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Researchers identify marker for novel asthma treatments
Researchers at RCSI, Stanford University and Oregon Health Sciences University have discovered a marker which can help determine which asthma patients are likely to benefit from a new treatment which targets inflammatory cells called Eosinophils. (2018-09-06)

Anti-inflammatory use during surgery could improve cancer outcomes
The world's first clinical trial (SURGUVANT) evaluating anti-inflammatory use at the time of surgery in colon cancer patients to improve their cancer outcome has been published in scientific journal, BMC Cancer. (2018-09-03)

Patent mining indicates promising routes for research
Methodology developed by Brazilian scientists uses big data tools, has been validated in an analysis of studies on hemophilia, and can also be used to search for partnerships and technology transfer opportunities. (2018-08-31)

Bioengineered tooth replacement opens doors to new therapies
Tooth loss is a significant health issue currently affecting millions of people worldwide. Two articles published in the September 2018 issue of the Journal of Dental Research share recent advances in bioengineering teeth. (2018-08-20)

Portland State researchers chart a new way to look at concussion
A Portland State University research team studying concussion has published an interactive diagram showing the many facets of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) -- from sleep problems to mood disorders to the increased danger of dementia -- and how they connect with and affect each other. (2018-04-16)

How social media helps scientists get the message across
Analyzing the famous academic aphorism 'publish or perish' through a modern digital lens, a group of emerging ecologists and conservation scientists wanted to see whether communicating their new research discoveries through social media -- primarily Twitter -- eventually leads to higher citations years down the road. Turns out, the tweets are worth the time investment. (2018-04-12)

Scientific misconduct harms prior collaborators
Luxembourg, 14 March 2018 - Scientists should choose their associates carefully, researchers at the University of Luxembourg and the Centre for European Economic Research (ZEW), Mannheim, recommend, as future misconduct by colleagues could seriously impact the reputation of their former collaborators. (2018-03-15)

JOT releases orthopaedic residency program rankings by research output
What's the best way to rate the quality and quantity of research produced by orthopaedic surgery residency programs? A new 'research impact ranking' provides a more objective approach to assessing and comparing research productivity at US orthopaedic departments, according to a study in the November Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma (JOT), published by Wolters Kluwer. (2018-01-10)

Study finds diversity boosts innovation in US companies
A recent study finds that taking steps to foster diversity makes a company more innovative, in terms of product innovations, patents created and citations on patents -- meaning the relevant innovations are also used to develop new technologies. (2018-01-09)

Harnessing the potential of blockchain to transform education
Blockchain technology can help improve old models of data management and bring benefits to learners and educational institutions in the EU -- if policymakers are well prepared to embrace the change. (2018-01-05)

A model explains effects like the formation of clouds from the sea
All liquids always contain gases in a greater or lesser concentration, depending on the pressure and temperature to which it is subjected. Almost always, these gases end up as more or less small bubbles on the surface of the liquid. When these bubbles explode, especially if they are microscopic, minuscule drops are expelled at great velocity, and these drops almost instantly travel notable distances from the surface of the liquid that they came from. (2017-11-29)

Major cities concentrate less scientific production
The world's major cities, such as New York, London, and Tokyo, are losing their predominant position in the production and circulation of scientific articles, according to a study carried out by the Laboratoire interdisciplinaire solidarités, sociétés, territoires (CNRS/University of Toulouse Jean Jaurès/EHESS/ENSFEA), the INCREASE Federation at the CNRS, and the Centre Marc Bloch in Berlin (CNRS/MEAE). These results are published in the October issue of the journal Scientometrics. (2017-10-11)

Study shows how retractions significantly hurt scientists
Life scientists who have published papers that are retracted by journals subsequently suffer a 10 percent drop in citations of their remaining work, compared to similar but unaffected scientists, according to a new study by MIT researchers. (2017-09-06)

