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Current Circumcision News and Events, Circumcision News Articles.
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High HIV infection rate among Soweto Township gays
The study's authors were the first to examine HIV and the community of men who have sex with men in the Soweto Township, an area on the periphery of Johannesburg reserved for black South Africans during apartheid. The researchers found that Soweto MSM identified themselves as straight, bisexual or gay, with the highest HIV rate among gay identified men, at 33.9 percent. (2009-08-31)

HIV infection and tuberculosis in South Africa -- an urgent need to escalate the public health response
The third paper documents SA's struggle with HIV/AIDS, with the chilling statistic that despite having just 0.7 percent of the world's population, the country has 17 percent of the global HIV burden. The paper is written by Professor Salim S. Abdool Karim, CAPRISA, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, and colleagues. (2009-08-24)

Achieving the health Millennium Development Goals for South Africa: Challenges and priorities
Fifteen years after liberation from apartheid, South Africans are facing new challenges for which the highest caliber of leadership, vision, and commitment is needed. The authors discuss the type of vision and priority actions needed to achieve such a change. (2009-08-24)

Circumcision of HIV-infected men does not reduce HIV transmission to female partners
A randomized trial in Uganda has shown that circumcision of HIV-infected men does not reduce HIV transmission to female partners. The findings are reported in an article in this week's edition of the Lancet, written by Dr. Maria J. Wawer, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, and colleagues. (2009-07-16)

Music may improve feeding, reduce pain in premature babies: U of A study
As long as there have been babies, adults have crooned lullabies to soothe them. But research suggests music might also help premature infants learn to suckle better and reduce their pain. (2009-05-28)

Music played to premature babies may lessen pain and improve feeding habits
Music played to premature babies may help to reduce their pain and encourage better oral feeding, suggests research published ahead of print in the Archives of Disease in Childhood. (2009-05-27)

Adult circumcision reduces risk of HIV transmission without reducing sexual pleasure
Two studies presented at the 104th Annual Scientific Meeting of the American Urological Association show that adult circumcision reduces the risk of contracting the human immunodeficiency virus and the risk of coital injury -- without reducing pleasure or causing sexual dysfunction. (2009-04-26)

Male circumcision reduces HIV risk: No further evidence needed
Three recent African trials support male circumcision for reducing the risk of contracting HIV in heterosexual men. After including new data from these trials in their review, Cochrane Researchers have changed their previous conclusions that there was insufficient evidence to recommend circumcision as an intervention to prevent HIV infection in heterosexual men. (2009-04-14)

More compelling evidence on why circumcision should be routine
New data from Ugandan scientists and investigators at Johns Hopkins University find that adult male circumcision decreased rates of the two most common sexually transmitted infections, according to a new report issued in the New England Journal of Medicine. In an accompanying editorial, two University of Washington researchers say these new findings provide compelling new evidence on circumcision's effect on decreasing currently incurable sexually transmitted infections. (2009-03-25)

Male circumcision reduces risk of genital herpes and HPV infection, but not syphilis
Heterosexual men who undergo medical circumcision can significantly reduce their risk of acquiring two common sexually transmitted infections -- herpes simplex virus type 2 (HSV-2), the cause of genital herpes, and human papillomavirus, which can cause cancer and genital warts, according to a report in the March 26 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. In the study, circumcision had no effect on their risk of becoming infected with the bacterium that causes syphilis. (2009-03-25)

Female genital mutilation among Israel's Negev Bedouins has virtually disappeared -- BGU study
A follow-up study by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Beer-Sheva has determined that the once prevalent custom of female genital mutilation among Israel's Bedouin population in the Negev has virtually disappeared. The findings were reported in the Journal of Sexual Medicine. (2009-02-20)

UCSF symposium considers biomedical approaches to HIV/AIDS prevention
Use of antiretrovirals for HIV prevention in uninfected individuals at high risk for infection, herpes suppression, male circumcision and the successful treatment of HIV-infected individuals with antiretrovirals are some of the approaches that will be under discussion at the symposium. (2009-02-12)

Circumcision rates lower in states where Medicaid does not cover procedure
Hospitals in states where Medicaid does not pay for routine male circumcision are only about half as likely to perform the procedure, and this disparity could lead to an increased risk of HIV infection among lower-income children later in life (2009-01-27)

Circumcision reduces the risk of HIV infection in heterosexual US men
A new US study has found that being circumcised significantly reduced the risk of HIV infection in heterosexual African-American men known to have been exposed to the virus. The findings of the new study, along with similar results from other studies, suggest that circumcision may protect other heterosexual males in the US. The promising new findings are reported in the Jan. 1 issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. (2008-12-17)

