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Current Cyanide News and Events, Cyanide News Articles.
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NASA team finds noxious ice cloud on saturn's moon titan
Researchers with NASA's Cassini mission found evidence of a toxic hybrid ice in a wispy cloud high above the south pole of Saturn's largest moon, Titan. (2017-10-18)

RUDN chemists propose new beneficial catalyst for initial materials in pharmacy
The collaboration of researchers from RUDN University, Centro de QuĂ­mica Estrutura and Baku State University proposes a new potential way to produce initial compounds for many chemical industries, including pharmacy, cosmetics, dyes and liquid crystals production. The new method of synthesis at a room temperature with high yields described in two articles published in Journal of Organometallic Chemistry and in Inorganica Chimica Acta. (2017-09-27)

Comparing the jaws of porcupine fish reveals three new species
Researchers at the Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and colleagues compared fossil porcupine fish jaws and tooth plates collected on expeditions to Panama, Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil with those from museum specimens and modern porcupine fish, revealing three new species. (2017-08-16)

ALMA confirms complex chemistry in Titan's atmosphere
Saturn's frigid moon Titan has a curious atmosphere. In addition to a hazy mixture of nitrogen and hydrocarbons, like methane and ethane, Titan's atmosphere also contains an array of more complex organic molecules, including vinyl cyanide, which astronomers recently uncovered in archival ALMA data. Under the right conditions, like those found on the surface of Titan, vinyl cyanide may naturally coalesce into microscopic spheres resembling cell membranes. (2017-07-28)

NASA finds moon of Saturn has chemical that could form 'membranes'
NASA scientists have definitively detected the chemical acrylonitrile, also known as vinyl cyanide, in the atmosphere of Saturn's moon Titan, a place that has long intrigued scientists investigating the chemical precursors of life. (2017-07-28)

How the Nazis invented nerve agents like sarin (video)
Nerve agents are arguably the most brutal chemical weapons. These infamous compounds, which include sarin gas and VX, originated in Nazi Germany when a chemist was trying to develop a more effective insecticide. Marrying the element phosphorus with cyanide derivatives resulted in a poison so deadly it was named 'Tabun,' derived from the German word for 'taboo.' Learn more about the history of nerve agents in the latest Speaking of Chemistry. (2017-06-01)

How to clamp down on cyanide fishing
Spraying cyanide in tropical seas can quickly and cheaply stun fish, allowing them to be easily captured and sold. But most countries where aquarium fish are collected have outlawed the method, which damages corals. Catching perpetrators, however, is difficult. Now researchers are developing a handheld device for detecting cyanide fishing that could help clamp down on the destructive practice. They're reporting their work at the 253rd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society. (2017-04-03)

Surprise: Transport proteins evolved long before their compounds emerged
Danish scientists from the DynaMo Center, University of Copenhagen, bridge an important gap that changes our understanding of the evolution of plant transport proteins. (2017-03-09)

Gold from old phones is real prospect thanks to chemical advance
Vast quantities of gold could be salvaged from old mobile phones using a simple chemical method, a study shows. (2016-08-30)

Mass biofuel production without mass antibiotic use
Rather than applying mass amounts of antibiotics to vats of biofuel-producing microorganisms to keep control these cultures, researchers have developed a new technique using modified strains that outcompete other possible contaminating microbes. (2016-08-04)

Chemical trail on Titan may be key to prebiotic conditions
Cornell scientists have uncovered a chemical trail that suggests prebiotic conditions may exist on Saturn's moon, Titan. (2016-07-06)

Kansas State University researchers invent, patent new class of lasers
Kansas State University researchers have invented a new class of lasers. The energy-efficient lasers are portable; reach wavelengths that are invisible, requiring technology that is transparent at those wavelengths; and they have the potential to scale to high-powered versions. (2016-06-08)

Lean gene discovery could lead to new type 2 diabetes therapies
People with type 2 diabetes could be helped by the discovery of a gene linked to leanness by scientists at the University of Edinburgh. (2016-06-06)

