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Nurses with a second degree could impact workforce
As the United States continues to experience a nursing shortage that is expected to grow to one million nurses by 2016, a new research study highlights a pool of potential candidates who could alleviate the shortage in an economical way. (2009-01-23)

Spirituality may help adolescents cope with chronic illness
Chronic illness can lead to poorer quality of life -- particularly for adolescents. New research shows that spirituality may help teens cope with their conditions. (2009-01-08)

Education practices influence women engineer shortage, MU study finds
As the need for engineering professionals grows, educators and industry leaders are increasingly concerned with how to attract women to a traditional male career. A new University of Missouri study found the impact of the engineering curriculum and obstacles, including self-efficacy and feelings of inclusion, can impede women's success in the predominantly male discipline of engineering. (2008-12-30)

Researcher develops screening tool to identify patients with prediabetes
A University of Missouri researcher has created a clinical tool to identify those at highest risk for having undetected hyperglycemia, impaired fasting glucose and undiagnosed diabetes. If these conditions are identified early, patients may benefit from preventative strategies that can minimize progression to diabetes, other diseases and mortality. (2008-12-04)

AASM responds to the Institute of Medicine's report on fatigue and medical resident hours
The American Academy of Sleep Medicine commends the Institute of Medicine of the National Academies for its independent analysis of current duty-hour regulations for medical residents. The AASM will conduct a thorough review of the recommendations made in today's IOM report, (2008-12-02)

Crops for the future -- new international organization announced
A new international organization dedicated to neglected and underutilized crops will be announced on Sunday, Nov. 30, 2008 at the Annual General Meeting of the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research in Maputo, Mozambique. (2008-11-28)

New NC State study shows it pays to shop around online
Holiday shopping season has arrived, and tough financial times mean that more people will probably be shopping around for the best price. But a new study co-authored by North Carolina State University's Dr. Jonathan D. Bohlmann shows that shoppers who compare prices at multiple online retailers will not only find the best value, but will also likely contribute to driving down prices for that product at other retailers. (2008-11-24)

UNC, Yale partner to study effects of cocaine use on mother-infant relationships
Researchers from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and Yale University have been awarded almost $10 million to study the many ways cocaine use during pregnancy can negatively affect interactions between mothers and their infants. The project's researchers hope their findings will aid the development of new intervention strategies for helping both mothers and children, and prove valuable to others working in fields such as drug abuse and developmental disorders. (2008-11-13)

Helping children and teens deal with stress in an uncertain time
An Indiana University and Riley Hospital for Children psychologist whose research focuses on the relationship between psychological thriving and coping processes during major life transitions says that in these uncertain times, children of any age, including teens, need to be reassured that they are safe and will be cared for no matter how the family is faring. (2008-11-13)

Those were the days: counteracting loneliness with nostalgia
All of us are struck with nostalgic feelings from time to time but a new study indicates that nostalgia may serve a greater purpose than just taking us back to the good old days. The results showed that individuals who felt the loneliest turned out to be the most nostalgic. The findings suggest that nostalgia amplifies perceptions of social support, and in this way, counteracts feelings of loneliness. (2008-11-12)

Review examines breast cancer prevention strategies in the United States
A new review outlines potential pharmaceutical, dietary, surgical and other approaches to reducing the risk of breast cancer among women in the United States, and examines the evidence for specific recommendations. (2008-11-05)

Smaller mosquitoes are more likey to be infected with viruses causing human diseases
An entomologist at the Illinois Natural History Survey, a division of the new UI Institute for Natural Resource Sustainability, says smaller mosquitoes are more likely to be infected with viruses that cause diseases in humans. (2008-11-03)

Wait time guarantees not likely to reduce waits for joint replacement surgery
Significant increases in surgical capacity or diverting patients to other jurisdictions are the best ways to deal with excessive wait times for hip and knee replacement surgery -- a leading symbol of underfunding in Canada's health-care system. Politically popular strategies, such as wait time guarantees, are not likely to have much impact, according to a new study by the University of Western Ontario, Massachusetts General Hospital and Cornell University. (2008-10-31)

