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Current Ethanol News and Events, Ethanol News Articles.
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Iron-binding compounds decrease body odor
Iron in human sweat is a necessary ingredient for bacteria to create the compounds responsible for body odor, and fortifying deodorants with an active system that starves these bacteria of iron significantly decreases body odor. (2002-05-20)

Alcohol-based disinfectant hand gels could increase infection in hospitals
Authors of a research letter in this week's issue of THE LANCET suggest that recently introduced disinfectant gels for hand hygiene are significantly less effective than rinses and could contribute to an increase in hospital-based infection. (2002-04-24)

A green tea extract could help alleviate shortage of livers available for transplant
Consumers of Japanese green tea have for centuries believed the ancient Chinese proverb, (2002-04-22)

Small grain breeding program benefits producers, consumers, agribusiness
Declining prices since 1996 for wheat and barley have increased the need for producers to raise healthy, disease-free crops if they are to make any profit. Virginia Tech's wheat and barley breeding programs are developing new varieties that are resistant to insects and disease while yielding large quantities of grain. The program is also developing novel grains, such as hulless barley, that may allow producers to grow crops especially for niche markets. (2002-03-20)

New research may lead to more effective treatment of asthmatic attacks
Electrohydrodynamic atomization (EHDA) is a new technique able to produce droplets of a defined size. Based on techniques new to the field of medical atomization, it seems a promising technique for small hand-held devices. (2002-01-10)

INEEL uses ethanol to reduce petroleum consumption, cut exhaust emissions
A different blend of gasoline is being pumped into government vehicles at the U.S. Department of Energy's Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory. It's reducing petroleum consumption and helping the INEEL cut air emissions without additional fuel costs. (2001-11-21)

Probing alcohol's actions in the brain
  • A drug like alcohol has the potential to interact with many proteins in the brain.
  • New research examines alcohol's interaction with proteins called N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors.
  • Alcohol appears to inhibit or block NMDA receptor activity within specific regions of the brain.

Men and women drinking equal amounts of alcohol have unequal risks for liver damage
From the APS Conference (2001-10-18)

Pipelines, storage containers may spread MTBE throughout Midwest
MTBE, a common gasoline additive, has been found in gasoline sold throughout the Midwest even though it is not routinely used there, researchers report. An ongoing study of gasoline sites throughout Indiana, Illinois and Michigan -- where ethanol is the main pollution-fighter in gasoline -- suggests MTBE could spread into the ground through tankers, storage tanks and pipelines, threatening drinking water. The finding will be described August 30 at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society. (2001-08-30)

Ethanol from corn faulted as energy waster
Neither increases in government subsidies to corn-based ethanol fuel nor hikes in the price of petroleum can overcome what one Cornell University agricultural scientist calls a fundamental input-yield problem: It takes more energy to make ethanol from grain than the combustion of ethanol produces. (2001-08-07)

New U. of Colorado research may reduce renewable fuel costs
Researchers at the University of Colorado at Boulder have developed a novel process involving the production of ethanol that could lead to a significant decrease in the cost of renewable fuel. (2001-05-22)

Long-chain alcohol found to block mechanism of fetal alcohol syndrome
An article in today's Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB) Journal (Chen, S; Wilkemeyer, M; Sulik, K; and Charness, M. Octanol antagonism of ethanol teratogenesis, FASEB J. 10.1096/fj00-08620fje and Volume 15, Number 9, July 2001) reports that the long-chain alcohol 1- octanol successfully blocks a mechanism leading to fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS). (2001-05-17)

A change of fuel
The fuel additive MTBE was supposed to be the answer to air pollution. Instead, with the discovery that it caused ground- water pollution, MTBE is about to be banned in the US. Could this be the chance the ethanol industry has been waiting for? (2001-01-16)

Acid-rain component may be more potent pollutant than previously thought, UB chemists discover
University at Buffalo chemists have found that nitric oxide, a common air pollutant and one of the components of acid rain, is highly reactive with ethanol, potentially making the chemical an even more insidious pollutant than has been thought. (2000-12-05)

