Current Competitiveness News and Events

Current Competitiveness News and Events, Competitiveness News Articles.
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Some sperms poison their competitors
A genetic factor helps sperm cells outcompete their peers (2021-02-04)

Low-carbon policies can be 'balanced' to benefit small firms and average households - study
A review of ten types of policy used to reduce carbon suggests that some costs fall on those less able to bear them - but it also shows these policies can form the bedrock of a 'green recovery' if specifically designed and used in tandem. (2021-01-18)

Low-carbon policies can be 'balanced' to benefit small firms and average households
A review of ten types of policy used to reduce carbon suggests that some costs fall on those less able to bear them - but it also shows these policies can form the bedrock of a 'green recovery' if specifically designed and used in tandem. (2021-01-18)

Seafood strategies
The ''Executive Order on Promoting American Seafood Competitiveness and Economic Growth,'' issued by the Trump administration in May 2020, lays out a plan to expand the U.S. seafood industry, especially aquaculture, and enhance American seafood competitiveness in the global market. (2021-01-07)

Businesses stand to benefit from sustainable restructuring
Is it profitable for a company to switch to sustainable production? Researchers conclude that it probably often is. (2021-01-06)

Siberian scientists identified the most promising Russian forest products
A team of scientists from Siberian Federal University evaluated the competitiveness of Russian forest industry products by analyzing international trade data from different regions of the country and comparing it to the data from other markets. The study was published in the Forest Policy and Economics journal and supported by the Russian Science Foundation (project no. 19-18-00145). (2020-10-08)

Identified a new regulatory mechanism of response to metabolic stress
The Chromatin Biology group, led by Dr. Alex Vaquero has identified a new enzymatic activity in SIRT7, involved in stress response, aging and hematopoiesis, which plays a key role in metabolic stress and aging. (2020-07-27)

A new method to significantly increase the range and stability of optical tweezers
Scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University jointly with a team of the V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences have discovered a method to increase the operation range of optical traps also known as optical tweezers. Similar devices are used to move individual microparticles in biology and chemistry. The study is published in Optics Letters (IF: 3.866; Q1). (2020-07-23)

Do campaign finance reforms truly help make elections more competitive?
A new study by two social scientists at the University of Missouri finds state campaign finance reforms actually have no beneficial effect on the competitiveness of state legislative elections. Instead, some reforms, such as limits on corporate political spending and public financing of elections, advantage incumbents. (2020-07-15)

New pathway to attack tumor cells identified
A study led by the Institut de Neurociències (INc-UAB) describes a new strategy to tackle cancer, based on inducing a potent stress in tumor causing cell destruction by autophagy. The mechanism has been revealed using the new antitumor drug ABTL0812, currently in clinical trial. Results has been validated using samples from oncologic patients and published in Autophagy. (2020-06-09)

The economic gap also affects the consumption of screens by children
The presence and variety of mobile devices in Spanish households, regardless of social and economic circumstances, has been mainstream for years. Several studies focus on parental mediation in children's consumption of smart screens, although there is a lack of scientific evidence concerning how the level of training and the professional profile of mothers and fathers affect children's digital media consumption. (2020-05-12)

Discovered a small protein that synchronizes the circadian clocks in shoots and roots
In a seminal article published in Cell in 2015, researchers from the Centre for Research in Agricultural Genomics (CRAG) described that the growing tip of the plant shoot is able to synchronize the daily rhythms of the cells in distal organs. Now, researchers have identified a small essential circadian clock protein, named ELF4, that moves through plant vasculature delivering temperature information and establishing a shoot-to-root dialogue that sets the pace of the clock in roots. (2020-04-13)

New type of curved acoustic beams to provide manipulations with nanoparticles
Scientists of Tomsk Polytechnic University and Tomsk State University jointly with their colleagues from Spain modeled and experimentally confirmed the existence of a new type of curved acoustic wave beams -- acoustical hooks. They constitute a curved acoustical stream with an important property to bend at a distance less than a wavelength. Thereby, they could become a promising tool to provide ultrasonic manipulations with particles at an extra-small distance -- at a sub-wave level. (2020-01-27)