Spirituality protects against depression better than church attendance
Researchers at Temple University have found that the different ways people worship a higher power can offer some insight into their risk for depression. (2008-10-23)

Norhealth leads the way for public health information systems
Norhealth is an interactive web-based health information system that has created a knowledge base for health promotion and prevention strategies in Norway. An article about Norhealth has been published in the September issue of Scandinavian Journal of Public Health. (2008-10-22)

Rare corals breed their way out of trouble
Rare corals may be smarter than we thought. Faced with a dire shortage of mates of their own kind, new research suggests they may be able to cross-breed with certain other coral species to breed themselves out of a one-way trip to extinction. This finding has raised hopes for the ability of the world's corals to withstand the rigors of changing climates and human impacts (2008-10-20)

Hypertension disparity linked to environment
Social environment may play a greater role in the disparity between the numbers of African-Americans living with hypertension compared to non-Hispanic whites with the disease. A study by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health found that the disparity was substantially reduced when comparing groups of African Americans and non-Hispanic whites living in similar social environments. (2008-10-20)

Call for new standards of care in arthritis/rheumatism
An online survey for World Arthritis Day, completed by over 3,600 respondents revealed that access to psychological support and self-management courses could help people with arthritis/rheumatism cope more effectively with their condition and achieve better quality of life. Health care professionals, people with rheumatic disease and their carers, who responded to the survey, highlight the importance of integrating psychological support into the standard treatment regime. (2008-10-12)

Step back to move forward emotionally, study suggests
When you're upset or depressed, should you analyze your feelings to figure out what's wrong? Or should you just forget about it and move on? (2008-09-23)

Preventing suicide in low- to middle-income countries
An international study of almost 2,000 people in Brazil, India, Sri Lanka, Iran and China has shown that a low-cost strategy to keep in contact with people who have previously attempted suicide, can reduce the risk of subsequent suicides. (2008-09-19)

Herpes drug inhibits HIV in patients infected with both viruses
Researchers at the US National Institutes of Health, McGill University and other institutions have discovered how a simple antiviral drug developed decades ago suppresses HIV in patients who are also infected with herpes. Their study was published in the Sept. 11 issue of the journal Cell Host and Microbe. (2008-09-15)

Task-shifting to nurses and lay health workers may contribute to achieving the Alma-Ata vision
Task-shifting from doctors to nurses and from health professionals to lay providers may contribute to achieving the Alma-Ata vision of primary health care for all. This is among the conclusions of the second in an eight paper Series in the Alma-Ata special issue of the Lancet, by Simon Lewin, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, UK, and Medical Research Council of South Africa, and colleagues. (2008-09-11)

Brains rely on old and new mechanisms to diminish fear, NYU and Rutgers researchers find
Humans have developed complex thought processes that can help to regulate their emotions, but these processes are also linked with evolutionarily older mechanisms that are common across species, according to a study by neuroscientists at New York and Rutgers universities. (2008-09-10)

Brains rely on old and new mechanisms for diminishing fear
A new study suggests that although humans may have developed complex thought processes that can help to regulate their emotions, these processes are linked with evolutionarily older mechanisms that are common across species. The research provides new insight into way the brain manages fear and may guide exploration of novel pharmacological and therapeutic treatments for anxiety disorders. (2008-09-10)

New study by Kent State professor links early explanations of 9/11 to long-term adjustment
A new study, lead authored by Kent State University's John Updegraff, suggests that finding meaning in the immediate aftermath of the 9/11 terroist attacks was an important coping response that helped many Americans adjust by reducing their fears of future terrorism. (2008-09-02)

Americans spending, gambling, saving
For some, spending in today's tumultuous economy is not a problem, especially for those who don't care what everyone else has. But for others, casino splurges, not saving enough or buying the latest iPhone on impulse can lead to emotional turmoil or financial troubles, according to several new studies on consumer behavior. (2008-08-14)