Study reveals most impactful neuroscience research
A study of the 100 most-cited neuroscience articles has revealed that 78 of these papers cover five topics, including neurological disorders, the prefrontal cortex, brain connectivity, brain mapping and methodology studies. The study allows scientists, policy-makers and investors to quickly identify the most-cited articles and impactful research in neuroscience. (2017-07-21)

Exacerbating the replication crisis in science: Replication studies are often unwelcome
The tendency of scientific journals to prefer to publish positive and original research contributes to the replication crisis. Researchers in London have investigated 1,151 psychology journals and found that just 3 percent state that they welcome scientists to submit replication studies for publication and 33 percent emphasized the need for scientific originality in submissions, which discourages scientists to submit replications. If scientific journals become more open to publishing replications, this can help to address the replication crisis. (2017-04-11)

Wikipedia readers get shortchanged by copyrighted material
When Google Books digitized 40 years worth of copyrighted and out-of-copyright issues of Baseball Digest magazine, Wikipedia editors realized they had scored. Suddenly they had access to pages and pages of player information from a new source. Yet not all information could be used equally: citations to out-of-copyright issues increased 135 percent more than issues still subject to copyright restrictions, according to a new UC Berkeley study. (2017-02-13)

University incubators may lead to lower-quality innovation, new study shows
The establishment of university-affiliated incubators is often followed by a reduction in the quality of university innovations, according to a new study co-authored by a Baylor University entrepreneurship professor. (2017-02-10)

Culture not a factor in management styles globally
Geert Hofstede's 'Culture's Consequences' is one of the most influential management books of the 20th century. With well over 80,000 citations, Hofstede argues that 50 percent of managers' differences in their reactions to various situations are explained by cultural differences. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri has determined that culture plays little or no part in leaders' management of their employees; this finding could impact how managers are trained and evaluated globally. (2016-12-19)

Even physicists are 'afraid' of mathematics
Physicists avoid highly mathematical work despite being trained in advanced mathematics, new research suggests. (2016-11-11)

Crossref now accepts preprints
Crossref has completed work to begin accepting preprints. This enables Crossref to maintain a clear and comprehensive citation record and lets researchers more easily identify when different documents are related. Preprints.org is the very first to integrate the Crossref schema for preprints. (2016-11-02)

Contralateral prophylactic mastectomy is a popular treatment among breast cancer patients
Fear of recurrence was the most frequently identified reason for choosing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy in one online health community, according to study results presented at the 2016 Clinical Congress of the American College of Surgeons. (2016-10-18)

Giving credit where credit is due
UCSB informatics expert James Frew and international colleagues suggest a method for bringing academic citation into the database age. (2016-10-14)

NIH scientists publish new metric to measure the influence of scientific research
A new metric, known as the Relative Citation Ratio (RCR), will allow researchers to measure the influence of a scientific article, regardless of publication and scientific field. While RCR cannot replace expert review, it does overcome many of the issues faced by previous metrics. RCR was developed by scientists with the Office of Portfolio Analysis, Division of Program Coordination, Planning and Strategic Initiatives, part of the National Institutes of Health. (2016-09-06)

UNIST makes mark on global list of most cited
UNIST is well-represented 2016 List of Most Cited Researchers in Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) by Elsevier Scopus Data, which includes only the top 300 of the world's researchers in the field of MSE ranked by the total citations of their papers. (2016-08-04)

Alzheimer's detected before symptoms via new eye technology
Scientists may have overcome a major roadblock in the development of Alzheimer's therapies by creating a new technology to observe in the back of the eye progression of the disease before the onset of symptoms. Clinical trials are to start in July to test the technology in humans according to a paper recently published in Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science. (2016-07-11)

Black, Hispanic drivers stopped most often, white drivers most likely to have contraband
A study analyzing traffic stops in Vermont between 2010 and 2015 shows that black and Hispanic drivers are pulled over, searched and arrested far more often than whites, yet white drivers are more likely to be carrying illegal contraband. (2016-07-01)

