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Current Economic Benefits News and Events, Economic Benefits News Articles.
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Paper: Industry concentration contributes to job quality erosion, wage stagnation
Dominant firms in concentrated industries can play a role in job quality erosion and wage stagnation for U.S. workers, says new research co-written by U. of I. labor and employment relations professor Richard Benton and U. of I. graduate student Ki-Jung Kim. (2020-08-12)

Citizens prefer teachers and administrators to take the hit during economic crisis
With schools around the world looking into various cost-cutting measures in the midst of the COVID-10 pandemic, new research from Binghamton University, State University of New York reveals that citizens prefer teachers and administrative staff to be at the frontline of school spending cuts during times of economic crisis. (2020-08-11)

The costs and benefits of addressing customer complaints
Developing a strategy to achieve an optimal recovery-loyalty yield is more advantageous than adopting the mantra that the customer is always right. (2020-08-07)

Identifying local solutions in the barotse floodplain for sustainable agriculture development
To develop locally relevant strategies that improve food security, nutrition, and conservation, researchers employed a gendered ecosystem services approach in Zambia. (2020-08-06)

Are we medically intervening in maternity care when we don't need to?
Researchers from the School of Nursing and Midwifery at Trinity College Dublin have provided an international perspective on differences in key birth interventions as part of a European research network which aims to understand and contextualise physiological labour and birth. The studies focussed on the economic implications of reducing caesarean section rates and on the amounts of synthetic oxytocin used during labour. (2020-08-06)

Increase in immigration has little impact on the wages of US citizens
A new study in Review of Economic Studies suggests that a large increase in the stock of immigrants to the United States would have little impact on the wages of native US citizens. Allowing for more high-skill immigration could be detrimental to some highly skilled workers in the country, but disproportionately beneficial to low skilled workers. (2020-08-05)

Despite decline, distribution of air pollution highlights socioeconomic disparities
While the level of fine particulate air pollution has declined considerably over the last several decades, a new study finds that its distribution has remained largely unchanged. (2020-07-30)

How global responses to COVID-19 threaten global food security
The ongoing COVID-19 pandemic has forced nations worldwide to implement unprecedented social measures to stem the rapid spread of the virus. (2020-07-30)

Major climate initiative in the Northeastern US benefits children's health
A new study by researchers from the Columbia Center for Children's Environmental Health (CCCEH) at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health reports that the Regional Greenhouse Gas Initiative (RGGI) has been successful in reducing fine particulate matter (PM2.5) emissions and substantially improving children's health, both major co-benefits of this climate policy. These findings are published today in Environmental Health Perspectives (2020-07-29)

Subsidies, weather, and financial education promote agricultural insurance adoption
A University of Maryland-led study shows that subsidies can help people continually purchase insurance, but only if they have the financial literacy to understand the benefits and have the experience of seeing the policy in action. In a new paper published in American Economic Review, researchers conducted the first ever experimental study to look at the impact of subsidies. This paper provides insight into the ''insurance puzzle'', with implications for policy and educational programs. (2020-07-29)

NZ-China agreement has brought strong economic gains, Otago research
An Otago economist argues New Zealand should expand its trade agreements in the wake of COVID-19, as his new research shows the country benefited from the NZ-China free trade agreement. University of Otago Economics Lecturer Dr Murat Ungor and his former Masters student, Sam Verevis collaborated on the paper What has New Zealand gained from the FTA with China: Two counterfactual analyses, which has just been published in the Scottish Journal of Political Economy. (2020-07-28)

Which bacteria truly qualify as probiotics?
Today, the word probiotic is used to describe all kinds of 'good' microorganisms in foods and supplements. Already, scientists have come up with a specific definition of probiotics, however, they have agreed that for a bacterial strain or strains to be called a probiotic, it should follow four simple criteria. Correct use of the term probiotic, per these criteria, will give consumers better transparency about the benefits when they consume products that contain live microorganisms. (2020-07-27)

Leaving money on the table to stay in the game
Unlike businesses or governments, organisms can't go into evolutionary debt -- there is no borrowing one's way back from extinction. This can lead to seemingly irrational economic choices that suddenly make sense when viewed as a multiplicative, evolutionary process. (2020-07-27)

Big wheel ruts, big economic losses
Research suggests the economic loss from wheel-traffic compaction for farmers in North Dakota and Minnesota could exceed 1 billion USD. (2020-07-23)

Fertility is likely to decline in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study finds
Fertility is likely to decline in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic, a new Bocconi University study finds (2020-07-23)

Men 'less supportive' in more egalitarian nations
A new 42-country study has found that the more gender egalitarian the country, the less likely men are to support women's causes. (2020-07-23)

Returning to farming's roots in the battle against the 'billion-dollar beetle'
A new study from University of Arizona entomologists reaffirms the importance of crop rotation and diversification in combating the western corn rootworm's resistance to biotech crops. (2020-07-20)

Socio-economic status predicts UK boys' development of essential thinking skills
A comparison of children in Hong Kong, mainland China and the UK has found that British boys' development of key thinking skills, known as 'executive functions', is unusually reliant on their socio-economic status. (2020-07-20)

Improving lung cancer CT screening performance in real-world settings
An Online First Accepted Manuscript published in ARRS' American Journal of Roentgenology (AJR) finds that focusing on lung cancer screening (LCS) subjects less likely to remain in the program -- those with negative low-dose CT exams and those who still smoke -- can improve that program's cost-effectiveness and maximize its societal benefits. 'Our study demonstrates that a real-world LCS can perform similar to randomized controlled trials in regard to important performance metrics,' the authors of this AJR article conclude. (2020-07-16)