Case Western Reserve University study finds caregivers of spouses with dementia enjoy life less
Spouses of husbands and wives with dementia pay an emotional toll as they care for their ailing spouse. This has prompted a call for new interventions and strategies to assist caregivers in coping with the demands of this difficult time, according to a study from Case Western Reserve University's Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences. (2008-08-12)

Humans' response to risk can be unnecessarily dangerous, finds Tel Aviv University study
Our ancient instincts don't meet the decision-making needs of a modern world. (2008-08-06)

The school bully -- does it run in the family?
University of Cincinnati research linking family relationships to childhood bullying is presented at the 103rd annual meeting of the American Sociological Association in Boston. (2008-08-04)

Making patients move requires the right exercise advice
In a new study, University of Missouri researchers found that adults with chronic illness who received interventions focused on behavior-changing strategies significantly increased their physical activity levels. In contrast, interventions based on cognitive approaches, which attempt to change knowledge, beliefs and attitudes, and are most commonly used by health care providers, did not improve physical activity. (2008-07-23)

Milkweed's evolutionary approach to caterpillars: Counter appetite with fast repair
The adage that your enemies know your weaknesses best is especially true in the case of plants and predators that have co-evolved: as the predators evolve new strategies for attack, plants counter with their own unique defenses. (2008-07-22)

Elderly falls cut by 11 percent with education and intervention
Commonly viewed as an inevitable consequence of aging and often ignored in clinical practice, falls among the elderly were cut by 11 percent when researchers at Yale School of Medicine used a combination of fall prevention educational campaigns and interventions aimed at encouraging clinicians to incorporate fall-risk assessment and management into their practices. (2008-07-17)

NYU, Rutgers study shows how using mental strategies can alter the brain's reward circuitry
The cognitive strategies humans use to regulate emotions can determine both neurological and physiological responses to potential rewards, a team of New York University and Rutgers University neuroscientists has discovered. The findings, reported in the most recent issue of the journal Nature Neuroscience, shed light on how the regulation of emotions may influence decision making. (2008-06-29)

The high cost of low status: Feeling powerless leads to expensive purchases
Feeling powerless can trigger strong desires to purchase products that convey high status, according to new research in the Journal of Consumer Research. In a study that may explain why so many Americans who are deeply in debt still spend beyond their means, authors found that research subjects who were asked to recall times when someone else had power over them were willing to pay higher prices for status-symbol items. (2008-06-25)

New report available on ecosystems and climate change
The US Environmental Protection Agency has released a report that can help reduce the potential impact of climate change on estuaries, forests, wetlands, coral reefs and other sensitive ecosystems. The report, titled (2008-06-20)

Psychosocial issues affect HIV/AIDS treatment outcomes: UNC researcher
Psychosocial influences such as stress, depression and trauma have been neglected in biomedical and treatment studies involving people infected with HIV, yet they are now known to have significant health impacts on such individuals and the spread of AIDS, according to a University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill scientist. (2008-06-18)

Study pinpoints strategies that protect older adult's physical health
Existing research on longevity supports the notion that one should become actively involved in one's health in an effort to prevent further decline. The elderly are urged to use (2008-06-12)

Expressing feelings after trauma not necessary, research shows
Talking it out has long been considered essential to recovering from a trauma. But new research shows that expressing one's thoughts and feelings after a traumatic event is not necessary for long-term emotional and physical health, a finding that could change the way institutions devote money and resources to mental health services following collective traumas. (2008-06-02)

Together couples address challenges associated with vulvar pain disorder
A new study in Family Process explores ways to cope with the emotional, relational, and sexual challenges of vulvar vestibulitis syndrome. (2008-05-29)

Springer editor receives prestigious Burnum Award
Springer editor and psychologist Dr. John E. Lochman is the recipient of the University of Alabama's 2007 Burnum Distinguished Faculty Award. The Burnum Award is given each year to a faculty member who has demonstrated superior scholarly or artistic achievements and profound dedication to the art of teaching. The award was presented to Lochman on April 2, 2008, in Tuscaloosa, Ala. (2008-05-09)

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