Current Circumcision News and Events

Current Circumcision News and Events, Circumcision News Articles.
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What pandemic messaging around changing holiday rituals gets wrong
From Catholics performing the sign of the cross to Americans reciting the Pledge of Allegiance, group rituals have strikingly consistent features over time. Because group rituals symbolize sacred group values, even minor alterations to them provoke moral outrage and punishment. (2020-12-22)

Infant circumcision may lead to social challenges as an adult undergoing circumcision as an infant
Undergoing circumcision as an infant has delayed psychological complications. This is shown by an international study led by researchers from Aarhus University. (2020-12-17)

Male circumcision campaigns in Africa to fight HIV are a form of cultural imperialism
World Health Organization-recommended campaigns to circumcise millions of African boys and men to reduce HIV transmission are based more on systemic racism and 'neocolonialism' than sound scientific research, according to a critical appraisal published in Developing World Bioethics. (2020-09-10)

Parenting elective lets physicians spend more time with their babies
A novel, four-week parenting rotation designed for pediatric residents has dramatically increased the amount of time resident parents can spend at home with their babies, according to a study by researchers at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus. (2020-02-19)

New HIV program increased viral suppression, decreased new infections in Botswana
In a randomized trial in Botswana, an HIV prevention intervention that included increased testing and counseling, assistance with accessing care, and expanded ART coverage increased population viral suppression to among the highest levels reported globally. (2019-07-17)

Voluntary medical male circumcision may cost-effectively prevent HIV in Zimbabwe
Voluntary medical male circumcision could impact Zimbabwe's HIV epidemic in the coming years, and this investment may save costs in the longer term. These findings were reported by Jessica McGillen of Imperial College London and colleagues on July 18 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE. (2018-07-18)

Grave consequences
Female genital mutilation (FGM) increases the risk of developing mental illness and changes the body's reactions to stress. (2018-06-13)

Peer influence, better HIV counseling could encourage boys in Africa to be circumcised
With research showing that male circumcision reduces the odds of getting HIV through heterosexual sex by 60 percent, more boys and young men -- primarily those between the ages of 10 and 19 -- are having the procedure done, largely in eastern and southern African nations where circumcision is rarely performed at birth. (2018-04-03)

Male circumcision and antiviral drugs appear to sharply reduce HIV infection rate
A steep drop in the local incidence of new HIV infections accompanied the rollout of a US-funded anti-HIV program in a large East-African population, according to a study led by researchers at Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and Johns Hopkins School of Medicine. (2017-11-29)

Combination HIV prevention reduces new infections by 42 percent in Ugandan district
A study published today in the New England Journal of Medicine provides real-world evidence that implementing a combination of proven HIV prevention measures across communities can substantially reduce new HIV infections in a population. (2017-11-29)

Delaying child's tonsillectomy does not lower risk of developmental disorder
Children under age 5 who underwent minor surgery requiring anesthesia had a 26 percent increased risk of later diagnosis with a mental disorder. However, the timing of the procedure did not affect this risk, according to a new study. Based on these findings, there is little support for delaying a minor procedure to reduce the potential neurodevelopmental risks of anesthesia in children. (2017-09-14)

The Lancet: Religious leaders could help improve uptake of male circumcision in HIV-prevention effort
Educating religious leaders about how circumcision helps to prevent HIV infection increased the number of men being circumcised in Tanzania, according to a study published in The Lancet. (2017-02-14)

West African HIV-2 prevalence associated with lower historical male circumcision rates
In West African cities, male circumcision rates in 1950 were negatively correlated with HIV-2 prevalence from 1985, according to a study published Dec. 7, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by João Sousa from the University of Leuven, Belgium, and colleagues. (2016-12-07)

Infant circumcision can be safely performed in rural Africa
A new study indicates that early infant circumcision, which helps to prevent HIV transmission later in life, can be safely performed in rural Uganda. (2016-09-07)

Male circumcision, HIV treatment can significantly reduce new infections in African men
Increasing the number of men who undergo circumcision and increasing the rates at which women with HIV are given antiretroviral therapy were associated with significant declines in the number of new male HIV infections in rural Ugandan communities, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Health research suggests. (2016-07-12)

