Current Dietary Fiber News and Events | Page 25

Current Dietary Fiber News and Events, Dietary Fiber News Articles.
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Low gluten diets may be associated with higher risk of type 2 diabetes
Diets higher in gluten were associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes. Study participants who ate less gluten tended to eat less cereal fiber, a known protective factor for developing type 2 diabetes. (2017-03-09)

Unhealthy diets linked to more than 400,000 cardiovascular deaths
Eating a diet lacking in healthy foods and/or high in unhealthy foods was estimated to contribute to more than 400,000 deaths from heart and blood vessel diseases in the United States in 2015. Eating more nuts, vegetables, and whole grains, and less salt and trans fats, could save tens of thousands of lives in the US each year. (2017-03-09)

Sodium intake high, rising among people with high blood pressure
Despite recommendations to limit sodium intake to support a heart-healthy lifestyle, daily sodium intake significantly increased in Americans with high blood pressure from 1999-2012, according to a study scheduled for presentation at the American College of Cardiology's 66th Annual Scientific Session. (2017-03-08)

College students' perception of dietary terms could help nutrition education
Researchers from the University of Hawaii and Brigham Young University set out to determine college students' perception of the terms real meal, meal, and snack and how those perceptions might enable more effective nutrition education. (2017-03-08)

Can combined exercise and nutritional intervention improve muscle mass and function?
The new systematic review summarizes the results of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing the effect of interventions combining physical activity and dietary supplements on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 60 years and older. (2017-03-07)

Photos show promise as dietary assessment tool, but more training needed
Research at Oregon State University suggests that photographs of your food are good for a lot more than just entertaining your friends on social media -- those pictures might help improve your health and also national nutrition policy. (2017-03-07)

Evidence lacking to support 'lead diet'
Writing in the Journal of Pediatrics, UB researcher says public health experts need to be more up front with parents in explaining that CDC dietary recommendations may not help children who have been exposed to lead. (2017-03-07)

Dietary factors associated with substantial proportion of deaths from heart disease, stroke, and disease
Nearly half of all deaths due to heart disease, stroke, and type 2 diabetes in the US in 2012 were associated with suboptimal consumption of certain dietary factors, according to a study appearing in the March 7 issue of JAMA. (2017-03-07)

EU researchers aim to halve CO2 footprint of carbon fiber production
Researchers from across Europe, led by University of Limerick (UL), Ireland, have begun a project to produce carbon fibre from forestry by-products. The Libre project partners will create new materials and manufacturing processes capable of lowering the cost of end products by 30% while cutting in half the CO2 footprint of carbon fiber production. (2017-03-06)

Physicians analyze food trends and publish dietary prescription for optimal heart health
Nutrition researcher Neal Barnard, M.D., F.A.C.C., president and founder of the nonprofit Physicians Committee, and 11 other authors, including Andrew Freeman, M.D., Pamela Morris, M.D., Caldwell Esselstyn, M.D., Dean Ornish, M.D., and Kim Williams, M.D., reviewed the latest research behind popular food trends for 'Trending Cardiovascular Nutrition Controversies,' which appears in the March 7, 2017 issue of the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2017-03-03)

Portable nanofiber device offers precise, point-and-shoot capability
Harvard researchers have developed a lightweight, portable nanofiber fabrication device that could one day be used to dress wounds on a battlefield or dress shoppers in customizable fabrics. (2017-03-01)

Light beam replaces blood test during heart surgery
Light beamed into a patient's blood through an optical fiber can determine whether blood is clotting during an operation, continuously and in real time. Researchers believe it could take the place of traditional blood tests in some situations and have myriad healthcare applications. (2017-02-27)

Researchers aim to debunk myths on antioxidant pills, juicing, other dietary fads
Researchers analyzed nutrition studies in a new review published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology, which intends to cut through the confusion about the best dietary patterns to reduce heart disease. The review concludes current evidence strongly supports eating plenty of fruits, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, and nuts in moderation. Although more controversial, some heart-healthy diets may also include very limited quantities of lean meat, fish, low-fat and nonfat dairy products, and liquid vegetable oils. (2017-02-27)

