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Current Disability News and Events, Disability News Articles.
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Poor work ability may predict faster deterioration of health
Poor work ability in midlife may be associated with an accelerated deterioration of health and functioning in old age, states a study published in Canadian Medical Association Journal. (2011-01-31)

Low socioeconomic status increases depression risk in rheumatoid arthritis patients
A recent study confirmed that low socioeconomic status is associated with higher risk of depressive symptoms in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Statistically significant differences in race, public versus tertiary-care hospital, disability and medications were found between depressed and non-depressed patients. Study findings are reported in the February issue of Arthritis Care & Research, a journal published by Wiley-Blackwell on behalf of the American College of Rheumatology. (2011-01-26)

Weight loss plus walking essential for older, obese adults
Walking more and losing weight can improve mobility as much as 20 percent in older, obese adults with poor cardiovascular health, according to a new Wake Forest University study. (2011-01-24)

Cancer survivors likely to experience pain at some point in care: U-M study shows
More than 40 percent of cancer survivors experience cancer pain since their diagnosis and many have current cancer-related chronic pain, according to research by the University of Michigan Health System. The study, funded by the Lance Armstrong Foundation, provides new insight on issues facing the growing number of US cancer survivors. The results were published in the American Cancer Society's journal Cancer. (2011-01-13)

Racial, economic disparities evident among patients with Parkinson's disease and similar conditions
African Americans and those with lower socioeconomic status appear to have more severe parkinsonism with greater levels of disability, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the April 2011 print issue of Archives of Neurology, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2010-12-13)

Parkinson's disparities
African American patients and those with lower socioeconomic status have more advanced disease and greater disability when they seek treatment from Parkinson's disease specialists, according to a study from the University of Maryland School of Medicine. The researchers found that race, education and income were each significant and independent factors in determining a patient's level of disability. The disparities in health care are associated with greater disease severity and earlier loss of independence. (2010-12-13)

Feeling included -- kids with disabilities have their say in landmark study
For kids with disabilities to feel included in activities such as games, sport and play, it's the actions of others, particularly other children, that are key to achieving this. Findings reveal three key themes to inclusion for children experiencing disability: gaining entry to play, feeling like a legitimate participant and having friends. Parents, teachers and coaches can learn how to truly include children with disabilities in physical activity contexts by listening to them, researchers say. (2010-12-08)

Older survivors of mechanical ventilation can expect significant disability
Patients aged 65 and older who survive an episode of mechanical ventilation during a hospitalization are more likely to suffer from long-term disabilities after leaving the hospital than those who survive hospitalization without mechanical ventilation, according to researchers at the University of Pittsburgh. These results were borne out even though the levels of functional disability prior to hospitalization were similar in both groups. (2010-12-08)

Recommendations issued on controversial 'Ashley' procedure for disabled children
Should parents be able to use medical means to restrict the growth of profoundly disabled children to make them easier to care for at home? A working group convened to discuss the ethical and policy considerations of (2010-11-30)

Women with migraine with aura have better outcomes after stroke
Women with a history of migraine headache with aura (transient neurological symptoms, mostly visual impairments) are at increased risk of stroke. However, according to new research reported in Circulation: Journal of the American Heart Association stroke events in women with migraine with aura are more likely to have mild or no disability compared to those without migraine. (2010-11-29)

Illnesses, injuries greatly increase chances of older adults developing new or worsening disability
In a study examining the factors that play a role in an older adult's transition to disability, intervening illnesses and injuries that led to hospitalization or activity restriction were associated with worsening functional ability, especially among those who were physically frail, according to a study in the Nov. 3 issue of JAMA, a theme issue on aging. (2010-11-02)

Study provides treatment hope for long term effects of brain trauma
Brain damage continues to develop and evolve for months after a traumatic brain injury, revealing a potential target for treatments to improve brain trauma, new research led by the University of Melbourne Australia, has found. (2010-11-02)

Yale study tracks factors leading to physical decline in older adults
A study by Yale School of Medicine researchers reveals that the illnesses and injuries that can restrict the activity of older adults or land them in the hospital are linked to worsening functional ability, especially among those who are physically frail. The report appears in JAMA's Nov. 3 theme issue on aging. (2010-11-02)

