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Correlation between firearm-related hospitalizations and US stock market performance: New study
Over 2001-2011, the national incidence of firearm-related hospitalizations has closely tracked the national stock market performance, suggesting that economic perturbations and resultant insecurities might underlie the perpetuation of firearm-related injuries, according to a new study published in the American Journal of Medicine. Although the fatality rates have remained stable over the last two decades, the average length of stay and hospitalization costs have increased, imposing additional burden on existing health care resources. (2015-04-15)

How limiting CEO pay can be more effective, less costly
If regulators limit executive pay, boards and CEO gain more collaborative relationships that can lead to more effective, less costly incentives. (2015-04-15)

Childhood self-control linked to enhanced job prospects throughout life
Parents who work to instill self-control in their children will see them reap the benefits not only in the short-term but throughout their working life, according to new research in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. (2015-04-14)

Study puts a price on help nature provides agriculture
A team of international scientists has shown that assigning a dollar value to the benefits nature provides agriculture improves the bottom line for farmers while protecting the environment. The study confirms that organic farming systems do a better job of capitalizing on nature's services. (2015-04-14)

More food, low pollution effort gains traction
Nitrogen fertilizers make it possible to feed more people in the world than ever before. However, too much of it can also harm the environment. Professor Eric Davidson at the University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science has been leading a group of scientists, economists, social scientists, and agriculture experts in figuring out how to produce more food while lowering pollution at the same time. He calls it a 'Mo Fo Lo Po': more food, low pollution. (2015-04-09)

Rise of UK food banks linked to local spending and central welfare cuts
The expansion of food banks across the United Kingdom is associated with cuts in spending on local services, welfare benefits and higher unemployment rates, conclude researchers in The BMJ this week. (2015-04-08)

Obesity in children: Breastfeeding is best, but...
Yes, while breastfeeding is the optimal first food for a baby, it's not as simple to say that it will protect all children from becoming obese. Recent studies show that factors such as whether a child's mother is obese, the quality of her milk and the socio-economic conditions a baby is born into also have an influence. (2015-04-07)

Neighborhood stigma affects online transactions, NYU researchers find
The stigma associated with particular neighborhoods has a direct impact on economic transactions, a team of NYU sociologists has found. Their study shows that when sellers are seen as being from an economically disadvantaged neighborhood, they receive fewer responses to advertisements placed in online marketplaces. (2015-04-06)

Louisiana Tech University wins EDA grant for I-20 Corridor Maker's Innovation Network
US Secretary of Commerce Penny Pritzker announced Monday that Louisianan Tech University is among 17 winners of the 2014 Regional Innovation Strategiesi6 Program national competition designed to advance innovation and capacity-building activities in regions across the country. (2015-04-02)

Generous welfare benefits make people more likely to want to work, not less
Generous welfare benefit levels make people who are not in employment more likely to want to work rather than less, new research suggests. (2015-03-31)

Studies of health information exchanges yet to show strong evidence of benefits, IU paper says
Health information exchanges are supposed to improve the speed, quality, safety and cost of patient care, but there is little evidence of that in existing health information exchange benefit studies, according to a research paper published this month in the prestigious journal Health Affairs. (2015-03-25)

Hidden benefits of electric vehicles revealed
Electric vehicles are cool, research shows. Literally. A study in this week's Scientific Report by researchers at Michigan State University and in China add more fuel to the already hot debate about whether electric vehicles are more environmentally friendly than conventional vehicles by uncovering two hidden benefits. (2015-03-19)

Buyer's remorse -- model shows people demand all that bad news
Bad news in the media got you down? News consumers have only themselves to blame, says new research showing that it's actually buying habits that drive negative press. (2015-03-18)

Understanding democracy and development traps using a data-driven approach
Why do some countries seem to develop quickly while others remain poor? This question is at the heart of the so-called poverty or development trap problem. Using mathematics on open data sets researchers now present new insights into this issue, and also suggest which countries can be expected to develop faster. The paper is published in the journal Big Data. (2015-03-18)

