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Current Circumcision News and Events, Circumcision News Articles.
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Circumcision: A proven strategy to prevent HIV
Male circumcision significantly reduces the risk of acquiring HIV in young African men, according to a UIC study published in the Feb. 24 issue of the Lancet. (2007-02-22)

First large-scale HIV vaccine trial in South Africa opens
A large-scale clinical trial of a candidate HIV vaccine -- which previously showed promise in smaller studies in the United States and elsewhere -- has now opened in South Africa. The study plans to enroll up to 3,000 HIV-negative men and women, making it the largest African HIV vaccine trial to date. (2007-02-08)

Should Muslims have faith-based health services?
At a time when many government and public bodies are recognizing the importance of engaging with faith communities, in this week's BMJ two experts consider the case for faith-based health services for Muslims. (2007-01-11)

Circumcision for prevention of HIV: new analysis demonstrates cost-effectiveness
A team of researchers who conducted a landmark trial in Orange Farm, South Africa, which concluded that male circumcision can substantially reduce the risk of becoming infected with HIV, have now studied the economic aspects of this approach to preventing HIV/AIDS. Their new research, published in PLoS Medicine, suggests that circumcision could reduce the cost of health care in South Africa (and other sub-Saharan Countries), mainly through savings on the cost of HIV treatment. (2006-12-25)

International AIDS Vaccine Initiative statement on male circumcision
The International AIDS Vaccine Initiative issued this statement today following a National Institutes of Health decision to end two clinical trials of adult male circumcision in Uganda and Kenya. The NIH's Data Safety and Monitoring Board, reviewing interim data, found that medically performed circumcision significantly protected men in the trial from HIV infection. (2006-12-14)

Male circumcision reduces HIV risk, study stopped early
A University of Illinois at Chicago study has been stopped early due to dramatic preliminary results indicating that medical circumcision reduces the risk of acquiring HIV during heterosexual intercourse by 53 percent. (2006-12-13)

CIHR-funded research in Kenya
A Canadian Institutes of Health Research-funded randomized controlled trial conducted in Kenya has demonstrated that male circumcision is an effective measure for reducing HIV incidence in young men. Dr. Stephen Moses from the University of Manitoba, along with colleagues at the University of Nairobi in Kenya and the University of Illinois, presented their research results in Washington on December 12. (2006-12-13)

Population trends, practices and beliefs could have adverse effect on HIV rates
A review of research on the prevalence of HIV in the Middle East and North Africa has found that whilst cultural and religious practices may be behind a low prevalence of HIV in the region, they could potentially contribute to increasing the spread of HIV. (2006-10-19)

Waiting for trial results sometimes unethical
Waiting for the results of randomized trials of public health interventions can cost hundreds of lives, especially in poor countries. Researchers in this week's BMJ argue that, if the science is good, we should act before the trials are done. Randomized controlled trials are usually required before new interventions are implemented. But in 2003, the BMJ published an article about the lack of trials on parachutes to show that situations still exist where such trials are unnecessary. (2006-09-28)

Doctors treating pain from circumcision more seriously
One of the first things most little boys in the U.S. experience is something they'll never remember -- circumcision -- but that doesn't mean it isn't a painful experience. The debate over whether infants feel pain has ended, and the positive conclusion is catching up with obstetrical, pediatric and family physician training programs, 97 percent of which now learn effective pain relief techniques for circumcision. Just 10 years ago, only 71 percent learned how to ease pain during the brief surgical procedure. (2006-07-20)

Children who live with smokers have more respiratory complications during surgery
When family members smoke, children are often a (2006-07-14)

Male circumcision could prevent millions of AIDS deaths
Researchers involved with a landmark trial, which found evidence that male circumcision (MC) could reduce the chance of becoming infected with HIV, have published an analysis estimating the likely impact of expanding the practice of MC across Africa. (2006-07-10)

Review shows male circumcision protects female partners from HIV and other STDs
A statistical review of the past medical files of more than 300 couples in Uganda, in which the female partner was HIV negative and the male was HIV positive, provides solid documentation of the protective effects of male circumcision in reducing the risk of infection among women. Male circumcision also reduced rates of trichomonas and bacterial vaginosis in female partners. The study is believed to be the first to demonstrate the benefits to female partners of male circumcision. (2006-02-08)

PLoS Medicine publishes first trial of effect of male circumcision on HIV infection
The first trial of male circumcision for reducing the risk of HIV finds significantly lower new cases in the treatment group, according to a paper published in the freely-available journal PLoS Medicine. (2005-10-24)

Male circumcision reduces risk of HIV transmission from women to men
The first study to examine the probability of HIV infection per act of heterosexual sex among a population with multiple sexual partners has found that uncircumcised men have more than twice the risk of acquiring HIV than do circumcised men. The study was published in the Feb. 15 issue of The Journal of Infectious Diseases, now available online. (2005-01-19)

