Current Conflict News and Events

Current Conflict News and Events, Conflict News Articles.
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Nuclear war could trigger big El Niño and decrease seafood
A nuclear war could trigger an unprecedented El Niño-like warming episode in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, slashing algal populations by 40 percent and likely lowering the fish catch, according to a Rutgers-led study. The research, published in the journal Communications Earth & Environment, shows that turning to the oceans for food if land-based farming fails after a nuclear war is unlikely to be a successful strategy - at least in the equatorial Pacific. (2021-01-25)

Seasonal respiratory virus activity before, after statewide COVID-19 shelter-in-place order in Northern California
The association of a shelter-in-place order with lower rates of seasonal respiratory viral activity was examined in this study. (2021-01-25)

The Lancet: World failing to address health needs of 630 million women and children affected by armed conflict
Armed conflicts are becoming increasingly complex and protracted and a growing threat to humanitarian access and the delivery of essential health services, affecting at least 630 million women and children--over 8% of the world's population--in 2017, according to a new four-paper Series exposing the far-reaching effects of modern warfare on women's and children's health, published today in The Lancet. (2021-01-24)

SARS-CoV-2 infection in children, their parents in southwest Germany
In this observational study, the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection during a period of lockdown in southwest Germany was particularly low in children ages 1 to 10 years old. Overall, this large SARS-CoV-2 prevalence study in children is instructive for how ad hoc mass testing provides the basis for rational political decision-making in a pandemic setting. (2021-01-22)

Suicide-related internet searches during early stages of COVID-19 pandemic
This study monitored suicide-related internet search rates during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and researchers report searches for suicide decreased during that time. Although this study cannot independently confirm that changes in search rates were caused by changes in population-level suicide rates, it showed that COVID-19 may have been inversely associated with population suicide trends between March and July 2020. (2021-01-21)

Presence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in cornea of patients with COVID-19
Evidence of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in human corneas was examined in this study. (2021-01-21)

Suicide deaths during COVID-19 stay-at-home advisory in Massachusetts
Researchers assembled suicide death data for people 10 and older from January 2015 through May 2020 in this observational study and they report stable rates of suicide deaths during the COVID-19 stay-at-home advisory in Massachusetts, a finding that paralleles others following ecological disasters. (2021-01-21)

Reports of forgone medical care among US adults during initial phase of COVID-19 pandemic
This study estimated the frequency of reported forgone medical care because of the COVID-19 pandemic from March to mid-July 2020, including missed doses of prescription medications, forgone preventive and other general medical care, mental health care and elective surgeries, as well as reasons for forgoing care. (2021-01-21)

Racial/ethnic disparities in unintentional EMS-attended opioid overdoses during COVID-19 pandemic
Associations of the COVID-19 pandemic with overdoses among racial/ethnic groups in Philadelphia are described in this observational study. (2021-01-21)

Pediatric eye injuries, hand sanitizers during COVID-19 pandemic
An increase in pediatric cases of alcohol-based hand sanitizer eye exposure was assessed in this study, which also described the severity of ocular lesions and their management. (2021-01-21)

Safe, efficient performance of open tracheostomies in patients with COVID-19
Researchers demonstrate a technique of tracheostomy that minimizes aerosolization risks while creating a tight seal around the tracheostomy tube. (2021-01-21)

Effect of bamlanivimab as monotherapy or in combination with etesevimab on viral load in patients with mild to moderate COVID-19
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of three doses of bamlanivimab monotherapy (700 vs 2,800 vs 7,000 mg) vs combination bamlanivimab and etesevimab vs placebo on change in day 11 severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 viral load in patients with mild to moderate COVID-19. (2021-01-21)

Factors associated with US public motivation to use, distribute COVID-19 self-tests
Researchers examined individuals' motivation to self-test and to distribute self-test kits given the urgent need to increase COVID-19 testing coverage and contact tracing. (2021-01-20)

