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Current Conflict News and Events, Conflict News Articles.
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Mathematical model explains how complex societies emerge, collapse
The instability of large, complex societies is a predictable phenomenon, according to a new mathematical model that explores the emergence of early human societies via warfare. Capturing hundreds of years of human history, the model reveals the dynamical nature of societies, which can be difficult to uncover in archaeological data. (2011-01-19)

Researchers show how 1 gene becomes 2 (with different functions)
Researchers report that they are the first to show in molecular detail how one gene evolved two competing functions that eventually split up -- via gene duplication -- to pursue their separate destinies. (2011-01-12)

New Baylor study explores how partners perceive each other's emotion during a relationship fight
Some of the most intense emotions people feel occur during a conflict in a romantic relationship. Now, new research from Baylor University psychologists shows that how each person perceives the other partner's emotion during a conflict greatly influences different types of thoughts, feelings and reactions in themselves. (2011-01-12)

LSTM leads new £6 million ($9.3 million) health systems knowledge consortium
LSTM is leading a six year, £6 million ($9.3 million) international research consortium to strengthen knowledge of how health systems which have been damaged in conflict situations are most effectively rebuilt. (2011-01-10)

York U study pinpoints part of brain that suppresses instinct
York University research is revealing which regions in the brain fire up when we suppress an automatic behavior such as the urge to look at other people in an elevator. Researchers showed -- for the first time -- an increase in signal from the left inferior frontal cortex when study participants were confronted by a conflict between an image and a word superimposed on the image. The study appears in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience. (2010-12-22)

The gap between steering documents and teaching democracy in South Africa
A thesis presented at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, uses the example of South Africa to show how teaching and education in democracy-related subjects work.
The results show that the good democratic intentions of steering documents do not always work in practice. (2010-12-20)

Youth report favorable impressions of community street outreach workers
A new study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Center for Injury Research and Policy finds that youth generally perceive community street outreach workers positively, regardless of whether they have personally worked with one. This study, available online in advance of publication in the Journal of Community Health, is the first peer-reviewed study to include the perceptions of youth who are not former or current clients of community street workers. (2010-12-08)

Providing incentives to cooperate can turn swords into ploughshares
When two individuals face off in conflict, the classic problem in evolutionary biology known as the prisoner's dilemma says that the individuals are not likely to cooperate even if it is in their best interests to do so. But a new study suggests that with incentives to cooperate, natural selection can minimize conflict, changing the game from one of pure conflict to one of partial cooperation. (2010-12-07)

Nonscientific portrayal of the Israel-Palestine conflict in Swedish textbooks
The portrayal of the conflict between Israel and Palestine in lower secondary school textbooks is presented on the basis of ideological assumptions without any adequate basis in research or the curriculum's objective of a critical approach, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2010-12-06)

Relationship-strengthening class improves life for new families
Expectant parents who completed a brief relationship-strengthening class around the time their child was born showed lasting effects on each family member's well being and on the family's overall relationships, according to a recent Penn State study. (2010-12-02)

Length of pregnancy influenced by placenta structure
The nine-month pregnancy in humans is influenced by the structure of the placenta, according to new research into the evolution of reproduction in mammals which ends a 100-year mystery. (2010-11-16)

No easy solution to genetic 'battle of the sexes'
A new study published today shows a genetic 'battle of the sexes' could be much harder to resolve and even more important to evolution than previously thought. (2010-11-04)

Schools an ideological battleground in Sudanese strife, scholar says
Education is often heralded as an engine for peace and prosperity, but in the fifty-year civil war that has gripped Sudan, schools have played an important role in deepening the country's divisions, according to an article in the November issue of Comparative Education Review. (2010-10-27)

Teaching kids to work through trauma
A child who grows up in the midst of political conflict, such as war or terrorism, can exhibit severe emotional scars. But certain qualities, which psychologists call (2010-10-21)

Low-dose exposure to chemical warfare agent may result in long-term heart damage
New research found that the pattern of heart dysfunction with sarin exposure in mice resembles that seen in humans. Sarin is a chemical warfare agent belonging to class of compounds called organophosphates -- the basis for insecticides, herbicides and nerve agents. (2010-10-13)

An eye for an eye
Revenge cuts both ways in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Scientists of the University of Zurich, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, and Tel Aviv and Quinnipiaq Universities show that attacks by either side lead to violent retaliation from the other. Both Israelis and Palestinians may underestimate their own role in perpetuating the conflict. (2010-10-04)

A downside to work flexibility?
Is there a downside to schedule control at work? According to new research out of the University of Toronto, people who have more schedule control at work tend to report more blurring of the boundaries between work and the other parts of their lives, especially family-related roles. (2010-09-29)

Predicting divorce: U-M study shows how fight styles affect marriage
It's common knowledge that newlyweds who yell or call each other names have a higher chance of getting divorced. But a new University of Michigan study shows that other conflict patterns also predict divorce. (2010-09-28)

Daycare puts children with lung disease at risk for serious illness
Exposure to common viruses in daycare puts children with a chronic lung condition caused by premature birth at risk for serious respiratory infections, according to a study from Johns Hopkins Children's Center published in the October issue of Pediatrics. (2010-09-27)

Mayo Clinic study: Med school burnout linked to unprofessional behavior
A Mayo Clinic study involving seven major medical schools shows a majority of medical students surveyed suffer from burnout and that those students were more likely to cheat or be dishonest in relation to patient care. (2010-09-14)

