Current Environment News and Events

Current Environment News and Events, Environment News Articles.
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Living environment affects the microbiota and health of both dogs and their owners
In urban environments, allergic diseases are more common among dogs and their owners compared to those living in rural areas. Simultaneous allergic traits appear to be associated with the microbes found in the environment, but microbes relevant to health differ between dogs and humans. (2020-12-18)

Teaching computers the meaning of sensor names in smart home
The UPV/EHU's IXA group has use natural language processing techniques to overcome one of the major difficulties associated with smart homes, namely that the systems developed to infer activities in one environment do not work when they are applied to a different one, because both the sensors and the activities are different. The group has come up with the innovative idea of using words to represent the activation of both sensors and human activity. (2020-11-30)

Family environment affects adolescent brain development
Childhood environment and socioeconomic status affect cognitive ability and brain development during adolescence independently of genetic factors, researchers at Karolinska Institutet report in a new study published in the journal PNAS. The study demonstrates how important the family environment is, not just during early infancy but also throughout adolescence. (2020-05-20)

At least 13% of wastewater treated by Southern Ontario septic systems ends up in streams
The presence of artificial sweeteners has revealed that at least 13 percent of septic system wastewater from rural Southern Ontario homes eventually makes its way into local streams. (2020-02-06)

Narrow plasmonic surface lattice resonances prefer asymmetric dielectric environment
A research group led by Dr. LI Guangyuan and Dr. LU Yuanfu from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology (SIAT) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences reported a novel type of SLR based on metal-insulator-metal (MIM) arrays. (2019-09-03)

Medication in the environment affects feeding behavior of fish
Scientists are increasingly warning that prescription drugs can affect wildlife and ecosystems when they find their way into the environment. In a new Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry study, investigators found that the anxiety and depression drug Escitalopram -- at concentrations similar to those measured in the environment -- can inhibit fish foraging and eating behavior. (2019-08-07)

Chameleon-inspired structural color soft robot can interact with environment
A novel structural color soft robot with both color-changing and locomotion capabilities has been developed by a research team led by Dr. DU Xuemin from the Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences. (2019-07-31)

Hearing device separates simultaneous voices, amplifies the 'target' speaker
Picking out one voice from many at a crowded party is a challenge for assistive hearing devices. Now, Cong Han and colleagues have developed a new speech separation system that automatically separates audio from different speakers in a crowded environment and compares these voices to the listener's brainwaves, so that the voice of the speaker who is the center of the listener's attention sounds the loudest. (2019-05-15)

The impact of microplastics on the environment unclear, study suggests
A review of more than 300 global studies has revealed a large 'mismatch' in the types of microplastics measured in the environment to those tested for effects in the laboratory. (2018-10-17)

Are microplastics in the environment truly harmful?
Investigators who analyzed the published literature have found significant gaps in our understanding of the effects of microplastics -- plastic particles less than 5mm in size -- in the environment. (2018-10-17)

Scientists identify most pressing issues posed by chemicals in the environment
Chemicals released into the environment by human activity are resulting in biodiversity loss; increased natural hazards; threats to food, water and energy security; negative impacts on human health and degradation of environmental quality. Now, an international study published in Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry involving scientists from the University of York has identified the 22 most important research questions that need to be answered to fill the most pressing knowledge gaps over the next decade. (2018-07-20)

Hospital ownership of practice may reduce physician burnout
Among staff in small- to medium-sized primary care practices, hospital ownership is associated with positive perceptions of work environment and lower burnout. (2018-04-09)

Cool lizards are better at learning socially
Bearded dragons which are incubated in colder environments are better at solving cognitive tasks as adults than incubated in warmer temperatures, according to new research published today. Scientists from the University of Lincoln, UK, tested the social learning abilities of bearded dragons which had been incubated in either an average of 30°C or 27°C and found that those from the colder incubation environment picked up new skills faster than their hotter counterparts. (2017-11-22)

