Current Coral Reefs News and Events | Page 24

Current Coral Reefs News and Events, Coral Reefs News Articles.
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MicroRNA controls growth in highly aggressive B-cell lymphomas
A recent study by researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine showed that a microRNA called miR-181a dampens signals from the cancer-driving NFκB protein pathway in the most aggressive large B-cell lymphomas. (2016-03-31)

Serious ecological consequences of coral reef dredging
Scientists have used satellite imaging of coral reefs in the South China Sea to highlight the dire ecological consequences of reef dredging to increase land area. While much has been made of the political significance of reef dredging and land creation activities in this area, the scientists conclude that the impact on these precious environments must also be considered and the international community must cooperate to prevent the destruction of these critical ecosystems. (2016-03-31)

Scientists call for new strategy to study climate change impacts on coral reefs
An international research team calls for a targeted research strategy to better understand the impact multiple stressors will have on coral reef in the future due to global climate change. The scientists published their new approach to coral reef research in the journal Frontiers in Marine Science. (2016-03-25)

Protecting coral reefs with bubbles
Bubbles -- yes, bubbles -- could help protect coral reefs, oyster farms, and other coastal ecosystems from increasing ocean acidification, according to new research by Stanford scientists. (2016-03-23)

Green Gitmo
Following President Obama's plans to close the military prison at Guantánamo Bay, Cuba, a conservation biologist and a professor of law are proposing to transform the naval base into a marine research center and international peace park. (2016-03-17)

Coral on a chip cracks coral mysteries
Growing corals in the lab reveals their complex lives. (2016-03-16)

Viruses 'piggyback' on host microbes' success
It has generally been assumed that in a growing population of microbes, viruses also multiply and kill their hosts, keeping the microbial population in check. A recent study of virus-host dynamics near coral reefs led by SDSU virologists suggests that, under certain conditions, viruses can change their infection strategy. As potential host microbes become more numerous, some viruses forego rapid replication and opt instead to reside peaceably inside their host, thereby reducing their the viruses' numbers. (2016-03-16)

Silent oceans: Acidification stops shrimp chorus
Snapping shrimps, the loudest invertebrate in the ocean, may be silenced under increasing ocean acidification, a University of Adelaide study has found. (2016-03-16)

Love trumps budget in sentimental buys
Brides and the bereaved beware: You, like many shoppers, may have a tendency to reject thriftiness when your purchase is a matter of the heart, according to a new study led by the University of Colorado Boulder. (2016-03-14)

Give and take
Researchers analyze how nutrient pollution can negatively impact important ecological relationships. (2016-03-10)

Disney researchers take depth cameras into the depths for high-accuracy 3-D capture
Disney Research scientists are adapting low-cost depth-sensing cameras for use underwater, with the goal of capturing 3-D models of marine flora and fauna with a high degree of accuracy. (2016-03-09)

New York harbor's oyster beds once protected against severe storm and extreme wave damage
A recent study of past disturbance of the oyster beds in New York Harbor led by geoscientist Jonathan Woodruff and his doctoral student Christine Brandon of the University of Massachusetts Amherst is the first to link Europeans' overharvesting and disturbance of the ancient shellfish beds to loss of natural coastal defenses against floods and storm waves. (2016-03-07)

Shark babies remain strong in future acidic oceans
An Australian study published today has found that certain baby sharks are able to cope with the level of ocean acidification predicted for the end of this century. (2016-03-07)

An ocean observatory for the Red Sea
Studies conducted at the Saudi Aramco-KAUST Marine Environmental Research Center provide new insights into the physical and biological aspects of the Red Sea. (2016-03-06)

Sydney hosts global conference on managing coastlines
Marine science and coastal studies experts from around the world are in Sydney this week to discuss the various ways they are tackling the impact of climate change on our coastlines and oceans. (2016-03-06)

UNH researchers conduct first comprehensive study of NH oyster farming
University of New Hampshire scientists have conducted the first study of oyster farming-nitrogen dynamics in New Hampshire, providing the first solid research on the state's oyster farming industry and the role oyster farms play with nitrogen removal. The research, which was funded in part by the NH Agricultural Experiment Station, contributes to a growing body of research on how oysters affect the nitrogen content of estuaries such as Great Bay. (2016-03-04)

