Current Coral Reefs News and Events | Page 25

Current Coral Reefs News and Events, Coral Reefs News Articles.
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Are conservation efforts for coral reefs misguided?
A recent global analysis indicates that more than half of coral reefs are located less than 30 minutes from the nearest human settlement, but these reefs are receiving less protection than reefs located farther away from people. (2016-02-16)

NASA's RapidScat spots newborn Tropical Cyclone Tatiana
As Tropical Cyclone Tatiana was developing in the Coral Sea, east of Queensland, Australia, NASA's RapidScat measured the surface winds in the intensifying tropical cyclone. (2016-02-11)

Herpes outbreak, other marine viruses linked to coral bleaching event
A study has concluded that significant outbreaks of viruses may be associated with coral bleaching events, especially as a result of multiple environmental stresses. One such event was documented even as it happened in a three-day period. It showed how an explosion of three viral groups, including a herpes-like virus, occurred just as corals were bleaching in one part of the Great Barrier Reef off the east coast of Australia. (2016-02-11)

Two new zoantharian species found on eunicid worms in the dark in the Indo-Pacific ocean
While researching the understudied fauna of the genus Epizoanthus in the Indo-Pacific Ocean, Japanese scientists focused on examining species living with eunicid worms, where they form a colony on the outside of the worm's tube. Although these zoantharians often live in areas that are tough to reach, and despite the species tending to be indistinguishable on the outside, the present research, published in the open-access journal ZooKeys, reports the discovery of two new species. (2016-02-11)

Study accurately dates coral loss at Great Barrier Reef
The timing of significant Great Barrier Reef coral loss captured by a series of historical photos has been accurately determined for the first time by a University of Queensland)-led study. Professor Jian-xin Zhao from UQ's School of Earth Sciences said the photos were a powerful visual tool often used to highlight the recent decline of the Great Barrier Reef. (2016-02-08)

The mystery of the Red Sea
An international team of biologists including researchers from the Moscow State University discovered new species of fluorescent polyps living in colonies on the shells of gastropods. (2016-02-05)

Motorboat noise gives predators a deadly advantage
Dr Stephen Simpson and his international research team found that noise from passing motorboats increases stress levels in young coral reef fish and reduces their ability to flee from predators. As a consequence they are captured more easily and their survival chances are halved. (2016-02-05)

Motorboat noise gives predators a deadly advantage
An international research team found that noise from passing motorboats increases stress levels in young coral reef fish and reduces their ability to flee from predators. As a consequence they are captured more easily and their survival chances are halved. (2016-02-05)

Scientists overcome hurdles for champion racehorses
Scientists at Queen Mary University of London are a step closer to preventing the kind of injuries that affect aging race horses like champion hurdler Rock on Ruby, the winner of Coral Hurdle at Ascot in 2015. (2016-02-04)

Ready for the high seas?
Carlos Duarte and colleagues at the KAUST Red Sea Research Center have sequenced and analyzed the genome of Zostera marina, a widespread genus of seagrass found in temperate waters of the northern hemisphere. Their results show that seagrass ancestors underwent several major evolutionary changes before they migrated from shallow ponds back into deep seas. (2016-02-03)

Modern microbial ecosystems provide window to early life on Earth
New research from a University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led science team provides new insight into one of the world's most diverse and extensive ecosystems of living microbes. The study offers a new perspective on the growth and structure of rare, microbial reefs, called stromatolites, which are a window into the emergence and evolution of life on Earth. (2016-02-03)

NSF awards rapid response grants to study current El Niño, one of the strongest on record
El Niño: What effect will it have on weather, on flooding and landslides, and on economically important coastal ecosystems? (2016-02-02)

JPL researchers report on new tool to provide even better Landsat images
A team from the Jet Propulsion Lab describe in Optical Engineering a new imaging spectrometer design that could enable improved images from NASA's Landsat, for better understanding of phenomena, and environments as diverse as coral reefs, urbanization, tropical deforestation, and glaciers. The journal is published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics. (2016-02-01)

