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NSF center aims to bolster security and trust in e-voting
The National Science Foundation today awarded $7.5 million to found a six-institution, multidisciplinary research center called ACCURATE that will evaluate e-voting systems, develop technical standards and design improved e-voting technology. The move comes amidst the largest conversion of U.S. voting technology in a century. About 29 percent of U.S. voters cast electronic ballots in 2004, despite persistent questions from legal scholars and computer security experts about the trustworthiness of e-voting technology. (2005-08-15)

Johns Hopkins-led center will study voting technologies
An NSF-funded center dedicated to improving the reliability and trustworthiness of voting technology, drawing on experts in computer science, public policy and human behavior, will be based at The Johns Hopkins University. (2005-08-15)

Church impacts political activism among black Americans, expert says
In a journal article for (2005-07-25)

Joint committee of the DFG reprimands Professor Rolf-Hermann Ringert
At its meeting on 5 July 2005, the Joint Committee of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG (German Research Foundation) issued a reprimand against the head of the Institute of Urology at the University Hospital of Göttingen, Professor Rolf-Hermann Ringert, after he was found to have violated the rules of good scientific practice. (2005-07-11)

NIST to accredit voting systems test labs
The National Institute of Standards and Technology has established a program for accrediting laboratories that will test voting systems and components in accordance with the Help America Vote Act (HAVA) of 2002. Laboratories wishing to be considered for accreditation in the first group must submit an application and pay required fees by Aug. 16, 2005. (2005-06-30)

Low election turnout reflects the failure of UK politicians
The general elections of 2001 and 2005 had the second and third worst turnouts since 1900, falling from 71% in 1997 to under 60% in 2001 and only just above 61% this May. In ESRC's new report Seven Deadly Sins, published to launch Social Science Week 2005, Professor Charlie Jeffery uses the British Election Study and other surveys of political participation to understand this growing voter apathy. (2005-06-17)

A baby face forecasts election outcomes
According to a new study in Science, candidates who looked (2005-06-09)

Shirley Malcom of AAAS named to election reform commission
Shirley Malcom, the head of Education and Human Resources at the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS), has been named to an elite panel convened by former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and former Secretary of State James A. Baker III to develop reforms for America's troubled system of voting. (2005-04-01)

How voters rated Blair affected Holyrood votes much more than attitudes to McConnell
Scottish votes for the Assembly reflected voters' concerns about Westminster leaders and issues far more than they did those of Holyrood, an Edinburgh conference will hear today. And voters in 2003 were far more influenced by their attitudes to Prime Minister Tony Blair than their views of First Minister Jack McConnell. (2005-03-15)

Bush record on human rights
The Bush Administration has received a (2005-03-10)

Conference examines political and economic challenges of Scottish devolution
A wide-ranging assessment of the successes and challenges of Scottish devolution after nearly six years of a Scottish Parliament will take place in Edinburgh later this month. (2005-03-07)

Need better social research but it doesn't come cheap
Social science is regarded as a relatively inexpensive area of research, but human decision processes are as complex and elusive as anything in biology, physics or chemistry, and the resources needed to study them effectively are considerable. (2005-01-27)

Who did voters pick on Nov. 2? In some cases, we'll never know
A study found that the outcome of 10 major races in the Nov. 2 election fell within the margin of error, meaning the majority's true intent cannot be known with certainty. (2004-12-09)

Timing, preconditions critical for post-conflict elections, UN University experts warn
Ill-timed elections risk producing the direct opposite of the intended outcome, fuelling chaos and reversing progress towards democracy, according to United Nations University (UNU) experts who have analyzed recent efforts to promote democracy in post-conflict societies. (2004-10-17)

AAAS expert panel calls for voter-system research and reform
A panel of top experts on election technology and administration warned Tuesday that the American system of voting is broadly vulnerable to error and abuse, and called for a crash-course of study and reform to make results more reliable and to promote better access by voters, especially those who have historically encountered serious impediments to exercising their right to vote. (2004-09-21)

News media subtly influences attitudes about gender differences
Recent Yale studies found that political ideology influences how the popular press reports research findings. (2004-09-08)

Study: In post-9/11 atmosphere of war, voters favor male candidates
When America is waging its war on terrorism, citizens are more apt to vote for male candidates. A survey of 2,119 people completed a year after Sept. 11, 2001, found voters prefer men's perceived leadership traits and characteristics. (2004-08-13)

Apathy threatens new NHS foundation trusts
Local people, it seems, do not want to be involved in running the NHS, according to an editorial in this week's BMJ. (2004-06-03)

Don't laugh -- research shows comedy gives candidates serious boost
Candidates can improve their popularity among a key segment of voters by appearing on late-night comedy shows. (2004-05-26)

Presidential election campaign platforms impact the stock market
Each fluctuation in public opinion about candidates George W. Bush and Al Gore during the 2000 presidential election led to corresponding changes in equity prices of firms aligned with the two candidates, according to a new study by a Brown University economist Brian G. Knight. Bush's ultimate victory in the election resulted in a $100-billion shift in value from Gore-favored to Bush-favored firms. (2004-03-22)

Politicians are warned on dangers of 'spin'
Politicians must develop a culture of honesty, rather than (2004-01-23)

John Allen Paulos receives prestigious AAAS Award for Public Understanding of S&T
For his tireless efforts to communicate the joy of mathematics to the public, Temple University Professor John Allen Paulos has been named to receive the highly coveted 2003 AAAS Award for Public Understanding of Science and Technology. (2003-12-18)

