Current Conflict News and Events

Current Conflict News and Events, Conflict News Articles.
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Patient page: Teen vaping
How parents can identify whether their teens are vaping, how to help prevent it, and what to do if their teen is addicted are discussed in this JAMA Pediatrics Patient Page. (2021-02-22)

Symptoms months after COVID-19
Persistent symptoms among adults with COVID-19 up to nine months after illness onset were analyzed in this study. (2021-02-19)

Exposure to spoken communication in children with cochlear implants during COVID-19 lockdown
This study examined how lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic changed the spoken communication environments of children with cochlear implants by comparing the sounds they were exposed to before and during the resulting closures of schools and nonessential businesses. (2021-02-18)

3-dimensionally printed nasopharyngeal swab for SARS-CoV-2 testing
This is a diagnostic study that examines the accuracy and acceptability of a 3-dimensionally printed swab for identifying SARS-CoV-2. (2021-02-18)

Wolves prefer to feed on the wild side
When there is a choice, wolves in Mongolia prefer to feed on wild animals rather than grazing livestock. This is the discovery by a research team from the University of Göttingen and the Senckenberg Museum Görlitz. Previous studies had shown that the diet of wolves in inland Central Asia consists mainly of grazing livestock, which could lead to increasing conflict between nomadic livestock herders and wild predatory animals like wolves. The study has been published in the journal Mammalian Biology. (2021-02-18)

Posttraumatic stress after natural disasters
Data from four studies of children and adolescents exposed to major U.S. hurricanes were pooled to examine posttraumatic stress symptoms after those events and the factors associated with them. (2021-02-15)

Effect of high-dose zinc, ascorbic acid supplementation vs usual care on symptom length, reduction among ambulatory patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection
These findings suggest that treatment with zinc, ascorbic acid or both doesn't affect SARS-CoV-2 symptoms. (2021-02-12)

Pediatric hospital admissions in 2020 compared with decade before COVID-19
Pediatric admissions to U.S. hospitals decreased last year across an array of pediatric conditions and some may represent unmet needs in pediatric care during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2021-02-12)

Variations in sensitivity of serological tests among individuals infected with SARS-CoV-2
This observational study investigated the sensitivity of antibody tests to detect previous SARS-CoV-2 infection using existing clinical data across the University of California Health system. (2021-02-12)

LGBT+ workers experience higher levels of conflict at work, shows new report
The CIPD is today launching a new research report, co-authored by the University of Bath's Dr Luke Fletcher, to highlight how LGBT+ workers tend to have a more negative experience of work. (2021-02-11)

Israelis unwilling to risk two-state solution, new RAND report
A new RAND Corporation report assesses potential alternative solutions to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict that average Israelis and Palestinians would support. Israelis across the political spectrum prefer the status quo to the two-state solution, and Palestinians are only willing to accept a two-state solution that Israelis will be unable to accept. (2021-02-10)

Hidden conflict in the mutually beneficial relationship between legumes and rhizobia
The mutually beneficial relationship between legumes and rhizobia is one of the most well-known and agronomically important examples of symbiosis. A study led by Chapman University's Kenjiro Quides tested the boundaries of this relationship -- and found that it's not always as perfectly harmonious as previously thought. Reported in the journal Evolution, the results suggest a hidden conflict in the symbiotic relationship and provides support for the conclusion that rhizobia have an evolutionary advantage. (2021-02-10)

Mean or nice? These traits could make or break a child's friendships
While it's logical to assume that children who are mean have friendships characterized by growing strife and that children who are nice report little of the same, these assumptions haven't been tested in real-world friendships. A study of elementary-school children is the first to examine the extent to which being 'nice' and being 'mean' shape changes in friend perceptions of their relationship. Results confirm the widespread assumption that one child's behavioral traits drive the other child's friendship experiences. (2021-02-09)

SARS-CoV-2 infection among migrant workers in Singapore
Researchers examined how common SARS- CoV-2 infection was among migrant workers in Singapore. (2021-02-09)

COVID-19 pandemic as opportunity to ensure more successful future for science, public health
The missteps and miscommunications that have stymied a more effective U.S. and global response to the COVID-19 pandemic bring into sharp focus the deficiencies in governance systems of the U.S. public health and scientific institutions. (2021-02-09)

Disparities in SARS-CoV-2 testing in Massachusetts during COVID-19 pandemic
To mitigate subsequent waves of COVID-19, allocating testing resources to locations of greatest need is important. Researchers in this study examined the alignment of testing to epidemic intensity in Massachusetts. (2021-02-09)

Training to wisely navigate social conflicts
People are able to approach social conflicts more wisely if they have trained themselves in advance by practicing a distanced self-talk technique, referring to themselves with third-person pronouns such as ''she'' or ''they'' rather than the first-person pronouns of ''me'' or ''I.'' (2021-02-09)

Assessment of SARS-CoV-2 and risk factors associated with COVID-19 among outpatients in Virginia
Researchers assessed what percentage of the Virginia population had been exposed to SARS-CoV-2 after the first wave of COVID-19 infections in the U.S. (2021-02-08)

Proton pump inhibitor use by children, risk of asthma
Researchers investigated the association between the use of proton pump inhibitors among children and adolescents in Sweden and the risk of asthma. (2021-02-08)

Examining association between percentage of women in medical specialties, salaries
Salary information from faculty at U.S. medical schools was used to examine the association between the percentage of female clinicians in a medical specialty and the average and median salaries for that specialty. (2021-02-08)

Factors, rate of nurse burnout in US
Researchers estimated the rate of nurse burnout in the United States and the factors associated with leaving or considering leaving their jobs due to burnout. (2021-02-04)

