Current Coronary Artery Disease News and Events | Page 25

Current Coronary Artery Disease News and Events, Coronary Artery Disease News Articles.
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Implanted cardiac monitors indicate incidence of undiagnosed AFib may be substantial in high-risk patients
With the use of implanted cardiac monitors researchers found a substantial incidence (nearly 30 percent) of previously undiagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) after 18 months in patients at high risk of both AF and stroke, according to a study published by JAMA Cardiology. The study is being released to coincide with its presentation at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2017. (2017-08-26)

Underweight associated with highest mortality and costs after cardiac catheterisation
Being underweight, and not overweight, has the highest mortality, cost, length of stay, and readmission rate for those undergoing cardiac catheterisation, according to an analysis of more than one million patients presented at ESC Congress today. (2017-08-26)

Mothers with pre-eclampsia may encounter challenges later in life
A new study has found that a condition that threatens the lives of some pregnant women and the fetus may continue to put the mother at risk later in life. (2017-08-25)

Omega-3 intake reduces cardiac death risk according to comprehensive new study
Results from a new study showed that in 14 randomized, controlled trials (RCTs) of 71,899 people, consumption of EPA and DHA omega-3s reduced the risk of cardiac death by a statistically-significant average of 8 percent. This is the first published meta-analysis to include cardiac death (also known as 'coronary mortality') as a primary endpoint, and the most comprehensive review of the evidence to date.  (2017-08-23)

Dogma overturned: New studies into inflammation in the infarcted heart could lead to changes in therapy
Scientists at the CNIC and FJD and Salamanca University Hospitals have demonstrated that the response of the human heart to an infarction is very different to what was previously thought. (2017-08-22)

Coronary artery disease in patients undergoing coronary angiography
Historically, from the 1930s to the 1950s, the rate of cardiovascular disease in high-income countries was high. Since the mid-1970s, the rate of cardiovascular disease has declined in high income countries, possibly due to socioeconomic inequalities and better management of risk factors for coronary heart disease among the wealthy. (2017-08-17)

A better way to measure mortality trends?
A new study from Cleveland Clinic suggests long-term mortality trends may be better understood by focusing on life-years lost -- remaining life expectancy for a decedent -- instead of solely looking at cause of death. (2017-08-17)

Cholesterol crystals are sure sign a heart attack may loom
A new Michigan State University study on 240 emergency room patients shows just how much of a role a person's cholesterol plays, when in a crystallized state, during a heart attack. (2017-08-17)

For post-menopausal women, vaginal estrogens do not raise risk of cancer, other diseases
Women who have gone through menopause and who have been using a vaginal form of estrogen therapy do not have a higher risk of cardiovascular disease and cancer than women who have not been using any type of estrogen. (2017-08-16)

Cardiac ICU patient composition is changing over time
A new University of Michigan study finds slightly more than half of heart patients are admitted to the CICU for noncardiac conditions, such as sepsis or renal failure, rather than for a heart condition. (2017-08-16)

Meta-analysis evaluates the effect of post-primary PCI Bivalirudin I
A study has examined the efficacies of various post-percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) bivalirudin doses on net adverse clinical events (NACEs) and mortality. (2017-08-15)

Blood biopsy test reads platelets to detect human lung cancer
Researchers in the Netherlands have designed a different approach to the liquid biopsy. Rather than looking for evidence of cancer DNA or other biomarkers in the blood, their test (called thromboSeq) could diagnose non-small cell lung cancer with close to 90 percent accuracy by detecting tumor RNA absorbed by circulating platelets, also known as thrombocytes. Non-small cell lung cancers make up the majority of lung cancer cases. The research appears Aug. 14 in Cancer Cell. (2017-08-14)

'Fat but fit' are at increased risk of heart disease
Carrying extra weight could raise your risk of heart attack by more than a quarter, even if you are otherwise healthy. (2017-08-14)

