Current Colonoscopy News and Events | Page 2

Current Colonoscopy News and Events, Colonoscopy News Articles.
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ASCO 2019: Delays lead to late-stage diagosis of young people with colorectal cancer
Median 294 days passed between the first time patients noticed rectal bleeding and the time they were diagnosed. By the time of diagnosis, 37.8 percent of the patients were Stage IV. (2019-05-29)

First states to expand Medicaid saw larger screening rate increases
The five states and District of Columbia that first adopted Medicaid expansion saw larger increases in cancer screening than those states that did not. (2019-05-22)

Fecal microbiota transplant found safe and effective in children with C. difficile
Fecal microbiota transplant (FMT), or the transfer of stool from a healthy donor to a patient, has been found effective in reversing severe, recurring diarrheal infections from Clostridiodes difficile in adults by restoring a normal microbiome. Now, the largest study to date of FMT in children finds the procedure to be safe and effective in eradicating an infection that is on the rise among children, even those without known risk factors. (2019-05-16)

Study compares colonoscopy polyp detection rates and endoscopist characteristics
Previous research has suggested that specific factors about the doctor performing colonoscopy -- for example, a gastroenterologist versus a surgeon, female versus male -- were associated with different rates of detection of precancerous polyps. However, a Cleveland Clinic-led research team found that those previously described differences among endoscopists are not true. (2019-04-17)

Microscopy in the body
Biotechnologists, physicists, and medical researchers at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg (FAU) have developed technology for microscopic imaging in living organisms. A miniaturized multi-photon microscope, which could be used in an endoscope in future, excites the body's own molecules to illuminate and enables cells and tissue structures to be imaged without the use of synthetic contrast agents. The findings have now been published in the renowned journal Advanced Science. (2019-04-16)

Regular cannabis users require up to 220% higher dosage for sedation in medical procedures
Researchers in Colorado examined medical records of 250 patients who received endoscopic procedures after 2012, when the state legalized recreational cannabis. They found patients who smoked or ingested cannabis on a daily or weekly basis required 14% more fentanyl, 20% more midazolam, and 220% more propofol to achieve optimum sedation for routine procedures, including colonoscopy. (2019-04-15)

Blood-based colon cancer screen shows promise in UW-Madison study
In a study published April 8, 2019, in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a group of University of Wisconsin-Madison scientists has identified four blood-based fingerprints -- human protein markers -- associated with the pre-cancerous forms of colon cancer that are most likely to develop into disease. The scientists expect their findings will ultimately lead to a blood test for the cancer, adding a method to help increase screening rates while reducing overtreatment. (2019-04-08)

Sah: Medical guidelines may be biased, overly aggressive
Dr. Sunita Sah practiced general medicine for several years in the United Kingdom's National Health Service. When she came to the United States, she noticed something strange. The U.K. guidelines for tests such as mammograms and colon cancer screenings drastically differed from those in the U.S. - even though they were based on the same medical evidence. (2019-04-05)

Screening for colorectal cancer at 45 would avert deaths, but testing older adults would do more
Starting routine colorectal cancer screening at age 45 rather than 50 would decrease U.S. cancer deaths, but screening a greater number of older and high-risk adults would avert nearly three times as many diagnoses and deaths at a lower cost. (2019-03-28)

Mailing colorectal cancer screening kit found effective, regardless of financial incentive
Roughly a quarter of patients overdue for colorectal cancer screening mailed completed kits back within two months, even if they weren't given any kind of financial incentive. (2019-03-22)

Poo transplant effective treatment for chronic bowel condition
Poo transplant or 'Faecal microbiota transplantation' (FMT) can successfully treat patients with ulcerative colitis, new research from the University of Adelaide shows. (2019-01-15)

Can Facebook advertising prevent cancer?
Results from Colorado Cancer Screening Program study shows that text and social media can help to reach hard-to-reach populations with information about colorectal cancer screening (2018-12-19)

10-year follow-up after negative colonoscopies linked to lower colorectal cancer risk
Ten years after a negative colonoscopy, Kaiser Permanente members had 46 percent lower risk of being diagnosed with and were 88 percent less likely to die from colorectal cancer compared with those who did not undergo colorectal cancer screening, according to a study published today in JAMA Internal Medicine. (2018-12-17)

