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Current Coronary Artery Disease News and Events, Coronary Artery Disease News Articles.
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No mortality increase with paclitaxel-coated devices in peripheral arterial disease
An interim analysis from the Swedish Drug-Elution Trial in Peripheral Arterial Disease (SWEDEPAD) has now been presented. It shows that, for patients with lower limb occlusive arterial disease, paclitaxel-coated balloons and stents do not bring about the rise in mortality previously reported. The study, led by the University of Gothenburg and published in The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), is expected to resonate internationally. (2020-12-09)

First in nation treatment for chronic subdural hematoma at Los Robles Health System
Los Robles Health System is leading the way in neurovascular clinical trials. Interventional neurologist, Dr. Asif Taqi, is the principal investigator of the STEM Study, a landmark trial that can change the management of chronic subdural hematomas completely. Los Robles enrolled and treated the first patient in the nation into this trial. (2020-12-04)

Experimental study on the viscoelastic flow mixing in microfluidics
Experimental Study on the Viscoelastic Flow Mixing in Microfluidics https://doi.org/10.15212/bioi-2020-0029 Announcing a new publication for BIO Integration journal. In this article the authors Meng Zhang, Wu Zhang, Zihuang Wang and Weiqian Chen from Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, China, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA, USA and Guangzhou University, Guangzhou, China review viscoelastic flow mixing in microfluidics. (2020-12-03)

COVID-19 advice may have reduced exposure to heart attack triggers
A new study suggests that COVID-19 guidance in Sweden may have reduced people's risks of having a heart attack. By using anonymous location data from mobile phones, researchers developed an aggregate picture of the activities of the Swedish population and mapped it against attendances at the country's 29 emergency cardiac angiography units. (2020-12-03)

Study highlights strategies for boosting accuracy of personal genetic risk scores
As the consumer genetics industry rapidly expands, more and more people are turning to DNA-based services to learn their risk of developing a wide range of diseases. However, the risk scores from these genetic tests are not always as precise as they could be, according to a new study from Scripps Research. The scientists examine many approaches to calculating the scores and recommend that personal genomics organizations adopt standards that will raise the bar for accuracy. (2020-12-03)

Replacing red meat with plant foods may reduce the risk of heart disease
Replacing red meat with high quality plant foods such as beans, nuts, or soy may be associated with a modestly reduced risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), suggests a study published by The BMJ today. (2020-12-02)

Statins can save lives, are they being used?
People who have coronary artery disease, stroke or peripheral artery disease often are prescribed a statin, a cholesterol-lowering drug that reduces the risk of heart attack or stroke. (2020-12-01)

Glucosamine may reduce overall death rates as effectively as regular exercise
Glucosamine supplements may reduce overall mortality about as well as regular exercise does, according to a new epidemiological study from West Virginia University. (2020-12-01)

Spinal/epidural anesthesia associated with increased survival in leg artery bypass surgery
A new study published in The BMJ shows that people who had surgery to improve blood flow in their legs under spinal or epidural anesthesia were less likely to die than those who were given general anesthesia. (2020-11-25)

Pre-treating progenitor cells with protein-activator slows progression of atherosclerosis
A new treatment for atherosclerosis, commonly known as hardening of the arteries, may be on the horizon, according to a study released in STEM CELLS Translational Medicine (SCTM). (2020-11-24)

Research shows bariatric surgery may reduce severity of COVID-19 in patients with obesity
A Cleveland Clinic study shows that among patients who have obesity and who tested positive for COVID-19, a past history of bariatric surgery was significantly associated with a lower risk of hospital and intensive care unit admission. The results were published in the journal of Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases. (2020-11-24)

A bypass route for the coronary vessels in the heart?
When the heart develops, some of its coronary blood vessels develop from cells lining the inner surface of the heart's ventricular chambers (endocardium). Novel findings suggest that new blood vessel growth in the heart can be stimulated with the VEGF-B growth factor from the same source after myocardial infarction to increase blood delivery to the damaged area. (2020-11-19)

A case of pediatric heart failure caused by anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery
In a new publication from Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications; DOI https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2019.0585, Lei Zhang, Tiewei Lv, Xiaoyan Liu, Chuan Feng, Min Zheng, Jie Tian and Huichao Sun from the Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China and the Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Chongqing, China consider a case of pediatric heart failure caused by anomalous origin of the left coronary artery from the pulmonary artery. (2020-11-19)

In-stent thrombosis after antiplatelet therapy conversion while awaiting coronary bypass
In a new publication from Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications; DOI https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2019.0589, Nathan Burke, Tawanna Charlton, Hussam Hawamdeh, and Ki Park from the University of Florida College of Medicine, Gainesville, Florida, USA consider a case study of in-stent thrombosis after antiplatelet therapy conversion while awaiting coronary bypass. (2020-11-19)