A synthetic biology approach for a new antidote to coral snake venom
Coral snake venom carries significant neurotoxicity and human injuries can be severe or even lethal. Despite this, antivenom treatments are scarce due to challenges collecting adequate amounts of venom needed to produce anti-elapidic serum. PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases highlights exciting new research from the Butantan Institute in Brazil using synthetically designed DNA to produce coral-snake antivenom. (2016-03-03)

UM researchers found shallow-water corals are not related to their deep-water counterparts
A new study led by scientists at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science found that shallow-reef corals are more closely related to their shallow-water counterparts over a thousand miles away than they are to deep-water corals on the same reef. (2016-03-02)

We Robot 2016 April 1-2 at University of Miami School of Law
Would RoboCops eliminate racial bias or reflect the systemic nature of racism? Is Siri protected by the First Amendment? This and much more will be discussed, debated, and dissected at We Robot 2016. We Robot 2016, a conference at the intersection of the law, policy, and technology of robotics, is in Coral Gables, Florida on April 1 & 2, 2016. In its fifth year We Robot returns to the UM School of Law. The conference website is http://robots.law.miami.edu/2016. (2016-03-01)

New biomarker identifies uveal melanoma patients at high risk for metastasis
A study by J. William Harbour, M.D., associate director for Basic Research and leader of the Eye Cancer Site Disease Group at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine, and colleagues published today in Clinical Cancer Research details the discovery of a biomarker that puts patients at a higher risk for metastasis of uveal melanoma. (2016-03-01)

Survey: Americans would pay more to support biodiversity
Most Americans are willing to pay more taxes each year -- in some cases, as much as $35 to $100 more -- to support biodiversity conservation in the Gulf of Mexico, according to a national survey. Respondents' willingness to help support the proposed expansion of the Flower Garden Banks National Marine Sanctuary near the Texas-Louisiana border reflects growing national awareness of the Gulf's ecological importance and the threats it increasingly faces. (2016-02-29)

Shark research produces the unexpected
In a surprise result, James Cook University scientists have found female blacktip reef sharks and their young stay close to shore over long time periods, with adult males only appearing during the breeding season. (2016-02-25)

Study: Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
An international team of scientists from the Carnegie Institution for Science, Rice University and other institutions has performed the first experiment to manipulate seawater chemistry in a natural coral-reef community to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. (2016-02-25)

Ocean acidification already slowing coral reef growth
A team of scientists led by Carnegie's Rebecca Albright and Ken Caldeira performed the first-ever experiment that manipulated seawater chemistry in a natural coral reef community in order to determine the effect that excess carbon dioxide released by human activity is having on coral reefs. Their results provide evidence that ocean acidification is already slowing coral reef growth. (2016-02-24)

Ocean acidification slowing coral reef growth
Research at One Tree Island Research Station proves ocean acidification resulting from carbon dioxide emissions is slowing coral reef growth. In the first experiment to manipulate the chemistry of seawater in the ocean, researchers brought the pH of a reef on the Great Barrier Reef Island closer to what it would have been in pre-industrial times. The team included Ph.D. candidate at the University of Sydney Kennedy Woolfe and leading climate scientist Ken Caldeira. (2016-02-24)

El Niño prolongs longest global coral bleaching event
Global warming and the intense El Niño now underway are prolonging the longest global coral die-off on record, according to NOAA scientists monitoring and forecasting the loss of corals from disease and heat stress due to record ocean temperatures. (2016-02-23)

Gulf of Mexico historic shipwrecks help scientists unlock mysteries of deep-sea ecosystems
The 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill significantly altered microbial communities thriving near shipwrecks in the Gulf of Mexico, potentially changing these diverse ecosystems and degrading the historically and culturally significant ships they live on, according to new research. (2016-02-22)

Reef sharks prefer bite-size meals
Sharks have a reputation for having voracious appetites, but a new study shows that most coral reef sharks eat prey that are smaller than a cheeseburger. (2016-02-22)