Following dietary recommendations leads to modest heart health improvements
Following current dietary recommendations may lead to small improvements in overall heart health in overweight individuals, according to a study published today in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology. (2017-02-27)

Expression of Bax protein and morphological changes in the myocardium in experimental acute pressure overload of the left ventricle
The expression of Bax protein, marker of intracellular pathway of apoptosis initiation, in viable left ventricular cardiomyocytes and morphological changes in the myocardium in acute pressure overload of the left ventricle were studied in experiment on male rabbits. The content of Bax protein in the cardiomyocyte cytoplasm decreased, this indicating that the mitochondrial pathway was not involved in the realization of the apoptotic program. This decrease was associated with manifest destructive changes in the left ventricular myocardium. (2017-02-27)

Dietary prebiotics improve sleep, buffer impacts of stress, says study
New research suggests that lesser-known gut-health promoters called prebiotics -- which serve as food for good bacteria inside the gut -- can also have an impact, improving sleep and buffering the physiological impacts of stress. (2017-02-24)

Impossible (but working!) recipe for ultrashort laser pulses
Pulse lasers built entirely on optical fibers are increasingly readily being used by industry. Optical scientists from the Warsaw Laser Centre of the Institute of Physical Chemistry of the Polish Academy of Sciences and the Faculty of Physics of the University of Warsaw have generated ultrashort laser pulses in an optical fiber, by using a method previously considered as physically impossible to achieve. Their solution is not only useful, but also surprisingly simple! (2017-02-23)

New 'tougher-than-metal' fiber-reinforced hydrogels
Scientists have succeeded in creating 'fiber-reinforced soft composites,' or tough hydrogels combined with woven fiber fabric. These fabrics are highly flexible, tougher than metals, and have a wide range of potential applications. (2017-02-23)

Reconfigurable single-shot incoherent optical signal processing system for chirped microwave signal
Incoherent photonic generation and processing of microwave signals has attracted great interest for a wide range of important applications. However, the conventional incoherent photonic signal processing technique is limited by its low signal-to-noise ratio (SNR). Recently researchers from China and Canada propose a reconfigurable and single-shot incoherent optical signal processing system for chirped microwave signal compression, using a programmable optical filter and a multi-wavelength laser (MWL). (2017-02-23)

Tiny fibers open new windows into the brain
For the first time, a single multifunction flexible fiber no bigger than a human hair, developed by researchers at MIT and elsewhere, has successfully delivered a combination of optical, electrical and chemical signals back and forth into the brain. (2017-02-22)

Organ-on-a-chip mimics heart's biomechanical properties
Scientists at Vanderbilt University have created a three-dimensional organ-on-a-chip that can mimic the heart's amazing biomechanical properties in order to study cardiac disease, determine the effects that different drugs have on the heart and screen for new drugs to treat heart ailments. (2017-02-22)

Selenium deficiency promoted by climate change
As a result of climate change, concentrations of the trace element selenium in soils are likely to decrease. Because the selenium content of crops may also be reduced, the risk of selenium deficiency could be increased in many regions of the world. This was shown by a recent study which used data-mining to model the global distribution of selenium. (2017-02-20)

A new technique for creation of entangled photon states developed
Members of the Faculty of Physics, the Lomonosov Moscow State University have elaborated a new technique for creation of entangled photon states, exhibiting photon pairs, which get correlated (interrelated) with each other. (2017-02-14)

Optimizing data center placement and network design to strengthen cloud computing
Telecommunication experts estimate the amount of data stored 'in the cloud' or in remote data centers around the world, will quintuple in the next five years. Whether it's streaming video or business' database content drawn from distant servers, all of this data is -- and will continue in the foreseeable future to be -- accessed and transmitted by lasers sending pulses of light along long bundles of flexible optical fibers. (2017-02-14)

Seeing the world through fresh eyes
New research provides insight into the development of zebrafish eyes using imaging and bioengineering techniques in live zebrafish embryos. (2017-02-14)

