Current Dietary Fiber News and Events | Page 24

Current Dietary Fiber News and Events, Dietary Fiber News Articles.
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Popular belief that saturated fats clog up arteries 'plain wrong' say experts
The widely held belief among doctors and the public that saturated fats clog up the arteries, and so cause coronary heart disease, is just 'plain wrong,' contend experts in an editorial published online in the British Journal of Sports Medicine. (2017-04-25)

Low-sodium diet might not lower blood pressure
A new study that followed more than 2,600 men and women for 16 years found that consuming less sodium wasn't associated with lower blood pressure. The study adds to growing evidence that current recommendations for limiting sodium intake may be misguided. (2017-04-25)

Who you are influences what you eat more than food shopping environment, study finds
Much attention and effort has focused on providing healthy food outlets in areas considered 'food deserts' in order to improve a neighborhood's diet. But a new study finds that who a person is may matter more than where they shop in predicting their consumption of unhealthy food. (2017-04-25)

Frozen fruits and vegetables help Americans achieve nutrition goals
New research presented today via poster presentation at the 2017 Experimental Biology meeting shows consumers who eat frozen fruits and vegetables eat more fruits and vegetables overall. In fact, consumers of frozen fruits and vegetables also have significantly greater intakes of key nutrients, such as potassium, fiber and calcium. (2017-04-24)

Could genetics influence what we like to eat?
Gene variants could affect food preferences in healthy people, according to a new study. The findings could lead to new strategies that make it easier for people to stick to an optimal diet. (2017-04-22)

Supplement can lessen kidney damage linked to genetic mutations in transgenic fruit flies
An off-the-shelf dietary supplement available for pennies per dose demonstrated the ability to reverse cellular damage linked to specific genetic mutations in transgenic fruit flies, an experimental model of genetic mutation-induced renal cell injury that features striking similarities to humans, a Children's National Health System research team reports April 20 in Journal of the American Society of Nephrology. (2017-04-20)

Plant protein may protect against type 2 diabetes, meat eaters at greater risk
A new study from the University of Eastern Finland adds to the growing body of evidence indicating that the source of dietary protein may play a role in the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. The researchers found that plant protein was associated with a lower risk of type 2 diabetes, while persons with a diet rich in meat had a higher risk. The findings were published in the British Journal of Nutrition. (2017-04-19)

Vanderbilt-led study shows high-salt diet decreases thirst, increases hunger
The findings, published as a set of two papers in this week's Journal of Clinical Investigation, shed new light on the body's response to high salt intake and could provide an entirely new approach to these three major killer diseases. (2017-04-17)

Method improves semiconductor fiber optics, paves way for developing devices
A new method to improve semiconductor fiber optics may lead to a material structure that might one day revolutionize the global transmission of data, according to an interdisciplinary team of researchers. (2017-04-13)

Intestinal bacteria may protect against diabetes
A high concentration of indolepropionic acid in the serum protects against type 2 diabetes, shows a new study from the University of Eastern Finland. Indolepropionic acid is a metabolite produced by intestinal bacteria, and its production is boosted by a fibre-rich diet. According to the researchers, the discovery provides additional insight into the role of intestinal bacteria in the interplay between diet, metabolism and health. (2017-04-11)

A viral explanation for celiac disease
An asymptomatic infection may play a role in facilitating celiac disease, a new study in mice reveals. (2017-04-06)

Multivitamins not associated with heart disease risk, regardless of initial dietary intake
In a new study, published this week in JAMA Cardiology, investigators examined whether multivitamins might help prevent CVD events among those in the PHS II with less nutritious diets. However, their results suggest that baseline nutritional status has no clear impact on whether a daily multivitamin affects the risk of CVD or overall mortality. (2017-04-05)

The redomestication of wolves
Gray wolves provide an important case study for understanding ecosystem effects when apex predators reoccupy their former ranges. These species often rely on anthropogenic food sources, which has broad implications for ecosystem restoration efforts and the possibility of human-wildlife conflict. (2017-04-05)

Fruits and vegetables' latest superpower? Lowering blood pressure
New study by Keck School of Medicine of USC researcher links increased dietary potassium with lower blood pressure. (2017-04-05)

