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Current Circumcision News and Events, Circumcision News Articles.
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Circumcision alters penis microbiome, could explain HIV protection
Circumcision drastically alters the microbiome of the penis, changes that could explain why circumcision offers protection against HIV and other viral infections. (2013-04-16)

A shortcut to timely, cost-effective interventions for HIV
South Africa is home to the largest HIV epidemic in the world. Large-scale clinical trials evaluating combination methods of prevention and treatment are expensive and take years to complete. In the absence of such trials, mathematical models can help assess the effectiveness of different HIV intervention combinations, as demonstrated in a new study by Elisa Long and Robert Stavert from Yale University. Their findings appear in the Journal of General Internal Medicine, published by Springer. (2013-04-15)

Anthropological expertise facilitates multicultural women's health care
Collaboration between medical and anthropological expertise can solve complex clinical problems in today's multicultural women's healthcare, shows Pauline Binder, a medical anthropologist, who will present her thesis on 1 Dec. at the Faculty of Medicine, Uppsala University, Sweden. (2012-11-28)

Ernst Fehr from the University of Zurich receives 2013 Gottlieb Duttweiler prize
The 2013 Gottlieb Duttweiler Prize goes to economics professor Ernst Fehr, who teaches at the University of Zurich. The prize was awarded for his pioneering research on the role of fairness in markets, organizations and in individual decisions. The ceremony will take place on 9 April 2013 with the prize-giving speech by Dan Ariely, professor of behavioral economics. (2012-10-01)

Gladstone-led study underscores Truvada's potency in preventing the transmission of HIV
New research from an international team of HIV/AIDS experts has reaffirmed the effectiveness of Truvada -- the first and only medication approved by the FDA for HIV prevention. Led by Gladstone Investigator Robert Grant, M.D., MPH and Peter Anderson, PharmD, at the University of Colorado, the research provides the first estimate of the drug concentration levels needed for Truvada to prevent the spread of HIV/AIDS -- expanding our understanding of Truvada's potency and opening the door to new dosing strategies. (2012-09-12)

Declining rates of US infant male circumcision could add billions to health care costs
A team of disease experts and health economists at Johns Hopkins warns that steadily declining rates of US infant male circumcision could add more than $4.4 billion in avoidable health care costs if rates over the next decade drop to levels now seen in Europe. (2012-08-20)

Study projects increases in health care costs, infections with declines in male circumcision
Using a computer-based simulation model, researchers project that a continued decline in male circumcision rates in the United States to levels in Europe, where the procedure is not routinely covered by insurance, may be associated with increased estimated lifetime medical costs and a higher estimated prevalence of infections including human immunodeficiency virus and human papillomavirus. (2012-08-20)

Working toward an AIDS-free generation
Ending the global HIV/AIDS pandemic may be possible by implementing a multifaceted global effort that expands testing, treatment, and prevention programs, as well as meets the scientific challenges of developing an HIV vaccine and possibly a cure. (2012-07-22)

Uncircumcised boys at higher risk of urinary tract infections
Uncircumcised boys are at higher risk of urinary tract infection, regardless of whether the urethra is visible, found a new study published in CMAJ. (2012-07-09)

Johns Hopkins African bioethics program receives 5-year continuation grant from NIH
The Fogarty African Bioethics Training Program at the Johns Hopkins Berman Institute of Bioethics is planning its second decade of building capacity in research ethics across sub-Saharan Africa, thanks to a five-year grant from the Fogarty International Center of the US National Institutes of Health. (2012-06-21)

Announcing the Human Microbiome Project Collection
The new PLoS Human Microbiome Project Collection encompasses genome sequencing research that shows, for the first time, reference data for microbes living with healthy adults. The studies were conducted by individual groups that make up the Human Microbiome Consortium and include publications from PLoS ONE, PLoS Computational Biology and PLoS Genetics. (2012-06-13)

Acetaminophen overdoses in children can be life-threatening but are avoidable
Acetaminophen, a widely available over-the-counter medication, can cause liver toxicity in children if doses are exceeded, and more public education is needed to warn of potential adverse effects, states an article published in CMAJ. (2012-06-04)

Antiretroviral treatment for preventing HIV infection: an evidence review for physicians
While immediate post-exposure treatment for suspected HIV is critical, pre-exposure preventive treatment is a newer method that may be effective for people in high-risk groups, states a review of evidence published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2012-05-28)