Fructose consumption linked to the increase of liver disease among adolescents and children
Recent research suggests that dietary fructose intake may increase serum uric acid concentrations and that both uric acid concentration and fructose consumption may be increased in individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Investigators have now established that both dietary fructose consumption and serum uric acid concentrations are independently associated with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Their conclusions are published in the Journal of Hepatology. (2017-02-14)

Study finds that melatonin content of supplements varies widely
A new study suggests that the melatonin content of dietary supplements often varies widely from what is listed on the label. (2017-02-14)

A nanofiber matrix for healing
A new nanofiber-on-microfiber matrix could help produce more and better quality stem cells for disease treatment and regenerative therapies. (2017-02-14)

Dietary supplement could improve heart health
Dietary intervention could benefit heart health in those with muscular dystrophy. That's according to new research published in Experimental Physiology. If these findings are confirmed in humans, it could mean that off the shelf supplements could improve health and life expectancy. (2017-02-13)

New study finds that eating whole grains increases metabolism and calorie loss
Substituting whole grains for refined grains in the diet increases metabolism and calorie losses during digestion. (2017-02-08)

CU Anschutz research investigates role of protein in obesity among Latin American women
Obesity in Latin America is increasingly concentrated among women of low socioeconomic status, but surprisingly little is known about what such women eat or how their diets compare to others. In a study published recently in the American Journal of Human Biology, researchers tested an explanation for greater obesity among these women: limited access to dietary protein leads them to consume a lower proportion of protein in the diet, driving higher calorie intake and obesity. (2017-02-08)

How to decrease the mass of aircrafts
Members of the Department of Chemistry of Lomonosov Moscow State University have created unique polymer matrices for polymer composites based on novel phthalonitrile monomers. The developed materials possess higher strength than metals, which helps to sufficiently decrease the mass of aircraft parts that operate at high temperatures. (2017-02-08)

Eating whole grains led to modest improvements in gut microbiota and immune response
In a clinical trial, adults who consumed a diet rich in whole grains rather than refined grains had modest improvements in healthy gut microbiota and certain immune responses. (2017-02-08)

Dietary protein associated with musculoskeletal health regardless of food source
Researchers from Hebrew Senior Life's Institute for Aging Research and University of Massachusetts Lowell have discovered that adults with higher intakes of dietary protein from both animals and vegetables see greater benefits in muscle mass and strength. Results from this study were published today in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. (2017-02-08)

New research concludes that pasta eaters have better diet quality
New research shows that that pasta consumption in adults is associated with overall better diet quality when compared to adults who don't eat pasta. More specifically, pasta eaters are consuming more essential nutrients, less saturated fat and less added sugar compared with those who don't eat pasta. (2017-02-06)

Terahertz wireless could make spaceborne satellite links as fast as fiber-optic links
Hiroshima University, National Institute of Information and Communications Technology, and Panasonic Corporation announced the development of a terahertz (THz) transmitter capable of transmitting digital data at a rate exceeding 100 gigabits (= 0.1 terabit) per second over a single channel using the 300-GHz band. This technology enables data rates 10 times or more faster than that offered by the fifth-generation mobile networks (5G), expected to appear around 2020. (2017-02-05)

Challenges of breeding 'VIPeas'
Breeding new varieties of chickpeas with desirable traits -- such as increased resistance to diseases and pests -- is difficult. In a new study, researchers evaluated four combinations of breeding methods and tested whether they increased the success rate of crossing chickpeas. (2017-02-01)

ORNL researchers break data transfer efficiency record
Researchers have set a new record in the transfer of information via superdense coding, a process by which the properties of particles like photons, protons and electrons are used to store as much information as possible. (2017-02-01)

Building up biomaterials: Michigan Tech researchers lead Forest Bioeconomy Conference
What do furniture makers, the auto industry and foresters all have in common? A need for innovation in Michigan forest biomaterials. The Michigan Forest Bioeconomy Conference, held Feb. 1 and 2 at Grand Valley State University in Grand Rapids, explores opportunities in wood innovation, construction, and recycling. (2017-02-01)

Making the switch to polarization diversity
New silicon photonic chip that offers significant improvement to the optical switches used by fiber optic networks to be presented at OFC 2017 in Los Angeles. (2017-01-31)

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