Council tax protests - experts look for solution
As protests over council tax rises continue in Britain, experts at Cardiff University, Wales, have been called in to help identify new ways of funding local government. The team is studying how local revenue is raised in other countries, and its findings are feeding directly into a Government Review of the way in which local services can be funded in the future, commissioned by the Deputy Prime Minister's Office and chaired by Nick Raynsford MP, the Local Government Minister. (2003-11-28)

Voting standards initiative to be launched at December symposium
As part of its responsibilities under the Help America Vote Act of 2002, the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) will hold a symposium on building trust and confidence in voting systems at the agency's Gaithersburg, Md., headquarters on Dec. 10-11, 2003. The two-day symposium will bring together a wide range of election technology experts, including federal, state, and local election officials; university researchers; independent testing laboratories; election law specialists; hardware and software vendors; and others. (2003-10-24)

New research shows candidate name order will matter in California recall election
The ordering of candidates' names on ballots in the upcoming California recall election will likely affect the outcome, if the state's presidential election is a guide. In the 2000 presidential race, George W. Bush received 9 percent more votes among Californians when he was listed first on the ballot than when he was listed later, a new study found. (2003-08-18)

Electronic voting system is vulnerable to tampering
The software believed to be at the heart of an electronic voting system being marketed for use in elections across the nation has weaknesses that could easily allow someone to cast multiple votes for one candidate, computer security researchers have determined. (2003-07-24)

California budget battle will be a long one, says UC Riverside professor
Shaun Bowler, a UC Riverside political science professor, is predicting that California citizens are in for a very long ride before the budget is signed in Sacramento, with a divisive recall battle that will only make the road bumpier. (2003-07-10)

Proportional representation distances MEPs from their constituents
The introduction of proportional representation to elections for the European Parliament has made the British group of MEPs more proportional in party terms, but has also led them to have less contact with their constituents. (2003-05-14)

In Health Affairs interview, Breaux outlines plan to cover uninsured
In an interview with Health Affairs, U.S. Sen. John Breaux explains his plan for covering the uninsured and its impact on the health care system, as well as discussing prospects for Medicare and Medicaid reform in this session of Congress. (2003-03-05)

If felons could have voted, national election outcomes would have been different
If current and former felons had been allowed to vote, the outcome of as many as seven U.S. Senate races and one presidential election since 1978 might have been altered. Felon disenfranchisement laws, combined with high rates of criminal punishment in the United States, sometimes play a decisive role in elections. This is the finding of a study by sociologists Christopher Uggen and Jeff Manza reported in the most recent issue of the American Sociological Review. (2003-01-09)

French footballing loss will be Le Pen's gain, says expert
A World Cup exit for the multi-ethnic French football team will be seen as a major political boost for the country's Far Right leader, Jean-Marie Le Pen, says a leading French football expert. If it loses, this will be a major victory for Le Pen, who criticised the 'black-white-brown' (the French say: 'black-blanc-beur' (1) ), multi-racial make-up of the winning team during the 1998 World Cup. (2002-06-10)

The Johan Skytte Prize in political science to professor Sidney Verba
Sidney Verba, Professor of Government at Harvard University and today the world's leading electoral researcher, has been awarded the Johan Skytte Prize in Political Science of 2002 by The Skytte Foundation at Uppsala University, Sweden, (2002-04-09)

Voting via the Internet raises social and technical issues
Elections of the future may be more convenient, accurate and faster for both voters and elections officials if researchers can improve the technology for voting via the Internet. Also a factor is whether elections officials can entice voters to use the technology and make it accessible to them. With interest increasing in voting reform and modernization since the 2000 presidential election, researchers at the Georgia Tech Research Institute (GTRI) have begun studies of the social and technical issues related to voting via the Internet. (2001-12-19)

Candidates in the Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly elections
During the Scottish Parliament and Welsh Assembly elections, political parties began to use a variety of ways to choose candidates and to ensure the adequate selection of women.This produced differing results and caused considerable conflict within the politcial parties, according to new ESRC-funded research. (2001-05-01)

Internet voting is no "magic ballot," distinguished committee reports
Trials should proceed in which Internet terminals are used at traditional polling places, but remote voting from home or the workplace is not viable in the near future. So says a new report, commissioned by the National Science Foundation (NSF), in which a committee of experts calls for further research into complex security and reliability obstacles that for now impede the Internet's use in public elections. (2001-03-05)

CWRU senior named Rhodes Scholar
Niuniu Ji, a senior in CWRU's Department of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, has been awarded the highly prized Rhodes Scholarship. Ji is the founder of FreeDonation.com, a Web service that allows anyone to donate to charity for free, with the contribution paid for by corporate sponsors. (2000-12-18)

Study: Bush's placement on top of Florida ballot gave him edge
A 1998 study of Ohio elections showed that candidates received an average of 2.33 percent more votes when their names appeared first on the ballots, compared to being listed last. George W. Bush's name listed first on Florida ballots probably was enough of an advantage to give him a win. (2000-11-08)

Chaos, vagueness, and presidential polls
If the events in this year's presidential campaign seem a bit chaotic, there could be a very good reason for it. A mathematician sees parallels between electoral results and the inherent unpredictability of chaotically evolving systems. (2000-11-02)

Cedars-Sinai Medical Tip Sheet for October 2000
Tip Sheet Topics: 1) Fully Endoscopic Procedure to Remove Skull Base Tumors; 2)Lung Volume Reduction; 3)Voting from Your Hospital Bed; 4)Holistic Treatment Options for Treating America's (2000-10-26)

About half of voters prefer candidates of particular gender
Slightly more than half the people in a recent study said they were inclined to vote for candidates of a particular gender in a race between two equally qualified contestants. A survey found that 63 percent of women had a gender preference, as did 51 percent of men. (2000-08-31)

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