Cats comforted by synthetic chemical, research suggests
A synthetic chemical may put an anxious cat at ease in unfamiliar territory, a new study suggests. Researchers found that when stressed cats were exposed to a synthetic form of a feline facial pheromone (FFP), they ate more and seemed more comfortable than did cats not exposed to the pheromone. (2000-11-27)

Antibiotics, yogurt seen as potential treatment for common liver disorder
If mouse studies hold true for humans, a daily cup of yogurt or dose of antibiotics may become the first effective treatments for a common and sometimes fatal obesity-related liver disorder, Hopkins scientists report. (2000-11-12)

Alcoholic liver disease may be genetic
A new study released at the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases (AASLD) 2000 Annual Meeting in Dallas, October 29 - 31, suggests that genetic factors play a role in the development of advanced alcoholic liver disease (ALD) in heavy drinkers. (2000-10-28)

Free radicals in alcoholic liver disease
The fatty degeneration of the liver characteristically seen in alcoholics has been ascribed to cellular damage mediated by free radicals. Here, Kono et al. identify the macrophage enzyme NADPH oxidase as the source of these troublesome compounds, and they confirm that free radicals are required in the pathogenesis of alcohol-induced liver disease. (2000-09-30)

Alcohol and bone fragility
In addition to liver disease, alcoholics are at risk of other ailments, including fragile bones. Osteopenia in these individuals might be explained by a deficit in osteoblast- dependent bone deposition, an excess of osteoclast-dependent bone resorption, or both. Dai et al show here that these effects each contribute to bone fragility in mice exposed over 4 months to ethanol in their drinking water. (2000-09-30)

Alcohol and the human fetal brain
  • The first step in the metabolism of alcohol is its conversion to acetaldehyde (AcHO).
  • AcHO is a highly reactive and toxic chemical that can damage the cells of all living things.
  • In adults, AcHO is blocked from entering the brain.
  • The prenatal brain may metabolize alcohol differently than the adult brain.
  • Researchers found an unexpectedly high and rapid accumulation of AcHO in developing brain tissue.

Plant oils will replace petroleum in coming years, scientist says
When Bernie Tao talks to farmers, he tells them that although they may not realize it, they're oil barons. It may be green gold instead of black gold, but Tao predicts that over the next several decades, plant oil will become just as essential to everyday life as fossil fuels are today. (2000-07-09)

Purdue joins Midwest effort to create biobased products
As this summer's gasoline prices soar skyward, Purdue University has joined with five other institutions to help the United States free itself from dependence on petroleum- based products. The Midwest Consortium for Sustainable Biobased Products and Bioenergy was created to combine research efforts in the development of new renewable chemical products. (2000-06-14)

Alcohol and heart attacks - it's not what you drink but the way that you drink it DRINK IT
A study of beer drinking men who had had a heart attack shows that men who drank daily or almost daily and consumed moderate amounts of beer a week had the lowest risk of heart attack according to a paper in this week's BMJ. (2000-05-18)

Researchers link PKA to voluntary alcohol consumption and alcohol effects
Researchers at the University of Washington report in the May 15 Journal of Neuroscience (Volume 20, RC75) the first direct evidence in mice that protein kinase A (PKA) signaling regulates both alcohol-seeking behavior and sensitivity to some of the effects of alcohol intoxication. Given a choice between plain water and solutions containing alcohol, mice missing the RIIB subunit of PKA preferred the alcohol solution (2000-05-13)

Mutant mice voluntarily drink more alcohol, recover faster from its sedative effects
University of Washington researchers have found the first direct evidence that PKA, a brain chemical, is associated with the voluntary consumption of alcohol. When a gene that encodes the protein is missing, mice drink significantly more alcohol and recover more rapid from the sedative effects of alcohol when given doses that would make humans legally drunk. (2000-05-13)

Wet-milling process potentially could expand ethanol, feed industries
An experimental filtering system being tested in the corn wet-milling process is showing promise. The desired payoff, in the form of added value to corn gluten meal, could be more incentive to produce ethanol and an expanded animal-feed industry. In turn, a University of Illinois researcher says, farmers could see a higher demand for corn. (2000-04-30)

Biomarkers: testing for alcohol consumption among women
  • Heavy alcohol consumption can cause biochemical changes in the body.
  • Testing for specific biochemical markers is one way of establishing the likelihood of problem drinking.
  • Biochemical markers tend to be less sensitive for women than for men.