Cells' mechanical memory could hold clues to cancer metastasis
In the body, cells move around to form organs during development; to heal wounds; and when they metastasize from cancerous tumors. A mechanical engineer at Washington University in St. Louis found that cells remember the properties they had in their first environment for several days after they move to another in a process called mechanical memory. (2017-10-25)

A Trump twist? Environment over economy in Michigan
Most Michigan residents would prefer policymakers prioritize the environment over economic growth, finds a new survey by Michigan State University researchers. (2017-03-03)

Study examines pesticides' impact on wood frogs
A new study looks at how neonicotinoid pesticides affect wood frogs, which use surface waters in agricultural environments to breed and reproduce. Neonicotinoids are widely used insecticides that are applied to a variety of crops and are relatively persistent in the environment. (2017-03-01)

Plants engineered to express a fruit fly gene may help clean up environmental pollutant
Through a process called phytoremediation, researchers are using plants to clean up land contaminated with TNT, a toxic environmental pollutant and possible carcinogen. Now a new study shows how a gene found in the common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, can be used by Arabidopsis plants to improve TNT removal from contaminated soil. (2016-12-07)

How much does that fertilizer REALLY cost?
To adequately account for the cost of nitrogen pollution, researchers from the University of Minnesota Institute on the Environment have proposed a framework that accounts for all of the damages that occur when reactive nitrogen enters our air or water. (2016-10-05)

Same genes could make us prone to both happiness and depression
Researchers from Oxford and UT Austin suggest that while no gene 'causes' mental ill health, some genes can make people more sensitive to the effects of their environment -- for better and for worse -- leading to both mental ill health and enhanced mental resilience. (2016-07-19)

'Environment, Health, and Sustainable Society': ISEE-ISES AC2016
On behalf of the ISEE-ISES AC2016 Sapporo organizing committees, it is our great pleasure to welcome you to the 5th ISEE Asia Chapter and the first joint symposium of ISEE and ISES, Asia chapter. The program theme is 'Environment, Health, and Sustainable Society' and will be held in Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan on June 26-29th, 2016. (2016-05-30)

Researchers determine 'patterns' for bones left on ground surfaces
For the first time, researchers have determined a signature of changes that occur to human remains, specifically bones, left outside in the New England environment. This signature or 'patterning' can be used by law enforcement to help determine if remains have been moved after death from one environment to another and to separate natural changes to bone from those caused by possible perpetrators. (2016-03-03)

Global agriculture expert Paul West to present at AAAS Annual Meeting
Paul West, co-director and lead of the Institute on the Environment's Global Landscapes Initiative, will present at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science on Feb. 12. West will discuss opportunities for subsistence farmers to enhance productivity while considering climate change, water availability and quality, and habitat loss. (2016-02-12)

Defending your computer from cyber-attacks, Sun Tzu style
We want our computers to perform the way we expect. But what if the key to defeating malware is introducing a bit of chaos? (2016-01-21)

Vegetarian and 'healthy' diets are more harmful to the environment
Following the USDA recommendations to consume more fruits, vegetables, dairy and seafood is more harmful to the environment because those foods have relatively high resource uses and greenhouse gas emissions per calorie. Published in Environment Systems and Decisions, the study measured the changes in energy use, blue water footprint and GHG emissions associated with US food consumption patterns. (2015-12-14)

Environment of tumors impacts metastasis, study finds
According to a new study, the microenvironment of a tumor cell has significant impact on cancer metastasis. This discovery by Siyuan Zhang at the University of Notre Dame and a team at the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center has focused attention on fighting cancer in the tumor cell's microenvironment. (2015-11-16)

The extent of toxin accumulation in birds off the coast of Canada
Toxins known as perfluoroalkyl substances have become virtually ubiquitous throughout the environment, and various national and international voluntary phase-outs and restrictions on these compounds have been implemented over the last 10 to 15 years. (2015-05-18)