Study calls for action to protect BAME and migrant groups from economic impact of COVID-19
The COVID-19 lockdown has had a disproportionate economic impact on Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) migrants in the UK, new research, which also calls for racial justice, reveals today. (2020-07-13)

Access to nature requires attention when addressing community health needs
Nature is a tool to address deeply entrenched health disparities; health systems should work to increase nature access, as they have with other social determinants of health. (2020-07-09)

How fear transforms into anxiety
University of New Mexico researchers identify for the first time the brain-wide neural correlates of the transition from fear to anxiety. (2020-07-09)

Study says inhalers ok to use amid COVID-19 concerns
University of Huddersfield researchers find that the benefits of inhalers for asthma sufferers outweigh the risks of contracting coronavirus, following concerns raised after WHO warned that steroids could reduce immunity. (2020-07-09)

Aquaculture's role in nutrition in the COVID-19 era
A new paper from American University examines the economics of an aquaculture industry of the future that is simultaneously environmentally sustainable and nutritious for the nearly 1 billion people worldwide who depend on it. (2020-07-09)

New estimates highlight global economic and environmental impacts of COVID-19
The COVID-19 pandemic has resulted in an estimated global consumption loss of $3.8 trillion, as well as significant job and income loss. However, these socioeconomic effects are accompanied by notable estimated reductions in air pollution. Manfred Lenzen of the University of Sydney, Australia, and colleagues present these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on July 9, 2020. (2020-07-09)

"Protect 30% of the planet for nature," scientists urge in new report
A new report entitled, ''Protecting 30% of the planet for nature: costs, benefits, and economic implications,'' represents the first multi-sector analysis that assesses the global impacts of terrestrial and marine protected areas across the nature conservation, agriculture, forestry, and fisheries sectors. (2020-07-08)

Timing of SNAP benefits can reduce childhood injuries
A recently published study shows that families that receive Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits later in the month have fewer ER visits, likely because they can afford to feed their families at the end of the calendar month when other resources run low. (2020-07-02)

GPS isn't just for road trips anymore
Precision agriculture technologies can improve efficiency on smaller farms (2020-07-01)

Ecosystem degradation could raise risk of pandemics
Environmental destruction may make pandemics more likely and less manageable, new research suggests. (2020-06-29)

New pharmaceuticals: public research combines efficiency with contained costs
Is the basic research that goes into the development of new drugs more efficiently conducted by public-sector scientists, pharmaceutical firms, or independent private laboratories? What role do each of these groups play in determining prices of innovative pharmaceuticals, which have risen steeply over the last years? To answer these questions, economists Francesca Barigozzi, of the University of Bologna, and Izabela Jelovac, of the CNRS, designed and studied a model inspired by game theory. (2020-06-29)

Global economic stability could be difficult to recover in the wake of the COVID-19, finds study
Analysis from the University of Surrey suggests that the economies of countries such as America, the United Kingdom and Germany should prepare for a long slow recovery with prolonged periods of instability. (2020-06-26)

SNAP work requirements put low-income Americans at risk
When work requirements for a federal food safety-net program start again, many low-income Americans will lose benefits -- and Black adults will be hardest hit, according to a study published today. In addition, some disabled people will lose these crucial food assistance benefits. (2020-06-26)

Food-grade wheatgrass variety released for public use
Farmers can now grow this superfood with environmental and health benefits. (2020-06-24)

Economic alien plants more likely to go wild
An international team of researchers led by University of Konstanz ecologist Mark van Kleunen has compiled a global overview of the naturalization success of economic plants, showing that economic use in general, as well as the number and nature of economic uses, are crucial to their establishment in the wild. (2020-06-24)

Supply constraint from earthquakes in Japan in input-output analysis
Supply constraint from earthquakes in Japan was examined in IOA. (2020-06-24)

Study quantifies socioeconomic benefits of satellites for harmful algal bloom detection
A Resources for the Future (RFF) and NASA VALUABLES Consortium study published in GeoHealth examines the benefits of using satellite data to detect harmful algal blooms and manage recreational advisories in Utah Lake. The study finds that the use of such data can result in socioeconomic benefits worth hundreds of thousands of dollars from one harmful algal bloom event. (2020-06-24)

Decline in green energy spending might offset COVID-era emissions benefits
Researchers have documented short-term environmental benefits during the COVID-19-related lockdown, but that silver lining could be far outweighed by a long-term decline on clean energy investments, a new Yale-led study finds. (2020-06-22)

The nexus between economic inequality and social welfare
A new interpretation of the concept of inequity - in the sense of unequal distributions across individuals, time and states of the world -- and a new, general measure of welfare from a study just published in the Journal of Economic Surveys, with the contribution of the CMCC Foundation. (2020-06-16)

An essential sustainable farming practice faces one big limitation: Land to produce seeds
The growth in cover cropping in the United States may soon hit a ceiling: planting millions of acres of cover crops requires huge extensions of land to produce cover crop seed. Between 3 and 6 percent of the 92 million acres of cropping land currently used for corn (maize) in the U.S. may be required to produce cover crop seed for that land area. (2020-06-11)

Which businesses should be open?
A new study by MIT researchers uses a variety of data on consumer and business activity to tackle that question, measuring 26 types of businesses by both their usefulness and risk. Vital forms of commerce that are relatively uncrowded fare the best in the study; less significant types of businesses that generate crowds perform worse. The results can help inform the policy decisions of government officials during the ongoing pandemic. (2020-06-11)

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