Current Discrimination News and Events | Page 3

Current Discrimination News and Events, Discrimination News Articles.
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Age discrimination laws don't protect older women as they do older men
Older women in the workforce should be considered collectively as a unique demographic group that includes both gender and age if they're to receive adequate protection against workplace discrimination, according to a new paper published by a University at Buffalo economist. (2020-06-18)

Study finds Oregon's gender-affirming health care good on paper; still lacking in practice
While Oregon ranks highly nationwide for its gender-affirming policies and health care for transgender women, many of those polices are not fully realized in practice, a recent study from Oregon State University found. (2020-06-17)

Opposition to sexual- and gender-minority rights linked to support for Christian dominance
Many Christian and political conservatives in the U.S. support legislation to deny sexual and gender minorities the rights most Americans enjoy: unfettered access to jobs, housing, services and public facilities; the opportunity to marry as they choose; and the right to adopt a child. A new study offers insight into the factors that correlate with support for such laws. (2020-06-11)

Discrimination may erase 'birthweight advantage' of black US immigrants in one generation
Black women have the highest prevalence of low birthweight babies, but black immigrants typically have much better outcomes than their US-born counterparts. However, this study finds the 'birthweight advantage' experienced by the foreign-born black population is lost within a single generation. The researchers point to discrimination and inequality as causes. (2020-06-03)

Women at lower risk for cardiovascular disease than men
Women's risk of falling ill with cardiovascular disease, and dying from it, is lower than that of men of the same age, irrespective of where in the world they live. This is shown by a study of, in total, more than 160,000 men and women in 27 countries. Scientists at the University of Gothenburg, Sweden, are among those presenting the results. (2020-06-03)

Major gaps in HIV programs in Africa
HIV management in developing countries varies with socioeconomic and structural circumstances, with two Flinders University studies finding examples of key ways to close the gap for those worst affected in developing countries. The studies, just published in PLoS ONE journal, call for reforms to nutritional programs and for better treatment of HIV affected prisoners - providing guidance for several sub-Saharan regions as well as other low and middle-income countries. (2020-05-31)

International research improves quality of CT scan imagery
Computerized tomography (CT) is one of the most effective medical tests for analysing the effects of many illnesses, including COVID-19. An international team has developed a new method that improves the quality of the images obtained from CT scans. The algorithm, tested on simulated data, enables them to distinguish different body's tissue types better and opens the door to lowering the doses of radiation to which patients are exposed during this type of test. (2020-05-08)

Providing child support after prison: Some state policies may miss the mark
Many states have policies that attempt to help formerly incarcerated people find work by limiting an employer's ability to access or use criminal records as part of the hiring process. But there is little evidence that these restrictions are helping non-resident fathers provide financial support to their children. (2020-05-04)

Immunity passports to vaccination certificates for COVID-19: Equitable & legal challenges
As governments from countries including the US, Germany, Italy and the UK, explore the possibility of issuing so-called 'immunity passports,' a leading global health and legal scholar warns that such action poses significant practical, equitable, and legal issues. In contrast, if and when a vaccine is developed, vaccination certificates will likely play an important role in ending the pandemic and protecting global health. (2020-05-04)

Women in IT more likely to be promoted than men
Women are underrepresented in leadership positions throughout the information technology industry. While more and more women are earning degrees in science, technology, engineering, and math -- or STEM -- fields, they don't necessarily pursue careers in IT, because they don't see opportunities for growth. New research from the Lally School of Management at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute published in Information Systems Research examines how gender affects the likelihood of promotions in the context of the IT industry. (2020-04-29)

Addressing black students' concerns about belonging in college has benefits in adulthood
The benefits of a brief 'social belonging' exercise completed by black students in their first year of college followed them into adulthood, with participants reporting greater career satisfaction, well-being and community involvement almost a decade later. (2020-04-29)

LGBTQ military service members at higher risk of sexual harassment, assault, stalking
A recent study found that LGBTQ service members face an elevated risk of sexual victimization including harassment, assault and stalking while in the military than their non-LGBTQ counterparts. (2020-04-21)

How common is racial/ethnic discrimination in US surgical residency programs?
Surveys from nearly 7,000 resident surgeons were used to evaluate how common racial/ethnic discrimination is in US general surgery programs and how it's associated with burnout, thoughts of quitting and suicide. (2020-04-15)

