Current Dietary Supplements News and Events | Page 25

Current Dietary Supplements News and Events, Dietary Supplements News Articles.
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Eating may trigger bacterial therapy
Synthetic bacteria that live in the gastrointestinal system could be triggered by food to produce drugs at the point of need to treat diseases. The project led by Rice University scientists has received a major National Institutes of Health grant. (2016-10-12)

Use of dietary supplements remains stable in US; multivitamin use decreases
A nationally representative survey indicates that supplement use among US adults remained stable from 1999-2012, with more than half of adults reporting use of supplements, while use of multivitamins decreased during this time period, according to a study appearing in the Oct. 11 issue of JAMA. (2016-10-11)

Canadian Cardiovascular Society sets new guidelines for management of lipid metabolism disorders that affect cholesterol and cause atherosclerosis
The Canadian Cardiovascular Society has published an important update to its guidelines for the management of dyslipidemia -- lipid metabolism disorders -- that can cause cardiovascular disease. The guidelines update evidence-based guidance for cardiologists and other clinicians regarding which patients will benefit from statin therapy. There is also new information on the use of health behavior modifications and non-statin medications to help doctors make the difficult decisions about when to use drugs to treat cholesterol and when other approaches are possible. (2016-10-11)

Calcium supplements may damage the heart
After analyzing 10 years of medical tests on more than 2,700 people in a federally funded heart disease study, researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine and elsewhere conclude that taking calcium in the form of supplements may raise the risk of plaque buildup in arteries and heart damage, although a diet high in calcium-rich foods appears be protective. (2016-10-11)

Anti-tuberculosis drug disrupted by botanical supplement, can lead to disease
A new study from the University of Missouri in partnership with scientists in Africa has uncovered evidence that the botanical supplement Sutherlandia may reduce the effectiveness of anti-tuberculosis prescription medications. (2016-10-10)

Scientists outline biochemistry of xanthohumol -- an avenue to treat metabolic syndrome
Researchers have made a fundamental advance in understanding xanthohumol -- a compound found in hops that's of significant interest to prevent or treat the lipid and metabolic disorders that are a primary killer of people in the developed world. (2016-10-10)

First human clinical trial for nicotinamide riboside
In the first controlled clinical trial of nicotinamide riboside (NR), a newly discovered form of vitamin B3, researchers have shown that the compound is safe for humans and increases levels of a cell metabolite that is critical for cellular energy production and protection against stress and DNA damage. (2016-10-10)

Insilico Medicine uses AI to identify geroprotectors predicted to support human longevity
An international group of expert scientists led by Insilico Medicine published a research paper, 'In search for geroprotectors: in silico screening and in vitro validation of signalome-level mimetics of young healthy state' in one of the highest-impact journals in the field, Aging. (2016-10-07)

Analyzing picture books for nutrition education
Feeding children can be a challenging process for many parents. A previous study found 46 percent of preschoolers were picky eaters and 40 percent of picky eaters remained picky for two or more years. Nutrition education and recommended feeding practices may help parents deal with feeding problems and shorten their duration. Books may be used as resources to help teach children to overcome poor eating habits. Thus, a content analysis was conducted to assess messages about dietary behaviors and feeding strategies in a set of picture books. (2016-10-06)

BMJ Case Reports: Alternative therapy dangers, rapunzel syndrome, tick-born illness
This week in BMJ Case Reports: Doctors warn of the dangers associated with alternative therapies for children; giant hairballs removed from patient with Rapunzel syndrome; and women develops threatening tick-borne illness. (2016-10-06)

Type 2 diabetes and obesity -- what do we really know?
Social and economic factors have led to a dramatic rise in type 2 diabetes and obesity around the world. In a review in Science, Mark McCarthy, professor at the University of Oxford, UK, and Paul Franks, professor at Lund University, Sweden, examine the knowledge of the actual causes and the interplay between genetics and lifestyle factors. (2016-10-06)

Eating your greens could enhance sport performance
Nitrate supplementation in conjunction with Sprint Interval Training in low oxygen conditions could enhance sport performance a study has found. (2016-10-05)

New research delimits the possible causes of celiac disease
The amount of gluten could be a more important clue than breast-feeding or the timing of the introduction of gluten for continued research into the causes of celiac disease (gluten intolerance). This is one of the findings from several extensive studies of children with an increased genetic risk of celiac disease conducted by researchers at Lund University in Sweden. (2016-10-03)