Bacteria study of male adolescents reveals new insights into urinary tract health
The first study using cultivation independent sequencing of the microorganisms in the adolescent male urinary tract has revealed that the composition of microbial communities colonizing the penis in young men depends upon their circumcision status and patterns of sexual activity. (2012-05-11)

Circumcision may help protect against prostate cancer
A new analysis led by researchers at Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center has found that circumcision before a male's first sexual intercourse may help protect against prostate cancer. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Society, the study suggests that circumcision can hinder infection and inflammation that may lead to this malignancy. (2012-03-12)

Annals of Internal Medicine tip sheet, Jan. 17, 2012
Below is information about articles being published in the Jan. 17 issue of Annals of Internal Medicine. The information is not intended to substitute for the full articles as sources of information. Annals of Internal Medicine attribution is required for all coverage. (2012-01-16)

Viral load a major factor affecting risk of sexually transmitting HIV
The level of HIV-1 in the blood of an HIV-infected partner is the single most important factor influencing risk of sexual transmission to an uninfected partner, according to a multinational study of heterosexual couples in sub-Saharan Africa. The study, published in the Journal of Infectious Diseases and available online, calculated the risk of HIV-1 transmission per act of sexual intercourse and found the average rate of infection to be about 1 per 900 coital acts. (2012-01-12)

Scale-up of voluntary male circumcision cost-effective way to prevent HIV in S. and E. Africa
A collection of nine new articles to be published in PLoS Medicine and PLoS ONE, in conjunction with the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS and the US President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, highlights how scaling up voluntary medical male circumcision for HIV prevention in eastern and southern Africa can help prevent HIV at both individual and community/population level as well as lead to substantial cost savings for countries due to averted treatment and care costs. (2011-11-29)

Hope for more options in couples where one partner is HIV positive
In sub-Saharan Africa, couples in long-term relationships where one partner is HIV-positive and the other is HIV-negative could benefit from anti-AIDS drugs given either as treatment or as a prevention measure to reduce the risk of HIV transmission. (2011-11-15)

NYUCN receives $2.8 million NIH/NIAID grant to study combination HIV prevention for Kenyan youth
New York University College of Nursing received a four-year, $ 2.8 million grant from the National Institute of Health's National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases to study (2011-10-28)

Louisiana Tech University recognizes innovators, inventors
Louisiana Tech University's Office of Intellectual Property and Commercialization and Research Foundation have honored a number of the institution's faculty and researchers for technologies they have patented, licensed, submitted applications for patents and first-time inventors. (2011-10-24)

Earlier male circumcision may help to slow rates of HIV, HPV transmission in South Africa
According to Anna R. Giuliano, Ph.D., program leader in cancer epidemiology at Moffitt Cancer Center in Tampa, Fla., and colleagues in the Netherlands, earlier circumcision of males in South Africa may be a positive step in slowing the spread of both HIV and the human papillomavirus. Their commentary and data were published in a recent issue of the British medical journal the Lancet Infectious Diseases. (2011-10-06)

Efforts to defund or ban infant male circumcision are unfounded and potentially harmful
Johns Hopkins infectious disease experts say the medical benefits for male circumcision are clear and that efforts in an increasing number of states (currently 18) to not provide Medicaid insurance coverage for male circumcision, as well as an attempted ballot initiative in San Francisco earlier this year to ban male circumcision in newborns and young boys, are unwarranted. (2011-10-04)

Major grant awarded for HIV prevention study in Africa
A grant of $37 million has been awarded to researchers at the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine to test new strategies to prevent HIV in African countries. (2011-09-16)

Male circumcision lowers prevalence of penile precancerous lesions among African men
A University of North Carolina-led international study shows that among Kenyan men, circumcision is associated with a lower prevalence of human papillomavirus-associated precancerous lesions of the penis. (2011-07-28)

First global study of real-world circumcision rollout conducted over 3-year period in South Africa amongst 110,000 adults shows a marked reduction (>60 percent) of HIV acquisition among circumcised adult men
Researchers presenting late breaking research on the final day of the 6th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention have today focused on new studies in the field of circumcision, pre-exposure prophylaxis and antiretroviral treatment. (2011-07-20)

