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Study shows consumers need more guidance about fish consumption choices
In a first-of-its kind summary of fish consumption choices, a team of researchers from Brigham and Women's Hospital has determined that consumers are not getting all the information they need to make informed decisions about fish consumption. (2012-06-01)

Study finds emissions from widely used cookstoves vary with use
The smoke rising from a cookstove fills the air with the tantalizing aroma of dinner -- and a cloud of pollutants and particles that threaten both health and the environment. How families in developing countries use their cookstoves has a big effect on emissions from those stoves, and laboratory emission tests don't accurately reflect real-world operations, according to a study by University of Illinois researchers. (2012-05-29)

PCB can increase risk of abdominal fat
There is a correlation between high levels of the environmental toxin PCB and the distribution of body fat to the abdomen. This is shown in a new study published today in the scientific journal Obesity. Abdominal fat is already known to increase the risk of diabetes and high blood pressure, among other conditions. (2012-05-28)

10 million years to recover from mass extinction
It took some 10 million years for Earth to recover from the greatest mass extinction of all time, latest research has revealed. (2012-05-27)

El NiƱo weather and climate change threaten survival of baby leatherback sea turtles
When critically endangered leatherback turtle hatchlings dig out of their nests, they enter a world filled with threats to survival. Now, Drexel University researchers have found that the climate conditions at the nesting beach affect the early survival of turtle eggs and hatchlings. They predict, based on projections from multiple models, that egg and hatchling survival will drop by half in the next 100 years as a result of global climate change. (2012-05-23)

Civil engineers find savings where the rubber meets the road
A study out of MIT's Concrete Sustainability Hub shows that pavement deflection under vehicle tires makes for a continuous uphill drive that increases fuel consumption (2012-05-22)

New museum-university partnership ushers in new era of environmental science education
Drexel environmental science students will have a breadth of new research and academic opportunities locally and across the globe as a result of the University's unique academic affiliation with the Academy of Natural Sciences. Out of the affiliation comes the Department of Biodiversity, Earth and Environmental Science, where students will work and learn among some of the world's leading scientists and have access to the Academy's extensive natural science collections and community outreach programs. (2012-05-15)

When the soil holds not enough phosphorus
Paula Duque and her research team at the Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciencia have identified a new inorganic phosphate (Pi) transporter in the root cells of the tiny mustard plant Arabidopsis thaliana that acts, crucially, when Pi is scarce. Their findings, published online in the journal New Phytologist, provide insight into how phosphate transport systems may be manipulated in plants to counteract stressful conditions and thus, potentially, lead to improved crop yields. (2012-05-15)

Steelhead trout lose out when water is low in wine country
The competition between farmers and fish for precious water in California is intensifying in wine country, suggests a new study by UC Berkeley biologists. The study links higher death rates for threatened juvenile steelhead trout with low water levels in the summer and the acreage of vineyards upstream. (2012-05-12)

Testosterone-fuelled infantile males might be a product of Mom's behaviour
By comparing the testosterone levels of five-month old pairs of twins, both identical and non-identical, University of Montreal researchers were able to establish that testosterone levels in infancy are not inherited genetically but rather determined by environmental factors. (2012-05-09)

Biodiversity loss ranks with climate change and pollution in terms of impacts to environment
A recent study published by an international research team working at UC Santa Barbara's National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis has found that loss of biodiversity impacts the environment as significantly as climate change and pollution. The study, titled, (2012-05-09)

Model forecasts long-term impacts of forest land-use decisions
Accurate predictions found in early test results of new model, which is timely due to emerging questions regarding forest land use and the environmental impact. (2012-05-08)

Environmental toxicants causing ovarian disease across generations
Washington State University researchers have found that ovarian disease can result from exposures to a wide range of environmental chemicals and be inherited by future generations. WSU reproductive biologist Michael Skinner and his laboratory colleagues looked at how a fungicide, pesticide, plastic, dioxin and hydrocarbon mixtures affected a gestating rat's progeny for multiple generations. They saw subsequent generations inherit ovarian disease by (2012-05-03)