Male circumcision may decrease risk of HPV infection and cervical cancer
Two new studies suggest that male circumcision may assist in the prevention of human papillomavirus infection, particularly infection with the high-risk subtypes associated with cervical, penile, and other cancers. Both studies are published in the Jan. 1 issue of the Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. (2008-12-17)

$18.5 million grant makes male circumcision a top-tier HIV prevention strategy
Three conclusive studies have shown that becoming circumcized dramatically reduces a man's chances of acquiring HIV from an infected woman. Family Health International has received a five-year, $18.5 million grant from the Gates Foundation to establish the Male Circumcision Consortium, a partnership with the University of Illinois at Chicago and EngenderHealth. (2008-11-24)

Circumcision not associated with reduced risk of HIV for men who have sex with men
An analysis of previous research indicates there is a lack of sufficient evidence that circumcision reduces the risk of human immunodeficiency virus infection or other sexually transmitted infections among men who have sex with men, according to an article in the Oct. 8 issue of JAMA. (2008-10-07)

Providing surgical services worldwide should be a global public health priority
In an editorial in this week's PLoS Medicine, the journal's editors outline five key reasons why providing basic surgical services universally should be considered a global public health priority. (2008-08-25)

Reducing infectiousness of HIV-infected individuals is among key biomedical prevention strategies
With no HIV vaccine available for the foreseeable future, focus must be on proven biomedical HIV prevention methods such as male condoms, male circumcision and prohphylactic antiretroviral drugs to prevent mother-to-child transmission. Oral and vaginal ARVs for both pre-exposure prophylaxis and to reduce infectiousness among HIV-positive individuals are being assessed, and are showing great promise. (2008-08-05)

Risky behaviors must change for HIV prevention to have any chance of success
Radical behavioral change needs to be initiated and sustained in enough people at risk of HIV infection, and these behavioral changes must be part of a comprehensive combination prevention package for the strategies to have any chance of success. These are among the conclusions of Professor Thomas Coates, University of California, Los Angeles, and colleagues, authors of the third paper in the Lancet series on HIV prevention. (2008-08-05)

Male circumcision efforts lag in Africa despite evidence of dramatic impact in preventing HIV
With millions of lives at stake over the next two decades, researchers and advocates at the AIDS 2008 Conference today called on the global health community to ramp up male circumcision to significantly reduce risk of HIV infection in Africa, and to move quickly to integrate the life-saving procedure into other comprehensive efforts to prevent transmission of the disease in the vulnerable nations of eastern and southern Africa. (2008-08-04)

New male circumcision device for HIV prevention studied by NewYork-Presbyterian/Weill Cornell
With the recent endorsement by the World Health Organization and scientists worldwide of adult male circumcision as an important strategy for HIV prevention, there is increased urgency to develop safe and cost-effective circumcision services. This is especially the case in Africa where HIV/AIDS continues to spread at an epidemic rate. (2008-08-01)

New amfAR grants look to optimize current HIV treatment and strive for a cure
amfAR, The Foundation for AIDS Research, will award more than $1.4 million in grants to fund 12 new research projects whose findings may fundamentally change the way HIV/AIDS is treated. The 12 new projects will address factors, in particular beliefs and attitudes surrounding HIV, which negatively impact the effectiveness of available treatments. At the same time, amfAR is seeking a longer-term solution to difficulties associated with lifelong treatment by supporting projects aimed at eradicating HIV. (2008-07-16)

Antiretroviral therapy as HIV prevention strategy
The widespread use of highly active antiretroviral therapy may reduce the incidence of HIV in individuals and populations but has been overlooked by public health as a prevention strategy. (2008-06-30)

Most HIV transmission for men and women in Africa is within marriage or cohabitation
Since most heterosexual HIV transmission for both men and women in urban Zambia and Rwanda takes place within marriage or cohabitation, counseling and testing for couples should be promoted, as should other evidence-based interventions that target heterosexual couples. These are the conclusions of authors of an article in this week's edition of the Lancet. (2008-06-26)

Study finds circumcision safe in both HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected men
Adult circumcision is safe in HIV-infected men without advanced HIV disease, according to research published in PLoS Medicine. Analyzing results of two clinical trials of circumcision in the rural Rakai district of Uganda, Ron Gray of the Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University and colleagues found approximately a 3 percent rate of moderate or severe surgical complications -- primarily infections -- in both HIV-positive and HIV-negative men, when circumcision was performed under optimal conditions. (2008-06-02)

Religion and the narrative of biological science
There exists much ethical controversy brought about by advances in biology and medicine and the relationship to religion. (2008-05-12)