Over 34,000 street cattle roam the Indian city of Raipur (1 for every 54 human residents)
There may be over 34,000 street cattle in the Indian city of Raipur (one for every 54 human residents), with implications for road accidents and human-cattle conflict. (2021-01-20)

Cancer screening tests, cancer diagnoses during COVID-19 pandemic
The number of patients undergoing cancer screening tests and of subsequent cancer diagnoses during the COVID-19 pandemic in the largest health care system in the northeastern United States was assessed in this study. (2021-01-14)

Comparing reactions of flu vaccines in older adults
Researchers in this randomized clinical trial compared injection-site pain and other reactions among adults age 65 and older who received flu vaccines. (2021-01-14)

Changes in political administration come with increased danger of international conflict
A new paper including faculty at Binghamton University suggests that when democratic publics vote out an administration, this change comes with an increase in the danger of undesirable conflict. (2021-01-13)

Conflict between divorced parents can lead to mental health problems in children
A study from Arizona State University's REACH Institute has found that when children are exposed to conflict between their divorced or separated parents, they experience fear of abandonment. This worry about being abandoned in response to interparental conflict was associated with future mental health problems in children, especially for children who had strong relationships with their fathers. (2021-01-12)

Pediatric hospitalizations for COVID-19
Researchers examined pediatric COVID-19 hospitalization trends in 22 states for both severity among this population and spread of the virus. (2021-01-11)

Adapting to COVID-19 with outdoor intraocular pressure monitoring
To adapt to broader public health initiatives around COVID-19, researchers developed a drive-through intraocular pressure (IOP) screening clinic to minimize COVID-19 exposure for patients and clinicians by measuring eye pressure in the unconventional setting of a clinic parking lot. (2021-01-07)

Virtual care at cancer center during COVID-19
The outcomes of a cancer center-wide virtual care program launched in response to the COVID-19 pandemic were examined in this study. (2021-01-07)

NYUAD study informs research of child development and learning in conflict-affected areas
To provide effective aid to children who live in areas of conflict it is necessary to understand precisely how they have been impacted by the crises around them. One area of importance is the effect of conflict and trauma on a child's development and education. Global TIES for Children researchers present a review of opportunities and challenges they have encountered in designing and conducting rigorous research that advances our understanding of this effect (2021-01-07)

COVID-19 maps, public knowledge, risk perceptions and behavioral intentions
The findings of this survey study suggest that simply providing maps with COVID-19 case information wasn't necessarily associated with improved public knowledge, risk perception or reported intent to adhere to health guidelines. (2021-01-06)

Out-of-hospital cardiac arrests, fatalities in Detroit area during COVID-19 pandemic
Changes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrests and fatalities in the Detroit area during the COVID-19 pandemic are compared with year-earlier events for the same period in this observational study. (2021-01-06)

Estimation of US SARS-CoV-2 infections, symptomatic infections, hospitalizations, deaths
Data from public health surveillance of reported COVID-19 cases and seroprevalence surveys were used in this observational study that reports an estimated 46.9 million SARS-CoV-2 infections, 28.1 million symptomatic infections, 956,174 hospitalizations and 304,915 deaths occurred in the U.S. through November 15, 2020. (2021-01-05)

Public mobility, social media attention in response to COVID-19 in Sweden, Denmark
Denmark was one of the first countries to enforce lockdown to reduce the spread of COVID-19 and subsequent gradual reopening, whereas Sweden has had few restrictions, largely limited to public recommendations. Researchers assessed public mobility and social media attention associated with COVID-19 spread and societal interventions from February to June in Denmark and Sweden. (2021-01-04)

Risk factors associated with all-cause 30-day mortality in nursing home residents with COVID-19
In this observational study of 5,256 U.S. nursing home residents with COVID-19, increased age, male sex and impaired cognitive and physical function were independent risk factors for all-cause 30-day mortality. (2021-01-04)