Female marine snails trick amorous males
Sexual conflict is not only a human phenomenon. Scientists at the University of Gothenburg have shown that females of the rough periwinkle conceal their gender identity in order to avoid excessive copulation. (2010-09-12)

New book examines war and society
University of Cincinnati sociologist Steve Carlton-Ford compiles a new handbook that's described as (2010-09-07)

Street outreach workers an important tool for violence prevention and intervention
A new study describes how using street outreach workers is an effective strategy to reach and engage youth with the goal of violence prevention and intervention. Street outreach workers are typically members of the community who intervene to prevent conflict and retaliation. While violence prevention programs utilizing street outreach workers, including CeaseFire in Chicago and Safe Streets in Baltimore, this is the first peer-reviewed study on a program to be published. (2010-08-20)

Violence, traumatic events associated with depression and anxiety in Central African Republic
More than three-quarters of adults in the Central African Republic report witnessing or personally experiencing traumatic events during the most recent wave of violence, and more than half meet criteria for depression or anxiety, according to a report in the Aug. 4 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on violence and human rights. (2010-08-03)

Researchers document human toll of violence in Central African Republic
UC Berkeley human rights researchers have systematically canvassed nearly 2,000 households in the Central African Republic to document the devastating human impact of violence in the country. They present a stark picture of a population traumatized by decades of political strife, military coups and poverty. (2010-08-03)

'Path of mental illness' follows path of war, 20 years after conflict ends
Researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health assessed the geographical distribution of the long-term burden of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a region of Liberia and report that the prevalence of PTSD remains high nearly two decades after the principal conflict there and five years after war in Liberia ended entirely. Particularly interesting was the geographic distribution of PTSD. Investigators found that certain villages in the region had a much higher prevalence of PTSD than did others. (2010-07-30)

Elder care puts strain on adult parent-child relationship
Relationships between elder and younger members of a family can be strained and positive and negative in nature, even when affection is shared. A new study from the Journal of Marriage and Family finds that long-term caretaking duties puts further strain on adult parent-child relationships. (2010-07-26)

2 Americans launch idea after viewing Afghan farms
In the most foreign of countries, following a misunderstood industry, and in the middle of war, two Americans met recently and realized they shared a dream: Helping farmers patch up their land, produce better crops and deliver them safely to hungry people. Result: Howard G. Buffett Foundation puts $1.5 million at Texas A&M's Borlaug Institute to study conflict resolution and agriculture. First country: Afghanistan. (2010-07-23)

Family feud: US parents more likely to have conflict with adult children than European parents
Tolstoy wrote that every unhappy family is unhappy in its own way, and a new study in the August 2010 issue of the Journal of Marriage and Family finds significant national differences in the degree of conflict between older parents and their adult children. (2010-07-23)

Notre Dame research shows children's school performance tied to family 'type'
The way a family interacts can have more of an impact on a child's predicted school success than reading, writing or arithmetic, according to a University of Notre Dame study published recently in the Journal of Child Development. (2010-07-20)

Schools safer, discipline worse
A University of Delaware professor says policies created as a reaction to school shootings are excessive and counterproductive. His new book suggests schools rethink the polices, including removing police from all but the most violent schools and involving students in the rule-making process. (2010-07-20)

A study of house prices: Do the benefits of disclosure outweigh the risks?
Most of us think that disclosing a conflict of interest is a positive step, but a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research shows that disclosure can often backfire and make a bad situation worse. (2010-07-20)

The essential ingredients of supportive sibling relationships
Many moms and dads say the toughest part of parenting is keeping the peace when their kids squabble and bicker. But making an end to conflict your primary focus is a mistake, said Laurie Kramer, a University of Illinois professor of applied family studies and co-editor of a special section of Child Development Perspectives devoted to sibling relationships. (2010-07-19)

Young children are skilled negotiators
Young children are skilled negotiators when it comes to relationships and the content of play, reveals a thesis from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. (2010-06-21)

Biologists isolate genes that regulate the sleep-feeding conflict
A team of biologists has isolated genes that regulate the sleep-feeding conflict. The study offers new insights into how the brain chooses between behaviors that are critical for survival. (2010-06-10)

Telecommuters with flextime stay balanced up to 19 hours longer
Compared to their office-bound peers, employees with a flexible schedule and the option to telecommute can work 19 hours more per week before experiencing conflict between work and personal life. (2010-06-02)

Acceptance, social support, and educational access provide safety net for former child soldiers
The Child Soldiers Global Report 20081 estimates that more than 300,000 children are engaged as soldiers around the globe, and more children are recruited every year in ongoing and new conflicts. (2010-05-31)

Book on landmark labor conflict earns national awards
A book co-written by a University of Illinois professor that provides an insider's look at a touchstone US labor conflict has earned two national awards. (2010-05-18)

Additional Annals of Internal Medicine article for May 18, 2010, issue
Authors of a new article in Annals of Internal Medicine, the flagship journal of the American College of Physicians, offer a solution to the ongoing problem of conflict of interest in the development of clinical guidelines. The article is being published early online at www.annals.org. (2010-05-17)

Game theoretic machine learning methods can help explain long periods of conflict
Researchers at the Santa Fe Institute have developed new machine learning methods to study conflict. Their work appears in PLOS Computational Biology on May 13. (2010-05-13)

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