Disadvantaged kids may be at higher risk for heart disease later in life
Children from socially and economically disadvantaged families and neighborhoods appear more likely to have thicker carotid artery walls, which in middle-aged and older adults has been associated with higher risk for heart attack and stroke. The socioeconomic position of a child's family was more strongly associated with thicker carotid artery walls than living in a disadvantaged neighborhood. (2017-08-09)

Use of common heart drugs dropped after price increases, Cleveland Clinic study finds
Following major price increases, the use of two cardiac medications -- nitroprusside and isoproterenol -- decreased by one-half and one-third between 2012 and 2015, according to a Cleveland Clinic study published in the Aug. 10 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine as a Letter to the Editor. (2017-08-09)

Calcium in arteries influences heart attack risk
Patients without calcium buildup in the coronary arteries had significantly lower risk of future heart attack or stroke despite other high risk factors such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or bad cholesterol levels, new research from UT Southwestern cardiologists shows. (2017-08-08)

Biological bypass shows promise in coronary artery disease
A new gene therapy that targets the heart and requires only one treatment session has been found safe for patients with coronary artery disease, according to a successful trial carried out in Finland. Enhancing circulation in the oxygen-deficient heart muscle, the effects were visible even one year after the treatment. (2017-08-08)

Pharmacy service could save NHS £517.6m, finds study
A scheme launched by the Department of Health in 2011 to help patients stick to their drug regimens has been so successful, that in its first five years, it will save NHS England £517.6m in the long-term, a team of health economists has found. (2017-08-07)

UIowa study examines altered gene expression in heart failure
Heart tissue from patients with heart failure exhibits increased levels of Cdk8 protein. Mimicking this increased Cdk8 expression in transgenic mouse hearts alters gene expression in a way that promotes heart failure. When University of Iowa researchers examined the mouse heart cells before a decrease in heart function was detectable, they found over 3,400 genes already expressed with a profile similar to that of human heart muscle cells with dilated cardiomyopathy and heart failure. (2017-08-04)

Pneumonia or sepsis in adults associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Pneumonia or sepsis in adults that results in hospital admission is associated with a six-fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the first year, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Cardiovascular risk was more than doubled in years two and three after the infection and persisted for at least five years. (2017-08-02)

Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications journal (volume 2 issue 3) published
The new journal Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications has just published the third issue of Volume 2. This issue brings together a diverse set of papers from authors from China, Chile, Germany, Italy, Japan, and the United States. (2017-07-31)

Death rate for depressed heart patients double than for non-depressed heart patients
People who are diagnosed with coronary artery disease and then develop depression face a risk of death that's twice as high as heart patients without depression, according to a major new study. (2017-07-28)

Five vascular diseases linked to one common genetic variant
Genome-wide association studies have implicated a common genetic variant in chromosome 6p24 in coronary artery disease, as well as four other vascular diseases: migraine headache, cervical artery dissection, fibromuscular dysplasia, and hypertension. However, it has not been clear how this polymorphism affects the risk for so many diseases. In Cell, researchers show how this DNA variant enhances the activity of a gene called endothelin-1, which is known to promote vasoconstriction and hardening of the arteries. (2017-07-27)

Slug mucus inspires new type of surgical glue to close wounds
Inspired by a type of mucus secreted by slugs, researchers have developed a sticky but flexible substance that effectively seals wounds after surgery. (2017-07-27)

New discovery could reverse tissue damage caused by heart attacks
A new discovery by University of Bristol scientists helps to explain how cells which surround blood vessels, called pericytes, stimulate new blood vessels to grow with the hormone 'leptin' playing a key role. Leptin is produced by fat cells which helps to regulate energy balance in the body by inhibiting the appetite. This study, described in Scientific Reports, may have important implications for the treatment of heart attacks and also for cancer, the two main killers in the UK. (2017-07-25)

Genetic predisposition to higher calcium levels linked with increased risk of coronary artery disease
A genetic predisposition to higher blood calcium levels was associated with an increased risk of coronary artery disease and heart attack, according to a study published by JAMA. (2017-07-25)

