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Current Diarrhea News and Events, Diarrhea News Articles.
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New study shifts thinking about risk of rare bowel blockage linked to rotavirus vaccine
A study in The Lancet concludes that the risk of intussusception in infants vaccinated against severe rotavirus diarrhea was substantially lower than previous reports estimated. (2001-10-11)
Jefferson scientists show bacterial toxin slows metastatic colorectal cancer tumor growth
Researchers have found a receptor for a bacterial toxin on the surface of metastatic colorectal cancer cells actually controls cell growth. (2001-07-02)
Most children with acute sinusitis recover without antibiotics
Antibiotics do not help most children with acute sinusitis, according to a study to be published in the April issue of Pediatrics. (2001-04-01)
Vitamins C and E combination fights side effects of radiation treatment for cancers in pelvic area
A study involving 20 individuals suffering from chronic radiation proctitis showed that a daily regimen of vitamins E and C substantially reduced or eliminated the symptoms of the illness. (2001-03-18)
Efficient T-cell trafficking without b7 integrins
The b7 integrins a4b7 and aEb7 have been implicated in trafficking of lymphocytes to the epithelial lining of the intestine and in the retention of lymphocytes at this site. (2000-12-12)
Irritable Bowel Syndrome may be linked to the presence of excessive bacteria in the small intestine
Researchers at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center may have identified the cause of Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS), a gastrointestinal condition that afflicts about 20 percent of the adult population and is diagnosed in twice as many women as men. (2000-12-12)
Researchers find a genetic cause of type 1 diabetes and autoimmunity
Investigators at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis have identified a novel gene that causes an inherited form of type 1, or insulin-dependent, diabetes and autoimmunity. (2000-12-04)
Zinc supplementation reduces duration of diarrheal episodes in infants in developing countries
Diarrheal disease accounts for approximately one-fourth of all deaths yearly among children in developing countries aged 0-4 years and contributes substantially to malnutrition in surviving children. (2000-11-23)
OHSU researchers reveal how bacteria crawl on surfaces
OHSU scientists have discovered how bacteria that cause diseases such as E. coli infections, diarrhea, meningitis, and gonorrhea are able to move over human mucosal surfaces to cause infection. (2000-09-14)
Clinical trial results show single-dose Zithromax® as effective as 10 days of Augmentin® in treating children's ear infections
Pfizer Inc said today that a new clinical study shows one single dose of Zithromax® (azithromycin for oral suspension) is as effective as Augmentin®(amoxicillin/clavulanate potassium), administered twice a day for 10 days, in treating acute otitis media in children. (2000-09-13)
Understanding how E. coli kills cells
Scientists have uncovered how the pathogenic E. coli bacteria cause cell death in their human hosts. (2000-07-13)
How E. coli bacteria put a death grip on intestinal cells
A team of researchers has produced the first detailed picture showing how pathogenic E. coli bacteria achieve a molecular death grip on intestinal cells. (2000-06-28)
New antibiotic-resistant salmonella bacteria identified; Study appears in New England Journal of Medicine
Researchers from the University of Nebraska Medical Center and two other agencies have determined how antibiotic- resistant bacteria develop to cause disease in humans. (2000-04-25)
How to identify a new killer virus or West Nile fever: Epidemic outbreaks, biological attacks detectable by simple electronic reporting method
In a Hollywood-style biological attack, Bruce Willis or, perhaps, George Clooney would be expected to render a killer virus harmless in 90 minutes. (2000-04-20)
El Nino increases diarrheal disease incidence by 200%
The El Nino phenomenon has been linked to outbreaks of dengue, malaria, and cholera. (2000-02-02)
Breastfeeding reduces infectious disease infant mortality
The observation of mother-to-child transmission of HIV-1 through breastfeeding has resulted in policies that recommend avoidance of breastfeeding by some HIV-1 infected women. (2000-02-02)
Celiac disease not as uncommon as once thought, say researchers at Wake Forest
