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Evidence lacking for drug treatment of multiple sclerosis-related cognitive impairment
There was insufficient evidence for cognitive efficacy across the spectrum of pharmacologic agents used in multiple sclerosis. 'Given the impact of cognitive dysfunction on individuals with MS, it is prudent to explore the potential for cognitive efficacy of available pharmaceuticals,'' explained Dr. Genova. ''The design of future studies, especially of DMTs, must focus on cognitive outcomes and follow standardized criteria. Randomized, controlled studies with cognition as the primary outcomes will provide clinicians with the information they need to choose optimal treatments for patients.' (2020-06-17)

Asthma among children with developmental disabilities
How common asthma was among children with various developmental disabilities (including attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, autism spectrum disorder and vision, hearing or speech delay) was compared to children without disabilities in this survey study. (2020-06-16)

Children with developmental disabilities more likely to develop asthma
Children with developmental disabilities or delay are more at risk of developing asthma, according to a new study published in JAMA Network Open led by public health researchers at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) as part of the Center for Pediatric Population Health. (2020-06-16)

AI reduces 'communication gap' for nonverbal people by as much as half
Researchers have used artificial intelligence to reduce the 'communication gap' for nonverbal people with motor disabilities who rely on computers to converse with others. (2020-06-15)

Orthotics breakthrough helps children with Cerebral Palsy walk and play
Children with Cerebral Palsy have more energy to play and be physically active for longer thanks to specially designed orthotics. Researchers have confirmed that adapting splints in combination with the footwear used by disabled children to help them walk can decrease the energy they use by as much as 33%. (2020-06-09)

National survey gives insight into college-to-work experiences of recent college graduates
Recent college graduates with disabilities were as likely to be employed as their peers without disabilities with 90 percent of each group holding jobs after college. These findings reflect the pathways that have opened for people with disabilities since the ADA,. The Survey can also guide decision making made more complicated by the COVID economy; for example, encouraging transition-age students with disabilities to pursue higher education is solid advice. (2020-06-03)

UTEP study examines COVID-19 stress, coping strategies, and well-being
Emre Umucu, Ph.D., assistant professor of rehabilitation counseling, and Beatrice Lee, an incoming rehabilitation counseling faculty member, examined the perceived stress levels and coping mechanisms related to COVID-19, and how coping affects well-being in people with self-reported chronic conditions and disabilities. (2020-05-29)

Spirituality linked to higher quality of life for stroke survivors, caregivers
Higher spirituality was strongly linked to better quality of life for stroke survivors and their caregivers. The study emphasizes the importance of caring for stroke survivors holistically, as an individual with emotional needs and part of an interdependent unit with their caregivers. (2020-05-26)

New breakthrough could help us understand how rare childhood brain disorders develop
A new breakthrough in understanding the cause of rare childhood brain disorders has been made by researchers at the University of Sheffield. (2020-04-27)

Age matters: Paternal age and the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders in children
It is no secret that genetic factors play a role in determining whether children have neurodevelopmental disorders. Maternal exposure to drugs and viral or bacterial illnesses can be detrimental too. (2020-04-20)

Mayo Clinic research finds spina bifida surgery before birth restores brain structure
Surgery performed on a fetus in the womb to repair defects from spina bifida triggers the body's ability to restore normal brain structure, Mayo Clinic research discovered. (2020-04-01)

US autism rates up 10 percent in new CDC report
Researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health contributed to a new U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention report that finds the prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) among 11 surveillance sites as 1 in 54 among children aged 8 years in 2016 (or 1.85 percent). (2020-03-26)

Parents' physical activity helps kids with developmental disabilities improve motor skills
Kids with developmental disabilities face challenges in building motor skills, which makes them less able to participate in routine physical activity, which gives them less opportunity to practice those same motor skills. But parents can make a big difference by modeling and supporting physical activity in daily life, especially with younger children, a recent study from Oregon State University found. (2020-03-25)

Achievement gaps may explain racial overrepresentation in special education
US school districts may be flagged as over-identifying students of color as having disabilities when other factors, such as achievement gaps, may explain these disparities, according to new Penn State research. (2020-03-19)