Some people uncomfortable discontinuing cancer screening even when benefit is low
A new study finds 29 percent of veterans who underwent recommended screening colonoscopies were uncomfortable with the idea of stopping these screenings when the benefit was expected to be low for them personally. (2018-12-07)

Screening for colorectal cancer spares male patients from intense treatments
While screening for colorectal cancer did not, so far, reduce mortality, it did reduce the need for chemotherapy and emergency surgeries among male patients, shows a recent Finnish study. (2018-11-21)

Many patients diagnosed with adenomas may not receive colonoscopies in recommended time frame
Patients who are diagnosed with adenomas, a possible precursor of colorectal cancer, often do not receive subsequent colonoscopies within the recommended time frame. (2018-11-20)

Aspirin and omega-3 reduce pre-cancerous bowel polyps
Both aspirin and a purified omega-3, called EPA, reduce the number of pre-cancerous polyps in patients found to be at high risk of developing bowel cancer, according to new research. (2018-11-19)

Obesity linked to increased risk of early-onset colorectal cancer
Women who are overweight or obese have up to twice the risk of developing colorectal cancer before age 50 as women who have what is considered a normal body mass index (BMI), according to new research led by Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis. (2018-10-12)

An inside look at probiotics
In two back-to-back reports published in Cell, researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science show -- in both mice and in humans -- that a probiotic preparation of 11 strains of the most widely used probiotic families may sometimes be less-than-beneficial for user and their microbiome. (2018-09-06)

Kaiser Permanente Northern California's colorectal cancer screening program saves lives
Kaiser Permanente members in Northern California are 52 percent less likely to die from colorectal cancer since the health care system launched a comprehensive, organized screening program, according to a new study in the specialty's top journal, Gastroenterology. (2018-08-09)

By sending tests in the mail, researchers boost colorectal cancer screening
UNC Lineberger Comprehensive Cancer Center researchers report that mailing colorectal cancer screening tests to patients insured by Medicaid increased screening rates for this population. Patients who received a screening kit in the mail were more likely to be screened than patients who received a reminder, a finding that suggests this method could serve as a model to improve screening on a larger scale. (2018-07-13)

Infection rates after colonoscopy, endoscopy at US specialty centers are far higher than expected
The rates of infection following colonoscopies and upper-GI endoscopies performed at US outpatient specialty centers are far higher than previously believed, according to a Johns Hopkins study published online this month in the journal Gut. (2018-05-31)

New guidelines recommend earlier colorectal cancer screening
New guidelines developed by the American Cancer Society (ACS) recommend that screening for colorectal cancer for average-risk adults begin at age 45, five years earlier than the previous recommendation. (2018-05-31)

Screening for colorectal cancer in under-55-year-olds with family history: Benefit unclear
An update of the 2013 assessment shows that, due to a lack of suitable studies, data are missing for people with a family history of colorectal cancer. (2018-05-30)

American Cancer Society updates colorectal cancer screening guideline
An updated American Cancer Society guideline says colorectal cancer screening should begin at age 45 for people at average risk, based in part on data showing rates are increasing in young and middle-aged populations. (2018-05-30)

As colorectal cancer rises in young people, new guidelines recommend screening start at 45
Study published today the journal Cancer recommends colorectal cancer screening start at age 45, five years younger than currently recommended for both men and women of all races and ethnicities. (2018-05-30)

Blue dye tablet helps identify polyps during colonoscopy
Ingestion of a blue dye tablet during bowel prep for colonoscopy could be a significant advance in the early detection of colorectal cancer (CRC). When used in conjunction with colonoscopy, the blue dye increased adenoma detection rate (ADR) by nearly 9 percent, according to a study scheduled for presentation at Digestive Disease Week® (DDW) 2018. (2018-05-22)

A new, streamlined approach to diagnosing and treating bowel cancer
Researchers at the South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute (SAHMRI) and the University of Adelaide have discovered a faster, more cost-effective way to determine which DNA mutations cause human bowel cancer. (2018-04-17)

