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Current Computer Model News and Events, Computer Model News Articles.
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Physicians can better predict outcomes for kidney transplant patients with key data, study finds
Kidney transplant patients have a better chance of survival if physicians use all the data that's available to them -- including data that's tracked over time -- to predict the likelihood of organ failure. (2017-01-06)

The luxury of causality: Parallel Intelligence, a proposed move toward the intelligent future
Defined as the interaction between actual reality and virtual reality, parallel intelligence flips traditional AI. Rather than big, universal laws directing small amounts of data, small, complex laws guide huge data, a jump from Newton to Merton. AlphaGo, the computer victorious against Go player Lee Sedol, played more than 30 million games with itself -- more than a single, century-old person could play in their entire life. And the computer learned from every game. (2016-12-21)

University of Akron professor receives grant to help find cure for multiple sclerosis
Leah Shriver Ph.D., an assistant professor in chemistry and biology at The University of Akron, has been awarded a three year $469,000 grant from the National Institute of Health for her research with cell regeneration, the key to curing many brain diseases such as multiple sclerosis (MS). (2016-12-20)

Scientific 'facts' could be false
When is a scientific result true or false? Experiments always have a certain proportion of positive results and negative results, but scientific journals prefer to publish the positive results and new research from the Niels Bohr Institute shows that this can lead to false claims ending up being regarded as true facts. The results are published in the scientific journal, eLife. (2016-12-20)

Rudolph's antlers inspire next generation of unbreakable materials
Scientists from Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) have discovered the secret behind the toughness of deer antlers and how they can resist breaking during fights. (2016-12-19)

Researchers model the way into a nuclear future
The main type of nuclear fuel is the uranium oxide pellet composition. But there is incomplete understanding of fuel transformation mechanisms during nuclear reactor operating, which delays the full implementation of nuclear fuel. In this study, Artem Lunev, Alexey Kuksin, and Sergey Starikov obtained a model to study the macroscopic processes occurring in uranium oxide pellets under operating conditions. The work of Russian researchers is a major step forward in nuclear fuel swelling and embrittlement description during operation by means of computer simulations. (2016-12-19)

Computer model predicts potential impact of short-course therapy against multidrug-resistant TB
Johns Hopkins researchers have developed a computer simulation that helps predict under which circumstances a new short-course treatment regimen for drug-resistant tuberculosis could substantially reduce the global incidence and spread of the disease. (2016-12-15)

Mind-controlled toys: The next generation of Christmas presents?
The next generation of toys could be controlled by the power of the mind, thanks to research by the University of Warwick. (2016-12-15)

Extraordinary animation reveals ocean's role in El Niños
Researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Climate System Science and National Computational Infrastructure have produced a spectacular animation of the largest El Niño ever recorded, using ocean model data from Australia's most powerful supercomputer Raijin. It took 30,000 computer hours just to produce the model data. The animation highlights how we can see these events develop months ahead of time with good ocean observation networks. (2016-12-13)

Research offers clues about the timing of Jupiter's formation
The new study shows that Jupiter had probably reached its present-day size by about 5 million years after the first solids in the solar system formed. (2016-12-09)

Why can't monkeys speak?
Monkeys and apes are unable to learn new vocalizations, and for decades it has been widely believed that this inability results from limitations of their vocal anatomy: larynx, tongue and lips. An international team of scientists, led by Tecumseh Fitch at the University of Vienna and Asif Ghazanfar at Princeton University, has now looked inside monkeys' vocal tracts with X-rays, and found them to be much more flexible than thought before. (2016-12-09)

Monkey speak: Macaques have the anatomy, not the brain, for human speech
Researchers have found that monkeys known as macaques possess the vocal anatomy but not the brain circuitry to produce human speech. The findings suggest that human speech stems mainly from the unique evolution and construction of our brains, and is not linked to vocalization-related anatomical differences between humans and primates. Scientists have long debated if -- and to what extent -- differences between the human and primate vocal anatomy allow people to speak but not monkeys and apes. (2016-12-09)

Big data approach to water quality applied at shale drilling sites
A computer program is diving deep into water quality data from Pennsylvania, helping scientists detect potential environmental impacts of Marcellus Shale gas drilling. (2016-12-07)