Celiac disease is common in the United States and often goes undiagnosed, according to a study published in the January edition of the Journal of Pediatrics by physicians at Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center and the University of Maryland. (2000-01-23)
Zinc reduces pneumonia by 41%, and diarrhea by up to 25%
Pneumonia and diarrhea claim the lives of millions of children each year. (1999-12-06)
New drug relieves symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome in females
A Mayo Clinic-led study found that a new drug called alosetron (ah-loss'-e-tron) improves pain relief and bowel function in women with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). (1999-10-31)
Experts take aim at Montezuma's revenge at conference organized by UM school of medicine
About 400 infectious disease experts from around the world will gather in Baltimore this month to share the latest information on how to combat two common forms of bacteria, known for their ability to cause a tremendous amount of discomfort. (1999-09-09)
Anti-diabetic drug found to dramatically reduce symptoms of bowel disease that affects millions worldwide
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania Medical Center have shown that a class of anti-diabetic agents currently on the market dramatically decreases the symptoms of inflammatory bowel disease in mice. (1999-08-12)
Summer fun could be source of infections: ASM book discusses potential risks, diagnostic signs and preventive measures
A new book, Infections of Leisure, offers valuable and timely information on specific leisure activity-associated infections that can help people better protect themselves from illnesses that could spoil their summer fun. (1999-07-22)
Findings Challenge Notion Of Withholding Food To Fight Rotavirus
Malnutrition slows recovery from rotaviral infection, say scientists at the University of Illinois. (1999-03-31)
Research Findings Suggest Potent, Broad-Spectrum Antiviral Activity For Vertex's Investigational IMPDH Inhibitor VX-497
The investigational drug VX-497 may have potent, broad- spectrum antiviral activity, according to laboratory results from Vertex Pharmaceuticals being presented at ICAR. (1999-03-25)
At Last There's A Way To Fight The Dreaded E.coli
A Canadian biotech company has developed the first drug to treat the agonising gut cramps and life-threatening kidney damage that result from Eshcherichia coli 0157 infections. (1999-03-10)
Method May Be Key In Combating Diarrhea In Animals And Children
Scientists studying a rotaviral strain that causes severe diarrhea in young children and neonatal pigs have isolated the virus's receptors -- where it binds -- on gastrointestinal cells and are beginning to test a synthetic mimic, which, when added to food, may block the virus. (1998-12-03)
40 Percent Of Deaths Are Environmental
According to a Cornell University analysis of population trends, climate change, increasing pollution and emerging diseases, an estimated 40 percent of world deaths can now be attributed to various environmental factors, especially organic and chemical pollutants (1998-09-30)
Shellfish Toxin Study Provides Possible Clue To Cystic Fibrosis Therapy
Scientists studying how a toxin in shellfish causes diarrhea in humans today reported that they have discovered a mechanism that may help treat cystic fibrosis. (1998-07-21)
Human Clinical Trial Of Edible Vaccine Works
Results from the primary phase of the first-ever human clinical trial of a vaccine genetically implanted inside a food indicate that consumption results in immunity to specific diseases. (1998-04-27)
First Human Trial Shows That An Edible Vaccine Is Feasible
Opening a new era in vaccine delivery, researchers supported by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) have shown for the first time that an edible vaccine can safely trigger significant immune responses in people. (1998-04-27)
Jefferson Scientists Devise Way To Treat Animals Chronically Infected With Hepatitis B
Scientists may have helped devise a new way to fight chronic hepatitis B (HBV) and hepatitis C (HCV) virus infections in humans. (1998-04-27)
Oral Vaccine Protects Infants From Severe Rotavirus Diarrhea
An oral vaccine against rotavirus -- the most important cause of life-threatening diarrhea in children under age 2 -- reduced severe diarrheal illness by 88 percent in a study of more than 2,000 infants in Venezuela. (1997-10-22)
Testosterone Dip May Predict Weight Loss In HIV Cases
Declining testosterone in HIV-positive men may be an early signal for the dangerous weight loss that occurs when AIDS develops, according to a Johns Hopkins study (1996-06-12)
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