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Current Elderly News and Events, Elderly News Articles.
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Elderly people's response to COVID-19 not as expected
Survey results from 27 countries suggest that, despite their increased risk of severe illness due to COVID-19, elderly people are not more willing to isolate when asked to, and are not more compliant with several COVID-19 preventive measures. Jean-Fran├žois Daoust of the University of Edinburgh, UK, presents these findings in the open-access journal PLOS ONE on July 2, 2020. (2020-07-02)

More evidence of causal link between air pollution and early death
Strengthening U.S. air quality standards for fine particulate pollution to be in compliance with current World Health Association (WHO) guidelines could save more than 140,000 lives over the course of a decade, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health. (2020-06-26)

Study finds strong evidence for a causal link between long-term exposure to fine air particles and greater mortality in elderly Americans
A new analysis of 16 years of publicly accessible health data on 68.5 million Medicare enrollees provides broad evidence that long-term exposure to fine particles in the air - even at levels below current EPA standards - leads to increased mortality rates among the elderly. Based on the results of five (2020-06-26)

'Remarkably high' rate of suicide among elderly patients after hip fracture
Older adults who suffer a hip fracture requiring surgery are at a higher risk of suicide, suggests a study in the June 17, 2020 issue of The Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. The journal is published in the Lippincott portfolio in partnership with Wolters Kluwer. (2020-06-17)

Oncotarget: Preoperative geriatric nutritional risk index is a useful prognostic indicator
The cover for issue 24 of Oncotarget features Figure 4, 'Cancer-specific survival curves based on GNRI according to pTNM stage,' by Hirahara, et al. Volume 11 Issue 24 of @Oncotarget reported that this study aimed to evaluate the relationship between preoperative Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index and long-term outcomes in elderly gastric cancer patients. (2020-06-16)

COVID-19 in Geneva, less than 11% have been infected
A study carried out among 2766 people reveals that, at the time of the decline of the Coronavirus pandemic, only 10.8% of the Geneva population had been infected with Covid-19. Moreover, compared to adults between 20 and 50 years of age, children between 5 and 9 years of age are three times less likely to be infected and those over 65 years of age half as likely. These results were published in the Lancet. (2020-06-12)

Nutraceuticals for promoting longevity
The review, published in Current Nutraceuticals, offers a special focus on the nutraceuticals that impact insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor signaling and sirtuin activity in mediating longevity and healthspan. (2020-06-10)

Flu vaccine coverage linked to reduced antibiotic prescribing
Researchers at CDDEP, Johns Hopkins University, and the University of Maryland School of Medicine assessed the impact of influenza vaccination coverage on state-level antibiotic prescribing rates in the United States between 2010 and 2017. (2020-06-10)

Blood pressure medications help even the frailest elderly people live longer
Taking prescription blood pressure medication helped even the frailest elderly patients live longer, according to a large study in Italy. While the improved survival benefit was found in all older people, the healthier older people survived longer than those with multiple medical conditions. (2020-06-08)

T cell immunity in the elderly
A study by Monash Biomedicine Discovery Institute (BDI) expands the understanding of the molecular pathways that control T cell function and survival and how it relates to declining T cell immunity in the elderly. (2020-06-05)

Atherosclerosis screening plus physical activity assessment give doctors a more accurate picture of mortality risk
'On a scale of 1 - 10, how much do you exercise (0-none, 10-always).' Adding this simple question when assessing elderly patients undergoing coronary artery calcium (CAC) scans can help clinicians better understand and treat patients, report scientists in Mayo Clinic Proceedings: Innovations, Quality & Outcomes, published by Elsevier. (2020-06-05)

Partial measures compromise effectiveness of efforts to combat COVID-19
A study at the Faculty of Business Sciences, University of Tsukuba shows that comprehensive implementation of COVID-19 infection prevention measures boosts their effectiveness, while partial implementation compromises it. Using a computer model to simulate COVID-19 infection prevention measures in a virtual ''town,'' the study tracked the spread of the disease across 27 combinations of measures. Measures implemented alone or in partial combinations showed limited effectiveness, while comprehensive approaches suggested the greatest efficacy. (2020-05-19)

Elderly patients with pneumonia twice as likely to die as those with broken hips, yet underestimate the danger of pneumonia
Elderly patients who are hospitalised with pneumonia are twice as likely to die as those hospitalised with hip fractures -- yet many elderly people fail to accurately assess their risk of pneumonia, concludes research due to be presented at the European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID). (2020-04-17)