GeroScope -- a computer method to beat aging
It takes decades of work and millions of dollars to develop new anti-ageing drugs. Computer modeling techniques may significantly reduce the time and cost of development. Scientists have devepoled a GeroScope algorithm to identify geroprotectors -- substances that extend healthy life. GeroScope is able to compare changes in the cells of young and old patients and search for drugs with minimal side effects. The ability to simulate biological effects with a high level of accuracy in silico is a real breakthrough. (2016-12-06)

Safer, less vulnerable software is the goal of new NIST computer publication
We can create software with 100 times fewer vulnerabilities than we do today, according to computer scientists at NIST. To get there, they recommend that coders adopt the approaches they have compiled in a new publication. (2016-12-05)

New neuron dynamics model better fitted to the biological reality
Neuroscientists are currently working diligently to understand the dynamics of thousands of coupled neurons. Understanding how they operate requires accurate models. The trouble is that each of the existing neuroscience models has its own shortcomings. Russian physicists have, for the first time, developed an effective method for solving the equations of a well-known theoretical neuroscience dynamic model. These findings are published in EPJ Plus by Eugene Postnikov and Olga Titkova from Kursk State University, Russia. (2016-12-05)

A handful of photos yields a mouthful of (digital) teeth
A Disney Research team has developed a model-based method of realistically reconstructing teeth for digital actors and for medical applications using just a few, non-invasive photos or a short smartphone video of the mouth. (2016-12-05)

Snow data from satellites improves temperature predictions, UT researchers show
Researchers with The University of Texas at Austin have found that incorporating snow data collected from space into computer climate models can significantly improve seasonal temperature predictions. (2016-12-05)

Scientists create first viable mathematical model of a key anti-Salmonella defense system
Scientists have created the first validated mathematical model of an important cellular defense mechanism against the bacterium Salmonella, according to a new study in PLOS Computational Biology. (2016-12-01)

A friend of a friend is ... a dense network
Networks evolve in different ways depending on how often (2016-12-01)

New evidence on the formation of the solar system
International research involving a Monash University scientist is using new computer models and evidence from meteorites to show that a low-mass supernova triggered the formation of our solar system. (2016-12-01)

New computational model provides a tool for improving the production of valuable drugs
The model allows scientists to make comprehensive simulations without doing tedious experiments in the laboratory. Hence, the model will tell the scientist, which metabolic pathways are involved in the production of a specific drug, and which growth conditions will presumably give the optimized production potential. This will allow researchers to design better CHO cells optimized for production of therapeutic proteins, which could result in lower prices and greater availability of many drugs. (2016-12-01)

Suggestions for you: A better, faster recommendation algorithm
Researchers from the Santa Fe Institute and the Universitat Rovira i Virgili unveil a more accurate, efficient algorithm for Internet recommendations. (2016-11-30)

Modeling offers new perspective on how Pluto's 'icy heart' came to be
Pluto's 'icy heart' is a bright, two-lobed feature on its surface that has attracted researchers ever since its discovery. Of particular interest is the heart's western lobe, informally named Sputnik Planitia, whose unique attributes have spurred a number of scenarios for its formation, all of which identify the feature as an impact basin. A new study suggests that Sputnik Planitia formed early in Pluto's history and that its attributes are inevitable consequences of evolutionary processes. (2016-11-30)

Learning makes animals intelligent
The fact that animals can use tools, have self-control and certain expectations of life can be explained with the help of a new learning model for animal behavior. Researchers at Stockholm University and Brooklyn College have combined knowledge from the fields of artificial intelligence, ethology and the psychology of learning to solve several problems concerning the behavior and intelligence of animals. (2016-11-29)

Quicker and twice as accurate predictions
With ever-increasing amounts of online information available, modelling and predicting individual preferences for certain products is becoming more and more important. Good predictions enable better advice to be given to users and provide a better understanding of the socio-psychological processes that determine those preferences. Researchers at the URV have created a new algorithm that provides better predictions than existing algorithms. (2016-11-28)

How to protect your laptop -- even when it's asleep
Hypnoguard is a powerful new software system developed by Concordia University researchers to safeguard data even when computer is in sleep mode. (2016-11-23)