Seagrass genome study to boost ecological insight in marine ecosystems
Seagrasses provide the foundation of highly productive ecosystems present along the coasts of all continents except Antarctica, where they rival tropical rain forests and coral reefs in ecosystem services. In colonizing sedimentary shorelines of the world's oceans, seagrasses found a vast new habitat free of terrestrial competitors and insect pests, but had to adapt to cope with new structural and physiological challenges related to full marine conditions. (2016-02-18)

Marine virus outbreaks linked to coral bleaching
A study by biologists from Rice University and Oregon State University has found that significant outbreaks of marine viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses. (2016-02-17)

NASA sees Tropical Cyclone Winston intensifying near Tonga
NASA's Aqua satellite provided a visible picture of Tropical Cyclone Winston as it continued to intensify over the Southern Pacific Ocean and affect Tonga. On Feb. 17 at 01:00 UTC (Feb. 16 at 8 p.m. EST) the Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer aboard NASA's Aqua satellite captured a visible image of Tropical Cyclone Winston that showed an eye surrounded by powerful thunderstorms. (2016-02-17)

FAU scientist receives NSF grant to develop robotic boats with a 'mind of their own'
The notion of robotic boats that can move, think and make decisions on their own to help human supervisors may be closer than you think. A researcher at FAU has received a $469,822 grant from the NSF to advance technology on risk-informed decision making that will enable unmanned surface vehicles (USVs) to team up with humans to work on a wide variety of civilian marine missions. (2016-02-17)

Ocean oases: How islands support more sea-life
A 60 year-old theory explaining why seas surrounding islands and atolls are particularly productive has just been proven. The authors describe the extent to which the Island Mass Effect happens and identify key drivers in this 'positive feed-back effect,' which acts as a life-supporting mechanism. The baseline data can be used in assessing how productivity may become altered under climate change scenarios such as altered ocean circulation patterns and what the knock-on effects may be. (2016-02-16)

Research explains near-island biological hotspots in barren ocean basins
Coral reef islands and atolls in the Pacific are predominantly surrounded by vast areas of ocean that have very low nutrient levels and low ecological production. However, the ecosystems near these islands and atolls are often extremely productive. An international team of scientists published a study today which provides the first basin-scale investigation of this paradoxical increase in productivity near coral reef islands and atolls -- referred to as the 'Island Mass Effect.' (2016-02-16)

Are conservation efforts for coral reefs misguided?
A recent global analysis indicates that more than half of coral reefs are located less than 30 minutes from the nearest human settlement, but these reefs are receiving less protection than reefs located farther away from people. (2016-02-16)

NASA's RapidScat spots newborn Tropical Cyclone Tatiana
As Tropical Cyclone Tatiana was developing in the Coral Sea, east of Queensland, Australia, NASA's RapidScat measured the surface winds in the intensifying tropical cyclone. (2016-02-11)

Herpes outbreak, other marine viruses linked to coral bleaching event
A study has concluded that significant outbreaks of viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses. One such event was documented even as it happened in a three-day period. It showed how an explosion of three viral groups, including a herpes-like virus, occurred just as corals were bleaching in one part of the Great Barrier Reef off the east coast of Australia. (2016-02-11)

Two new zoantharian species found on eunicid worms in the dark in the Indo-Pacific ocean
While researching the understudied fauna of the genus Epizoanthus in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Japanese scientists focused on examining species living with eunicid worms, where they form a colony on the outside of the worm's tube. Although these zoantharians often live in areas that are tough to reach, and despite the species tending to be indistinguishable on the outside, the present research, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, reports the discovery of two new species. (2016-02-11)

Study accurately dates coral loss at Great Barrier Reef
The timing of significant Great Barrier Reef coral loss captured by a series of historical photos has been accurately determined for the first time by a University of Queensland)-led study. Professor Jian-xin Zhao from UQ's School of Earth Sciences said the photos were a powerful visual tool often used to highlight the recent decline of the Great Barrier Reef. (2016-02-08)

The mystery of the Red Sea
An international team of biologists including researchers from the Moscow State University discovered new species of fluorescent polyps living in colonies on the shells of gastropods. (2016-02-05)

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