Love it or hate it: Marmite may affect brain function
Scientists at the University of York have discovered a potential link between eating Marmite and activity in the brain, through the apparent increase of a chemical messenger associated with healthy brain function. (2017-04-05)

Phase II trial: Rice bran adds microbiome diversity, slows growth of colon cancer cells
Today at the AACR, University of Colorado Cancer Center researchers at Colorado State University present results of a phase II clinical trial of 29 people exploring the effects of adding rice bran or navy beans to the diets of colorectal cancer survivors. (2017-04-04)

Moderate changes in Indian diets could benefit both health and the environment
Moderate changes to typical Indian diets could help to 'future proof' the Indian food system against the predicted decline in availability of groundwater over the coming decades, according to new research. (2017-04-04)

Omega-3 fatty acid supplementation may treat autoimmunity in type 1 diabetes
In this issue of the JCI, researchers in Allan Zhao's lab at Guangdong University of Technology determined that dietary supplementation with omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids can diminish the inflammatory processes that contribute to development of type I diabetes. (2017-04-04)

Touch-sensitive, elastic fibers offer new interface for electronics
Researchers have created elastic, touch-sensitive fibers that can interface with electronic devices. (2017-04-04)

Stretching the boundaries of neural implants
New nanowire-coated, stretchy, multifunction fibers can be used to stimulate and monitor the spinal cord while subjects are in motion, MIT researchers report. (2017-04-03)

Time delays in vending machines prompt healthier snack choices
Preventive medicine experts at Rush University Medical Center have discovered that delaying access to tempting, high-calorie foods and snacks in vending machines potentially can shift people's choices to purchase less desired, but healthier snack options. (2017-03-31)

'Fuzzy' fibers can take rockets' heat
Rice University scientists collaborate with NASA to improve its composite materials for next-generation rocket engines by adding a 'fuzzy' silicon carbide fiber. (2017-03-30)

Tiny sensor lays groundwork for precision X-rays detection via endoscopy
Using a tiny device known as an optical antenna, researchers have created an X-ray sensor that is integrated onto the end of an optical fiber just a few tens of microns in diameter. By detecting X-rays at an extremely small spatial scale, the sensor could be combined with X-ray delivering technologies to enable high-precision medical imaging and therapeutic applications. (2017-03-28)

OFC concludes featuring the evolution of silicon photonics, 5G networking and the Internet of Things
OFC, the world's leading conference and exhibition for optical communications and networking professionals, concludes with 663 exhibiting companies, over 1,100 peer-reviewed papers and 14,500 attendees. (2017-03-23)

Physicians committee hosts CME conference to help providers prescribe a plant-based diet
Diet-related risk factors account for nearly half, more than 300,000, cardiometabolic deaths each year related to heart disease, stroke, and diabetes. Eight-six percent of doctors feel uncomfortable talking to patients about diet and health. Dietary risks remain the leading cause of death and disability in the United States. Neal Barnard, M.D., F.A.C.C., president of the nonprofit Physicians Committee, aims to change this and brings the fifth-annual International Conference on Nutrition in Medicine (ICNM) to international health care providers and medical students on July 28 to 29, 2017, at the Grand Hyatt in Washington, D.C. (2017-03-23)

Discovery of a novel chromosome segregation mechanism during cell division
When cells divide, chromosomes need to be evenly segregated. This equal distribution is important to accurately pass genetic information to the next generation. Abnormal segregation can cause cell death or diseases like Down syndrome and cancer. Filamentous spindle fibers must bind to the chromosome centromere to divide equally. For the spindle fiber to be correctly joined, the chromosome must have heterochromatin. However, the mechanism for forming this structure has not been sufficiently clarified. (2017-03-22)

Nurses adopt plant-based prescription, boost health outcomes
Joanne Evans, M.Ed., R.N., P.M.H.C.N.S.-B.C., provided a presentation to colleagues at George Mason University in Fairfax, Va., about the health benefits of adopting a plant-based vegan diet and soon had 19 nurses eager to test it out. (2017-03-20)

Women, particularly minorities, do not meet nutrition guidelines shortly before pregnancy
Black, Hispanic and less-educated women consume a less nutritious diet than their well-educated, white counterparts in the weeks leading up to their first pregnancy, according to the only large-scale analysis of preconception adherence to national dietary guidelines. The study also found that, while inequalities exist, none of the women in any racial and socioeconomic group evaluated achieved recommendations set forth by the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. (2017-03-17)