Increasing rates of medical male circumcision, female ART coverage linked with lower rates of HIV
In a study appearing in the July 12 issue of JAMA, an HIV/AIDS theme issue, Xiangrong Kong, Ph.D., of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, and colleagues examined whether increasing community medical male circumcision and antiretroviral therapy (ART) coverage was associated with reduced community HIV incidence in Uganda. (2016-07-12)

A brief history of syphilis points to a neglected disease in sub-Saharan Africa
It is known that syphilis rates have varied much between different countries and populations over the past 100 years. A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases collates a history of the disease and finds that while rates dropped world-wide in the post-penicillin era after 1945, they remained, up until recently, much higher in Sub-Saharan Africa compared with other regions. (2016-05-11)

Promoting abstinence, fidelity for HIV prevention is ineffective, Stanford study finds
The US government has invested $1.4 billion in HIV prevention programs that promote sexual abstinence and marital fidelity, but there is no evidence that these programs have been effective at changing sexual behavior and reducing HIV risk, according to a new Stanford University School of Medicine study. (2016-05-02)

Neonatal circumcision does not reduce penile sensitivity in men
Few data are available concerning the consequences of neonatal circumcision on penile sensitivity in adults. New research reported in the Journal of Urology® indicates that there are no differences in penile sensitivity for a variety of stimulus types and penile sites between circumcised and intact men. Additionally, this study challenges past research suggesting that the foreskin is the most sensitive and, in turn, most sexually relevant, part of the adult penis. (2016-04-14)

Permit female genital 'nicks' that respect culture/religion but don't harm, say experts
A small surgical 'nick' or minimalist procedures that slightly change the look, but not the function or sensory capacity of a young woman's external genitalia, should be legally permitted as a compromise solution to FGM, argue gynaecologists in the Journal of Medical Ethics. (2016-02-22)

Experts cite multiple contacts for hepatitis C virus exposure in Ghana
West African residents have frequent opportunities for exposure to the hepatitis C virus, according to a comprehensive review in the journal PLOS ONE co-authored by infectious disease specialist Jennifer Layden, M.D., Ph.D., of Loyola University Medical Center and Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine. (2016-02-01)

Silicone vaginal rings deliver antiviral drugs, protect women against HIV
Researchers at University Jean Monnet of Saint-Etienne, France have succeeded in developing a vaginal silicone ring that delivers molecules that act on both HIV and herpes virus. This research is presented at the 55th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC/ICC). (2015-09-19)

Improvement in the quality of VMMC made possible through the continuous quality improvement approach
The continuous quality improvement (CQI) approach was introduced on a pilot basis to 30 sites across Uganda. This approach identified barriers in achieving national standards for voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC), identified possible solutions to overcome these barriers, and carried out improvement plans to test these changes while collecting performance data to objectively measure whether they had bridged gaps. (2015-07-28)

Dr. Fauci at IAS 2015: Comprehensive global prevention can end HIV/AIDS pandemic
Although much progress has been made in combating the global HIV/AIDS pandemic, to halt new infections and end the pandemic, a combination of non-vaccine and vaccine prevention modalities will be needed. Even with these tools, significant implementation gaps must be closed, says Anthony S. Fauci, M.D., director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at NIH. Dr. Fauci addressed a special session at the 8th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention in Vancouver, Canada. (2015-07-21)

Innovative male circumcision device for HIV prevention receives WHO prequalification
The ShangRing, a novel medical device for voluntary medical male circumcision, has received prequalification from the World Health Organization (WHO) for use. The prequalification indicates that the ShangRing meets international standards of safety and has the potential to rapidly increase access to the device in sub-Saharan Africa and other regions where the burden of HIV is highest. Conclusive clinical research demonstrates that circumcision can reduce male acquisition of HIV through vaginal intercourse by up to 60 percent. (2015-06-24)

As circumcision wounds heal, HIV-positive men may spread virus to female partners
In a campaign to slow the spread of HIV in sub-Saharan Africa, the World Health Organization recommends male circumcision, which reduces HIV acquisition by 50-60 percent. A new study of HIV-infected men in Uganda has identified a temporary, but potentially troublesome unintended consequence: a possible increased risk of infecting female sexual partners over a few weeks while circumcision wounds heal. Men taking anti-HIV drugs were 90% less likely to shed virus during healing. (2015-04-28)