Study uncovers unexpected connection between gliomas, neurodegenerative diseases
New basic science and clinical research identifies TAU, the same protein studied in the development of Alzheimer's, as a biomarker for glioma development. (2020-01-22)

Competitive people are more prone to drug consumption
A Psychology research team at the University of Cordoba (Spain) studied how personality influences substance abuse among young people. (2019-10-16)

The effects of variation in T6SS and bacteria on competition in host environment
A group of scientists studying the ways plant-associated bacteria interact were surprised to find that strains predicted to be more sensitive to bacteria were able to coexist with aggressor strains. 'Our findings are not consistent with a 'winner-take-all' result,' says Jeff Chang, 'and may cause researchers to think differently about bacterial behaviors that are generally assumed to be hostile and open new directions to pursue on the role of microbe-microbe interactions in plant-microbe interactions.' (2019-09-17)

Strategies to connect with barricaded buyers
Shrewd suppliers use pre-RFP meetings to intimidate competitors and go above the minimum with their RFP responses to gain advantage with barricaded buyers. (2019-09-12)

Mutation that causes rare muscle disease protects against HIV-1 infection
A mutation that causes a type of muscular dystrophy that affects the limbs protects against HIV-1 infection, according to a study published Aug. 29, 2019 in the open-access journal PLOS Pathogens by Sara Rodríguez-Mora, Mayte Coiras and José Alcamí of the Instituto de Salud Carlos III in Madrid, Spain, and colleagues. (2019-08-29)

How much energy storage costs must fall to reach renewable energy's full potential
The cost of energy storage will be critical in determining how much renewable energy can contribute to the decarbonization of electricity. But how far must energy storage costs fall? In a new study to be published Aug. 7 in the journal Joule, MIT researchers answer this question. They quantify cost targets for storage technologies to enable solar and wind energy with storage to reach competitiveness with other on-demand energy sources. (2019-08-07)

High-performance sodium ion batteries using copper sulfide
Researchers presented a new strategy for extending sodium ion batteries' cyclability using copper sulfide as the electrode material. This strategy has led to high-performance conversion reactions and is expected to advance the commercialization of sodium ion batteries as they emerge as an alternative to lithium ion batteries. (2019-07-15)

Studies find no yield benefit to higher plant populations
Curtis Adams and his colleagues at Texas A&M AgriLife Research reviewed plant population studies published in 2000 or later. They found that yield is optimized at about 15,000 plants per acre (1.1 seed per foot in 40-inch rows), and contrary to popular belief, there is no yield benefit to high populations. (2019-05-21)

Engineered light to improve health, food, suggests Sandia researcher in Nature
intentionally controlled light can help regulate human health and productivity by eliciting various hormonal responses. Tailored LED wavelengths and intensities also can efficiently stimulate plant growth, alter their shapes and increase their nutritional value, opening a new world of scientific and technological possibilities for indoor farming. (2019-01-16)

A new mechanism helps explain differences between eukaryotic and bacterial proteomes
The study, published in the journal Molecular Biology and Evolution, has been headed by Lluís Ribas, at IRB Barcelona. (2019-01-11)

Impact of weather and well-timed cultural management techniques on organic weed control
Weed management can be a tough challenge in organic cropping systems since growers don't have herbicides in their weed control arsenal. New research published in the journal Weed Science, though, shows that weather conditions and well-timed cultural management techniques can help fill the void by making crops more competitive. (2018-05-15)

A biochemical process in plants is imitated to curb the reproduction of colon cancer tumor cells
University of Cordoba research team has developed a tool to erase molecular tags that silence genes involved in tumor growth. (2018-04-26)

Genes activated in metastasis also drive the first stages of tumour growth
Researchers headed by Jordi Casanova at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) now demonstrate that genes activated during metastasis are also able to initiate primary tumour development, and they explain the molecular mechanism involved. Made using the fly model Drosophila melanogaster, this finding has been published in PloS Genetics this week. (2018-02-20)

Risks in using electronic management systems at universities
New electronic management systems provide educational support, help establish effective monitoring of students' achievements both online and offline, can receive and analyze reports on student performance, and track academic progress. However, advances in digital technologies and changes in teaching methods in higher educational institutions require quick adaptation of staff members to innovations. (2018-02-06)