The challenges of treating acute myocardial infarction due to variant angina
In a new publication from Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications; DOI https://doi.org/10.15212/CVIA.2019.1262, Wen-Yuan Ding, Jia-Min Li, Fei Zheng, Li-Li Wang, Xin-Yi Wei and Guo-Hua Li from Shandong Provincial Qianfoshan Hospital, Ji'nan, China, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Ji'nan, China and Shandong First Medical University, Tai'an, China consider the challenges of treating acute myocardial infarction due to variant angina. (2020-11-19)

Link between periodontitis and cardiovascular disease in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis
Rates of both periodontal disease and cardiovascular disease are elevated in individuals with rheumatoid arthritis. New research published in Arthritis & Rheumatology suggests that immune responses to certain bacteria that cause periodontal disease may play a role in patients' higher cardiovascular disease risk. (2020-11-18)

3D-printed, lifelike heart models could help train tomorrow's surgeons (video)
Full-size, realistic models of human organs could help surgeons train and practice before they cut into a patient. However, it's been challenging to make inexpensive models of a size, complexity and material that simulates human organs. Now, researchers reporting in ACS Biomaterials Science & Engineering have developed a way to 3D print a full-size model of a patient's own heart. (2020-11-18)

JACC: BTS study looks at COVID-19's impact on cardiovascular tissue, endothelial cells
In the paper, ''Cardiorenal tissues express SARS-CoV-2 entry genes and basigin (BSG/CD147) increases with age in endothelial cells,'' publishing in JACC: Basic to Translational Research, researchers used publicly available gene expression data to determine the relative expression of key SARS-CoV-2 host entry/ processing genes in human cardiorenal tissues, including aorta, coronary artery, heart (atria and left ventricle), whole blood and the kidney and for comparison the colon, spleen and lung. (2020-11-18)

COVID-19 patient outcomes affected by cardiovascular risk
DALLAS - Nov. 17, 2020 - Research presented today by UT Southwestern cardiologists at the annual American Heart Association (AHA) Scientific Sessions 2020 showed that Black and Hispanic people were more likely to be hospitalized with COVID-19 than white patients, and that nonwhite men with cardiovascular disease or risk factors were more likely to die. (2020-11-17)

One-month of dual anti-platelet therapy is safe and feasible after stent placement
A short, one-month treatment combining antiplatelet medication and aspirin followed by an aspirin-only regime was as effective as a 6- to 12-month course of dual treatment at preventing death, heart attacks, strokes, bleeding or the need for additional stent placement. The results of this study could lead to changes in treatment and improve patient compliance, lower costs and fewer side effects. (2020-11-16)

Minorities benefit less from regionalizing heart attack care
California's Black and Hispanic communities may be falling further behind whites in the quality of care they receive for heart attacks, despite recent medical efforts aimed at improving the standards of care for these populations, according to a new study led by researchers at UC San Francisco. (2020-11-16)

Cleveland Clinic led trial shows drug effective in 96% of patients with recurrent pericarditis
Cleveland: Cleveland Clinic researchers leading a global clinical trial have found that rilonacept, an FDA approved drug for other inflammatory diseases, resolved acute pericarditis episodes and reduced risk of pericarditis recurrence. The study was published today in the New England Journal of Medicine and presented at the American Heart Association's Scientific Sessions. (2020-11-16)

Ticagrelor was not superior to clopidogrel to reduce heart attack risk during angioplasty
A new study found the rate of heart attack and severe complications before, during or soon after elective surgery to open a blocked artery was similar between patients treated with clopidogrel and those who received the more potent antiplatelet medication ticagrelor. (2020-11-14)

Additional heart imaging valuable for women with unexplained heart attacks
Combining diagnostic imaging methods can detect the underlying cause of heart attack in women who did not have blocked arteries. This international, diagnostic, prospective, observational study suggested that additional heart imaging is feasible and has the potential to guide medical therapy to prevent subsequent heart attacks. (2020-11-14)

New screening questionnaire can identify people at high risk of developing heart disease
A new study in a Swedish population of middle-aged adults found that four out of 10 people have atherosclerosis, a buildup of fatty deposits that reduce blood flow to the heart. Early detection of coronary artery disease is needed in order to provide preventive treatment and decrease the risk of heart attack. Researchers developed a personalized screening strategy to identify individuals with a higher probability of developing cardiovascular disease. (2020-11-13)

Single institution study finds high rates of cardiac complications in MIS-C
During the height of the COVID-19 pandemic, researchers at Children's National Hospital discovered that as many as one half of children diagnosed with multisystem inflammatory disease in children (MIS-C) at the hospital developed cardiac complications including coronary artery abnormalities, even when diagnosed and treated promptly. (2020-11-13)

