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Berners-Lee wins inaugural millennium technology prize
World Wide Web inventor Tim Berners-Lee today was named recipient of the first-ever Millennium Technology Prize. The honor,which is accompanied by one million euros, is bestowed by the Finnish Technology Award Foundation as an international acknowledgement of outstanding technological innovation that directly promotes people's quality of life, is based on humane values, and encourages sustainable economic development. (2004-04-15)

Building democracies, establishing strong regional leaders help to prevent conflict
Building democracies even on rocky soil, promoting strong regional leaders and maintaining long-standing arms control treaties together create the best odds for avoiding international conflict, according to a Penn State political scientist. (2004-04-13)

Tropical medicine: A brittle tool of the new imperialism
This week's Lancet editorial is strongly critical of the way that tropical medicine remains structured on outdated colonial lines and calls for the discipline to 'resist contemporary imperialistic forces that hide under the folded veils of counterterrorism and corporate colonialism'. (2004-04-01)

Yale symposium focuses on e-voting
Yale Faculty of Engineering and the Yale Office of New Haven and State Affairs will sponsor a symposium on electronic and internet voting on April 2, 2004. Secretary of State Susan Bysiewicz keynotes the distinguished speakers including Charles Stewart, of MIT, Eric A. Fischer, of the Library of Congress, Rebecca Mercuri, author of (2004-03-24)

Templeton Prize, world's largest, won by George F.R. Ellis, theoretical cosmologist
George F.R. Ellis, a leading theoretical cosmologist renowned for his bold and innovative contributions to the dialogue between science and religion and whose social writings were condemned by government ministers in the former apartheid regime of his native South Africa, has won the 2004 Templeton Prize. (2004-03-17)

Coffee-shop research probes understanding of politics
Although people talk about politics routinely, political scientists know little about how these conversations work. An assistant professor of political science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison concludes that political beliefs are inextricably linked to social identity. (2004-01-15)

Kuwaiti citizens want democracy, but don't desire closer ties with the West, study finds
The citizens of Kuwait became more supportive of democracy during the mid- to late-1990s, but that did not include a desire for closer ties with the United States and other Western countries, a new study found. A survey of 1,500 Kuwaiti citizens conducted in 1994, 1996, and 1998 found that the citizens became less interested in trade alliances with the West and less likely to pay attention to Western media over that time period. (2003-10-13)

Disparity in wealth is killing democracy, scholar warns
The growing maldistribution of wealth is weakening the U.S. political system, a public policy scholar warns. (2003-08-27)

California budget battle will be a long one, says UC Riverside professor
Shaun Bowler, a UC Riverside political science professor, is predicting that California citizens are in for a very long ride before the budget is signed in Sacramento, with a divisive recall battle that will only make the road bumpier. (2003-07-10)

Tough new cereals that can withstand poor soil conditions
390 million hectares (circa 80% of the total land area) in Europe is currently laid to waste by acid soil toxicity. Now EUREKA project CEREALSTRESSOL is developing new varieties of crops that can cope with adverse due to natural stresses such as drought and due to abiotic, non-living stresses such as acid soil toxicity. (2003-05-27)

Politicians being economical with the truth is the price of a healthy democracy
Democrats should accept that some political deception is not only inevitable in a democracy but can be legitimate where it is conducted by elected politicians in the public interest where they have the tacit support of the electorate. (2003-05-18)

A new vision for human security
This week's editorial discusses the implications for global health on a recently published report by the Commission on Human Security-which defines security in terms of human development, human rights, and democracy-and highlights WHO's vital future role in ensuring the report is implemented. (2003-05-15)

United States late to recognize brutal dictators and regimes
The American public's image of bad guys around the world is shaped by the nature of the United States' diplomatic relations with their governments far more than by their evil deeds, says a University of Florida researcher and author of a new book. (2003-04-08)

Penn researchers document large-scale voter registration problem
More people are registered to vote than there are residents of legal voting age in two states and 241 counties in the United States. Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Fels Institute of Government discovered the voting over-registration problem while conducting the Carnegie Corporation funded Fels Voting Index project, an annual ranking of states according to the accuracy, accountability and accessibility of their voting systems. (2002-10-31)

Politicians must exploit the Internet to win 'apathetic' young voters
Politicians and pressure groups are much more likely to engage young people in politics through the Internet than more traditional methods, according to new ESRC-funded research. The research, which was carried out by NOP as part of the ESRC's Democracy and Participation Research Programme, showed that 15-24 year olds are three times more likely to be politically active through the Internet than traditional political activities. (2002-09-09)

Religion used to justify superiority of white Americans in 19th Century
During the 19th century, many White Americans used religion to create an identity as a new chosen people with a divine commission to convert non-White Americans into Christians and thus one hundred percent Americans, according to a Penn State sociologist of religion. (2002-08-19)

Prospects for Electronic Democracy
More than two dozen scholars and e-democracy practitioners from four countries will assemble at Carnegie Mellon University on September 20-21, 2002, to assess how the growth of electronic networks is likely to shape the future of democracy. (2002-08-16)

Public school no place for mandated courses on religious or character values, say older students
The older the person, the greater the skepticism on teaching religious and patriotic values in public school, says a new University of Toronto study. (2002-06-20)