Major finding identifies nitrogen as key driver for gut health
Scientists are one step closer to understanding the link between different diet strategies and gut health, with new research presenting the first general principles for how diet impacts the microbiota. Researchers from the University of Sydney have found that the availability of intestinal nitrogen to microbes in the gut plays a key role in regulating interactions between gut microbes and their host animal. (2016-11-23)

Shaking things up with more control
Excessive vibrations -- excessive to the point of injury -- have been prominent in the news, but researchers have developed an algorithm that could help machines avoid getting trapped in resonant motion. Using computer simulations and experiments, they found that by carefully increasing and decreasing the speed of a rotor, they could nudge it past its resonant frequency. The rotor doesn't get stuck in resonance like the faulty washing machine. They describe this in this week's Chaos. (2016-11-22)

Computer modeling could lead to new method for detecting, managing prostate cancer
New research coauthored by BYU researchers may lead to a more accurate system for early detection, diagnosis, and treatment of prostate cancer. The new study, published this week in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, details a computer model that uses medical images to reproduce the growth patterns of prostate cancer on the anatomy of a patient's prostate. (2016-11-21)

Weather the storm: Improving Great Lakes modeling
Water and atmospheric processes are inseparable. Now, there is a supercomputer model that couples climate and hydrodynamic factors for the Great Lakes region. The new model will be useful for climate predictions, habitat modeling for invasive species, oil spill mitigation and other environmental research. (2016-11-21)

Soybean plants with fewer leaves yield more
Using computer model simulations, scientists have predicted that modern soybean crops produce more leaves than they need to the detriment of yield -- a problem made worse by rising atmospheric carbon dioxide. They tested their prediction by removing about one third of the emerging leaves on soybeans and found an 8 percent increase in seed yield in replicated trials. They attribute this boost in yield to increased photosynthesis, decreased respiration, and diversion of resources that would have been invested in more leaves than seeds. (2016-11-18)

How much warmer has Hong Kong's urban area become during the past 4 decades?
Hong Kong's urban mean air temperature has increased by 0.169°C per decade over the past four decades. (2016-11-17)

K computer takes first place on HPCG benchmark
The K computer has taken first place on the HPCG benchmark, which was developed to assess the power of supercomputers to perform in a wide array of applications. (2016-11-15)

New model reveals adaptations of world's most abundant ocean microbe
Researchers from the University of Hawai'i and Chalmers University of Technology developed a computer model which takes into account hundreds of genes, chemical reactions, and compounds required for the survival of Prochlorococcus, the most abundant photosynthetic microbe on the planet. They found that Prochlorococcus has made extensive alterations to its metabolism as a way to reduce its dependence on phosphorus, an element that is essential and often growth-limiting in the ocean. (2016-11-15)

Cow goes moo: Artificial intelligence-based system associates images with sounds
The cow goes 'moo.' The pig goes 'oink.' A child can learn from a picture book to associate images with sounds, but building a computer vision system that can train itself isn't as simple. Using artificial intelligence techniques, however, researchers at Disney Research and ETH Zurich have designed a system that can automatically learn the association between images and the sounds they could plausibly make. (2016-11-15)

Green-screen keying method cuts time, boosts quality in film compositing
Filming an actor in front of a green screen and then superimposing the actor over another background is commonplace in feature film production, but getting rid of all traces of the green screen remains a chore. A new 'keying' method devised by Disney Research and ETH Zurich, however, improves the results substantially. (2016-11-14)

Researchers have a better way to predict flight delays
The most dreaded announcement for any airline passenger trying to get home for the holidays has to be a flight delay. Researchers at Binghamton University, State University of New York have devised a new computer model that can more accurately predict delays faster than anything currently in use. (2016-11-14)

The German Research Foundation funds 3 graduate schools at TU Dresden
The German Research Foundation has announced the funding of three Graduate Schools at TU Dresden. On Nov. 11 it has approved the applications from the schools of civil engineering, medicine and computer science. (2016-11-14)

Researchers want to use hardware to fight computer viruses
Fighting computer viruses isn't just for software anymore. Binghamton University researchers will use a grant from the National Science Foundation to study how hardware can help protect computers too. (2016-11-07)

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