Severe sepsis associated with development of cognitive and functional disability in older patients
Older adults who survived severe sepsis were more likely to develop substantial cognitive impairment and functional disability, according to a study in the Oct. 27 issue of JAMA. (2010-10-26)

Daily vibration may help aging bones stay healthy
A daily dose of whole body vibration may help reduce the usual bone density loss that occurs with age, Medical College of Georgia researchers report. Twelve weeks of daily, 30-minute sessions in 18-month old male mice -- which equate to 55- to 65-year-old humans -- appear to forestall the expected annual loss that can result in fractures, disability and death. (2010-10-25)

Sleep disturbances show clear association with work disability
Sleep disturbances increase the risk of work disability and may slow the return to work process. This is especially true in cases where work disability is due to mental disorders or musculoskeletal diseases. These results come from a recent study conducted by the Finnish Institute of Occupational Health in collaboration with the universities of Turku and London. (2010-10-25)

Physical symptoms common, disabling among patients with cancer and pain or depression
Patients with cancer who experience pain or depression also have a high rate of physical symptoms, such as fatigue, dry mouth and nausea, according to a report in the Oct. 11 issue of Archives of Internal Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2010-10-11)

Physical symptoms prevalent no matter what stage of cancer including remission
Twenty-two physical symptoms associated with cancer -- symptoms often unrecognized and under-treated -- are prevalent in all types of cancers regardless of whether the patient is newly diagnosed, undergoing treatment or is a cancer survivor, according to researchers from the Regenstrief Institute and the Indiana University schools of medicine and nursing. (2010-10-11)

Disability and Health Journal critically examines Americans with Disabilities Act
In recognition of the 20th anniversary of the enactment of the Americans with Disabilities Act, the October issue of Disability and Health Journal has brought together a series of articles to examine whether the ADA has in fact improved the health of people with disabilities. Areas of progress are identified, most notably acknowledging physical barriers and need for better staff training and communication about and with people with disabilities. However, there continue to be ongoing challenges. (2010-10-06)

Early use of hypertonic fluids does not appear to improve outcomes for severe traumatic brain injury
Patients with a severe traumatic brain injury (and not in shock because of blood loss) who received out-of-hospital administration of hypertonic fluids (a solution with increased concentration of certain electrolytes and thought to help reduce intracranial pressure) as initial resuscitation did not experience better six-month neurologic outcomes or survival compared to patients who received a normal saline solution, according to a study in the Oct. 6 issue of JAMA. (2010-10-05)

IV treatment may lower risk of dying from bacterial meningitis
New research shows that an intravenous treatment may cut a person's risk of dying from bacterial meningitis. The research is published in the Sept. 29, 2010, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology. The treatment is called dexamethasone. (2010-09-29)

Mental health leaves most costly disability to Canadian employers
Mental illness is associated with more lost work days than any other chronic condition, costing the Canadian economy $51 billion annually in lost productivity. In the first study of its kind, researchers from the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health have calculated the actual cost of mental health leave and found that on average it's double the cost of a leave for a physical illness. (2010-09-10)

Study finds the effects of population aging have been exaggerated
Due to increasing life-spans and improving health many populations are (2010-09-09)

InHealth awards grants to research teams at Northwestern, Duke
The Institute for Health Technology Studies (InHealth) has awarded two follow-on grants totaling more than $830,000 to research teams at Northwestern University and Duke University. (2010-09-09)

Ketamine may relieve depression quickly for those with treatment-resistant bipolar disorder
A single intravenous dose of the anesthetic agent ketamine appears to reduce symptoms of depression within 40 minutes among those with bipolar disorder who have not responded to other treatments, according to a report in the August issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2010-08-02)

Study: Weight issues move up need for walkers, canes, other devices
Obese older adults are more likely to use walkers, canes and other mobility devices at a younger age, and may run the risk of using them incorrectly, according to new research from Purdue University. (2010-07-28)

Obesity rise linked to disability increase among elderly in Latin America and the Caribbean
According to a new study, rising obesity rates in Latin America and the Caribbean are making elderly people there more likely to suffer from disabilities. (2010-07-26)