McGill researchers identify correlation between MBI and Alzheimer's
New research from McGill University has found that the presence and severity of mild behavioral impairment (MBI) in cognitively healthy individuals is strongly associated with the presence of amyloid plaques deposits in the brain, a hallmark of Alzheimer's disease. (2020-04-08)

Protecting the elderly in long-term care facilities from the risks of COVID-19
A new report calls for measures to protect elderly people in long-term care facilities and their caregivers who are particularly vulnerable to the COVID-19 pandemic. (2020-04-07)

Identification of new factors important in maintaining lung function in the elderly
Japanese researchers have found that elderly carriers of a specific DsbA-L gene type are at increased risk for lung function decline. The protein DsbA-L is known to be an antioxidant and enhances the function of the beneficial protein adiponectin. Decreased expression of the DsbA-L gene in lung tissue resulted in an increase in oxidative stress and mucous production. The researchers expect that precision medicine focusing on this gene will prove to be beneficial. (2020-04-06)

COVID-19 infection prevention and control in long-term care facilities
Dr. John W. Rowe is a member of a WHO Expert Panel on Care of the Elderly which just released guidance for prevention and management of COVID-19 among elderly in long term care facilities. The paper outlines guidance on Infection Prevention and Control in the context of COVID-19 which is to prevent COVID-19-virus from entering the facility, spreading within the facility, and spreading to outside the facility. (2020-03-26)

How to slow down ageing?
Healthy ageing has become one of the priorities of research in Europe. Estonian researchers looked for differences in the immune systems of young and old people. They focused on monocytes and found that the monocytes of the elderly do not seem to produce as much energy, and there is an increase in inflammation markers compared to younger people. Looking into the future, this research gives food for thought as to how to slow down age-related changes. (2020-03-19)

Aging and nutrients competition determine changes in microbiota
Two studies with surprising discoveries: in the elderly, the bacterium E. coli evolves in a way that can become potentially pathogenic and increase the risk of disease and, according to data obtained in another study, the metabolism of the same bacterium present in the microbiota evolves differently if it is alone or accompanied by other bacteria. (2020-03-11)

Nobody at home: A great increase in out-of-home rates over 28 years in Kumamoto, Japan
Researchers developed a new method of analyzing travel survey data to show that the rates of households in the Kumamoto, Japan metropolitan area with everyone out-of-home has increased from 41.3% in 1984 to 51.5% in 2012. This increase partly explains the recent rise in failed parcel redeliveries. The researchers believe their work can be used to reduce redeliveries, develop efficient at-home interview survey methods, and for crime prevention such as burglary countermeasures. (2020-03-03)

Elderly patients also benefit from kidney transplantation
So far, kidney transplantation has generally not been offered to elderly patients (>75 years) because of the perioperative risks. Nor has it been clearly established whether transplanted patients in this age benefit significantly. In a new study published in NDT, the graft survival proved to be excellent, and nearly all patients remained dialysis-free. Is it time to rethink established common practice? (2020-02-26)

Anti-psychotic medication linked to adverse change in brain structure
In a first-of-its-kind study using advanced brain imaging techniques, a commonly used anti-psychotic medication was associated with potentially adverse changes in brain structure. This study was the first in humans to evaluate the effects of this type of medication on the brain using a gold-standard design: a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. The study could have an immediate impact on clinical practice. (2020-02-26)

Readmission risk increases for elderly patients with geriatric-specific characteristics
Researchers have examined new geriatric-specific characteristics that appear to raise the risk of elderly surgical patients having an unplanned hospital readmission within a month of initially leaving the hospital. (2020-02-18)

Walnuts may slow cognitive decline in at-risk elderly
Eating walnuts may help slow cognitive decline in at-risk groups of the elderly population, according to a study conducted by researchers in California and Spain. (2020-01-28)

New study examines mortality costs of air pollution in US
Scholars from the Gies College of Business at Illinois studied the effects of acute fine particulate matter exposure on mortality, health care use and medical costs among older Americans through Medicare data and changes in local wind direction. (2020-01-21)

Study questions routine troponin testing for ACS in geriatric patients with NSCs
The results of a study conducted by researchers from Indiana University School of Medicine may not support troponin testing for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) in selected elderly patients with nonspecific complaints (NCSs). (2020-01-13)