Foreign investments crucial for positive return on exports
Experts at Higher School of Economics have shown that the availability of direct foreign investment is an important and necessary condition for positive return on exports for companies operating in foreign markets. Such companies consequently encounter a higher level of competition in terms of quality and intensity. Research results have been published in the Baltic Journal of Management. (2017-12-07)

5G set to revolutionize communications and to transform industry
The new generation of 5G mobile networks is the future of the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) sector -- a true technological revolution that will deliver the Internet of Things and is being driven by R&D+i initiatives like '5TONIC,' Spain's leading 5G innovation laboratory. (2017-12-07)

Experts see dawn of environmental sustainability in technology-driven 'Age of Optimization'
The world is entering 'a technology-driven Age of Optimization' bringing about more sustainable production, consumption and work in many manifestations and at every scale, say international experts meeting in Kuala Lumpur for the 8th Global Innovation Summit, focused this year on environmental sustainability. (2017-11-28)

What mitigates the consequences of recession for companies?
Experts of the Higher School of Economics (HSE) demonstrated that companies with foreign ownership have an easier time overcoming the consequences of economic recessions. The results of the study were presented in the paper 'Lean against the wind: The moderation effect of foreign investments during the economic recession in Russia' published by the Journal of Economics and Business: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0148619517300413. (2017-11-02)

Researchers find optimal rules for seedings in knock-out tournaments
Researchers from the Higher School of Economics and the Stanford Graduate School of Business have conducted a study on tournaments using the playoff system, which is one of the most popular forms of sporting competitions. In the playoff system, two teams play one another in each match, and the winner advances to the next stage of the tournament, while the loser is eliminated. The results of the study were published in the Journal of Combinatorial Optimization. (2017-08-30)

Climate game changer
New research from University of Alberta and University of Vienna microbiologists provides unparalleled insight into the Earth's nitrogen cycle, identifying and characterizing the ammonia-oxidizing microbe, Nitrospira inopinata. (2017-08-23)

Don't get mad -- it's only a game!
Feelings can run high in competitive situations and lead to heated arguments and disputes. But not everyone reacts in the same way -- men react differently to women and the reactions of individuals are dissimilar to those of groups of persons. This has been demonstrated scientifically by psychologists at Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg who examined the correlations between competitiveness, aggression and hormones. (2017-08-15)

Low-dose diazepam can increase social competitiveness
EPFL scientists have discovered how low-dose anxiolytics increase the social competitiveness of high-anxious individuals by boosting the energy output of mitochondria in an area of the mammalian brain that controls motivation and reward. (2017-07-18)

The Drosophila fly brings to light the role of morphogens in limb growth
Scientists at IRB Barcelona clarify the function of the genes that drive wing development in the fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster. Published in the journal eLife, this study unveils that the Dpp morphogen is necessary for wing growth but that its gradient does not govern this process. Understanding the development of limbs in Drosophila paves the way to research into congenital defects in vertebrates. (2017-07-05)

UK can lead the way in labor rights post-Brexit, says new academic report
Leading academics have today published a set of proposals for the protection of workers' rights in post-Brexit UK trade agreements. (2017-07-04)

New breakthrough makes it easier to turn old coffee waste into cleaner biofuels
Future Americano, cappuccino and latte drinkers could help produce the raw material for a greener biofuel that would reduce our reliance on diesel from fossil fuels. Although a small number of businesses are using spent coffee grounds to make biofuels, researchers at Lancaster University have found a way to significantly improve the efficiency of the process- vastly increasing biofuel from coffee's commercial competitiveness. (2017-05-10)

Right R&D investments are 'good bets' for both climate and economies, say researchers
As the threats of climate change and economic instability loom large, public energy investment can seem like roll of the dice. Now, new research has analyzed scientific publications to identify the 'good bets' for governments committed to reducing greenhouse gas emissions even in the face of growing constraints on public R&D budgets. (2017-05-09)

Study identifies effects of EU expansion on labor, research
The EU expansion of 2004 opened doors for more highly skilled workers -- including scientists -- to circulate their knowledge, more often from west to east than the traditional east-to-west exchange. (2017-04-12)

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