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Nobel Laureate Prof. John B. Goodenough discusses lithium-ion batteries in Science China Chemistry
Prof. Goodenough recently published a perspective article entitled 'A Perspective on the Li-Ion Batteries' in Science China Chemistry and discussed the history, current challenges, and promising research directions of lithium-ion batteries, the ubiquitous energy-storage devices in electronics. (2019-10-18)

Scientists pinpoint cause of harmful dendrites and whiskers in lithium batteries
Scientists have uncovered a root cause of the growth of needle-like structures -- known as dendrites and whiskers -- that plague lithium batteries, sometimes causing a short circuit, failure, or even a fire. Such defects are a major factor holding back the batteries from even more widespread use and further improvement. (2019-10-14)

Scientists advance search for memory's molecular roots
The mechanism of a large, multidomain protein perfectly suited to help store long-term memories in neurons is detailed for the first time by researchers at Rice University, the University of Houston and the University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston. (2019-08-26)

Coating developed by Stanford researchers brings lithium metal battery closer to reality
A Stanford-led research team invented a new coating that could finally make lightweight lithium metal batteries safe and long lasting, which could usher in the next generation of electric vehicles. (2019-08-26)

Super-resolution microscopy sheds light on how dementia protein becomes dysfunctional
University of Queensland researchers have used super-resolution microscopy to observe key molecules at work inside living brain cells, further unravelling the puzzle of memory formation and the elusive causes of dementia. (2019-08-01)

Advance in understanding of all-solid-state batteries
In a new paper published by Nature Materials entitled 'Critical Stripping Current Leads to Dendrite Formation on Plating in Lithium Anode Solid Electrolyte Cells,' Faraday Institution researchers at the University of Oxford have taken a step forward in understanding the mechanisms by which solid-state batteries fail -- a necessary prerequisite to avoiding such failures. (2019-07-31)

Neurobiology -- sushi for synapses
Synapses between nerve cells in the brain undergo constant remodeling, which is the basis of learning. An Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich team has now traced the molecules that direct remodeling and shown that they circulate in the living cell like running sushi. (2019-07-25)

Marathon-running molecule could speed up the race for new neurological treatments
Scientists at the University of Warwick have discovered a new process that sets the fastest molecular motor on its marathon-like runs through our neurons. (2019-07-12)

Researchers elucidate mechanism between exercise and improved motor learning
Researchers in Jinan University, China has identified a critical molecular pathway that underlies exercise-improved neural plasticity and cognitive functions. This finding will benefit the future development of exercise intervention in ameliorating psychiatric disorders. (2019-07-03)

A cold-tolerant electrolyte for lithium-metal batteries emerges in San Diego
Improvements to a class of battery electrolyte first introduced in 2017 -- liquefied gas electrolytes - could pave the way to a high-impact and long-sought advance for rechargeable batteries: replacing the graphite anode with a lithium-metal anode. The research, published July 1, 2019 by the journal Joule, builds on innovations first reported in Science in 2017 by the same research group at the University of California San Diego and the university spinout South 8 Technologies. (2019-07-01)

Carnegie Mellon researchers develop semi-liquid metal anode for next-generation batteries
Researchers from Carnegie Mellon University's Mellon College of Science and College of Engineering have developed a semiliquid lithium metal-based anode that represents a new paradigm in battery design. Lithium batteries made using this new electrode type could have a higher capacity and be much safer than typical lithium metal-based batteries that use lithium foil as anode. The interdisciplinary research team published their findings in the current issue of Joule. (2019-06-12)

Neurons' 'antennae' are unexpectedly active in neural computation
Dendrites, the branching extensions of most brain cells, appear to play a surprisingly large role in neurons' computational ability, according to a new MIT study. (2019-06-06)

New research offers insight into the proteins in the brain that detect cannabis
Researchers at the University of Bristol have made new progress in understanding how cannabinoid receptors (CB1Rs), the proteins that detect the active components of marijuana, are controlled in the brain. (2019-04-30)

Québec siblings with rare orphan disease lead to discovery of rare genetic diseases
Mutations in a gene involved in brain development have led to the discovery of two new neurodevelopmental diseases by an international team led by researchers at McGill University and CHU Sainte-Justine Research Center. (2019-04-25)