Wi-fi on rays of light: 100 times faster, and never overloaded
Slow wi-fi is a source of irritation that nearly everyone experiences. Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology have come up with a surprising solution: a wireless network based on harmless infrared rays. The capacity is not only huge (more than 40Gbit/s per ray) but also there is no need to share since every device gets its own ray of light. (2017-03-17)

Silk sensor could speed development of new infrastructure, aerospace & consumer materials
NIST researchers have found a way to use molecules of dye to see inside some of the new composite materials being tested for bridges, cars and sporting goods. (2017-03-17)

The recipe for especially efficient stomata
Scientists have identified a key element underlying the superior function of stomata -- or tiny, gas-exchanging pores -- in grasses, where stomata function more efficiently than they do in other plant types. (2017-03-16)

Dietary anti-cancer compound may work by influence on cellular genetics
Researchers have found that sulforaphane, a dietary compound from broccoli that's known to help prevent prostate cancer, may work through its influence on long, non-coding RNAs. This is another step forward in a compelling new area of study on the underlying genetics of cancer development and progression. (2017-03-16)

Agriculture, dietary changes, and adaptations in fat metabolism from ancient to modern Europeans
Evolutionary biologists are weighing in based on the increasing power of DNA analyses to explore how changes in diet over eons have caused human adaptations to genes regulating fat metabolism. Nielsen and his colleagues examine data from 101 Bronze Age individuals, and present-day human data from the 1000 Genomes Project. His team analyzed adaptive mutations in the FADS region in Europeans, to determine which mutations might have been targeted by recent natural selection in Europeans and to investigate the physiological effects of the mutations. (2017-03-16)

Scientists are gauging how mood influences eating habits
This week at the annual conference of the American Psychosomatic Society, USC researchers are presenting details of how specially-programmed smartwatches monitor family member's emotions and eating behaviors for a study on obesity. (2017-03-15)

Four year agreement to supply Silicon Carbide micro-fiber
Haydale Graphene Industries plc the UK listed global nanomaterials group, is pleased to announce that its subsidiary, Advanced Composite Materials LLC, has entered into a four-year agreement to supply Silicon Carbide micro-fiber to a global industrial manufacturer of tooling and wear-resistant solutions. This sole supply Agreement has a potential sales value of over US$2.6 million over the initial four year term. (2017-03-15)

Study links sulfide-producing bacteria and colon cancer in African-Americans
A new study reveals that African-Americans have measurable differences in the number and type of bacteria that live in the colon -- and those differences are related to their higher-than-average colon cancer risk. (2017-03-15)

Cooking at home tonight? It's likely cheaper and healthier, study finds
People who cook at home more often, rather than eating out, tend to have healthier overall diets without higher food expenses. Lack of time often prevents people from preparing their own nutritious meals. People with larger households and more children were more likely to cook at home. Income and education did not influence who was more likely to eat fast food. (2017-03-14)

Supplemental fat not necessary when canola meal is fed to weanling pigs
New research from the University of Illinois shows that adding supplemental dietary fat is not necessary to avoid reduced growth performance when replacing soybean meal with canola meal in diets fed to weanling pigs. (2017-03-13)

Dietary kit reduces baby blues, a precursor to postpartum depression
A dietary supplement kit, created to counter mood-altering brain changes linked to depression, virtually eliminated the 'baby blues' among women in a new study at Toronto's Centre for Addiction and Mental Health. Postpartum blues are common among women after giving birth. However, when they are severe, they substantially increase the risk of clinically diagnosed postpartum depression, which affects 13 percent of new mothers and is the most common complication of child-bearing. (2017-03-13)

A healthy diet improves sperm quality and fecundability of couples
Infertility is a global public health issue and affects 15 percent of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased sperm quality, are responsible for approximately 25 percent of these cases. Researchers at the Universitat Rovira I Virgili and the Pere i Virgili Health Research Institute have conducted the first systematic review of all observational studies on sperm quality and male fecundability and their relationship with diet, food and nutrient consumption (2017-03-13)

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