Are consumers more likely to purchase unintentionally green products?
A Fortune 500 company is redesigning a popular product using materials that are friendlier to the environment. How will consumers respond to the newly redesigned, 'greener' product? According to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research, consumers are more likely to purchase a product if they think helping the environment is not the intended purpose of a product improvement. (2014-08-26)

How bacteria respond so quickly to external changes
Understanding how bacteria adapt so quickly to changes in their external environment with continued high growth rates is one of the major research challenges in molecular microbiology. This is important not least for our understanding of resistance to antibiotics. A research study from Uppsala University is now presenting a model of how bacteria can rapidly adapt to environmental changes through smart regulation of their gene expression. (2013-12-02)

Stanford ecologist uses social media data to gauge recreational value of coastal areas
A Stanford ecologist advocates using social media data to determine the recreational value of coastal ecosystems in order to better direct conservation efforts and funds. (2013-02-15)

Feeling stressed by your job? Don't blame your employer, study shows
Work stress, job satisfaction and health problems due to high stress have more to do with genes than you might think, according to research by Timothy Judge, professor of management at the University of Notre Dame's Mendoza College of Business. (2012-09-14)

What's the main cause of obesity -- our genes or the environment?
The ongoing obesity epidemic is creating an unprecedented challenge for healthcare systems around the world, but what determines who gets fat? Two experts debate the issue on bmj.com today. (2012-09-11)

Wiley launches new interdisciplinary review WIREs Energy and Environment
John Wiley & Sons, Inc., today announced the launch of a new interdisciplinary review publication, WIREs Energy and Environment, publishing online this month. (2012-08-01)

GMES in Action conference in Copenhagen
The GMES in Action conference will be held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on June 4-5, highlighting the usefulness of Europe's space program for the GMES Global Monitoring for Environment and Security initiative to decision-makers and European citizens alike. (2012-05-30)

The environment and pharmaceuticals and personal care products: What are the big questions?
Researchers at the University of York headed a major international review aimed at enhancing efforts to better understand the impacts of chemicals used in pharmaceuticals or in personal care products, such as cosmetics, soaps, perfumes, deodorants and toothpastes, on the natural environment. (2012-05-30)

Fracking and Health Impact Assessments -- IOM hosts workshop April 30 and May 1
Public health was not part of the initial discussions about shale gas extraction and as a result there is little information about any health impacts of the technologies and process. (2012-04-20)

2 EPA-led sessions at National Council on Science and Environment's 2012 conference
On Jan. 18, 2012, Dr. Peter Jutro of the Office of Research and Development at the US Environmental Protection Agency, will lead a session titled (2012-01-13)

Motivation in their work reduces stress among IT consultants
Information technology (IT) consultants experience less stress when they carry out assignments in a working environment that motivates them. It also helps IT consultants experience less stress if they are able to manage their own work and if the demands placed on them in their work are reasonable. This is revealed in a psychology thesis from Gothenburg University, Sweden. (2011-02-28)

Sterility in frogs caused by environmental pharmaceutical progestogens
Frogs appear to be very sensitive to progestogens, a kind of pharmaceutical that is released into the environment. Female tadpoles that swim in water containing a specific progestogen, levonorgestrel, are subject to abnormal ovarian and oviduct development, resulting in adult sterility. This is shown by a new study conducted at Uppsala University and published today in the scientific journal Aquatic Toxicology. (2011-02-16)

Quantum physics: Flavors of entanglement
The entanglement of quantum objects can take surprising forms. Quantum physicists at the University of Innsbruck have investigated several flavors of entanglement in four trapped ions and report their results in the journal Nature Physics. Their study promotes further developments towards quantum computing and a deeper understanding of the foundations of quantum mechanics. (2010-09-27)

Opinion polls underestimate Americans' concern about the environment, Stanford study finds
When pollsters ask Americans to name the most important problem facing the country, the environment is rarely mentioned. But this time-honored polling question masks the public's true concern about environmental issues, according to Stanford University researchers. (2010-05-12)

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