Changes in abortion in Texas following executive order ban during pandemic
Changes were assessed in abortions performed and at what gestational age following a Texas order postponing nonmedically necessary surgeries due to the COVID-19 pandemic compared with abortions performed during the same months in 2019. (2021-01-04)

Public health messaging in era of social media
The rapid spread of scientific misinformation on social media platforms throughout the COVID-19 pandemic is discussed in this Viewpoint, which also proposes strategies to counteract its adverse effects including surveillance of digital data and partnering with trusted messengers to engage the public and advance scientifically sound public health measures. (2021-01-04)

Patient characteristics associated with telemedicine access during COVID-19 pandemic
This study identified racial/ ethnic, sex, age, language, and socioeconomic differences in accessing telemedicine for primary care and specialty ambulatory care; if not addressed, these differences may compound existing inequities in care among vulnerable populations. (2020-12-29)

Assessment of air contamination by SARS-CoV-2 in hospital settings
In this systematic review of current evidence on air contamination with SARS-CoV-2 in hospital settings, the air close to and distant from patients with COVID-19 was frequently contaminated with SARS-CoV-2 RNA; however, few of these samples contained viable viruses. High viral loads found in toilets and bathrooms, staff areas and public hallways suggest that these areas should be carefully considered. (2020-12-23)

One in four women with ADHD has attempted suicide
Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder (ADHD) can have negative consequences on mental health into adulthood. A nationally representative Canadian study reported that the lifetime prevalence of suicide attempts was much higher for women who had ADHD (24%) compared to women who had not (3%). Men with ADHD were also more likely to have attempted suicide compared to men without ADHD (9% vs. 2%). (2020-12-22)

Use of diagnosis code for COVID-19 among US hospitalizations
Researchers examined the use of COVID-19-specific coding, the transition from legacy coding and the accuracy of the COVID-19-specific code using SARS-CoV-2 polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing as the reference standard. (2020-12-22)

Assessing maternal, neonatal SARS-CoV-2 viral load, transplacental antibody transfer, placental pathology
This report of maternal viral load, transplacental antibody transmission and placental pathology in 127 pregnancies during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic provides needed data about maternal viral control, reduced transplacental transfer of anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies and lack of vertical transmission in mother-newborn pairs. (2020-12-22)

Strategies for adults experiencing sheltered homelessness during COVID-19 pandemic
What The Study Did: In this modeling study of simulated adults living in homeless shelters, daily symptom screening with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) testing of individuals who had positive symptom screening paired with management at a nonhospital care site of people with mild to moderate COVID-19 was associated with a substantial decrease in infections and lowered costs over four months compared with no intervention across a wide range of epidemic scenarios. (2020-12-22)

Variation in US hospital mortality rates for patients admitted with COVID-19 during the 1st 6 months of pandemic
Researchers used data from a large national health insurer in the U.S. to examine whether hospital outcomes for patients with COVID-19 are improving. (2020-12-22)

Excess mortality in California during COVID-19 pandemic
Researchers estimated excess deaths in California between March and August during the COVID-19 pandemic by age, sex, race/ethnicity and educational level. California has a population of more than 39 million, which is about 12% of the US population of 328 million. (2020-12-21)

Filled buprenorphine prescriptions for opioid use disorder during COVID-19 pandemic
The COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted health care delivery in the United State, and researchers in this study examined changes in total US retail pharmacy sales and sales of buprenorphine products with a US Food and Drug Administration-approved indication for treatment of opioid use disorder. (2020-12-21)

Social media use by young people in conflict-ridden Myanmar
Myanmar youth rely heavily on Facebook for news and information. This can be a platform for disseminating fake news and hate speech. With poor digital literacy skills, these youths may be susceptible to disinformation campaigns and other online dangers (2020-12-21)

US public attitudes toward COVID-19 vaccine mandates
Researchers assessed the acceptability of COVID-19 vaccine mandates in the U.S. public. (2020-12-18)

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