Use of anti-clotting drug more than 3 hours after stroke should be re-evaluated, say researchers
Advice to use the anti-clotting drug alteplase more than three hours after an acute stroke should be re-evaluated, say researchers writing in The BMJ this week. (2015-03-17)

Global economic impact of diabetes revealed in new study
Diabetes reduces people's employment chances and wages around the world -- according to a new study from the University of East Anglia. Researchers studied the economic impact of type II diabetes worldwide. While it is widely known that diabetes poses a huge health challenge, awareness of its impact on the global economy and labour markets has never before been studied in such detail. (2015-03-16)

New evidence that increasing economic inequality rises out of political partisanship
Political scientists at the University at Buffalo and Pennsylvania State University have published new research investigating how partisan differences in macroeconomic policy have contributed to substantial and rising economic inequality in the United States. The negative consequences of such policy decisions, researchers found, have a greater impact on people at the lower end of the economic spectrum, but are 'significantly more muted' for those at the higher end of the spectrum. (2015-03-12)

Being 'laid off' leads to a decade of distrust
Being forced into unemployment can scar trust for at least nine years after being being 'laid off.' (2015-03-10)

Hormone replacement therapy for postmenopausal women: Does it help or harm your heart?
New evidence published today in the Cochrane Library shows that hormone replacement therapy does not protect post-menopausal women against cardiovascular disease, and may even cause an increased risk of stroke. (2015-03-10)

Aneurysm screening should be revisited, say experts
Aneurysm screening for men over 65 should be revisited as it is unknown whether the benefits outweigh the harms, argue researchers in The BMJ this week. (2015-03-03)

'No take zones' in English Channel would benefit marine wildlife and the fishing industry
Marine conservationists are increasingly pinning their hopes on marine protected areas (MPAs) to save threatened species and reduce over-fishing. However, while most people agree that stopping some types of fishing in MPAs would benefit wildlife and fisheries, working out which fishing activities should be banned is often complicated and controversial. (2015-03-03)

NREL refines method to convert lignin to nylon precursor
A new study from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory demonstrates the conversion of lignin-derived compounds to adipic acid, an important industrial dicarboxylic acid produced for its use as a precursor to nylon, plasticizers, lubricants, polyesters, and other popular products and chemicals. (2015-03-03)

Study highlights benefits of screening for heart disease in men with erectile dysfunction
New research reveals that screening for cardiovascular disease in men presenting with erectile dysfunction may be a cost-effective intervention for preventing both cardiovascular disease and, over the longer term, erectile dysfunction. (2015-03-02)

UK engineering -- a success story that needs sustaining
An independent report on the economic impact of engineering in the UK is published today, Monday, March 2, by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council and the Royal Academy of Engineering. The report, 'Assessing the economic returns of engineering research and postgraduate training in the UK,' has been compiled by the Technopolis group. It highlights the remarkable contribution of engineering to the nation's economy and the everyday lives of UK citizens. (2015-03-02)

Suicide rates rising for older US adults
Suicide rates for adults 40-64 years of age in the US have risen about 40 percent since 1999, with a sharp rise since 2007. One possible explanation could be the detrimental effects of the economic downturn of 2007-2009, leading to disproportionate effects on house values, household finances, and retirement savings for that age group. Researchers found that external economic factors were present in 37.5 percent of all completed suicides in 2010, rising from 32.9 percent in 2005. (2015-02-27)

World's protected natural areas receive 8 billion visits a year
Researchers say that the first study to attempt to gauge global visitation figures for protected areas reveals nature-based tourism has an economic value of hundreds of billions of dollars annually, and call for much greater investment in the conservation of protected areas in line with the values they sustain -- both economically and ecologically. (2015-02-24)