OSA Publishing dominates the Optics category in latest Journal Citation Reports
The Optical Society (OSA) announced today that OSA Publishing remains the market leader in the field of optics and photonics. Its portfolio of 17 prestigious subscription-based and open access titles received the most citations (40 percent of the total) across the 90 titles in the Optics category in the 2015 Journal Citation Reports®. (2016-06-15)

A new look at caspase 12 research
Inflammasomes are assemblies that are central to inflammatory responses. Dr. Lieselotte Vande Walle, Daniel Jiménez Fernández, colleagues from Professor Mo Lamkanfi's group (VIB/UGent), shed new light on function of caspase 12. They have rid the field of a stubborn dogma, which held that caspase 12 was a negative regulator of inflammasomes. These novel insights pave the way for researchers to break from route of existing research and identify the real physiological functions of caspase 12. (2016-06-01)

Does obesity lead to more nursing home admission and a lower quality of care?
In a study published in the Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, researchers examined the care that obese older adults receive when they are admitted to nursing homes. (2016-05-31)

Researcher evaluation measures do not add up
Determining a researcher's influence on the scientific community is difficult, which is why measures such as the h-index, which sums up a researcher's significance with one number, have been developed; these measures are highly popular with universities, politicians, and research foundations because they make researcher performance comparisons easy. But the measures are, unfortunately, also misleading and biased, new research from the University of Copenhagen shows. (2016-02-26)

Negative citations important to scientific progress should be tracked, says new study.
Negative citations are not necessarily a bad thing, says Nicola Lacetera, an associate professor of strategic management at the University of Toronto Mississauga who is also cross appointed to UofT's Rotman School of Management. Tracking those citations can reveal where there is particular 'vitality' in a research area, especially when there is controversy among scientists active in it. (2016-02-23)

Individual macromolecule motion in a crowded living cell
The research article embraces the status of the experimental situation and touches obstacles that still hinder the applications of single molecules in the cellular environment. (2016-02-22)

F1000Workspace integrates with Google Docs
F1000Workspace -- a platform that enables scientists to collect, write and discuss scientific literature -- has added an innovative new piece of software to its portfolio to help scientists write papers and grants more efficiently. (2016-02-12)

Exact formula now available for measuring scientific success
Scientometrics research is the science of evaluating scientific performance. Physics methods designed to predict growth based on a scale-free network have rarely been applied to this field. Now, scientists in Poland have developed an analytical method using a previously developed agent-based model to predict the h-index, probably the most popular citation-based scientific measurement, using bibliometric data. (2016-02-01)

Two NTU professors in Thomson Reuters' list of the world's 19 hottest researchers
Two scientists from Nanyang Technological University -- Professor David Lou and Professor Zhang Hua -- have made it into the ranking of the World's Hottest Researchers 2015 by Thomson Reuters. (2016-01-14)

Six PNNL scientists among select group of highly cited authors
Six scientists at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory are included in a new analysis of scientists whose work is cited most often by their peers. Their research is in disciplines where PNNL is highly regarded internationally -- climate science, energy storage, materials science, and chemistry. (2015-12-21)

Bentham Science partners with Kudos
Bentham Science has made its research publications available on Kudos. Researchers can search on Kudos, read and cite the articles published by Bentham Science. (2015-12-21)

Microbiologist Sylvain Moineau among the most influential scientists in the world
Microbiologist Sylvain Moineau, a professor at Université Laval's Faculty of Science and Engineering, has been named one of the World's Most Influential Scientific Minds for the second year running by strategic information company Thomson Reuters. (2015-12-17)

Bob Dylan: A source of inspiration for medical scientists
The number of articles citing the lyrics of Bob Dylan in the biomedical literature has increased exponentially since 1990, according to a study in the Christmas issue of The BMJ. (2015-12-14)

Assessing the role of negative citations in science
Not all academic citations are positive ones, and a paper published this week in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences finds that as many as one in 50 citations in a top immunology journal were critical in nature. (2015-10-26)

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