A peachy defense system for seeds
ETH chemists are developing a new coating method to protect seeds from being eaten by insects. In doing so, they have drawn inspiration from the humble peach and a few of its peers. (2016-05-23)

Evolution: Building blocks of life
Biological evolution was preceded by a long phase of chemical evolution during which precursors of biopolymers accumulated. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich chemists have discovered an efficient mechanism for the prebiotic synthesis of a vital class of such compounds. (2016-05-17)

First detection of super-Earth atmosphere
For the first time astronomers were able to analyse the atmosphere of an exoplanet in the class known as super-Earths. Using data gathered with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope and new analysis techniques, the exoplanet 55 Cancri e is revealed to have a dry atmosphere without any indications of water vapour. The results, to be published in the Astrophysical Journal, indicate that the atmosphere consists mainly of hydrogen and helium. (2016-02-16)

First detection of gases in super-Earth atmosphere
The first successful detection of gases in the atmosphere of a super-Earth reveals the presence of hydrogen and helium, but no water vapor, according to UCL researchers. The exotic exoplanet, 55 Cancri e, is over eight times the mass of Earth and has previously been dubbed the 'diamond planet' because models based on its mass and radius have led some astronomers to speculate that its interior is carbon-rich. (2016-02-16)

Highly efficient heavy metal ions filter
ETH researchers have developed a new water filtration system that is superior to existing systems in many respects: it is extremely efficient at removing various toxic heavy metal ions and radioactive substances from water and can even be used in gold recovery. (2016-01-25)

Fires burning in Africa and Asia cause high ozone in tropical Pacific
A new study suggests that the burning of forests and vegetation may play a larger role in climate change than previously realized. Based on aircraft observations, satellite data and models, the findings indicate 'biomass burning' may need to be addressed with future regulations. Following closely after COP21, the results could suggest a need to look at other sources of greenhouse gas emissions, in addition to industrial activities and fossil fuel combustion in industrialized nations. (2016-01-13)

MIT chemists characterize a chemical state thought to be unobservable
MIT researchers determine the energy and map the structure of a chemical reaction's transition state. (2015-12-10)

WHO's estimates of the burden of disease caused by foodborne chemical toxins
The World Health Organisation Foodborne Disease Burden Epidemiology Reference Group Task Forces report their research in a series of papers published in several journals this week. (2015-12-03)

Plant defense as a biotech tool
Against voracious beetles or caterpillars plants protect themselves with cyanide. Certain enzymes release the toxic substance when the plant is chewed. These HNL-called enzymes are also important for industry. acib found a new biocatalyst in a fern which outshines all other HNL-type enzymes on the market. (2015-11-24)

Less than a quarter of hospitals stock antidotes required for immediate use
Less than a quarter of hospitals in England, Wales and Northern Ireland stock all of the recommended antidotes for immediate use in emergency departments, reveals an audit published in the online journal the European Journal of Hospital Pharmacy. (2015-11-18)

Virginia Tech researcher shines light on origin of bioluminescence
Bioluminescence at least in one millipede may have evolved as a way to survive in a hot, dry environment, not as a means to ward off predators, according to scientists publishing in this week's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2015-05-04)

Complex organic molecules discovered in infant star system
For the first time, astronomers have detected the presence of complex organic molecules, the building blocks of life, in a protoplanetary disc surrounding a young star. The discovery, made with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), reaffirms that the conditions that spawned the Earth and Sun are not unique in the Universe. The results are published in the April 9, 2015 issue of the journal Nature. (2015-04-08)

Complex organic molecules discovered in infant star system
For the first time, astronomers using ALMA have detected the presence of complex organic molecules, the building blocks of life, in a protoplanetary disk surrounding a young star. (2015-04-08)

Association between air toxics and childhood autism
Children with autism spectrum disorder were more likely to have been exposed to higher levels of certain air toxics during their mothers' pregnancies and the first two years of life compared to children without the condition, according to the preliminary findings of a University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health investigation of children in southwestern Pennsylvania. (2014-10-22)