A new window into psychosis
A recent study in mice led a team of researchers in Japan to believe that psychosis may be caused by problems with specialized nerve cells deep within the brain, as well as a certain kind of learning behavior. The researchers hope this could provide insight into the emergence of delusions in patients with psychosis or schizophrenia with the aim of finding ways to help them. (2020-03-18)

Self-help groups empower caregivers of children with disabilities
Caregivers in low-income settings will be able to respond to the challenges of bringing up children with disabilities, thanks to a new model created by the University of East Anglia (UEA) and the Kenya Medical Research Institute (KEMRI). (2020-03-10)

BU researchers: The health care system is failing transgender cancer survivors
A new Boston University School of Public Health (BUSPH) study is the first-ever population-based study of cancer prevalence in transgender people, estimating 62,530 of the nearly 17 million cancer survivors in the US are transgender. (2020-03-09)

LGBT health improves when friends are just like them
Researchers from Michigan State University are the first to pinpoint social factors that can reduce these stressors and improve health for LGBT people. (2020-03-05)

The persistence of pay inequality: The gender pay gap in an anonymous online labor market
The US is witnessing a dramatic rise in nontraditional 'gig economy' labor markets. Research examined the work of over 20,000 men and women completing over 5 million tasks online, and found a gender pay gap not accounted for by demographics, task preferences, or experience. On average, women's hourly earnings were 10.5% lower than men's. This is the first study to provide evidence that pay gaps can arise despite the absence of overt discrimination, labor segregation, and inflexible work arrangements. (2020-03-04)

Changing the debate around obesity
The UK's National Health Service (NHS) needs to do more to address the ingrained stigma and discrimination faced by people with obesity, says a leading health psychologist. (2020-03-03)

Regular walnut consumption linked to health and longevity in women, according to new study
According to a new epidemiological study, women in their late 50s and early 60s who consumed at least two servings of walnuts per week had a greater likelihood of healthy aging compared to those who did not eat walnuts. After accounting for various factors that could impact health in older adults, such as education and physical activity, walnuts were the only nut associated with significantly better odds of healthy aging. (2020-02-25)

Self-reported student mistreatment in US medical schools
An analysis of annual surveys from graduating students at all U.S. allopathic medical schools suggests self-reported medical student mistreatment remains common and varies by sex, race/ethnicity and sexual orientation. This observational study included 27,504 unique student surveys, representing 72.1% of graduating medical school students in 2016 and 2017. (2020-02-24)

How sleep helps teens deal with social stress
Study found that adequate sleep allowed students to cope with discrimination and challenges associated with ethnic or racial bias. It also helps them problem-solve more effectively and seek peer support when faced with hardships. (2020-02-24)

Intelligent control of mode-locked femtosecond pulses by time-stretch-assisted spectral analysis
Researchers in China led by Lilin Yi at Shanghai Jiao Tong University developed apparatus and software algorithms allowing automatic 'intelligent control' over the femtosecond pulses generated by mode-locked fiber lasers. The system can manipulate key aspects of the wavelength range and composition of the pulses - technically their 'spectral width' and 'spectral shape' -- more effectively than previously possible. The procedure also yields new technical insights into the factors determining the nature of femtosecond pulses generation. (2020-02-18)

Are robots designed to include the LGBTQ+ community?
Robot technology is flourishing in multiple sectors of society, including the retail, health care, industry and education sectors. However, are the perspectives of minority groups, such as the LGBTQ+ community, considered in robot and AI development? (2020-02-12)

When kids face discrimination, their mothers' health may suffer
A new study is the first to suggest that children's exposure to discrimination can harm their mothers' health. (2020-02-06)

Invest in social equity to improve health for low-income people
Canada must invest in social spending and recognize that our health care system is not 'universal' if Canadians living in low-income neighborhoods are to have the same chance of good health as other Canadians, argues an editorial in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). (2020-02-03)

Brain study identifies possible causes of ethnic pain disparities
In a new study, researchers identify possible brain and social factors underlying racial and ethnic disparities in pain. The researchers found that African American participants reported greater pain in response to a controlled pain stimulation than Hispanic or non-Hispanic white participants did. (2020-02-03)

