Current Drug Addiction News and Events | Page 25

Current Drug Addiction News and Events, Drug Addiction News Articles.
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Feared by drug users but hard to avoid, fentanyl takes a mounting toll
In a pair of studies of Rhode Island's opioid overdose epidemic, Brown University researchers show that while heroin users appear desperate to avoid fentanyl, it's killing more of them every year. (2017-06-07)

Imaging technique could be game changer for pharma
In drug development, the body can be something of a black box. We take medicine and observe the overall effects, but what happens inside the body largely remains a mystery. To help clear up this picture, researchers are turning to imaging techniques in tissue and animal testing. The step has gained ground in the drug industry, according to a story in Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society. (2017-06-07)

What motivates parents to protect children from cell phone addiction?
A new study examined the role parental mediation can play in protecting children from the potential negative effects of smartphone use, comparing the perceived risk and different types of mediation and parenting styles. (2017-06-05)

New consensus document for appropriate use of drug testing in clinical addiction medicine
A new Consensus Document from the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM) provides practical, evidence-based recommendations on the use of drug testing for identification, diagnosis, treatment, and monitoring of patients with or at risk for substance use disorders (SUDs). The document appears in the May/June issue of the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of ASAM. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2017-06-01)

Certain vaginal bacteria render HIV microbicide less effective
Certain types of vaginal bacteria rapidly degrade a medication used to prevent HIV, a study of South African women reveals. (2017-06-01)

Where to look for new treatments for alcoholism? The matrix
A new study in Biological Psychiatry may pave the way for treating alcohol addiction by reducing motivation to drink, rather than by altering the effects of alcohol itself. Led by Drs. Kasia Radwanska and Leszek Kaczmarek of the Nencki Institute, Warsaw, Poland, the study reports a new mechanism behind alcohol seeking behavior. (2017-06-01)

The role of science in combatting the opioid crisis
Opioid misuse and addiction is an ongoing and rapidly evolving public health crisis, requiring innovative scientific solutions. (2017-05-31)

Young adult substance abuse down 41 percent among PROSPER program participants
Children who participated in the PROSPER (PROmoting School-community-university Partnerships to Enhance Resilience) program over seven years ago showed lower rates of substance abuse after high school graduation, according to a new study conducted by researchers from Pennsylvania State and Iowa State Universities and published in a recent issue of Psychological Medicine. (2017-05-31)

Kids in high-achieving schools: Addiction down the road?
They have what most would want -- affluent upwardly mobile parents, living in comfortable homes in the suburbs, going to an elite high school and being groomed for the nation's best colleges. But these 'privileged' American high schoolers can be at high risk for problematic substance abuse across early adulthood, according to new research from Arizona State University. (2017-05-31)

Internet withdrawal increases heart rate and blood pressure
Scientists and clinicians from Swansea and Milan have found that some people who use the internet a lot experience significant physiological changes such as increased heart rate and blood pressure when they finish using the internet. (2017-05-31)

Oxytocin reduces cravings for methamphetamine
Many people have suggested that addiction hijacks the body's natural drives in the service of compulsive drug use. A new study now suggests that hijacking another natural system in the brain may help overcome drug addiction. Published in Biological Psychiatry, the study shows that administration of oxytocin -- a naturally occurring molecule well known for its role in social bonding and childbirth -- reduces drug-seeking behavior in methamphetamine-addicted rats. (2017-05-31)

One blood pressure drug therapy associated with lower health-care costs
About half of patients diagnosed with high blood pressure will need their medication adjusted within the first year to address side effects or failure to control blood pressure properly. Among the modification options available, one drug therapy is associated with lower costs for follow-up doctor visits and hospitalizations, according to a new study led by a University of Florida researcher. (2017-05-30)

Legalizing marijuana will harm health of youth in Canada
The federal government's bill C-45 to legalize marijuana in Canada will jeopardize the health of young people and Parliament should vote against it, argues the interim editor-in-chief of CMAJ in an editorial. (2017-05-29)