Self-help groups empower caregivers of children with disabilities
Caregivers in low-income settings will be able to respond to the challenges of bringing up children with disabilities, thanks to a new model created by the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI). (2020-03-10)

Experts call for more support for parents of children with genetic learning disabilities
Parents of children with genetic conditions that cause learning disabilities are at risk of mental health problems, suggests new research published today in the British Journal of Psychiatry. The teams behind the study have called for greater support for parents whose child receives a genetic diagnosis for their learning disability. (2020-03-10)

Studies show number of US medical students with disabilities grows, but disparities continue
Johns Hopkins Medicine researchers report that the number of disabled students admitted to US medical schools rose from 2.9% to 4.9% over the last three years. However, the percentage of NIH-funded researchers with disabilities declined between 2008 and 2018. The grant success rate for this group was lower than for researchers without a disability, indicating that despite more people with disabilities prepared to enter biomedical research, their prospects as professionals are weakening. (2020-03-04)

Unintended pregnancy rates higher among women with disabilities, study says
Pregnancies among women with disabilities are 42% more likely to be unintended than pregnancies among women without disabilities, says a new report published in the journal Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. (2020-02-28)

Validating Toolbox to evaluate cognitive processing in people with intellectual disability
Researchers at the UC Davis MIND Institute have updated and validated a series of tests in the NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery. These tests, delivered on an iPad, can now be used to accurately assess cognitive processing in people with intellectual disability. (2020-02-24)

Many older adults face new disabilities after hospital stays for serious illnesses
Older adults often face new disabilities after a hospital stay for a serious illness. Among the problems they may need to adjust to are difficulties with bathing and dressing, shopping and preparing meals, and getting around inside and outside the home. These new disabilities can lead to being hospitalized again, being placed in a nursing home, and more permanent declines in well-being. The longer a serious disability lasts, the worse it can be for an older adult. (2020-02-24)

Researchers adapt cognitive assessment for people with intellectual disability
The NIH Toolbox Cognitive Battery -- an assessment of cognitive functioning for adults and children participating in neuroscience research -- can be adapted to people with intellectual disabilities by modifying some test components and making accommodations for the test-takers' disabilities, according to researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health. (2020-02-24)

UK special school pupils 'treated differently', following removal of standardized assessments
Following the recent withdrawal of standardized assessments, children with intellectual disabilities at special schools in the UK are again being treated differently to children at mainstream schools, says a new study from researchers at The Open University. (2020-02-23)

DIY tools TalkBox and SenseBox help people with disabilities to communicate
Researchers at the University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) have developed do-it-yourself (DIY) assistive technology prototypes that are revolutionizing how people with disabilities can access tools that will help them interact with the world. The tools are effective in different cultural contexts and were developed in close consultation with people with disabilities. A future step is to scale up use of the tools in education, healthcare, and other settings. (2020-02-11)

Supervisors share effective ways to include people with disabilities in the workplace
Among the 201 7 survey's findings were processes that were effective, but underutilized by organizations, according to Dr. Phillips. ''For example, partnering with a disability organization was identified as a highly effective way to identify qualified candidates. However, only 28.5% of organizations had implemented this. Interestingly, 75% of supervisors said this would be feasible to implement.'' Other effective, but underutilized practices were auditing of hiring practices, supervisor training in accessible application and interview methods, job shadowing, onsite training, and job sharing. (2020-02-07)

Words matter when it comes to apparel for people living with disabilitie
Brands should consider the language they use when marketing products to this group of consumers, according to a new study from the University of Missouri. Researchers say that ''adaptive'' makes the apparel seem separate from the market. (2020-02-06)

Self-care linked to greater confidence in parents of children with FASD
Children diagnosed with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) -- caused by prenatal alcohol exposure -- often face lifelong developmental, cognitive and behavioral problems. But the children are not the only ones who struggle; often their parents and caretakers do, too. A new study by University of Rochester researchers examines how FASD caregivers' perceived confidence in and the frequency of self-care is related to stress, parenting attitudes, and family needs. (2020-02-04)