Racial discrimination in mortgage market persistent over last four decades
A new Northwestern University analysis finds that racial disparities in the mortgage market suggest that discrimination in loan denial and cost has not declined much over the previous 30 to 40 years, yet discrimination in the housing market has decreased during the same time period. (2020-01-23)

Facial paralysis stigma takes emotional toll, especially when acquired later in life
People with facial paralysis are more likely to face depression and anxiety than the general population, especially if the paralysis occurs later in life rather than at birth, according to a recent study. (2020-01-23)

How universities may help bridge social divide between international, domestic students
Self-esteem is a valuable resource for undergraduate international students trying to socialize with their domestic counterparts at American universities, but new research by a University at Buffalo psychologist suggests that while self-esteem predicts better socialization with domestic students, it is curiously unrelated to how international students socialize with other internationals. (2020-01-08)

Math test score gap between white and non-white students in Brazil due to complex factors
School test scores often show gaps in performance between white and non-white students. Understanding the complex reasons behind this can help reduce those gaps and promote social equality, explains Mary Paula Arends-Kuenning, associate professor of agricultural and consumer economics at the University of Illinois. (2020-01-02)

Health impact of support between African American couples when dealing with racial discrimination
Experiences of racial discrimination are a common source of stress for African Americans, and research shows discrimination can have a damaging impact on physical and emotional health. Family studies researchers at the University of Illinois, knowing the interdependence of individuals in close, romantic relationships, wanted to know if this link between racial discrimination and health might be different for those in committed relationships. (2019-12-18)

Black teens face racial discrimination multiple times daily, suffer depressive symptoms
Black teenagers experience daily racial discrimination, most frequently online, which can lead to negative mental health effects, according to a Rutgers researcher. (2019-12-16)

Police killings of unarmed black Americans may have health impacts for nearby unborn black infants
Pregnant black women give birth to infants with smaller birth weights and shorter gestational ages if they live near the site of incidents in which unarmed blacks are killed by police during their first or second trimester, according to a new study. (2019-12-04)

Characterizing whale vocalization can help map migration
Killer whale pods each have their own set of calls they use to communicate, sometimes referred to as the pod's 'dialect.' By characterizing a pod's calls, researchers can track its seasonal movements, gaining a better understanding of the whales' lives. Jessica Sportelli at the Scripps Institution of Oceanography studies a pod of relatively unknown killer whales in Pond Inlet, Nunavut, Canada and she will describe their repertoire of calls at the 178th ASA Meeting. (2019-12-03)

Problems of homophobia and transphobia in sport
The diverse field of sport is not free from discrimination. In a sports system characterized by a binary gender order and gender stereotypes, LGBTI* people can feel insecure and sometimes discriminated against. This often prevents them from actively participating in sport. The EU project OUTSPORT presents the findings of the full survey which involved more than 5,500 respondents. It also makes recommendations as to what action organized sport can take. (2019-11-27)

Successful alcohol, drug recovery hampered by discrimination
Even after resolving a problem with alcohol and other drugs, adults in recovery report experiencing both minor or 'micro' forms of discrimination such as personal slights, and major or 'macro' discrimination such as violation of their personal rights. (2019-11-26)

Sexual minorities continue to face discrimination, despite increasing support
Despite increasing support for the rights of people in the LGBTQ+ community, discrimination remains a critical and ongoing issue for this population, according to researchers. Researchers found that sexual minorities experienced discrimination and victimization at different rates across age. (2019-11-14)

Research explores impact of racial discrimination on dating websites for gay, bisexual men
University of Illinois social work professor Ryan Wade is the co-creator of a scale that measures the impact of racialized sexual discrimination on gay and bisexual men of color who encounter it on dating websites and apps. (2019-11-14)

Racial bias and discrimination may negatively impact heart disease care, risk factors
Two new studies illustrate that race may affect heart care for African Americans and African immigrants. A national study suggests African Americans may have a more difficult time getting approved for a heart transplant. A separate study, conducted in the Baltimore-Washington, D.C. Metropolitan area, found that African immigrants who reported experiencing discrimination were more likely to have multiple heart disease and stroke risk factors. (2019-11-11)

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