Cuts to addiction services in England are 'a false economy' warns expert
Cuts to addiction services in England are a false economy and are instead increasing pressure elsewhere in the NHS, warns an expert in The BMJ today. (2017-05-24)

Recreational cocaine: Brain area involved in addiction activated earlier than thought
Even among non-dependent cocaine users, cues associated with consumption of the drug lead to dopamine release in an area of the brain thought to promote compulsive use, according to researchers at McGill University. (2017-05-23)

Pain linked to non-medical prescription opioid use in young adults
hysical pain--often (2017-05-17)

The impact of the rise in new drug rejections
The number of new drug applications rejected by the US Food and Drug Administration has been on the rise. The cover story of Chemical & Engineering News (C&EN), the weekly newsmagazine of the American Chemical Society, explores why this is happening and what it means for patients. (2017-05-17)

How to accurately assess use of new psychoactive drugs such as 'bath salts'
Researchers surveyed individuals entering NYC EDM parties about their drug usage, with almost one out of ten participants who reported no 'bath salt' use as per the gate question then reported use of one or more drugs in this class, such as methylone, providing evidence of under-reporting. (2017-05-16)

Making drug use a crime makes HIV prevention, treatment more difficult
The criminalization of drug use has a negative effect on efforts to prevent and treat people with HIV, suggests a review of published research conducted by the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the University of British Columbia. (2017-05-15)

Cutting-edge analysis reveals how different drugs interact with the same target
Osaka University-led researchers identified differences in how three drugs bind to tumor necrosis factor, a key mediator of inflammatory disease. The team used sedimentation velocity analytical ultracentrifugation to investigate drug-target binding in a physiological environment and at clinically-relevant concentrations. They revealed differences between the three drugs in the size and structure of the complexes formed, which may explain differences in the drugs' clinical efficacy. This technique could help optimize future drug design. (2017-05-14)

Drug used for alcohol dependence might also treat stuttering, suggest researchers
Baclofen, a drug that has recently been used to treat alcohol dependence despite not officially being licensed for this condition, might also help stop stuttering, suggest researchers in the journal BMJ Case Reports. (2017-05-11)

Combining heroin and commonly prescribed non-opioid pain killers leads to a significant rise in overdose deaths
A multi-disciplinary study has shown that the recent substantial increase in prescriptions for two drugs, pregabalin and gabapentin, used widely for a range of neurological disorders is closely correlated with a rise in the number of overdose deaths in England and Wales. These drugs have become drugs of abuse, according to new University of Bristol findings published in Addiction, which highlight that they are especially dangerous when used with heroin or other opioids. (2017-05-11)

Experimental technology monitors and maintains drug levels in the body
A new technology can monitor and maintain the level of drug in the bloodstream of animals. If it works in people, it could deliver the optimal dose of life-saving drugs and prevent harmful over- or underdosing. (2017-05-10)

Quit-smoking drug safe for patients with lung disease, study finds
Medication that helps smokers to quit is safe for use by people with chronic lung conditions, research led by the Universities of Edinburgh and Dusseldorf suggests. (2017-05-10)

New safety concerns identified for 1 in 3 FDA-approved drugs
Nearly 1 out of every 3 drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) have a new safety issue detected in the years after approval, says a Yale-led study. While most of the safety concerns are not serious enough to require withdrawal of a drug from the market, the finding highlights the need for ongoing surveillance of new drugs in the post-market period, said the researchers. (2017-05-09)

Brain injury causes impulse control problems in rats
New research from the University of British Columbia confirms for the first time that even mild brain injury can result in impulse control problems in rats. (2017-05-08)

RTI finds TROSA, an innovative substance abuse treatment program, saves NC $7.5 million annually
TROSA, a therapeutic community providing substance abuse treatment and job training, saves North Carolina $7.5 million every year, according to an independent study conducted by RTI International. (2017-05-04)

Buprenorphine cuts length of stay nearly in half for infants withdrawing from opioids
A research team from Thomas Jefferson University published research finding buprenorphine cuts length of stay nearly in half for infants withdrawing from opioids. The finding is likely to change practice in neonatal intensive care units internationally. (2017-05-04)