A close look at lithium batteries
Batteries with metallic lithium anodes offer enhanced efficiency compared to conventional lithium-ion batteries because of their higher capacity. However, safety concerns and a short lifespan stand in the way. To better analyze the causes of malfunctions and premature failure of such batteries, researchers have developed a technique that visualizes the distribution of active lithium on the anode and differentiates between dendrites and 'dead' lithium. As reported in the journal Angewandte Chemie, the technique makes use of a fluorescent dye. (2019-04-24)

Why is ketamine an antidepressant?
Delving deep inside the neural circuitry of 'depressed' mice, researchers have revealed how ketamine works in cells to achieve its fast-acting antidepressant effect. (2019-04-11)

Abnormalities in a protein affecting how nerve cells change shape
Amsterdam, NL, April 3, 2019 - Since 1993, when the gene that causes Huntington's disease (HD) was identified, there has been intense focus on understanding how this genetic mutation causes the disease's severe progressive neural deterioration. (2019-04-03)

Novel technology aims to improve lithium metal battery life, safety
Rechargeable lithium metal batteries with increased energy density, performance, and safety may be possible with a newly-developed, solid-electrolyte interphase (SEI), according to Penn State researchers. (2019-03-11)

New study in mice reveals unexpected place for learning, memory in the brain
Columbia neuroscientists have revealed that a simple brain region, known for processing basic sensory information, can also guide complex feats of mental activity. The new study involving mice demonstrated that cells in the somatosensory cortex, the brain area responsible for touch, also play a key role in reward learning. It is the basis for how we connect our work in the office to that paycheck, or that A+ to the studying we did in preparation for the test. (2019-02-19)

Better red than dread: Barrier keeps batteries safe
A layer of red phosphorus in rechargeable lithium metal batteries can signal when damaging dendrites threaten to create a short circuit. The strategy, which does not require a third electrode, could help bring more powerful lithium metal batteries to market. (2019-02-14)

Defective glial cells can push neurons toward Parkinson's disease
Researchers from the University of Barcelona have shown that defective versions of human brain cells called astrocytes are linked to the buildup of a toxic protein that is the hallmark of Parkinson's disease. The studied astrocytes, derived from Parkinson's disease patients with a genetic mutation that affects cell clean-up functions, caused more accumulation of the toxin, alpha-synuclein, than those derived from healthy individuals. The work appears Jan. 10 in the journal Stem Cell Reports. (2019-01-10)

Cartilage could be key to safe 'structural batteries'
Your knees and your smartphone battery have some surprisingly similar needs, a University of Michigan professor has discovered, and that new insight has led to a 'structural battery' prototype that incorporates a cartilage-like material to make the batteries highly durable and easy to shape. (2019-01-10)

Lithium-matrix anode protected by a solid electrolyte layer for stable lithium metal batteries
A house-like Li anode was designed. The house matrix was composed of carbon fiber and affords a stable structure to relieve the volume change. The housed Li|LiFePO4 batteries exhibited over 95 percent capacity retention after 500 cycles in coin cell and 85 percent capacity retention after 80 cycles in pouch cell. The rationally combination of solid electrolyte layer and housed framework in Li metal anode sheds insights on the design of a safe long-lifespan Li metal anode. (2019-01-09)

How the brain enables us to rapidly focus attention
University of Queensland researchers have discovered a key mechanism in the brain that may underlie our ability to rapidly focus attention. Our brains are continuously bombarded with information from the senses, yet our level of vigilance to such input varies, allowing us to selectively focus on one conversation and not another. (2018-12-26)

Lean electrolyte design is a game-changer for magnesium batteries
Researchers from the University of Houston and the Toyota Research Institute of America have discovered a promising new version of high-energy magnesium batteries, with potential applications ranging from electric vehicles to battery storage for renewable energy systems. (2018-12-21)

Next-gen batteries possible with new engineering approach
Dramatically longer-lasting, faster-charging and safer lithium metal batteries may be possible, according to Penn State research, recently published in Nature Energy. (2018-11-14)