Socioeconomic inequalities are decisive in the health of the elderly
Researchers at the UPV/EHU, Osakidetza and the Department of Health have reviewed scientific papers that analyse the relationship between socioeconomic inequalities and health among the elderly population in Spain. The results are useful in developing future studies and designing specific healthcare policies aimed at reducing these inequalities in health. The aspects that have been highlighted the most are educational attainment, the characteristics of the place of domicile and the previous occupation of the individuals. (2019-12-23)

Heat or eat? How one energy conservation strategy may hurt vulnerable populations
Any economic and conservation benefits associated with time-of-use electricity billing could be achieved at the expense of some of the most vulnerable citizens in our society: people with disabilities and the elderly, new research suggests. (2019-12-16)

Neural network for elderly care could save millions
A deep neural network model helps predict healthcare visits by elderly people, with the potential to save millions (2019-12-13)

Brachytherapy proves effective in treating skin cancer
The use of high-dose-rate brachytherapy to treat elderly patients with common skin cancers offers excellent cure rates and cosmetic outcomes, according to a new study. (2019-12-04)

Research reveals no link between statins and memory loss
Over 6 years, researchers evaluated the cognitive effects of statins in elderly consumers, revealing no negative impact and potential protective effects in those at risk of dementia. (2019-11-18)

New finding offers possibility for preventing age-related metabolic disease
A study by researchers at Yale has uncovered why belly fat surrounding organs increases as people age, a finding that could offer new treatment possibilities for improving metabolic health, thereby reducing the likelihood for diseases like diabetes and atherosclerosis that stem from inflammation. (2019-11-15)

Age is not a barrier to the benefits of weight-loss surgery
While weight-loss surgeries are not usually performed in people above the age of 65, a new study shows that these procedures can lead to successful weight loss and better diabetes control in older adults. The study, presented at the Society for Endocrinology annual conference in Brighton, UK, indicates that elderly patients treated with bariatric surgery (gastric bypass or gastric sleeve) can recover well and have a reduced risk of obesity-related complications, including heart disease and diabetes. (2019-11-10)

Biologics offer similar disease activity improvement for elderly & young-onset RA patients
According to new research findings presented this week at the 2019 ACR/ARP Annual Meeting, both patients with rheumatoid arthritis whose disease onset occurred at an older age and those whose disease onset occurred earlier in life have similar improvements in clinical disease at 48 weeks after starting biologic disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs, as well as similar drug maintenance and adverse events discontinuation rates. (2019-11-09)

Movement patterns predict frailty and disability in the elderly
Elderly people who show more random changes in daily movement tend to be at greater risk of frailty, disability and death, according to a large study involving 1,275 individuals over the course of 13 years. (2019-10-30)

Predicting frailty, disability and death
In a study led by investigators from Brigham and Women's Hospital, researchers analyzed patterns of movement among elderly study participants and found that irregular, spontaneous fluctuations could predict a person's risk of frailty, disability and death years later. Their results are published in Science Translational Medicine. (2019-10-30)

Research shows that early retirement can accelerate cognitive decline
Early retirement can accelerate cognitive decline among the elderly, according to research conducted by faculty at Binghamton University, State University of New York. (2019-10-29)

Novel study documents marked slowdown of cell division rates in old age
In a novel study comparing healthy cells from people in their 20s with cells from people in their 80s, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center say they have documented that cell division rates appear to consistently and markedly slow down in humans at older ages. (2019-10-22)

Cause of antibiotic resistance identified
Bacteria can change form in human body, hiding the cell wall inside themselves to avoid detection. The cell wall is often the antibiotic target - so if bacteria are concealing it inside themselves antibiotics have no target. New osmoprotective detection methods are needed to be used to identify any L-form bacteria. Research also showed that L-form bacteria can revert back to walled bacteria - within 5 hours - VIDEO available. (2019-09-26)

How babies absorb calcium could be key to treating osteoporosis in seniors
New research reveals the mechanism that allows breastfeeding babies to absorb large amounts of calcium and build healthy bones -- a discovery that could lead to treatment for osteoporosis and other bone diseases later in life. The researchers identified calcium-absorbing channels in the lower two-thirds of the small intestines of breastfed infant mice in a paper published earlier this month in the journal Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. (2019-09-10)

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