Laboratory-bred corals reproduce in the wild
Researchers of SECORE International (USA, Germany), the University of Amsterdam (Netherlands) and the Carmabi Marine Research Station (Curaçao) have for the first time successfully raised laboratory-bred colonies of a threatened Caribbean coral species to sexual maturity. These findings have been published in the latest issue of the scientific journal Bulletin of Marine Science. (2016-01-29)

Intact nature offers best defense against climate change
Worldwide responses to climate change could leave people worse off in the future according to a recent study conducted by CSIRO, Wildlife Conservation Society and the University of Queensland. (2016-01-28)

Genome of the flowering plant that returned to the sea
An international consortium led by University of Groningen Professor of Marine Biology Jeanine Olsen published the genome of the seagrass Zostera marina in the scientific journal Nature on Jan. 27. This genome is an exceptional resource that supports a wide range of research themes, from the adaptation of marine ecosystems under climate warming and its role in carbon burial to unravelling the mechanisms of salinity tolerance that may inform the assisted breeding of crop plants. (2016-01-27)

Soft robotic grippers non-destructively manipulate deep sea coral reef organisms
The first use of soft robotics in the deep sea describes the non-destructive interaction and sampling of fragile organisms in their natural environments. The design and grasping capabilities of these innovative soft robotic grippers and their successful use at deep sea depths are described in an article in Soft Robotics. (2016-01-27)

Study shows inferior outcomes for African-American pediatric lymphoma patients
Researchers from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (Sylvester) today published a study showing that African-American pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma patients have inferior overall survival to their white and Hispanic peers. The findings, published in the journal Pediatric Blood & Cancer, are the largest study yet on racial and ethnic disparity in the pediatric Hodgkin lymphoma population. (2016-01-22)

'Squishy' robot fingers aid deep sea exploration
Researchers have designed the first application of soft robotics for the non-destructive sampling of fauna from the ocean floor Their recent expedition in the Red Sea successfully demonstrated the new technology, which could enhance researchers' ability to collect samples from largely unexplored habitats thousands of feet beneath the ocean surface, areas that scientists believe are biodiversity hotspots teeming with unknown life. The soft grippers also could be useful in underwater archaeology. (2016-01-20)

'Twilight zone' fish swim silently with forked tails
An international team of researchers has identified a way to predict which reef fish can live across a greater range of depths, increasing their chances of surviving natural disasters such as cyclones and coral bleaching. They found that tail shape can help predict if a fish is likely to exist across a range of water depths. (2016-01-19)

NSU researcher studying potential invasive species in S. Gulf of Mexico
Studying invasive species is the specialty of Matthew Johnston, Ph.D., a researcher at NSU's Guy Harvey Research Institute. His latest research centers around the diminutive regal damselfish, found in non-native waters in the southern Gulf of Mexico. (2016-01-19)

Living fossils and rare corals revealed
A team of Australian and German researchers has published their analysis of data, specimens, photographs and video footage collected in 2009, when they sent a remotely operated vehicle (ROV) to a depth of 800 meters (2,625 ft) at Osprey Reef off the far-northern coast of eastern Australia. (2016-01-18)

Oh, snap! What snapping shrimp sound patterns may tell us about reef ecosystems
The tiny snapping shrimp's noisy habits could play a big role in reef ecology. (2016-01-14)

Toxins related to 'red tides' found in home aquarium
Many shore residents and beach-goers are already familiar with the health risks of 'red tide,' algal blooms along coastlines that can trigger respiratory illness and other effects in people who inhale the toxins the algae release. Now in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology, scientists report new evidence that similar effects can occur on a much smaller scale among home aquaria owners. (2016-01-13)

Tough times for the tree of life on coral reefs
Marine scientists are calling for a re-think of how marine protected areas are planned and coordinated, following a global assessment of the conservation of tropical corals and fishes. Researchers from the Australian Research Council Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies at James Cook University have analyzed the extent to which the evolutionary histories of corals and fishes are protected, rather than looking at individual species. (2016-01-12)

Anglers' gear, cooperation affect coral reef fisheries, Dartmouth research finds
Dartmouth College and University of California, Santa Barbara scientists studying a Caribbean fishing village are shedding new light on the social and ecological factors pressuring coral reef fisheries around the world. (2016-01-08)