Texas natural gas grants generated $128 million in economic impact last year
The University of Texas at San Antonio Institute for Economic Development released a study today showing that three State grants to support natural gas programs generated $128 million in economic impact, $79.1 million in gross state product and supported 927 full-time jobs in 2014. (2015-02-24)

India automaker's chairman emeritus to receive honorary degree at S.C. Auto Summit
Clemson University will honor chairman emeritus of India's Tata Motors Ratan Tata with an honorary Doctorate of Automotive Engineering at the S.C. Automotive Summit Tuesday at the Hyatt Regency Greenville. (2015-02-23)

Caution concerning the possible health benefits of alcohol
Protective effects of moderate drinking may have been over-estimated, warn experts. (2015-02-10)

Obesity follows growth of big box retailers and restaurants, Georgia State economist finds
Big-box retailers Costco, Sam's Club, BJ's Wholesale and Walmart, along with full-service and fast-food restaurants, are key contributors to the nation's obesity epidemic, according to research by a health economist in the Andrew Young School of Policy Studies at Georgia State University. (2015-02-02)

Is this the year you join the 1 percent?
Here's some good news for the New Year: According to new research by Washington University in St. Louis and Cornell University, there's a 1 in 9 chance that a typical American will hit the jackpot and join the wealthiest 1 percent for at least one year in her or his working life. And now the bad news: That same research says only an elite few get to stay in that economic stratosphere -- and nonwhite workers remain among those who face far longer odds. (2015-01-29)

No direct link found between rising inequality and reduced trust
Does rising economic inequality causes trust to fall in society and thus endanger social cohesion? Recent academic research appears to support this notion. However, a study from the University of Luxembourg disagrees. (2015-01-28)

Hospitals helping violence victims could save millions
In the first systematic look at the economic outcomes of hospital-based violence intervention, Drexel researchers demonstrate that, in addition to transforming victims' lives, these programs may indeed save a significant amount of money compared to non-intervention, in various sectors including health care and criminal justice, up to about $4 million to serve 90 clients in a 5-year period. (2015-01-26)

Girls lead boys in academic achievement globally
Considerable attention has been paid to how boys' educational achievements in science and math compare to girls' accomplishments in those areas, often leading to the assumption that boys outperform girls in these areas. Now, using international data, researchers at the University of Missouri and the University of Glasgow in Glasgow, Scotland, have determined that girls outperform boys in educational achievement in 70 percent of the countries they studied -- regardless of the level of gender, political, economic or social equality. (2015-01-26)

Unemployment benefits do not discourage job seekers from returning to work
Unemployment benefits do not discourage job seekers from returning to the workforce, according to a study carried out by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid that analyzes the Spanish system of unemployment protection from a legal and economic perspective. (2015-01-26)

APS applauds President's support of R&D in SOTU
The American Physical Society applauds President's support of research and development in the State of the Union Address. (2015-01-21)

NSF Director to join international thought leaders at World Economic Forum
National Science Foundation Director Dr. France A. Córdova will join thousands of other academic, business, cultural and political leaders from across the globe next week at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, where she will participate in sessions on science, technology and society. (2015-01-20)

What does Davos really do? Analyzing the World Economic Forum
Every January, hundreds of politicians, CEOs, scientific experts, and celebrities gather for their annual meeting in the exclusive Swiss ski resort of Davos to 'improve the state of the world.' Yet, the World Economic Forum's influence on society and consumption is surprisingly little understood. A new study in the Journal of Consumer Research addresses this gap. (2015-01-20)

China's aging population poses challenges, but policy changes can help
China's population is aging at a rapid pace, posing a significant challenge to the nation's economic advancement. While many observers say the trend condemns the nation to a dismal future, a new study finds that past policies on education and new policies to improve health and foster internal migration could ease the challenges posed by an older citizenry. (2015-01-19)

Walking groups come out trumps for boosting overall health without side effects
Benefits include reductions in blood pressure, body fat, total cholesterol and depression risk. (2015-01-19)

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