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Cochrane review looks at the effectiveness and side effects of mefloquine
Researchers from LSTM Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group publish two systematic reviews this week about the safety of mefloquine (Lariam) for preventing malaria in travellers. (2017-10-30)

Want to control your dreams? Here's how you can
New research at the University of Adelaide has found that a specific combination of techniques will increase people's chances of having lucid dreams, in which the dreamer is aware they're dreaming while it's still happening and can control the experience. (2017-10-19)

Researcher sheds new light on how brain operates like GPS
Neuroscientist Aaron Wilber discovers new insights about how the brain creates a map-like representation of locations that helps a person navigate the world. (2017-09-13)

An autism 'revolution' in the history of child development
What is autism and how did we come to understand it as a spectrum? A new book by QMUL researcher Dr. Bonnie Evans uncovers the social history of autism, how it has come to define so many lives, and why its meaning was transformed in popular culture. (2017-02-16)

Study finds new target for controlling cell division
Modern genome sequencing methods used to measure the efficiency of synthesis of individual protein during cell division has found that the enzymes that make lipids and membranes were synthesized at much greater efficiency when a cell is ready to split. (2017-01-18)

Teenagers could see long-term benefits from new treatments for depression
More than two-thirds of adolescents who suffer from depression could see long-term benefits from receiving one of three psychological treatments - of which only one is currently recommended on the NHS - according to research published today in The Lancet Psychiatry. (2016-11-30)

Promoting parasites
Hiroshima University scientists have identified a new species of parasite infecting an invasive freshwater fish on the subtropical island of Okinawa, Japan. The results are part of a project to find parasites that have arrived in Japan with their non-native hosts and understand the role of parasites in natural ecosystems. Tracking parasites can be one scientific method to monitor ecosystem health and attempt to conserve biodiversity. (2016-11-24)

Following the 'Tinman'
Scientist Li Qian, Ph.D., has forged an award-winning career at the UNC School of Medicine. And now she has earned a UNC School of Medicine Jefferson-Pilot Fellowship in Academic Medicine, which includes $20,000 to be used toward scholarly endeavors. (2016-11-17)

JNeurosci: Highlights from the Nov. 16 issue
When you recite a phone number over and over while you search for a pen and paper to write it down, you're relying on your working memory. Activity in an area of the brain's prefrontal cortex is thought to contribute to working memory ability, but the exact neural mechanisms are still a mystery. In a new study, researchers find the amount of a specific neurotransmitter in the prefrontal cortex may predict one aspect of working memory ability. (2016-11-16)

Consuming violent media linked to 13x surge in violent dreams
The violent and sexual media you consume during the day may infiltrate your dreams at night, new research suggests. People who reported consuming violent media within 90 minutes of bedtime were 13 times more likely to have a violent dream that night. (2016-11-15)

New role of adenosine in the regulation of REM sleep discovered
The regulation and function of sleep is one of the biggest black boxes of today's brain science. A new paper published online on Aug. 2 in the journal Brain Structure & Function finds that rapid eye movement (REM) sleep is suppressed by adenosine acting on a specific subtype of adenosine receptors, the A2A receptors, in the olfactory bulb. (2016-08-31)

TMS differences between brain activity of people who dream and people who do not dream
Transcranial magnetic stimulation revealed differences between brain activity of people who dream and people who do not dream. Measurements demonstrated that the brain activity of people who dream during NREM sleep, compared to people who do not dream, is closer to the brain activity of awake people. (2016-08-09)

Music makes beer taste better
Music can influence how much you like the taste of beer, according to a study published in Frontiers in Psychology. (2016-07-28)

NEJM: 'TBI's long-term follow-up -- slow progress in science and recovery'
Eleven years ago in the New England Journal of Medicine, medical journalist Susan Okie, M.D., first introduced readers to two US Army veterans who suffered traumatic brain injuries in Iraq, and the challenges they faced in the recovery period after returning home. In the July 14 issue of the NEJM, Okie describes her follow-up interviews with the soldiers, and the slow journey to recovery that continues more than a decade later. (2016-07-13)

Weight and diet may help predict sleep quality
The old adage 'you are what you eat,' may be better phrased as 'your sleep relates to what you eat.' An individual's body composition and caloric intake can influence time spent in specific sleep stages, according to results of a new study (abstract 0088) from researchers at the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania that will be presented at SLEEP 2016, the 30th annual meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies LLC. (2016-06-10)

Argonne National Laboratory program to provide opportunity to launch ventures
To meet this challenge, the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new innovation accelerator program for science and energy entrepreneurs called Chain Reaction Innovations. (2016-05-24)

Self-understanding helps criminal substance abusers
Researchers from Aarhus BSS have developed the treatment program Impulsive Lifestyle Counselling, which helps substance abusers who also suffer from impulsive and criminal behavior. (2016-04-15)

Combine analytical thinking and intuition, says scientist
A new book titled 'Connecting Analytical Thinking and Intuition' urges scientists to become better at combining analytical thinking and intuition. 'This is necessary in order to successfully meet the major global interdisciplinary challenges,' says the author of the book, Anders Omstedt, professor of oceanography at the University of Gothenburg. (2016-04-14)

Parental pressure pushes young athletes to doping
Pressure to be perfect from parents makes young male athletes positive about doping, research from the University of Kent shows. Research from the University's School of Sport and Exercise Sciences has revealed that parental pressure makes junior athletes more likely to use banned substances to enhance sporting performance. (2016-02-25)

Comparison of smoking cessation therapies finds similar quit rates
Among adults motivated to quit smoking, 12 weeks of treatment with a nicotine patch, the drug varenicline, or combination nicotine replacement therapy produced no significant differences in confirmed rates of smoking abstinence at 26 or 52 weeks, raising questions about the current relative effectiveness of intense smoking cessation pharmacotherapies, according to a study in the Jan. 26 issue of JAMA. (2016-01-26)

