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Learning a new language changes the brain's division of labor
Learning a language later in life changes how the two halves of the brain contribute. As skills improve, language comprehension changes hemisphere specialization, but production does not, according to new research published in JNeurosci. (2020-11-17)

Molecules responsible for radio-resistant glioblastoma identified
Scientists have identified key molecules that mediate radioresistance in glioblastoma multiforme; these molecules are a potential target for the treatment of this brain cancer. (2020-09-30)

Intestinal bacteriophage alters effects of cancer therapies in mice
Enterococcus, a genus that includes common commensal bacteria found in the gut, harbors a bacteriophage that influences the effects of various cancer immunotherapies in ways that may be clinically relevant, researchers working in mice report. (2020-08-20)

Studying nearly 300 recently identified antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 reveals a common theme
An analysis of nearly 300 recently identified human SARS-CoV-2 antibodies uncovered a gene frequently used in antibodies that most effectively target the virus. (2020-07-13)

Increasing tropical land use is disrupting the carbon cycle
An international study led by researchers at Lund University in Sweden shows that the rapid increase in land use in the world's tropical areas is affecting the global carbon cycle more than was previously known. By studying data from a new satellite imaging system, the researchers also found that the biomass in tropical forests is decreasing. (2020-01-28)

Crop residues are a potential source of beneficial microorganisms and biocontrol agents
While studies of the microbiomes (which comprises all the microorganisms, mainly bacteria and fungi) of the phyllosphere and the rhizosphere of plants are important, scientists at INRA believe more attention should be given to the microbiomes of crop residues. (2020-01-16)

Defining a new approach to treating Parkinson's disease
Scientists from the University of Cologne have contributed to identifying Cav2.3 as a new target for a promising specific therapy. (2019-11-12)

Bone particles in blood
A researcher at The University of Texas at Arlington has found that blood vessels within bone marrow may progressively convert into bone with advancing age. (2019-08-19)

Too much inequality impedes support for public goods
Too much inequality in society can result in a damaging lack of support for public goods and services, which could disadvantage the rich as well as the poor, according to new research from the University of Exeter Business School, the Institute of Science and Technology Austria (IST Austria) and Harvard University. It is published in the journal Nature. (2019-08-14)

Maternal microbes mediate diet-derived damage
New research in The Journal of Physiology has found, using a mouse model, that microbes in the maternal intestine may contribute to impairment of the gut barrier during pregnancy. (2019-05-12)

City size plays crucial role in migration patterns
People from smaller cities are more likely to migrate than people from larger cities, according to a new study by UCL academics. (2018-07-06)

USTC reveals the mechanism how moderate sunlight exposure improves learning and memory
USTC researchers have shed new lights on the correlation between sunlight exposure and related neurobehaviors. (2018-05-25)

Study finds differences in immune cells in pediatric asthma patients based on socioeconomic status
There are considerable socioeconomic disparities in asthma control among children, but the molecular origins of these disparities are not well understood. (2018-04-23)

Researchers describe the dynamics of P. falciparum infections in adults without fever
In adults with asymptomatic infections by Plasmodium falciparum, the number of parasites in blood falls to very low levels within the first four days after detection, which suggests that these individuals contribute to malaria transmission for a limited time period. The study, led by ISGlobal -- a center supported by the 'la Caixa' Foundation -- will help design interventions to detect and treat these cases at the community level and progress towards malaria elimination. (2018-03-29)

Study provides new insights on bone loss in women
A new study in Journal of Bone and Mineral Research looked at the relative contributions of the two types of bone -- cortical, or compact bone, and trabecular, or spongy bone -- to total bone loss. (2018-01-03)

Diabetes: Immune system can regulate insulin
Inflammation processes are responsible for the failure of insulin production in diabetes patients. The patients' own immune systems can contribute to treatment of this disease: researchers at the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel have found a feedback mechanism that could help maintain insulin production in overweight sufferers, as they report in the journal Immunity. (2017-11-21)

A new genetic marker for schizophrenia
Japanese scientists find a rare genetic variant that shows strong association with schizophrenia. (2017-09-11)

Pressure to be perfect may increase suicide risk in some individuals
A recent analysis of published studies suggests that self-generated and socially based pressures to be perfect may contribute to suicidal thoughts and attempts in individuals. (2017-09-07)

Neuroinflammation in Alzheimer's and Parkinson's Diseases
This review focuses on four modifiable risk factors including physical inactivity, vascular disease-related conditions, obesity and type two diabetes mellitus, all of which have been identified as risk factors for the development of Alzheimer's Disease (AD) and Parkinson's Disease (PD). (2017-08-25)

New drug targets for a rare kidney and liver disease
(Osaka, Japan) In a joint international study, researchers from Osaka University have partnered with research groups from the United States and Spain to uncover how mutations in a single gene called PKHD1 lead to symptoms associated with a rare kidney and liver disease, ARPKD (autosomal recessive polycystic kidney disease). The findings are expected to lead to novel treatment strategies against the disease. (2017-08-23)

Lab-created mini-brains reveal how growing organ maintains neuronal balance
Scientists can now explore in a laboratory dish how the human brain develops by creating organoids -- distinct, three-dimensional regions of the brain. In research published in Cell Stem Cell, Yale scientists coaxed early stage stem cells to create and fuse two types of organoids from different brain regions to show how the developing brain maintains proper balance of excitatory and inhibitory neurons. (2017-07-27)

'Educating' patients' immune cells may help combat diabetes
New research reveals that a treatment called Stem Cell Educator therapy is safe and effective for treating type 1 and type 2 diabetes. (2017-07-07)