Promising developments in vaccine research, development of a vaginal gel and PrEP lead to calls for a combination of biomedical and non biomedical approaches to HIV prevention policy
Researchers speaking in the first plenary session of the 6th IAS Conference on HIV Pathogenesis, Treatment and Prevention have today offered insights into current and future HIV prevention research and discussed how biomedical developments over the past two years are beginning to shape debate on the future of HIV prevention policy. (2011-07-18)

Recent successes in HIV prevention underscore need for integrated approaches to epidemic control
The success of antiretroviral-based HIV prevention, including topical and oral pre-exposure prophylaxis and treatment for prevention, along with the modest success of a HIV vaccine, are some of the recent developments that have transformed the HIV prevention landscape after a history of disappointing clinical trial results. (2011-07-14)

Ahead of major UN AIDS meeting, new HIV investment model is proposed
Ahead of a UN AIDS meeting, in a health policy published online first by the Lancet, a group of HIV experts propose a new investment model intended to support better management of national and international HIV/AIDS responses than exists with the present system. (2011-06-02)

Circumcision can help prevent transmission of human papillomavirus from HIV-negative men to HIV-negative women
When HIV-negative men are circumcised, it provides protection against transmission of human papillomavirus to HIV-negative women. However, the protection is only partial and the study authors note that it is also important to observe safe sex practices. The study is by the Rakai Health Sciences Program in Uganda, and reported by Drs. Aaron Tobian and Maria Wawer, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., USA. (2011-01-06)

New report provides women's perspectives on medical male circumcision for HIV prevention
A new report, Making Medical Male Circumcision Work for Women, from the Women's HIV Prevention Tracking Project (WHiPT), a collaborative initiative of AVAC and the ATHENA Network, features an unprecedented collection of voices from Kenya, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland and Uganda reflecting on what male circumcision for HIV prevention means for women. It highlights women's perspectives, advocacy priorities and recommendations on this new prevention strategy. (2010-12-13)

Circumcising gay men would have limited impact on preventing HIV
Adult circumcision has been proposed as a possible HIV prevention strategy for gay men, but a new study by the University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health presented at the XVIII International AIDS Conference suggests it would have a very small effect on reducing HIV incidence in the United States. The study was based on surveys of 521 gay and bisexual men in San Francisco. (2010-07-22)

Model for roll-out of comprehensive adult male circumcision services in South Africa
In research published this week in PLoS Medicine. Bertran Auvert and colleagues describe the large-scale roll-out of adult male circumcision in Orange Farm, South Africa. (2010-07-20)

Treating tongue tie could help more babies breastfeed
When the connective tissue under a newborn's tongue is too tight, it prevents the baby from being able to breastfeed properly. A simple surgical snip can fix the problem, but many doctors do not perform the procedure. (2010-07-01)

Neonatal and infant circumcision: Safe in the right hands
How safe is circumcision? A systematic review, published in the open-access journal BMC Urology has found that neonatal and infant circumcision by trained staff rarely results in problems. Risks can be higher among older boys, especially when undertaken by untrained providers with inappropriate equipment. (2010-02-16)

Neonatal and infant circumcision: Safe in the right hands
How safe is circumcision? A systematic review, published in the open access journal BMC Urology has found that neonatal and infant circumcision by trained staff rarely results in problems. Risks can be higher among older boys, especially when undertaken by untrained providers with inappropriate equipment. (2010-02-15)

Circumcising newborn males is a cost effective strategy for HIV prevention in Rwanda
Circumcising newborn boys as a way to prevent HIV infection in later life is more cost-effective than circumcising adult males, finds a new Rwandan study in this week's PLoS Medicine. (2010-01-19)

January/February 2010 Annals of Family Medicine tip sheet
The tip sheet features highlights from the January/February 2010 issue of Annals of Family Medicine research journal, including original research and commentary. (2010-01-11)

Circumcision associated with significant changes in bacteria
Circumcision, which substantially lowers HIV risk in men, also dramatically changes the bacterial communities of the penis, according to a study led by scientists at the Translational Genomics Research Institute (TGen) and Johns Hopkins University, and published Jan. 6 in the scientific journal PLoS ONE. (2010-01-05)

Why circumcision reduces HIV risk
The decreased risk of HIV infection in circumcised men cannot be explained by a reduction in sores from conditions such as herpes, according to research published in PLoS Medicine. (2009-11-23)

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