Polluting China for the sake of economic growth
China's economic growth will continue to be energy-intensive and highly polluting for the foreseeable future with emissions and efficiency far below capital growth on the agenda, according to a study published in the International Journal of Global Energy Issues. (2012-04-27)

Summer Olympic athletes must overcome skin conditions to reach for the gold
Skin problems rank among athletes' most common complaints, but there's little information available regarding dermatoses among Olympic athletes, according to findings from Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center. (2012-04-26)

Study explores link between smoking during pregnancy, autism
Women who smoke in pregnancy may be more likely to have a child with high-functioning autism, such as Asperger's disorder, according to preliminary findings from a study published online by the journal Environmental Health Perspectives. The study is one of several the journal published April 25 on possible environmental links to autism. (2012-04-26)

New study sheds light on debate over organic vs. conventional agriculture
Although organic techniques may not be able to feed the world alone, they do have an important role to play in feeding a growing global population while minimizing environmental damage, according to researchers at McGill University and the University of Minnesota. A new study published in Nature concludes that crop yields from organic farming are generally lower than from conventional agriculture -- yet the yield gap is much less significant for certain crops. (2012-04-25)

List of the top 10 toxic chemicals suspected to cause autism and learning disabilities
An editorial published today in the prestigious journal Environmental Health Perspectives calls for increased research to identify possible environmental causes of autism and other neurodevelopmental disorders in America's children and presents a list of ten target chemicals including which are considered highly likely to contribute to these conditions. (2012-04-25)

Wild birds respond differently to the first long days of a year
For great tits spring does not always start at the same time. (2012-04-23)

Scientists discover 'switch' in plants to create flowers
Flowering is the most crucial act that plants undergo, as the fruits of such labor include crops on which the world depends, and seeds from which the next generation grows. While classic experiments have demonstrated that plants are able to adjust the timing of their flowering in response to environmental conditions, such as light and temperature, until now very little was known about what exactly triggers plants to make flowers instead of leaves. (2012-04-17)

NUS scientists discover a 'switch' in plants to create flowers
National University of Singapore scientists discovered what triggers plants to flower when they identified a protein essential for flowering under normal light conditions; a finding that could potentially increase crop yields significantly in changing environments. (2012-04-17)

Much work remains to be done to improve the lives of children with dyslexia
Scientific understanding and medical treatments for dyslexia have advanced over the past five years, but much work remains to be done to fully understand the causes of dyslexia and to improve the lives of children who struggle to learn to read, according to a seminar published online first in the Lancet. (2012-04-16)

New report assesses impact of climate change on forest diseases
Climate change is projected to have far-reaching environmental impacts both domestically and abroad. A recently published report by the USDA Forest Service's Pacific Southwest Research Station examines the impact of climate change on forest diseases and how these pathogens will ultimately affect forest ecosystems in the Western United States and Canada. (2012-04-09)

UC research shows entrepreneurial differences between the sexes
Data reveals men are most likely to start businesses for the money, women for social value. (2012-04-03)

When we test, do we stress?
When faced with a stressful situation, memory, especially among older adults, can be affected in a very rapid manner. (2012-03-27)

Wind energy enhancement: UC research establishes real-world wind turbine performance metrics
University of Cincinnati research in the Journal of Renewable Energy introduces just-in-time maintenance software based on real-world wind turbine performance. This new predictive software promises better turbine performance at lower costs. (2012-03-26)

Energy requirements make Antarctic fur seal pups vulnerable to climate change
A study published in the journal Physiological and Biochemical Zoology found that changing weather conditions can impact the metabolic rates of fur seal pups. Climate models predict windier and wetter conditions in Antarctica in the coming years, and that could cause young seals to assign more energy to thermoregulation, leaving less available for growth and development. (2012-03-21)