Coral, seaweed and fishy appetites
Scientists find that coral touched by seaweed is repulsive to butterflyfish -- an early signal that coral reef health could be jeopardized. (2016-01-05)

Sylvester researchers describe role of STING protein in development of colorectal cancer
A new study published today by researchers at Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine (Sylvester) reports on a key finding about the immune system's response to tumor development following studies on colorectal cancer. This is the first detailed examination of how the stimulator of interferon genes (STING) signaling pathway may play an important role in alerting the immune system to cellular transformation. (2015-12-31)

Large permanent reserves required for effective conservation of old fish
Permanent marine protected areas and wilderness -- places where fish can grow old -- are critical to the effective conservation of marine ecosystems according to a new study conducted by the Wildlife Conservation Society, James Cook University, and Lancaster University. (2015-12-23)

Corals may fare better in turbid waters, Florida Tech research finds
New research from Florida Institute of Technology scientists Chris Cacciapaglia and Rob van Woesik shows that corals may survive better in warm oceans where the water is clouded by floating particles. (2015-12-22)

Scientists discover rare sea snakes, previously thought extinct, off Western Australia
Scientists from James Cook University have discovered two critically endangered species of sea snakes, previously thought to be extinct, off the coast of Western Australia. It's the first time the snakes have been spotted alive and healthy since disappearing from their only known habitat on Ashmore Reef in the Timor Sea more than fifteen years ago. (2015-12-21)

Growth potential remains at risk on even the most remote coral reefs
Coral reefs in the Indian Ocean that were severely damaged by a global warming event 17 years ago have bounced back to optimum health and have the potential to keep pace with rising sea levels, but only if they escape the impacts of future warming events, researchers from the University of Exeter have found. (2015-12-16)

Light pollution a threat to annual coral spawning
University of Queensland research has pinpointed artificial light as a threat to coral reproduction, in a discovery that will help guide reef and marine ecosystem protection plans. (2015-12-15)

Enhanced rock weathering could counter fossil-fuel emissions and protect our oceans
Scientists have discovered enhanced weathering of rock could counter man-made fossil fuel CO2 emissions and help to protect our oceans. (2015-12-14)

Scientists warn light pollution can stop coral from spawning
Sexual reproduction is one of the most important processes for the persistence of coral reefs and disrupting it could threaten their long-term health and the marine life they support. (2015-12-14)

Targeted assistance needed to fight poverty in developing coastal communities
Researchers say there needs to be a better understanding of how conservation and aid projects in developing countries impact the people they are designed to help. Millions of dollars have been spent on integrated conservation and development projects that are aimed at improving people's lives in developing countries, but our understanding of whether these projects are effective and how they impact people is very weak. (2015-12-11)

New theory of Okinawan coral migration and diversity proposed
OIST's genome analysis of coral population leads to new findings about Okinawan coral reefs. (2015-12-10)

Coral reefs could be more vulnerable to coastal development than predicted
For years, many scientists thought we had a secret weapon to protect coral reefs from nutrients flushed into the seas by human activity. Experiments suggested that herbivores such as fish, urchins and sea turtles could keep corals and their ecosystems healthy by eating up extra algae that grew in the presence of these nutrients. But a new University of Florida study sheds doubt on that idea, underscoring the importance of sustainable growth in coastal areas. (2015-12-08)

UM researchers study sediment record in deep coral reefs
A University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science-led research team analyzed the sediments of mesophotic coral reefs, deep reef communities living 30-150 meters below sea level, to understand how habitat diversity at these deeper depths may be recorded in the sedimentary record. The findings showed that sediments provide an important record of the bottom dwelling organisms that formed the architecture of coral reef ecosystems and support their high biodiversity today. (2015-12-02)

Sylvester presents latest cancer research at ASH Annual Meeting
Researchers from Sylvester Comprehensive Cancer Center at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine will present a selection of the latest advances in hematology research at this year's American Society of Hematology Annual Meeting, Dec. 5-8, at the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, Fla. (2015-12-02)

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