Stable isotopes in hair reveal how bonobo diets may vary with rank and reproductive status
Stable isotope analysis of hair from bonobos shows that the diet of these great apes may vary with social rank and reproductive status, according a study published Sept. 14, 2016 in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Vicky Oelze from Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Germany, and colleagues. (2016-09-14)

Earned income tax credit program is a boon for health
A new study by researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health reports that the Earned Income Tax Credit program is not only good for people's pocketbooks, but also for their health. Findings showed that the program is much more cost-effective than many health interventions and has the added benefit of reversing mortality trends among low-income Americans in some states that have been experiencing increases in mortality in recent years. (2016-09-07)

NYU biologist Ghedin to study Zika virus during infection under $1 million grant
New York University biologist Elodie Ghedin will study the host response to Zika virus infections under a $1 million grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. (2016-09-07)

Review highlights the range of negative health effects linked with red meat consumption
A new review provides a comprehensive summary of the potential negative health effects of eating red meat. Results from published studies and analyses indicate significant, although weak to moderate, increased risks for diabetes, heart disease, stroke, and cancer with the consumption of red meat, especially processed meat. (2016-09-06)

NIH scientists publish new metric to measure the influence of scientific research
A new metric, known as the Relative Citation Ratio (RCR), will allow researchers to measure the influence of a scientific article, regardless of publication and scientific field. While RCR cannot replace expert review, it does overcome many of the issues faced by previous metrics. RCR was developed by scientists with the Office of Portfolio Analysis, Division of Program Coordination, Planning and Strategic Initiatives, part of the National Institutes of Health. (2016-09-06)

Small study shows the effects of smoking on reducing calorie intake
A study presented Sept. 5, 2016, at this year's European Respiratory Society International Congress shows that smoking reduces calorie intake, possibly modulated by its effect on levels of the hormone ghrelin (also known as the hunger hormone). The study was conducted by Dr. Konstantina Zachari and colleagues, Harokopio University Athens, Greece, in collaboration with Athens Medical School Greece. (2016-09-04)

Increasing nursing mothers' vitamin D levels may benefit babies
New research from New Zealand's University of Otago has found that giving breastfeeding mothers monthly high-dose vitamin D supplements may be a possible way to improve their babies' vitamin D status. Vitamin D is essential for calcium and bone metabolism and is mainly obtained from exposure to sunlight, with only low levels found in food and breast milk. Risk factors for infant vitamin D deficiency -- which can lead to the bone disorder rickets -- include being exclusively breastfed. (2016-08-29)

Study finds shark fins & meat contain high levels of neurotoxins linked to Alzheimer's disease
In a new study, University of Miami scientists found high concentrations of toxins linked to neurodegenerative diseases in the fins and muscles of 10 species of sharks. The research team suggests that restricting consumption of sharks can have positive health benefits for consumers and for shark conservation, since several of the sharks analyzed in the study are threatened with extinction due to overfishing. (2016-08-29)

Fish oil pills reverse the effects of a fatty diet
Scientists have found that fish oil supplements can reverse the effects of a high fat diet according to a study published in The Journal of Physiology. (2016-08-24)

UI researcher gets $1 million grant to study MS diets
Terry Wahls, M.D., creator of the Wahls Protocol, has received a $1 million grant to compare her protocol against the Swank Diet, an MS diet developed in 1950. (2016-08-24)

Greater intake of dietary omega-3 fatty acids associated with lower risk of diabetic retinopathy
In middle-aged and older individuals with type 2 diabetes, intake of at least 500 mg/d of dietary long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids, easily achievable with 2 weekly servings of oily fish, was associated with a decreased risk of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. (2016-08-18)

Polyunsaturated fat in adipose tissue linked to lower mortality
In a study from Uppsala University, published in the American journal JAMA Cardiology, the fatty acid linoleic acid (Omega 6) in subcutaneous adipose tissue was linked to lower mortality among older men followed over a 15-year period. (2016-08-18)

Calcium supplements linked to dementia risk in women with certain health conditions
According to a new study, calcium supplements may be associated with an increased risk of dementia in older women who have had a stroke or other signs of cerebrovascular disease. The research is published in the Aug. 17, 2016, online issue of Neurology®, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. (2016-08-17)

Personalized nutrition is better than a 'one size fits all' approach in improving diets
People receiving personalized nutrition advice develop healthier eating habits including consuming less red meat and reducing their salt intake, a study has found. (2016-08-16)