Genetic ancestry data improve diagnosis in asthma and lung disease
Researchers at National Jewish Health and several other institutions found that patients' precise genetic background told far more about their potential lung function -- and therefore any damage that has occurred -- than the self-identified racial profile commonly used in such tests. The results point to a more precise method of assessing patients' lung function, as well as the potential impact of using precise genetic benchmarks for assessing health overall. (2010-07-09)

Attitudes, beliefs and health literacy impact how patients manage chronic lower-back pain
In a study published in the August issue of Pain, a group of Australian researchers investigating the relevance of health literacy in patients with chronic lower back pain (CLBP) found that LBP-related beliefs and behaviors affect a person's disability more than pain intensity or a standard measure of functional health literacy. However, when delving deeper into aspects of health literacy, important factors were identified which might help to explain disability associated with CLBP. (2010-07-07)

Can aspirin prolong a healthy life?
In an effort to extend the length of a disability-free life for older adults, researchers from Wake Forest University Baptist Medical Center are partnering with colleagues from across the US and Australia in the largest international trial ever sponsored by the US National Institute on Aging. (2010-07-07)

Glucosamine appears to provide little benefit for chronic low-back pain
Even though it is widely used as a therapy for low back pain, a randomized controlled trial finds that patients with chronic low-back pain and degenerative lumbar osteoarthritis who took glucosamine for six months showed little difference on measures of pain-related disability, low back and leg pain and health-related quality of life, compared to patients who received placebo, according to a study in the July 7 issue of JAMA. (2010-07-06)

Majority of Ontarians suffering from rheumatoid arthritis not receiving needed speciality care
Nearly 60 percent of Ontarians with rheumatoid arthritis -- an autoimmune disease that causes chronic inflammation of the joints -- were not seen by a specialist within a one-year period to treat the debilitating disease, according to a new study. (2010-07-06)

Women live longer but in worse condition
Catalan researchers have studied the socioeconomic and health inequalities experienced by people over the age of 64. The results of the study show that women live longer, but experience more limitations to daily activity and a lower quality of life than men of the same age. (2010-07-02)

Stroke complications may subtract additional 2 years of healthy life
Stroke complications may deprive patients of about two years of healthy life, in addition to three years of healthy life lost due to the stroke, according to a South Korean study. A combined measure of potential life years and function lost can impact public health decisions, researchers said. However, it's unclear if the findings can be applied to other populations. (2010-07-01)

Texas A&M researchers call for support for parents of children with disabilities
Caring for a child with a disability can be challenging, but many of these challenges are due to a lack of necessary environmental supports, according to a study conducted by researchers at the Texas A&M University Center on Disability and Development. (2010-06-24)

Sleep quality of soldiers with migraine is poor
Some 19 percent of soldiers returning from Iraq have migraine and migraine is suspected in another 17 percent. While prevalence of migraine among the US military is well documented, little is known about sleep quality in soldiers with chronic headaches including post-traumatic headache and migraine. (2010-06-23)

Schools still failing to promote positive attitudes toward disabled people
Progress towards teaching children to have positive attitudes towards disabled people has been slow and (2010-06-22)

Targeting disease remission has socio-economic benefits over low disease activity
Achieving disease remission in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) provides superior outcomes across measures of socio-economic importance including work productivity and quality of life according to results presented today at EULAR 2010, the Annual Congress of the European League Against Rheumatism in Rome, Italy. These Austrian findings are reported in addition to improvements in measures of physical functioning, when compared with RA patients achieving low disease activity. (2010-06-19)

Anxiety/panic disorder most frequent disabling comorbid disorder in TS patients, study finds
An assessment of patients with adult Tourette syndrome to identify clinical factors that contribute to psychosocial and occupational disabilities resulting from the vocal or motor tics that define TS found that anxiety/panic disorder may be the most disabling psychiatric condition associated with the disorder. (2010-06-17)

Cost of caring for stroke patients double that of earlier estimates
Care in first six months post stroke in Canada soars to more than $2.5 billion annually according to new study. The direct and indirect health-care costs for new stroke patients tally an average $50,000 in the six-month period following a new stroke. (2010-06-08)

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