Nanolive launches the ultimate live cell imaging tool at ASCB2015 in San Diego
Nanolive launches the 3-D Cell Explorer at ASCB2015 in San Diego. (2015-12-09)

EJAF and EGPAF launch new project to fight adolescent HIV in Africa
The Elizabeth Glaser Pediatric AIDS Foundation and the Elton John AIDS Foundation today launched a new project to expand HIV treatment and prevention efforts for adolescents in urban settings in Kenya and Zambia. The two-year, US $2 million project will aim to improve the overall well-being and quality of life for adolescents 15-19 years of age through expansion of access to and quality of HIV/AIDS prevention, care, treatment, and support services. (2015-11-09)

Adults' happiness on the decline
Are you less happy than your parents were at the same age? It may not be all in your head. Researchers led by San Diego State University professor Jean M. Twenge found adults over age 30 are not as happy as they used to be, but teens and young adults are happier than ever. (2015-11-05)

New insights into REM sleep crack an enduring mystery
REM sleep -- the phase of mammalian sleep physiology where dreams occur -- has long fascinated us, but the identity of the neurons that control REM sleep, and its function in sleep have been mysterious. Now, neuroscientists provide the first answers to both questions, identifying a neural circuit in the brain that regulates REM sleep, and showing that REM sleep controls the physiology of the other major sleep phase, called non-REM sleep. (2015-10-22)

New insights into REM sleep crack an enduring mystery
In a remarkable demonstration of a recent brain technology, neuroscientists have identified a neural circuit in the brain that regulates REM sleep, and showed that REM sleep controls the physiology of the other major sleep phase, called non-REM sleep. (2015-10-22)

An ocean of hope
A new book by a UC Santa Barbara scholar explores the meaning of hope amid environmental struggles in the Pacific Ocean. (2015-10-19)

Huawei and Beijing Genomics Institute agreed to boost gene technology efficiency over 30 percent
Huawei Cloud Congress and Beijing Genomics Institute signed a partnership agreement to establish 'Big Data Genome Storage System' with the objectives for better gene technology workflow, co-design and to innovate large data storage system for research work. (2015-10-15)

Chapman University's second annual Survey of American Fears released
The survey asked respondents about 88 fears across a broad range of categories including fears about the government, crime, the environment, the future, technology, aging, sickness and health; natural and man-made disasters, claustrophobia, clowns and many other personal anxieties; and a host of others. (2015-10-14)

Can't count sheep? You could have aphantasia
If counting sheep is an abstract concept, or you are unable to visualize the faces of loved ones, you could have aphantasia -- a newly defined condition to describe people who are born without a 'mind's eye.' (2015-08-26)

Rats 'dream' paths to a brighter future
When rats rest, their brains simulate journeys to a desired future such as a tasty treat, finds new UCL (University College London) research funded by the Wellcome Trust and Royal Society. (2015-06-26)

EORTC and Andaman7 are working together to develop Synchronized Health Records
Vincent Keunen runs the software development company that developed Andaman7, a collaborative electronic health record for doctors and patients. The multilingual Andaman7 app is a kind of mobile electronic health record system that can contain any medical record about the patient, entered by the patient, doctor, or through the hospital electronic health record system. (2015-06-23)

Sleep quality influences the cognitive performance of autistic and neurotypical children
One night of poor sleep significantly decreases performance on intelligence tests in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and also in neurotypical children (without ASD). (2015-05-28)

Watching worms will help humans age more gracefully
Tiny worms who spent time aboard the International Space Station could help humans understand more about the effects of aging in space. (2015-05-26)

Study finds EITC bolsters recipients' self-respect while helping them financially
America's welfare state is quietly evolving from needs-based to an employment-based safety net that rewards working families and fuels dreams of a better life, indicates a new study led by a Michigan State University scholar. (2015-04-01)

Lifting families out of poverty -- with dignity
America's welfare state is quietly evolving from needs-based to an employment-based safety net that rewards working families and fuels dreams of a better life, indicates a new study led by a Michigan State University scholar. (2015-04-01)

WSU researchers find 'exploding head syndrome' more common in young people than thought
Washington State University researchers have found that an unexpectedly high percentage of young people experience 'exploding head syndrome,' a psychological phenomenon in which they are awakened by abrupt loud noises, even the sensation of an explosion in their head. (2015-03-30)

Will you ever pay off your student loan?
Would-be participants of higher education must be given full and transparent advice before they accumulate debts as students that follow them into the workplace, according to a report published in the International Journal of Pluralism and Economics Education. (2015-03-25)

Largest review of clinical trials to assess risk of patients using Champix
Findings from the largest review of clinical trials to date to determine whether patients prescribed the smoking cessation drug Varenicline (brand name Champix in the UK) are at an increased risk of neuropsychiatric events are published online in the British Medical Journal today. (2015-03-12)

New UTHealth therapy targets PTSD, substance use disorders
A new cognitive behavioral therapy designed to treat both post-traumatic stress disorder and substance use disorders is the focus of research at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston Medical School. (2015-03-02)

Mayo Clinic receives $5.75 million gift for Lewy body dementia research
Mayo Clinic's campus in Jacksonville, Fla., has received a $5.75 million gift from the Harry T. Mangurian Jr. Foundation in Palm Beach, Fla., to advance the study of Lewy body dementia, a deadly disease that causes a progressive decline in mental and physical abilities. The new Mayo program is one of a few in the world dedicated to finding answers and treatments for the disease. (2015-01-28)

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