Team sport lowers blood pressure in postmenopausal women
Team sport effectively counteracts diminished vascular function in women with high blood pressure, even several years after the onset of menopause. Estrogen loss associated with transition into menopause increases women's risk of developing cardiovascular disease and reduces their ability to benefit from training. However, a new study from the Center for Team Sports and Health at the Department of Nutrition, Exercise and Sports, University of Copenhagen demonstrates that postmenopausal women do benefit from playing small-sided floorball twice a week. (2020-11-11)

Tracking down the causes of heart attack
Heart attacks strike suddenly and have a range of different triggers. Researchers from Charité - Universitätsmedizin Berlin and the German Centre for Cardiovascular Research (DZHK) were able to uncover a further underlying cause. Studying arterial deposits (plaque) in patients with acute coronary syndrome, the researchers found that, in some patients, these were characterized by activated immune cells which, as a result of altered flow conditions within the vessel, had accumulated on the interior arterial wall, causing damage to the arterial lining. (2020-11-10)

Study reveals how premature menopause increases risk of cardiovascular disease
New research has found that premature menopause was associated with a 36 percent higher likelihood of having certain blood cell mutations which, in turn, were linked with a 36 percent higher risk of developing coronary artery disease. (2020-11-10)

Women veterans with PTSD have higher rate of heart disease
Women veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were 44% more likely to develop ischemic heart disease including heart attacks, compared to those without PTSD. The increased risk was most prominent in younger women (below the age of 40). (2020-11-09)

Marijuana use associated with complications after heart attack or procedures
Two separate studies find dangerous complications following heart procedures for marijuana users. Smoking marijuana (also known as cannabis) may significantly increase the risk of stroke and bleeding following procedures to open blocked arteries. Similarly, marijuana users who had a heart attack or procedures to open blocked arteries were more likely to be readmitted to the hospital for a second heart attack or cardiac procedure than non-users. (2020-11-09)

Serious disparities in care and outcomes found among Black and non-white heart patients
Adults who are Black or from other underrepresented racial/ethnic groups received up to 10% fewer early treatments for heart problems compared to white patients. When compared to whites, Black patients had longer hospital stays and fewer discharges to home. Hispanics, Asians, Pacific Islanders and Native Americans all had higher in-hospital death rates than white patients. (2020-11-09)

Children with Kawasaki Disease at higher risk for heart problems 10 years later
New research shows that children with Kawasaki Disease remain at an increased risk for cardiovascular events more than 10 years after hospitalization for their condition, highlighting the need for long-term heart disease surveillance and risk reduction strategies for these young patients. Details of the study was presented at ACR Convergence, the American College of Rheumatology's annual meeting . (2020-11-06)

Reduction of environmental pollutants for prevention of cardiovascular disease
A group of international scientists summarized the epidemiologic and mechanistic evidence in support of an association between noise and air pollution with cardiovascular and metabolic disease, and recommended comprehensive mitigation measures. (2020-11-06)

Abnormal blood pressure levels while sleeping increase risk of heart disease, stroke
Nighttime blood pressure levels that are higher than daytime levels, as well as a pattern of blood pressure rising at night (rather than decreasing slightly), were associated with higher risk of cardiovascular disease and heart failure. Even when blood pressure is well controlled during the day, patients who experienced extreme dips in their blood pressure while asleep had a significantly greater risk of stroke compared to those who had normal blood pressure while sleeping. (2020-11-02)

Minimally invasive Ellipsys system creates fused, permanent vascular access for dialysis
A new case report published in the Journal of Vascular Surgery provides one of the first known opportunities to directly visualize the permanent and fused connection (anastomosis) that is created with the minimally invasive Ellipsys® Vascular Access System. (2020-10-30)

Aspirin use best for those with high coronary calcium, low risk of bleeding
DALLAS - Oct. 28, 2020 - An X-ray test commonly used to assess hardening of the arteries could help doctors decide whether the benefits of taking aspirin to prevent a first heart attack or stroke outweigh the risks of bleeding from its use, UT Southwestern research suggests. (2020-10-29)

Age and pre-existing conditions increase risk of stroke among COVID-19 patients
Fourteen out of every 1,000 COVID-19 patients admitted to hospital experience a stroke, a rate that is even higher in older patients and those with severe infection and pre-existing vascular conditions, according to a report published this week. (2020-10-28)

For pregnant women with heart disease, multidisciplinary care may be essential
Cardiovascular disease is the number one cause of maternal mortality in the United States, but a new study suggests specialized cardio-obstetrics teams may improve outcomes. (2020-10-26)

ASTRO: Proton therapy for lung cancer may help reduce risk of heart diseases
Treating lung cancer patients with proton therapy may help reduce the risk of radiation-induced heart diseases. (2020-10-23)

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