Neuroscientists seek brain basis of craving in addiction and binge eating
A new article in JAMA Psychiatry details the first step in revealing how craving works in the brain. Scientists at the Center for BrainHealth at UT Dallas are the first to propose a quantitative model for drug addiction research. The model focuses on craving: the intense, urgent feeling of needing or wanting drugs. Their ongoing research and subsequent findings have the potential to open a new frontier of alcohol and substance abuse treatment. (2017-05-03)

Prenatal cocaine exposure increases risk of higher teen drug use
Mothers smoking crack cocaine during pregnancy -- and its lingering effects on their children -- are the focus of 20-plus years of ongoing research by Case Western Reserve University. (2017-05-03)

Overdose prevention and naloxone rescue among family members of people who use opioids
Family members are often the ones who administer naloxone during an opioid overdose and should be considered as part of the larger response to help curb fatal overdoses. These findings demonstrate the important role that educating family members about overdoses and how to obtain and administer naloxone could play an important role in helping decrease the number of fatal opioid overdoses. (2017-04-28)

Cleveland Clinic discovers opportunities to overcome cancer treatment resistance
A collaborative Cleveland Clinic, University of Oxford and Moffitt Cancer Center team of researchers has proven the theory that, while resistance to targeted treatment in cancer is truly a moving target, there are opportunities to overcome the resistance that develops. (2017-04-27)

The fast and the crashed: Study shows collisions 5 times more likely for street racers
Ontarians who have street-raced at least once in the past year are five times more likely than other drivers to have crashed their vehicle at some point during those 12 months. This is the first Canadian survey to look systematically at the demographics and crash rates of adult street racers in Ontario. (2017-04-25)

'Alarmingly high' risk of death for people with opioid use disorder in general medical care
Almost one-fifth of patients with opioid use disorder (OUD) in a large healthcare system died during a four-year follow-up period, reports a study in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2017-04-24)

Anti-viral treatment during pregnancy reduces HBV transmission from mother to child
An analysis of published studies indicates that the antiviral drug tenofovir given to pregnant women in the second or third trimester can help prevent mother to child transmission of the hepatitis B virus (HBV). (2017-04-24)

Opioid addiction increases likelihood of death tenfold in general healthcare settings
People who are addicted to opioids and receiving their medical care in a general health care setting were more than 10 times as likely to die during a four-year period than people without substance abuse problems, UCLA researchers have found. (2017-04-21)

Risk of psychosis from cannabis use lower than originally thought, say scientists
Scientists at the University of York have shown that the risk of developing psychosis, such as hallucinations, from cannabis use is small compared to the number of total users. (2017-04-20)

New mechanism to fight multi-resistant bacteria revealed
In recent years scientists, clinicians and pharmaceutical companies have been struggling to find new antibiotics or alternative strategies against multi-drug resistant bacteria that represent nowadays a serious health problem. In a breakthrough study now published in PLOS Biology, Isabel Gordo and her team at Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência (IGC; Portugal) identified a compensatory mechanism in bacteria that might be used in the future as a new therapeutic target against multi-drug resistant bacteria. (2017-04-18)

Opioid use disorder in pregnancy -- medication treatment improves outcomes for mothers and infants
Medication for addiction treatment (MAT) with buprenorphine or methadone is an appropriate and accepted treatment for pregnant women with opioid use disorder (OUD), according to a research review and update in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, the official journal of the American Society of Addiction Medicine (ASAM). The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2017-04-14)

High stakes, high risk, and a bad bet
Gambling addiction is a mental disorder characterized by excessive risk-taking despite negative results. Scientific studies using functional MRI have previously shown that addicts have altered activity in brain regions related to risk and reward, making them prone to prefer risky choices. New fMRI research conducted at Kyoto University has now found another explanation for the unhealthy bent: addicts have a poor ability to assess and adapt to high risk situations. The study appeared recently in Translational Psychiatry. (2017-04-14)

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