New colon cancer finding could lead to earlier diagnosis -- and better outcomes
For many years, physicians have puzzled over why people with 'clean' colonoscopies went on to develop colon cancer. New findings from OMRF may help explain why, and the discovery could lead to ways to detect these cancers earlier and more effectively. (2018-03-28)

Beyond drugs for IBD: Improving the overall health of IBD patients
1.6 million Americans suffer from IBD. Identifying the best medical treatment leads to improved disease management, but IBD patients also experience mental, emotional and other physical side effects that need to be understood and managed to improve the overall health of IBD patients. Research presented at the Crohn's & Colitis Congress™ helps health care providers understand how to better manage their patients' overall health and mental well-being to increase the quality of their lives. (2018-01-19)

CancerSEEK: Generalized screening for multiple cancer types
Researchers have developed a noninvasive blood test based on combined analysis of DNA and proteins that may allow earlier detection of eight common cancer types. In more than 1,000 patients, their method, dubbed CancerSEEK, detected cancer with a sensitivity of 69 to 98 percent (depending on cancer type). (2018-01-18)

'Poop pill' capsule research paves the way for simpler C. difficile treatment
An Alberta-led clinical trial has shown Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) is effective in treating clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections whether delivered by colonoscopy or by swallowing capsules. The finding, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, could revolutionize and broaden the use of FMT, which restores the healthy balance of bacteria living in the intestine by transferring a healthy donor's stool to the gut of a person with C. difficile. (2017-11-30)

Comparison of fecal transplant using capsule vs. colonoscopy to prevent Clostridium difficile infection
Fecal transplant administered by swallowing a capsule was no worse than transplant using colonoscopy to reduce the risk of recurrent Clostridium difficile. (2017-11-28)

Capsule research paves way for simpler C. difficile treatment
An Alberta-led clinical trial has shown Fecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) is as effective in treating clostridium difficile (C. difficile) infections whether delivered by colonoscopy or by swallowing capsules. (2017-11-28)

Colorectal cancer screening should start at 45, new research shows
Scientists in France analyzed over 6,000 colonoscopies and found a 400 percent increase in the detection of neoplasia in patients aged between 45-49 in comparison to aged 40-44. The vast majority of colorectal cancer screening programs throughout Europe commence between the ages of 50 and 55, with some not beginning until the age of 60. (2017-10-29)

Artificial intelligence: Is this the future of early cancer detection?
Overall, 306 polyps were assessed real-time by using the AI-assisted system, providing a sensitivity of 94 percent, specificity of 79 percent, accuracy of 86 percent, and positive and negative predictive values of 79 percent and 93 percent respectively, in identifying neoplastic changes. (2017-10-29)

Serrated polyps plus conventional adenomas may mean higher risk for colorectal cancer
Examining more than 5,000 reports from the New Hampshire Colonoscopy Registry, A Dartmouth research team finds that individuals with both conventional adenomas as well as a subset of lesions known as serrated polyps may be at higher risk for developing colorectal cancer or high-risk adenomas that can lead to colorectal cancer, than those who have serrated polyps or high-risk adenomas alone. Individuals with both serrated polyps and high-risk adenomas may therefore benefit from closer surveillance. (2017-10-11)

Many opioid-dosage combinations have no prescribing restrictions under Medicare formulary
Medicare Part D formularies allowed unrestrictive coverage for many opioids over the past decade, especially at high doses, including drugs commonly associated with overdose. Because formulary coverage directly affects prescribing, these findings suggest that formularies present on underused opportunity to restrict opioid prescribing. (2017-10-09)

Outreach interventions improve colorectal cancer screening
Outreach and notification to patients and physicians improved colorectal cancer (CRC) screening among patients who were not up-to-date or nonadherent with CRC screening, according to two studies published by JAMA. (2017-09-05)

Blood test for colitis screening using infrared technology could reduce dependence on colonoscopy
A fast, simple blood test for ulcerative colitis using infrared spectroscopy could provide a cheaper, less invasive alternative for screening compared to colonoscopy, which is now the predominant test, according to a study between the Department of Physics and Astronomy and the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University. (2017-08-23)

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