Major shift in HIV prevention priorities needed
According to a new policy analysis led by researchers at the Harvard School of Public Health and the University of California, Berkeley, the most common HIV prevention strategies -- condom promotion, HIV testing, treatment of other sexually transmitted infections, vaccine and microbicide research, and abstinence -- are having a limited impact on the predominantly heterosexual epidemics found in Africa. (2008-05-08)

Circumcision doesn't reduce sexual satisfaction and performance, says study of 4,500 men
A study of nearly 4,500 men finds that circumcision does not adversely affect sexual performance and satisfaction. Adult studies have been problematic and contradictory because of highly selective study participants, small sample sizes and short follow-up periods. Satisfaction rates in this study -- which compared circumcised and noncircumcised men -- topped 98 percent. (2008-01-07)

Is infant male circumcision an abuse of the rights of the child?
Circumcision is one of the most common surgical procedures performed on males. Opponents argue that infant circumcision can cause both physical and psychological harm, while recent evidence shows that circumcision is medically beneficial. Two doctors debate the issue in this week's BMJ. (2007-12-07)

The good and bad of medical research
The difficult area of using observational methods in medical research is explored in a comment by the Lancet's editor Dr. Richard Horton, published early online and in an upcoming edition of the Lancet. The comment coincides with the publication of a report by the working party of the Academy of Medical Sciences, on which Dr. Horton sat. (2007-11-26)

The release of new data from the HVTN 502 HIV vaccine study
The new analyses revealed today from the STEP HIV vaccine clinical trial are both disappointing and puzzling. At this time, the data offer no clear explanations as to why the vaccine showed no measurable efficacy or why among individuals with background immunity to the adenovirus vector, there were more HIV infections in the vaccinees as compared to those in the placebo group. Analyses of the STEP data are continuing, and it will take some time before we fully understand these results. (2007-11-07)

Circumcision may not impact sexual sensation
According to a new study published in the Journal of Sexual Medicine, sexual sensation in circumcised and uncircumcised men may not be so different after all. The research, performed in the Department of Psychology of McGill University in Montreal, consisted of genital sensory testing conducted on circumcised and uncircumcised men during states of sexual arousal and non-arousal. Results showed that no difference between the two groups was found in sensitivity to touch or pain. (2007-07-26)

Should adult male circumcision be recommended for HIV prevention in the US?
Three clinical trials in Africa found that adult male circumcision reduced the risk of men acquiring HIV infection from heterosexual sex by 51-60 percent. While adult male circumcision may also have a role to play in preventing HIV transmission in the US, say scientists at the US Centers for Disease Control in a paper in PLoS Medicine, (2007-07-23)

Male circumcision for HIV prevention and more
Three clinical trials in Africa found that adult male circumcision reduced the risk of men acquiring HIV infection from heterosexual sex by 51-60 percent. While adult male circumcision may also have a role to play in preventing HIV transmission in the US, say scientists at the US Centers for Disease Control in a paper in PLoS Medicine, (2007-07-23)

International AIDS society conference, Sydney
The program of the International Aids Society Conference is discussed in an editorial in this week's edition of the Lancet. (2007-07-05)

Male circumcision overstated as prevention tool against AIDS
In new academic research published today in the online, open-access, peer-reviewed scientific journal PLoS ONE, male circumcision is found to be much less important as a deterrent to the global AIDS pandemic than previously thought. The author, John R. Talbott, has conducted statistical empirical research across 77 countries of the world and has uncovered some surprising results. (2007-06-20)

Circumcision reduces HIV infection risk
Leading researcher to present information on circumcision and HIV transmission during AUA Annual Scientific Meeting. (2007-05-22)

Scientists, public health leaders call for coordination in HIV prevention research
According to a new study funded by an independent coalition of public and private sector scientists and public health leaders, HIV prevention research is hampered by gaps in some areas of research and duplication in others. The group recommends the establishment of a neutral body to set priorities for research and promote collaboration without undermining the flexibility needed for scientific endeavor. (2007-02-23)

The Lancet publishes details on two studies of adult male circumcision to prevent HIV
Two papers in the February 24 issue of The Lancet provide detailed analyses of two NIAID-funded clinical trials of adult male circumcision in Kenya and Uganda. In the trial of 2,784 HIV-negative men in Kisumu, Kenya, the investigators found the rate of HIV acquisition in circumcised men to be 53 percent lower than in uncircumcised men. Investigators in the trial of 4,996 HIV-negative men in Rakai, Uganda, report that HIV acquisition was reduced by 51 percent in circumcised men. (2007-02-22)

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