Wound healing, viral suppression linked to less HIV shedding from circumcision wounds
The likelihood of viral shedding from male circumcision wounds intially increases, then decreases as the wounds heal, and is lower in patients with lower plasma viral load, according to a study published this week in PLOS Medicine. The study, conducted by Aaron Tobian, of Johns Hopkins University and the Rakai Health Sciences Program and colleagues, monitored 223 HIV-infected men for wound healing and viral shedding from their surgical wounds for 12 weeks following voluntary medical male circumcision. (2015-04-28)

Hepatitis C more prevalent than HIV/AIDS or Ebola yet lacks equal attention
'In West Africa, we believe that there are many transmission modes and they are not through IV drug use, but through cultural and every day practices,' says Jennifer Layden, MD, PhD principal investigator on a study recently published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases. 'In this study, tribal scarring, home birthing and traditional as opposed to hospital based circumcision procedures, were associated with hepatitis C infection in Ghana.' (2015-02-03)

Ritual circumcision linked to increased risk of autism in young boys
Research published today by the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine suggests that circumcised boys are more likely than intact boys to develop autism spectrum disorder before the age of 10. (2015-01-08)

Link between ritual circumcision procedure and herpes infection in infants examined
A rare procedure occasionally performed during Jewish circumcisions that involves direct oral suction is a likely source of herpes simplex virus type 1 transmissions documented in infants between 1988 and 2012, a literature review conducted by Penn Medicine researchers and published online in the Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society found. (2014-07-24)

Parents want info about circumcision, not directives from health-care providers
Parents want questions answered by health-care provider, but only 23 percent want recommendation, according to U-M's National Poll on Children's Health. (2014-07-21)

Circumcision does not promote risky behavior by African men
Men do not engage in riskier behaviors after they are circumcised, according to a study in Kenya by University of Illinois at Chicago researchers. (2014-07-21)

Study examines incentives to increase medical male circumcision to help reduce risk of HIV
Among uncircumcised men in Kenya, compensation in the form of food vouchers worth approximately US $9 or $15, compared with lesser or no compensation, resulted in a modest increase in the prevalence of circumcision after two months, according to a study published by JAMA. (2014-07-20)

Circumcision linked to reduced risk of prostate cancer in some men
Circumcision is performed for various reasons, including those that are based on religion, aesthetics, or health. New research indicates that the procedure may help prevent prostate cancer in some men. The findings, which are published in BJU International, add to a growing list of advantages to circumcision. (2014-05-29)

Low rate of adverse events associated with male circumcision
A low rate of adverse events was associated with male circumcision when the procedure was performed during the first year of life, but the risk was 10 to 20 times higher when boys were circumcised after infancy. (2014-05-12)

Circumcision could prevent prostate cancer... if it's performed after the age of 35
Researchers at the University of Montreal and the Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique-Institut-Armand-Frappier have shown that men circumcised after the age of 35 were 45 percent less at risk of later developing prostate cancer than uncircumcised men. (2014-04-06)

Call for circumcision gets a boost
In the United States the rate of circumcision in men has increased to 81 percent over the past decade. In an important new study just published in advance in Mayo Clinic Proceedings authors from Australia and the United States have shown that the benefits of infant male circumcision to health exceed the risks by over 100 to one. They found that over their lifetime half of uncircumcised males will contract an adverse medical condition caused by their foreskin. (2014-04-02)

Journal of AIDS Oct. issue research highlights announced
JAIDS: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes announced its research article highlights from the Oct. issue now available on the journal website. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer Health. (2013-09-19)

Roll-out of community voluntary male circumcision is linked to reduced HIV infection levels
Roll-out of voluntary male circumcision services into the community of Orange Farm, South Africa is linked to substantial reductions in HIV infection levels, according to a study published in this week's PLOS Medicine. The study, conducted by Bertran Auvert and colleagues from the University of Versailles, also reported that substantial uptake of voluntary male circumcision in one community was not linked to changes in sexual behavior that might affect HIV infection rates. (2013-09-03)

TGen-led study discovers dramatic changes in bacteria following male circumcision
Male circumcision reduces the abundance of bacteria living on the penis and might help explain why circumcision offers men some protection against HIV, according to a study led by the Translational Genomics Research Institute. (2013-04-16)

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