An avalanche of planning for multi-national Arctic field campaigns
For the first time ever, the US GEOTRACES Science Steering Committee has established an Arctic initiative to help characterize and understand regional biogeochemical changes associated with rapid climate change. The initiative will use icebreakers from several countries and include more than 100 scientists who will contribute to sampling the Arctic Ocean. Initial cruises are tentatively planned for 2015. (2012-03-14)

NIST releases Gulf of Mexico crude oil reference material
NIST has released a new certified reference material to support the federal government's Natural Resources Damage Assessment in the wake of the April 2010 Deepwater Horizon oil spill. (2012-03-07)

Fish exposed to SSRIs exhibit abnormal behavior, Baylor study finds
Fish exhibit abnormal behavior and lower levels of anxiety when exposed to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRI), which are common drugs used to treat depression, among other disorders. The study, by Baylor University researchers and online in the journal Environmental Science & Technology, also found that human data for drug activity can be used to predict surface water concentrations of these substances that negatively impact fish behavior. (2012-03-06)

Shortcuts costly when buying conservation from farmers
Shortcuts in the design of payment schemes to persuade farmers to undertake conservation works could be putting the potential environmental benefits at risk, a study involving researchers at the University of Nottingham has found. (2012-03-05)

A European project to achieve more sustainable production and distribution of foodstuffs
The European project SENSE aims to contribute towards getting the food and drink sector to engage in more environmentally sustainable production, transformation and distribution of its products. Azti-Tecnalia is coordinating this community initiative that comes within the 7th Framework Program of the European Union, and in which 23 members are participating, including companies, foodstuff associations and research centers from 12 European countries. (2012-02-22)

Understanding how bacteria come back from the dead
Salmonella remains a serious cause of food poisoning, in part due to its ability to thrive and quickly adapt to the different environments in which it can grow. New research involving a team of scientists from the Institute of Food Research has taken a detailed look at what Salmonella does when it enters a new environment, which could provide clues to finding new ways of reducing transmission through the food chain and preventing human illness. (2012-02-02)

Artguardian: Watchman for artworks
A publicly displayed object of art experiences a lot: Dazzling light, unfavorable temperatures or too much moisture. With 'Artguardian' Fraunhofer researchers have developed a fully automated, intelligent monitoring system helping art lovers to optimally preserve their objects of art. Thanks to sensitive sensors they can be exhibited under the best conditions. The solution will be presented from 6th to 10th March at the CeBIT 2012 (hall 9, booth E08). (2012-01-31)

Improving crops from the roots up
Research involving scientists at the University of Nottingham has taken us a step closer to breeding hardier crops that can better adapt to different environmental conditions and fight off attack from parasites. (2012-01-24)

Findings prove Miscanthus x giganteus has great potential as an alternative energy source
A new University of Illinois study shows Miscanthus x giganteus is a strong contender in the race to find the next source of ethanol if appropriate growing conditions are identified. (2012-01-19)

Another clue in the mystery of autism
A study of discordant twins -- twins in which one has autism spectrum disorder and one doesn't -- finds the lower birth weight twins are more than three times as likely to have ASD than heavier twins. Though genetic effects are of major importance, say researchers, the study suggests a non-genetic influence associated with birth weight may contribute to development of ASD. (2012-01-19)

Managing private and public adaptation to climate change
New research has found that individuals and the private sector have an important role to play in the provision of public policies to help society adapt to the impacts of climate change. (2012-01-13)

2 EPA-led sessions at National Council on Science and Environment's 2012 conference
On Jan. 18, 2012, Dr. Peter Jutro of the Office of Research and Development at the US Environmental Protection Agency, will lead a session titled (2012-01-13)

Promoting ethical and just environmental policy in Native America discussed in Environmental Justice
How best to ensure environmental justice for Native-Americans in terms of policy, governance, and activism on tribal lands? The broad range of issues, challenges, and possibilities are explored in an insightful and thought-provoking special issue of Environmental Justice titled (2012-01-10)

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