Traditional eutectic alloy brings new hope for high energy density metal-O2 batteries
A research team led by ZHANG Xinbo from the Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry (CIAC), Chinese Academy of Sciences, YAN Junmin from Jilin University, ZHANG Yu from Beihang University Beijing developed a long-life AM-O2 battery using Li-Na eutectic alloy as novel metal anode for the first time. (2018-11-12)

Nanotubes may give the world better batteries
Rice University scientists use thin films of multiwalled carbon nanotubes to keep lithium metal from sprouting dendrites, tentacle-like growths that can cause batteries to fail. The strategy could be key to developing batteries that hold more energy and charge faster than current, ubiquitous lithium-ion batteries. (2018-10-25)

Whiskers, surface growth and dendrites in lithium batteries
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis take a closer look at lithium metal plating and make some surprising findings that might lead to the next generation of batteries. (2018-10-25)

Study pinpoints what makes human neurons unique
Human neurons are much larger than those of model organisms, so it's been unclear whether size makes a difference in our brain's computational power. Now, in a study appearing Oct. 18 in the journal Cell, researchers show that unlike those of other animals, human neurons employ highly compartmentalized signaling. Human dendrites process electrical signals differently than dendrites in rodents, the most common model systems for studying neuronal properties. (2018-10-18)

Electrical properties of dendrites help explain our brain's unique computing power
MIT neuroscientists have discovered that human dendrites have very different electrical properties from those of other species. These differences may contribute to the enhanced computing power of the human brain. (2018-10-18)

Great minds may think alike, but all minds look alike
Though humans differ widely in their congenital abilities, a newly-discovered brain learning mechanism has led researchers to reveal an origin of the identical spectrum of strong and weak links that compose all brains. (2018-08-30)

Antidepressant restores youthful flexibility to aging inhibitory neurons in mice
Inhibitory neurons in the aging brain show reduced growth and plasticity, likely contributing to declines in brain function. In a new study in mice researchers at the Picower Institute at MIT show that treatment with fluoxetine restored substantial growth and plasticity. (2018-08-20)

Battery breakthrough: Doubling performance with lithium metal that doesn't catch fire
A rechargeable battery technology developed at the University of Michigan could double the output of today's lithium ion cells -- drastically extending electric vehicle ranges and time between cell phone charges -- without taking up any added space. (2018-08-15)

Looking inside the lithium battery's black box
Columbia University researchers report the use of SRS microscopy, a technique widely used in biomedical studies, to explore the mechanism behind dendrite growth in lithium batteries, the first team of material scientists to directly observe ion transport in electrolytes. They were able to see not only why lithium dendrites form but also how to inhibit their growth. Visualizing ion movement could help improve the performance of electrochemical devices, from batteries to fuel cells to sensors. (2018-07-30)

Alzheimer's risk gene impairs development of new neurons in mice
Scientists have taken a step closer to understanding how the strongest known genetic risk factor for Alzheimer's disease (AD) contributes to memory impairment. Reporting their findings in eNeuro, the researchers demonstrate a critical role of the risk gene in the proper development of adult-born neurons in the hippocampus. (2018-07-30)

Building trees: The protein controlling neuron branch growth
A protein called 'MetastasisMetastasis-suppressor 1' (MTSS1) activates one pathway and inhibits another competing pathway, thus playing a dual role that determines how neuron branches in the brain form. (2018-07-03)

New regulator of neuron formation identified
The protein NEK7 regulates neuron formation, as it is required for dendrite growth and branching, as well as the formation and shaping of dendritic spines. These are the main conclusions of a study published in Nature Communications and led by Jens Lüders at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona), in collaboration with colleagues at the University of Barcelona and the Molecular Biology Institute of Barcelona (IBMB-CSIC). (2018-06-27)

New insights into pruning
When an organism develops, non-specific connections between nerve cells degenerate. Researchers at the Cells-in-Motion Cluster of Excellence (University of Münster, Germany) have now discovered that the spatial organization of a nerve cell influences the degeneration of its cell processes. The study has been published in Development. (2018-06-26)

'Workhorse' lithium battery could be more powerful thanks to new design
Cornell University chemical engineering professor Lynden Archer believes there needs to be a battery technology 'revolution' -- and thinks that his lab has fired one of the first shots. (2018-06-25)

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