Circumcised newborns respond best to anesthetic relief
Anesthetics are effective in reducing the pain of circumcision in newborns, judging from the baby's heart rate and time spent crying after the procedure, a new analysis finds. (2004-10-17)

Childbirth and disasters discussed in July/Aug issue of Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
In the aftermath of a disaster or other mass tragedy, life cycle events such as childbirth continue regardless of the chaos and women and newborns deserve the surety of safe, effective care in those situations, according to a special supplement this month of the Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health. Titled 'Low Tech, High Effect: Caring for Women and Infants During Disasters and Low-Resource Settings' the supplement shares current knowledge of effective care for maternal and child health in disaster or low resource settings. (2004-07-22)

Biology not behaviour could explain reduced risk of HIV infection for circumcised men
Research from India published in this week's issue of The Lancet suggests that circumcised men could be over six times less likely than uncircumcised men to acquire HIV infection. The study also shows how the explanation for this decreased risk in circumcised men is likely to be biological rather than behavioural, with thin tissue in the foreskin being the likely target for viral activity. (2004-03-25)

Chicago researchers find why uncircumcised men have more HIV
A new study conducted by Chicago researchers shows that internal mucosal layers of foreskin are more susceptible to HIV infection than cervical tissue or the external layers of foreskin, which explains why uncircumcised men seem to be at much higher risk for HIV acquisition than men who are circumcised. (2002-09-04)

Too many medically unwarranted circumcisions being done in England
Too many English boys, especially those under the age of 5, are being needlessly circumcised reveals a study in this week's BMJ. (2000-09-28)

Male circumcision appears to protect from HIV infection
Scientific evidence supports the conclusion that circumcised men in sub-Saharan Africa are at reduced risk of HIV infection. However, researchers involved in HIV prevention consider it premature to recommend large-scale circumcision programs until important cultural, medical, programmatic, and ethical issues are resolved. (2000-06-19)

Male circumcision protects against HIV infection
Uncircumcised men are at a much greater risk of becoming infected with HIV than circumcised men, according to new evidence in this week's BMJ. (2000-06-08)

Low blood levels of HIV reduce risk of heterosexual transmission
People with HIV infections are less likely to pass the virus to an opposite sex partner if they have low levels of the virus in their blood, according to a new study by researchers from Johns Hopkins, the National Institutes of Health, Makerere University (Kampala, Uganda), the Uganda Virus Research Institute (Entebbe, Uganda), and Columbia University. (2000-03-29)

Low blood levels of HIV reduce risk of heterosexual transmission
In this week's New England Journal of Medicine, an international team reports results of the largest survey ever to examine the link between the concentration of virus in a person's blood -- known as viral load -- and other risk factors for HIV heterosexual transmission. The findings suggest viral load is the most important predictor of HIV transmission between men and women, regardless of the gender of the transmitting individual. (2000-03-28)

Study examines risks of circumcision
Parents of newborn boys have better knowledge about the possible risks of circumcision from a new study by doctors at the University of Washington. This report, the broadest of its kind, examined all hospital records in the state of Washington for a study period of more than nine years. (2000-01-09)

Study suggests need for better pain management in newborns
During nursing and medical procedures in the hospital, premature infants respond to pain and can tell the difference between more and less painful procedures. They also react more to pain as they grow older, a new study finds. The researchers recommend universal pain management in newborns to reduce the acute and long-term impact of early procedural pain. (1999-07-07)

Circumcisions In Doctors' Offices As Safe As Those In Hospitals
Boys circumcised in a doctor's office fare just as well after the procedure as those circumcised in a hospital operating room. Costs saved in having the circumcisions done in the doctor's office were estimated at $1,609 per procedure, for an overall savings of $184,713 annually in this group of patients. (1999-04-28)

American Academy Of Pediatrics Releases New Circumcision Policy
CHAPEL HILL - After analysis of almost 40 years of medical research on circumcision, the American Academy of Pediatrics issued new recommendations today (March 1) stating that the benefits are not significant enough for the AAP to recommend circumcision as a routine procedure. The new policy statement is being published in this month's issue of Pediatrics, the journal of the AAP. (1999-03-01)

Female Genital Mutilation/Female Circumcision: Who Is At Risk In The United States?
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 168,000 girls and women living in the United States in 1990 were at risk for or had been subject to FGM/FC. (1997-08-18)

Condemnation May Be Driving Circumcised Women From Health Care
American physicians are right to condemn the practice of female circumcision, but researchers say that physicians' condemnation of the practice may have the unintended effect of driving circumcised women away from the health care they need. (1997-08-13)

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