Blood pressure diet improves gout blood marker
A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, low-fat dairy and reduced in fats and saturated fats (the DASH diet), designed decades ago to reduce high blood pressure, also appears to significantly lower uric acid, the causative agent of gout. Further, the effect was so strong in some participants that it was nearly comparable to that achieved with drugs specifically prescribed to treat gout, a new study led by Johns Hopkins researchers shows. (2016-08-15)

China facing epidemic of heart disease, stroke
A 20-year rise in cardiovascular disease (CVD) in China appears to have been spurred largely by increases in high blood pressure, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. Increasing body mass index (BMI), decreasing physical activity, a high prevalence of smoking, and unhealthy diet have also contributed to the growing burden of CVD -- now the leading cause of death in China. (2016-08-15)

Replacing just one sugary drink with water could significantly improve health
Kiyah Duffey's findings, which were recently published in Nutrients, modeled the effect of replacing one 8-ounce sugar-sweetened beverage with an 8-ounce serving of water, based on the daily dietary intake of US adults aged 19 and older, retrieved from the 2007-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. (2016-08-15)

Isotopic analysis of teeth may identify starvation in victims of the Great Irish Famine
Isotopic analysis of teeth may identify signs of starvation in human tissues from 19th century Irish workhouse residents, according to a study published Aug. 10, 2016, in the open-access journal PLOS ONE by Julia Beaumont from the University of Bradford, United Kingdom, and colleagues. (2016-08-10)

Adding milk, meat to diet dramatically improves nutrition for poor in Zambia
Adding livestock to poor households in developing countries such as Zambia is shown to improve their financial status, but how the addition of milk and meat to their diet effects their nutrition has not been studied. This University of Illinois research finds that adding a small amount of milk and meat to the diet dramatically improves the supply of nutrients -- specifically protein, calcium, zinc, iron, vitamin A, B2, B12, and D. (2016-08-10)

A spoonful of fat makes the medicine go down
One of the key goals of drug development has long been to produce a therapy that can be taken orally (therefore cheap and easy to deliver) and is absorbed as directly and quickly into the blood stream as possible -- by bypassing the liver. New research, led by Australian researchers, shows that piggybacking onto natural fat absorption pathways can dramatically enhance the utility of some drugs, avoiding the 'first past metabolism' barrier. (2016-08-10)

Diet designed to lower blood pressure also reduces risk of kidney disease
People who ate a diet high in nuts and legumes, low-fat dairy, whole grains, fruits, and vegetables and low in red and processed meat, sugar-sweetened beverages and sodium were at a significantly lower risk of developing chronic kidney disease over the course of more than two decades, new Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health research suggests. (2016-08-09)

Eat Mediterranean: Your brain will reap the benefit
The Mediterranean diet can improve your mind, as well your heart, shows a study published in the open-access journal Frontiers in Nutrition. (2016-08-09)

Helper molecule reverses degeneration of muscle in mouse model of tissue aging, wasting
Maintaining proper levels of an essential helper molecule is crucial for optimal muscle function. Some athletes are already taking supplements to increase synthesis of this compound, called NAD, with the hopes of reversing the natural decay associated with aging of the mitochondria, the cell's powerhouses. However, this is the first study to directly investigate the consequences of NAD deficiency on muscle function. (2016-08-09)

Georgia State researcher gets $1.8 million to study gut bacteria and obesity-related diseases
Andrew Gewirtz, a professor in the Institute for Biomedical Sciences at Georgia State University, has received a four-year, $1.8-million federal grant to study how changes in intestinal bacteria could lead to obesity and metabolic syndrome. (2016-08-08)

Mom's high-fat diet may have a lasting impact on baby's gut
A mother's high-fat diet during pregnancy could have a lasting impact on the bacteria living in her baby's gut, according to a study published in the open access journal Genome Medicine. Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine in the US examined a cohort of 157 women and their newborn babies, and found an association between the mothers' diets and distinct changes in their offspring's microbiome, which could affect energy extraction from food and early immune development. (2016-08-08)

Maternal high-fat diet during pregnancy can affect baby's gut microbes
Researchers at Baylor College of Medicine found that babies born to mothers who consumed a high-fat diet during pregnancy had a gut microbiome that was distinctly different from the one in babies of mothers on a non-high-fat diet. This is important because the microbiome can affect the development of babies' immune system and their ability to extract energy from food. The study appears in Genome Medicine. (2016-08-08)

Soy may help protect women with PCOS from diabetes, heart disease
Women who have polycystic ovary syndrome -- a common cause of female infertility -- may be able to improve their metabolic and cardiovascular health by consuming soy isoflavones, according to a new study published in the Endocrine Society's Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism. (2016-08-04)

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