsible for the placebo effect in pain relief. Pinpointing the sweet spot of the pain killing placebo effect could result in the design of more personalized medicine by enabling targeted pain medication based on how an individual's brain responds to a drug. The finding also will lead to more accurate clinical trials for pain medications by eliminating individuals with high placebo response before trials. (2016-10-27)

Wayne State awarded $3.2 million NIH grant for schizophrenia research
Researchers in the Wayne State University School of Medicine's Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences will use a new five-year, $3.2 million grant from the National Institute of Mental Health to explore the underlying mechanisms of impaired learning and memory in schizophrenia from the perspective of brain plasticity, function and network dynamics. (2016-10-26)

Building a vaccine against chagas disease: SLU scientists identify potential new approach
Saint Louis University researchers have found that TH17 cells, a type of white blood cells, protect against the Trypansoma cruzi parasite, which is spread by kissing bugs and causes Chagas disease. (2016-10-25)

Calcium induces chronic lung infections
The bacterium Pseudomonas aeruginosa is a life-threatening pathogen in hospitals. About ten percent of all nosocomial infections, in particular pneumonia, are caused by this pathogen. Researchers from the University of Basel's Biozentrum, have now discovered that calcium induces the switch from acute to chronic infection. In Nature Microbiology the researchers have also reported why antibiotics are less effective in fighting the pathogen in its chronic state. (2016-10-24)

International Association for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome/Myalgic Encephalomyelitis hosts conference
Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), sometimes referred to as myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME), a mysterious, debilitating and misunderstood disease that affects an estimated 1 million Americans, will be the focus of an international conference on Oct. 27-30, 2016. The biennial meeting targeting researchers, clinicians, patients and others impacted by CFS/ME, will be held at The Westin Fort Lauderdale Beach Resort in Fort Lauderdale, Fla. (2016-10-24)

Research at MDI Biological Laboratory examines role of early-life stress in adult illness
Scientists have long known that chronic exposure to psychosocial stress early in life can lead to an increased vulnerability later in life to diseases linked to immune dysfunction and chronic inflammation, including cancer, diabetes and heart disease. But the molecular mechanisms underlying these negative effects are unknown. Using the zebrafish as a model, developmental biologist James A. Coffman, Ph.D., of the MDI Biological Laboratory in Bar Harbor, Maine, is beginning to elucidate these mechanisms. (2016-10-24)

Inflammation triggers unsustainable immune response to chronic viral infection
Scientists at the University of Basel discovered a fundamental new mechanism explaining the inadequate immune defense against chronic viral infection. These results may open up new avenues for vaccine development. They have been published in the journal Science Immunology. (2016-10-21)

Studies suggest inflammatory cytokines are associated with depression and psychosis, and that anti-cytokine treatment can reduce depression symptoms
Studies presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association meeting in Milan, Italy, (Oct. 20-22) suggest that increased levels of inflammatory cytokines are associated with increased rates of depression and psychosis, and that treatment to reduce cytokine levels can reduce symptoms of depression. (2016-10-20)

Children born to parents with bipolar disorder or schizophrenia more likely to suffer mental health issues by age 7 years
New research presented at this year's International Early Psychosis Association meeting in Milan, Italy, (Oct. 20-22) shows that children born to one or both parents with schizophrenia or bipolar disorder are more likely to suffer mental health problems by age 7 years. (2016-10-20)

Allina Health researchers present LifeCourse findings at national palliative care conference
Allina Health researchers find that late life care can be sustainable and improve quality of life for patients, families and caregivers. (2016-10-20)

Andrea Cheville, M.D., of Mayo Clinic elected to the National Academy of Medicine
Andrea Cheville, M.D., physical medicine and rehabilitation researcher and director of the Cancer Rehabilitation Program at Mayo Clinic, has been elected to the National Academy of Medicine. (2016-10-19)

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