Winter is coming ... to Titan's south pole
Gigantic polar clouds of hydrogen cyanide roughly four times the area of the UK are part of the impressive atmospheric diversity of Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, a new study led by Leiden Observatory, the Netherlands Institute for Space Research and the University of Bristol has found. The research is published today in Nature. (2014-10-01)

New molecule found in space connotes life origins
Hunting from a distance of 27,000 light years, astronomers have discovered an unusual carbon-based molecule contained within a giant gas cloud in interstellar space. The discovery suggests that the complex molecules needed for life may have their origins in interstellar space. (2014-09-26)

Interstellar molecules are branching out
Scientists from the Max Planck Institute for Radio Astronomy, Cornell University and the University of Cologne have for the first time detected a carbon-bearing molecule with a 'branched' structure in interstellar space. (2014-09-25)

How repeatable is evolutionary history?
Some clover species have two forms, one of which releases cyanide to discourage nibbling by snails and insects and the other of which does not. A scientist at Washington University in St. Louis found that this 'polymorphism' has evolved independently in six different species of clover, each time by the wholesale deletion of a gene. The clover species are in a sense predisposed to develop this trait, suggesting that evolution is not entirely free form but instead bumps up against constraints. (2014-06-23)

Blunting rice disease
A naturally occurring microbe in soil that inhibits the rice blast fungus has been identified by a team of researchers from the University of Delaware and the University of California at Davis. (2014-06-02)

Taming a poison: Saving plants from cyanide with carbon dioxide
A team of Canadian and Finnish scientists has discovered cyanoformate -- a simple, unstable ion involved in the fruit-ripening process that has evaded detection for decades. Their findings reveal that the surrounding medium greatly impacts the stability of cyanoformate. While this allows carbon dioxide to deactivate cyanide's killer capabilities in fruit, recognizing the factors governing cyanoformate's instability has a larger implication: understanding low-energy carbon dioxide 'catch-and-release.' (2014-04-03)

New UC San Diego biosensor will guard water supplies from toxic threats
Supported by a $953,958 grant from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, researchers at the University of California San Diego will develop a sophisticated new biosensor that can protect the nation's water supplies from a wide range of toxins, including heavy metals and other poisons. (2014-03-11)

Probing hydrogen catalyst assembly
Biochemical reactions sometimes have to handle dangerous things in a safe way. New work from researchers at UC Davis and Stanford University shows how cyanide and carbon monoxide are safely bound to an iron atom to construct an enzyme that can generate hydrogen gas. (2014-01-23)

Hidden details revealed in nearby starburst galaxy
Using the new, high-frequency capabilities of the National Science Foundation's Robert C. Byrd Green Bank Telescope, astronomers have captured never-before-seen details of the nearby starburst galaxy M82. These new data highlight streamers of material fleeing the disk of the galaxy as well as concentrations of dense molecular gas surrounding pockets of intense star formation. (2013-12-09)

Unique chemistry in hydrogen catalysts
Making hydrogen easily and cheaply is a dream goal for clean, sustainable energy. Bacteria have been doing exactly that for billions of years, and now chemists at UC Davis and Stanford University are revealing how they do it, and perhaps opening ways to imitate them. (2013-10-24)

Michigan emergency departments are better prepared to respond to disaster
Emergency Departments across Michigan are better prepared to handle a disaster today than they were seven years ago, according to a Henry Ford Hospital study. The study found that 84 percent of emergency departments said they are more prepared to handle a terrorist attack or natural disaster than they were in 2005. (2013-10-14)

Scripps Research Institute scientists solve century-old chemistry problem
Chemists at the Scripps Research Institute have found a way to apply a (2013-09-11)

New computational approaches speed up the exploration of the universe
Chemical analyzes can take a long time to complete. Now a potentially groundbreaking collaboration between a chemist and a computer scientist from the University of Southern Denmark shows that time spent on chemical analyzes can be reduced considerably. Among other things this means, that researchers can now speed up the exploration of the chemistry behind the origin of life in our universe. The work is presented on a conference for artificial life Thursday September 5 2013. (2013-09-05)

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