Link between income inequality and physical activity for women, but not for men
A recent paper published in the Journal of Public Health finds that women from areas with high income inequality are less likely to meet overall physical activity recommendations than men from the same geographical area. (2017-07-23)

Socioeconomic factors and severity of coronary artery disease
Historically, from the 1930's to the 1950's, the rate of cardiovascular disease in high-income countries was high. Since the mid-1970's, the rate of cardiovascular disease has declined in high income countries, possibly due to socioeconomic inequalities and better management of risk factors for coronary heart disease among the wealthy. (2017-07-21)

Very low rate of early use of prescription smoking cessation medications among older patients after
Only about 7 percent of older adults who smoked used a prescription smoking cessation medication within 90 days after being discharged from a hospital following a heart attack, according to a study published by JAMA Cardiology. (2017-07-19)

Tracking the mechanisms of artery formation
The Notch signal pathway could be the basis for new therapies for cardiovascular diseases. (2017-07-17)

Not all plant-based diets are created equal
Plant-based diets are recommended to reduce the risk of heart disease; however, some plant-based diets are associated with a higher risk of heart disease, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2017-07-17)

Low doses of radiation could harm cardiovascular health, study suggests
Ionizing radiation, such as X-rays, has a harmful effect on the cardiovascular system even at doses equivalent to recurrent CT imaging, a new study published in the International Journal of Radiation Biology suggests. (2017-07-13)

Finally, a noninvasive measure to identify dangerous blood vessel plaques
A new method of analyzing images from routine heart scans can, for the first time, reliably and noninvasively measure blood vessel inflammation -- which may help doctors deploy preventative interventions for the patients most at-risk patients for cardiovascular disease. (2017-07-12)

Age and obesity conspire to damage the tiny blood vessels that feed the heart, causing heart failure
Age and obesity appear to create a perfect storm that can reduce blood flow through the tiny blood vessels that directly feed our heart muscle and put us at risk for heart failure, scientists report. (2017-07-10)

Stem cell advance brings bioengineered arteries closer to reality
New stem cell derivation techniques developed at the Morgridge Institute for Research and the University of Wisconsin-Madison have produced, for the first time, functional arterial cells at both the quality and scale to be relevant for disease modeling and clinical application. (2017-07-10)

Stem cell-based therapy for targeting skin-to-brain cancer
Investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH) and the Harvard Stem Cell Institute have a potential solution for how to kill tumor cells that have metastasized to the brain. The team has developed cancer-killing viruses that can deliver stem cells via the carotid artery, and applied them to metastatic tumors in the brain of clinically relevant mouse models. (2017-07-10)

Vegetable colouring agent may suppress inflammation
Lutein, a nutrient found in several highly coloured vegetables and fruits, can suppress inflammation, according to a new study by researchers at Linkoping University, Sweden. The results, published in Atherosclerosis, suggest that lutein itself has anti-inflammatory effects in patients with coronary artery disease. (2017-07-05)

Higher BMI linked with increased risk of high blood pressure, heart disease, type 2 diabetes
Results of a new study add to the evidence of an association between higher body mass index (BMI) and increased risk of cardiometabolic diseases such as hypertension, coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes, according to a study published by JAMA Cardiology. (2017-07-05)

Exposure to cardiovascular risk factors linked with arterial distensibility in adolescence
The longitudinal study on children and adolescents conducted by the Research Centre of Applied and Preventive Cardiovascular Medicine at the University of Turku, Finland, is unique worldwide. The study shows that cardiovascular risk factors, such as overweight, high blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol and insulin resistance, are associated with arterial distensibility in adolescence. (2017-06-30)

New opioid use in older adults with COPD associated with increased risk of cardiac death
Older adults with COPD who recently started using opioids have an increased risk of coronary artery disease-related death compared to non-opioid users, researchers at St. Michael's Hospital have found. Among these patients, new opioid use is associated with a 215 percent increase in coronary artery disease-related death for long-term care residents and an 83 percent increase in coronary artery disease-related death for those who lived at home compared to non-opioid users, according to the study. (2017-06-29)

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