Experts set out plan to tackle 'questionable integrity' of medical evidence
A plan to tackle 'serious flaws in the creation, dissemination and implementation of medical evidence' is set out by experts from The BMJ and Oxford University's Centre for Evidence Based Medicine today, ahead of Evidence Live which opens today (June 21, 2017). (2017-06-20)

Scientists identify single-gene mutations that lead to atopic dermatitis
Researchers have identified mutations in a gene called CARD11 that lead to atopic dermatitis, or eczema, an allergic skin disease. Scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), part of the National Institutes of Health, and other institutions discovered the mutations in four unrelated families with severe atopic dermatitis and studied the resulting cell-signaling defects that contribute to allergic disease. Their findings also suggest that some of these defects potentially could be corrected by supplementation with the amino acid glutamine. (2017-06-19)

How does a frog heal wounded skin without scarring?
When a Xenopus frog is deeply wounded, its skin can regenerate without scarring. Researchers have found that cells under the skin contribute to this regeneration after an excision injury. (2017-06-15)

Autumn Eurasian snow variability in response to atmospheric circulation
investigate the autumn Eurasian snow variability, intending to provide a better understanding of the factors involved in Eurasian snow changes and their impacts on the wintertime Arctic Oscillation. The study concluded that atmospheric circulation and associated changes in the land-surface state are essential factors of influence for the autumn Eurasian snow variability. This complicates the prediction of autumn Eurasian snow anomalies and their climatic impacts. (2017-06-13)

Kidney transplants: White blood cells control virus replication
Certain white blood cells play an important role in bringing a harmful virus under control after kidney transplantations. The results of a research group at the Department of Biomedicine at the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel could contribute to improving control of immunosuppression, avoiding transplant rejection and developing relevant vaccines. (2017-03-30)

Improving global health: Recommendations for G20 Summit handed over to Chancellor Merkel
At today's dialogue forum at the German National Academy of Science Leopoldina in Halle (Saale), Germany, the science academies of the G20 states handed over recommendations to Federal Chancellor Angela Merkel. The document is published in preparation of the G20 Summit consultations in July under the leadership of the Leopoldina and contains strategies and tools to improve global health. For the first time, the G20 science academies contribute to the Summit preparations with jointly developed recommendations. (2017-03-22)

Understanding acute, chronic posttraumatic stress symptoms
Little is understood about how posttraumatic stress symptoms develop over time into the syndrome of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). (2016-12-14)

Understanding why potentially inappropriate medications are continued at the end of life
A recent interview study has uncovered factors that may contribute to the use of potentially inappropriate medications at the end of life. (2016-10-17)

During infancy, neurons are still finding their places
Researchers have identified a large population of previously unrecognized young neurons that migrate in the human brain during the first few months of life, contributing to the expansion of the frontal lobe, a region important for social behavior and executive function. (2016-10-06)

X-raying the Earth with waves from stormy weather 'bombs'
Using a detection network based in Japan, scientists have uncovered a rare type of deep-earth tremor that they attribute to a distant North Atlantic storm called a 'weather bomb.' The discovery marks the first time scientists have observed this particular tremor, known as an S wave microseism. (2016-08-25)

Fat tissue shows a robust circadian rhythm in a dish
In The Journal of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology: Demonstrating that human subcutaneous adipose tissue shows a circadian rhythm in insulin sensitivity in a dish. (2016-06-07)

Novel insight into interaction between discharge plasma and cells via TRP channel
Researchers have discovered that the short-lived reactive species generated by plasma can enhance the calcium ion influx into cells. (2016-05-13)

Low birthweight linked to higher death rates in infants and adolescents
Babies born with a low birthweight are at an increased risk of death in infancy right through to adolescence compared to babies born at a normal birthweight, according to new research. (2016-05-10)

Adherence to Japanese diet guidelines linked to longer life
Closer adherence to Japanese dietary guidelines is associated with a lower risk of death from all causes and death from cardiovascular disease, particularly stroke, finds a study published by The BMJ today. (2016-03-22)

Gambling our way against climate change
Humans have mastered the art of cooperation better than any other animal species. However, many social dilemmas remain unsolved, such as over-fishing of the seas, rising global green-house gas emissions or accommodating large numbers of refugees. While we are in charge of most of our lives, in these dilemmas, representatives make decisions for us. Scientists including Christian Hilbe, postdoc at IST Austria, publish the first experimental investigation into how representatives behave in social dilemmas in this week's edition of Nature Communications. (2016-03-07)

Waste less at home
Consumer food waste carries the highest environmental impact compared to losses earlier in the food chain, and it is no longer a problem concentrated only in higher income countries. How can household food waste be reduced? The proper answer might come from more research to identify which communication and marketing initiatives work better to decrease waste. (2016-01-05)

Lakes resist the introduction of new fish
Research from UmeƄ University in Sweden presents a new method of establishing how freshwater fish can defend themselves against an invasion of a new fish species. The method takes into account that resident species in a lake contribute at a varying degree to the resistance of the new species. (2015-11-11)

New Yale ResearchKit app aims to prevent pregnancy loss
One of the greatest joys for parents is the birth of their child -- and one of the greatest tragedies is the loss of that child. Now, Yale physician scientist Harvey J. Kliman, M.D., has developed an iPhone app that helps women contribute to research that aims to decrease the chance of pregnancy loss due to an undersized placenta, the fetal organ that provides nourishment to the fetus. (2015-10-27)

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