Special four-day symposium on MTBE and drinking water
More than 50 papers about the gasoline additive MTBE, including the extent of contamination in water supplies, human health risks, the government's response, cleanup methods and alternatives to MTBE will be presented during a symposium March 27 - 30 at the national meeting of the American Chemical Society in San Francisco. (2000-03-20)

Researchers identify alcohol antagonists in neural cells
Harvard Medical School and Veterans Administration researchers report in today's Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences that certain long-chain alcohols can block harmful effects of short-chain alcohols including ethanol (beverage alcohol) on nerve cell growth and development. (2000-03-19)

Common pathway found in early stages of addiction to alcohol and many drugs
In a finding that reveals a link between alcoholism and drug addiction, scientists have discovered that a key step leading to alcohol addiction can be blocked by preventing alcohol from gaining access to nerves in the brain involved in learning. (2000-03-13)

Brain steroid a key player in alcohol's effects
Scientists at the University of North Carolina School of Medicine may have an answer for one of the biggest questions in the alcohol research field -- how does alcohol exert its effects in the brain? (2000-02-29)

Study: Commercial disinfectants effective, natural products less so
Tests of a variety of commercial household disinfectants show the products to be highly effective in killing disease- causing organisms, according to University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill researchers. (2000-01-23)

Researchers discover alcohol-sensitive membrane channel
A study reported in the December issue of Nature Neuroscience (Volume 2, Number 12, pages 1084-1090) identifies a new cell membrane channel where ethanol, the alcohol found in intoxicating beverages, may act. (1999-11-21)

Better "bugs" lead to cheaper ethanol from biomass
Continued advances in genetic engineering are at the heart of two agreements that could further bring down the cost of making ethanol from biomass and boost the U.S. biofuels industry. The agreements are between the National Renewable Energy Laboratory and Arkenol Holdings. (1999-11-14)

Study confirms protein culprit in alcohol-induced liver disease
For the first time, scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have used gene knockout technology to firmly identify a key molecular player in alcohol-induced liver disease. The study appears October 1 in the journal Gastroenterology. The findings carry implications for targeting new treatments aimed at preventing alcohol-induced hepatitis and cirrhosis. (1999-10-01)

False teeth delivering drugs to infected mouths
False teeth smeared with a new biocompatible gel that contains molecules of medicinal drugs could revolutionise the treatment of denture stomatitis, a disease affecting up to two thirds of denture wearers, and oral infections such as Candida albicans. The polymer gel, being developed by Ian Sample, a Ph.D. student at Queen Mary & Westfield College in London, UK, will be biocompatible, easy to use and will be more efficacious than traditionally available treatments. (1999-10-01)

Hard liquor, not beer or wine, may explain trends in cirrhosis mortality
Scientists have noted a new clue to an epidemiological mystery surrounding the link between alcohol and cirrhosis. Although cirrhosis has long been associated with heavy drinking, U.S. cirrhosis mortality trends have not always corresponded well with the nation's total alcohol consumption including beer, wine, and hard liquor. (1999-09-13)

Red wine can help maintain immune system, UF researcher finds
Unlike many other alcoholic beverages, red wine does not suppress the immune system, according to preliminary studies at the University of Florida. While red wine has been reported to aid in the prevention of coronary heart disease and some cancers, this is the first test to find out if red wine affects the immune system. Her research shows that the circulating white blood cells that fight infection are not helped -- or hurt -- by red wine. (1999-08-06)

Cancer Added To Hangover Headaches
New evidence suggests that the chemical which prompts a hangover after a night of heavy drinking may also cause cancer, according to an international team of scientists. (1999-01-19)

Alcohol Consumption, Resistance To Its Effects Related To Levels Of Neurotransmitter, Say UW Researchers
Science doesn't understand why some people are more prone to alcoholism and alcohol abuse, but University of Washington researchers have discovered that concentrations of a neurotransmitter in the brains of mice are directly related to alcohol consumption and resistance to the sedative effects of alcohol. (1998-11-26)

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