Democracy strengthened when citizens belong to some types of voluntary associations, study says
Americans have always been known as joiners, actively taking part in civic clubs, bowling leagues and parent-teacher organizations. Sociologists and political scientists have long thought this active civic life helps build and maintain democracy. But a new study of associations around the world suggests that the types of clubs to which citizens belong is a key factor in whether they have a positive influence on democracy. (2002-05-29)

The Johan Skytte Prize in political science to professor Sidney Verba
Sidney Verba, Professor of Government at Harvard University and today the world's leading electoral researcher, has been awarded the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science of 2002 by The Skytte Foundation at Uppsala University, Sweden, (2002-04-09)

U.N. unveils new approach to tracking nonprofits globally
The UN will implement a new approach to treating nonprofit organizations in economic statistics. Developed with researchers at Johns Hopkins, the plan will help policymakers more accurately assess the size and importance of the nonprofit sector. (2002-03-06)

Gun owners more likely to distrust the federal government
A nationwide study confirms the notion that people who own guns are more likely than others to have little confidence in the federal government. Sociologists found that gun owners had less faith than non-owners in the government, even after they controlled for a variety of other factors that may affect gun ownership. Far from being a characteristic of a small minority, distrust of the federal government is widespread, a finding that has been reported before. (2001-08-14)

Johan Skytte Prize to Professor Brian Barry
The Skytte Foundation at Uppsala University, Sweden, has awarded Professor Brian Barry at Columbia University, New York, the Johan Skytte Prize, approximately 50,000 US dollars, in Political Science 2001 for (2001-04-19)

People get more 'top' news in print than by computer, study shows
A new study confirms what many experts have long suspected about how people use Internet news sites: Online readers tend to avoid - and insulate themselves from - the goings-on in the larger world around them. (2001-02-01)

Insult laws threaten press freedom, new UNC-CH global research shows
In more than 100 of the world's states, journalists can be imprisoned for 'insulting' government officials and institutions, Dr. Walden wrote in a report on insult laws. Regardless of ... how (the laws) are worded, the result is the same: They are used to stifle and punish political discussion and dissent, editorial comment and criticism, satire and even news that the government would rather hide from the public. (2000-08-15)

Sociologists design the future: Utopian visions from America's leading social scientists
Leading American sociologists give practical prescriptions for a more perfect world, based on solid social science research in the January 2000 issue of Contemporary Sociology, an official journal of the American Sociological Association. (2000-03-02)

U.S. embargo against Cuba contributed to public health 'catastrophes' -- says Yale Medical School professor
The United States embargo against Cuba has contributed to several public health catastrophes, among them an epidemic of blindness due to a dramatic decrease in the supply of nutrients, a Yale physician says. There also have been epidemics of infants ingesting lye, which is used when soap is not available, and an outbreak of Guillain-Barre syndrome, a form of paralysis associated with water contamination due to lack of chlorination chemicals, says Michele Barry, M.D. (2000-01-16)

NYU researcher finds that foreign investment encouragessocial reform in China
Based on exhaustive onsite research at factories in Shanghai, an NYU sociologist has concluded that foreign investment has fostered social reform in China. Over the course of his research, NYU sociologist Doug Guthrie conducted unchaperoned interviews and financial reviews at 81 factories in Shanghai. Guthrie's findings are described in his new book, (1999-08-31)

Environment in Eastern Europe benefits from Swedish funding
The Swedish EPA is intensifying its environmental co- operation with Eastern Europe. Some SEK 45m will be used over three years to build up efficient environmental administrations and to bring about co-operation regarding transboundary water- courses. Aid is also given towards preparations for EU membership and new projects have started in Russia. (1999-08-26)

The high cost of natural disasters
Natural disasters in the United States, including floods, hurricanes, coastal erosion, wildfires, and earthquakes, on the average cause roughly $20 billion annually, according to Rutherford H. Platt, of the University of Massachusetts. Platt explores the political issues surrounding natural disasters in (1999-06-28)

National Geodata Forum focuses on livable communities
Using geodata to (1999-06-03)

Can Support For Democracy Be Taught? Study Shows Mixed Results
It may be difficult to teach teenagers in post-communist societies to develop strong support for democratic and free market principles. Researchers found that 14- and 15-year-old Polish students taking a new type of civics education class were less likely to take extreme positions against democracy and the free market. (1999-04-01)

Role Of Government Branches In Tobacco War
Litigation alone won't solve the problem and may not be the best way to change tobacco control policy, according to a new University of Michigan study. (1998-11-10)

Education A Key To Ending Authoritarian Rule, Economist Says
The expansion of secondary and higher education is closely connected to the rise of democracy abroad, and in the breakdown of authoritarian regimes, a University of Illinois economist concludes in a book to be published this year. (1998-03-02)

Govnews Project Takes Democracy Into Cyberspace
The International GovNews Project has announced a special government category on the Internet's Usenet news system. The creation of this new category lays the groundwork for the wide, cost-effective electronic dissemination and discussion by topic of large amounts of public government information (1997-03-18)

Schneider Offers Three Questions To Make A Citizen-Scientist
It's time to empower Americans to become citizen-scientists, Stanford climatologist Stephen Schneider said at the annual meeting of the AAAS.Americans at the end of the 20th century face a number of difficult decisions that hinge on scientific expertise and need to join in making them. (1997-02-19)

Beyond The "Science Wars:" Should "Non-Experts" Participate In The Scientific Enterprise?
What role should non-scientists play in regulating genetic engineering or designing clinical trials? Questions about the role of (1997-02-18)

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