Povidone iodine mouthwash, gargle, nasal spray to reduce nasopharyngeal viral load in patients with COVID-19
Researchers in this randomized clinical trial investigated whether nasopharyngeal application of povidone iodine could reduce the viral load of patients with nonsevere COVID-19 symptoms. (2021-02-04)

Human-elephant conflict in Kenya heightens with increase in crop-raiding
A new study led by the University of Kent's Durrell Institute of Conservation and Ecology (DICE) has found that elephants living around the world-famous Masai Mara National Reserve, Kenya, are crop-raiding closer to the protected area, more frequently and throughout the year but are causing less damage when doing so. (2021-02-04)

COVID-19 outcomes among individuals living with, without HIV in New York State
COVID-19 outcomes including hospitalization and in-hospital death were compared between people living with or without diagnosed HIV in New York State. (2021-02-03)

NYUAD researchers propose programming to support adolescent mothers in areas of conflict
In a new paper titled A Bioecocultural Approach to Supporting Adolescent Mothers and their Young Children in Conflict Affected Contexts, published in the journal Development and Psychopathology, Global TIES for Children researchers propose a developmental, two-generational framework to guide the design of research and policies that better address the needs of adolescent mothers and their children in contexts of conflict and displacement. (2021-02-02)

Public attitudes about COVID-19 in response to President Trump's social media posts
Researchers used near real-time social media data to capture the public's changing COVID-19-related attitudes when former President Trump was infected. (2021-02-01)

Assessment of maternal, neonatal cord blood SARS-CoV-2 antibodies, placental transfer ratios
Maternally derived antibodies are a key element of neonatal immunity. This study examined the association between maternal and neonatal SARS-CoV-2-specific antibody concentrations because understanding the dynamics of maternal antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection during pregnancy and subsequent transplacental antibody transfer can inform neonatal management as well as maternal vaccination strategies. (2021-01-29)

Association of social, demographic factors with COVID-19 cases, death rates in US
Researchers investigated the association between county-level social risk factors and COVID-19 cases and deaths, as well as weekly changes in cumulative cases and mortality, using publicly available data sets as of July 29, 2020. (2021-01-29)

Association between unemployment insurance, food insecurity among people who lost jobs during COVID-19 pandemic in US
This study investigated how unemployment insurance and a $600 per week federal supplement to unemployment insurance were associated with food insecurity among people in low- and middle-income households who lost jobs during the COVID-19 pandemic. (2021-01-29)

Racial, ethnic differences in diagnostic imaging at children's hospitals emergency departments
Researchers examined if the use of diagnostic imaging for children receiving care in pediatric emergency departments in the United States differs by race and ethnicity. (2021-01-29)

Outcomes of COVID-19 among hospitalized health care workers in North America
This study finds that being a health care worker isn't associated with poorer outcomes among patients hospitalized with COVID-19. (2021-01-28)

Conditions among patients with COVID-19 four months after hospital discharge
This study among patients in Italy suggests that despite virological recovery, a sizable proportion of patients with COVID-19 experienced respiratory, functional or psychological conditions months after hospital discharge. (2021-01-27)

Association of psychiatric disorders with mortality among patients with COVID-19
In this observational study of about 7,300 adults with laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 in a New York health system, a schizophrenia spectrum diagnosis was associated with an increased risk of death after adjusting for demographic and medical risk factors. Mood and anxiety disorders weren't associated with increased risk of mortality. (2021-01-27)

Examining oncology clinical trials launched before, during COVID-19 pandemic
Researchers evaluated the association between the pandemic and clinical research and development by studying the initiation of oncology clinical trials over time. (2021-01-27)

Autistic kids may have a harder time recognizing healthy vs. toxic arguments
A new study suggests children on the autism spectrum may be more likely to misinterpret healthy arguments between their parents as being negative, compared to children who aren't on the autism spectrum. (2021-01-26)

Nuclear war could trigger big El Niño and decrease seafood
A nuclear war could trigger an unprecedented El Niño-like warming episode in the equatorial Pacific Ocean, slashing algal populations by 40 percent and likely lowering the fish catch, according to a Rutgers-led study. The research, published in the journal Communications Earth & Environment, shows that turning to the oceans for food if land-based farming fails after a nuclear war is unlikely to be a successful strategy - at least in the equatorial Pacific. (2021-01-25)

Seasonal respiratory virus activity before, after statewide COVID-19 shelter-in-place order in Northern California
The association of a shelter-in-place order with lower rates of seasonal respiratory viral activity was examined in this study. (2021-01-25)

The Lancet: World failing to address health needs of 630 million women and children affected by armed conflict
Armed conflicts are becoming increasingly complex and protracted and a growing threat to humanitarian access and the delivery of essential health services, affecting at least 630 million women and children--over 8% of the world's population--in 2017, according to a new four-paper Series exposing the far-reaching effects of modern warfare on women's and children's health, published today in The Lancet. (2021-01-24)

SARS-CoV-2 infection in children, their parents in southwest Germany
In this observational study, the spread of SARS-CoV-2 infection during a period of lockdown in southwest Germany was particularly low in children ages 1 to 10 years old. Overall, this large SARS-CoV-2 prevalence study in children is instructive for how ad hoc mass testing provides the basis for rational political decision-making in a pandemic setting. (2021-01-22)

Suicide-related internet searches during early stages of COVID-19 pandemic
This study monitored suicide-related internet search rates during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic in the United States and researchers report searches for suicide decreased during that time. Although this study cannot independently confirm that changes in search rates were caused by changes in population-level suicide rates, it showed that COVID-19 may have been inversely associated with population suicide trends between March and July 2020. (2021-01-21)

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