AI to help monitor behavior
Algorithms based on artificial intelligence do better at supporting educational and clinical decision-making, according to a new study. (2020-01-27)

Facial paralysis stigma takes emotional toll, especially when acquired later in life
People with facial paralysis are more likely to face depression and anxiety than the general population, especially if the paralysis occurs later in life rather than at birth, according to a recent study. (2020-01-23)

Action needed to improve poor health and disadvantage in the youth justice system
In the first global review, researchers have examined the health of detained adolescents from 245 peer-reviewed journal articles and review publications. Researchers found that detained adolescents have a significantly higher prevalence of mental health disorders and suicidal behaviors than their peers in the community, along with substance use disorders, neurodevelopment disabilities, and sexually transmitted infections. (2020-01-16)

Siblings of children with intellectual disabilities score high on empathy and closeness
A new Tel Aviv University and University of Haifa study finds that relationships between children and their siblings with intellectual disabilities are more positive than those between typically developing siblings. (2020-01-14)

One-fourth of children with autism are undiagnosed
One-fourth of children under age 8 with autism spectrum disorder -- most of them black or Hispanic -- are not being diagnosed, which is critical for improving quality of life. (2020-01-09)

Families of children with autism face physical, mental and social burdens
Families of children with autism face high physical, mental and emotional burdens, are sometimes ridiculed and even accused of child abuse, according to a Rutgers study. (2020-01-06)

Adulthood with autism
The independence that comes with growing up can be scary for any teenager, but for young adults with autism spectrum disorder and their caregivers, the transition from adolescence to adulthood can seem particularly daunting. Tasks such as managing one's own health insurance or applying for a car loan can be especially challenging for individuals with developmental disabilities. (2019-12-19)

Heat or eat? How one energy conservation strategy may hurt vulnerable populations
Any economic and conservation benefits associated with time-of-use electricity billing could be achieved at the expense of some of the most vulnerable citizens in our society: people with disabilities and the elderly, new research suggests. (2019-12-16)

Gene network sparks future autism treatment
A mutated gene found in people with intellectual disabilities that could be targeted for treatment has been identified by an international team including University of Queensland researchers. (2019-12-05)

Is disability a risk factor for miscarriage?
A new study compared the proportion of women with any cognitive, physical, or independent living disability who experienced a miscarriage during the previous 5-year period to women without disabilities. (2019-12-03)

More medical students are telling their schools about disabilities, and getting a response
The percentage of medical students who told their schools that they have a disability rose sharply in recent years, a new study shows. Medical schools made changes, called accommodations, for nearly all medical students who disclosed the fact that they have a condition that qualifies as a disability, the study also finds. For instance, schools adjusted testing times, or the length of patient care training. (2019-11-26)

Sensory processing difficulties adversely affect functional behavior in multiple sclerosis
'This study underscores the influence of sensory processing in MS, and the importance of screening patients for these disorders,' said Dr. Goverover. 'Further research is needed to explore whether sensory processing difficulties could be of predictive value for disease severity and cognitive decline,' she continued. 'This approach may lead to interventions that improve function and support the full participation of people with MS in everyday life.' (2019-11-21)

Team led by institute for basic research scientist publishes findings on TAF1 syndrome
An international research team led by Dr. Gholson Lyon of the New York State Office for People With Developmental Disabilities' Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities announced publication in Human Mutation of findings from its study of the rare disease TAF1 syndrome. The team previously identified the syndrome, caused by pathogenic variants involving the X-linked gene TAF1, in 11 families. In this recent study, the researchers identified an additional 27 families with the syndrome. (2019-11-20)

MU researchers describe catatonia in Down syndrome
Down syndrome, due to an extra chromosome 21, occurs in 250,000 children and adults in the United States, making it the country's most common chromosomal disorder. Inherited heart defects, thyroid cancer, celiac disease and developmental disabilities are common Down syndrome complications. Only recently has catatonia, a behavioral condition marked by new onset immobility, mutism, withdrawal and other behavioral abnormalities, been recognized in Down syndrome. (2019-11-19)

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