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From Europa to the lab, a new recipe for oxygen on icy moons
Since its discovery on Europa and other icy moons orbiting large gaseous worlds, extraterrestrial ice as a source for oxygen has presented the tantalizing possibility of complex life in frigid reaches far from Earth. Yet planetary scientists have struggled to explain how, in the absence of sufficient heat, oxygen could be produced from the permafrost surfaces. A new experiment offers the most detailed picture to date on how oxygen can be made on icy worlds. (2006-03-27)

The Nice Manifesto
Almost 5,000 delegates at the 5th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC-5) today attended the presentation of the Nice Manifesto. The manifesto represents a commitment from doctors, nurses, patients and advocates to support breast cancer research and improve patient care. Breast cancer is the most common cancer in European women and although survival rates are improving there is still a long way to go. (2006-03-24)

CASCADE researchers call for open discussions about EU chemicals legislation
Scientists studying chemicals in food call for joint discussions with consumers and industry on the proposed EU chemicals legislation. At the Annual Meeting of the EU supported research Network CASCADE, March 28-31, in St Malo France, over 90 scientists from Europe, Japan and USA meet to discuss the latest scientific results in the field. (2006-03-24)

Patient care dramatically improved using best practice
A study in the Netherlands has proved that achieving the gold standard in breast cancer care is possible. Teams across the Netherlands set up and met targets for faster diagnosis of breast cancer and a reduction in waiting time for operations. The 5th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC-5) announced today how all countries should be striving to hit similar targets. (2006-03-22)

Patients want to know results of their clinical trials
Although an overwhelming 98 percent of cancer patients wanted to know the results of the clinical trial they took part in, there is currently no standard way of conveying the information. The onus is usually placed on the patient to find out the results from their doctor. Over 1,400 people with cancer took part in a new study to determine the best way of telling patients about their clinical trial results. (2006-03-22)

Latest in prostate cancer therapy presented at a new style scientific conference
The latest advances in prostate cancer diagnosis and treatment will be presented by experts from around the world this month at a revolutionary new meeting being launched by the European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO). (2006-03-09)

The European Institute of Technology
In response to the European Commission's launch of a Communication to the European Council on developing a knowledge flagship: the European Institute of Technology, MEPs Prof. Jerzy Buzek and Dr. Jorgo Chatzimarkakis called for stronger links between the innovation, research and business communities. (2006-02-22)

5th European Breast Cancer Conference (EBCC)
Come along to the largest meeting of breast cancer specialists in Europe - the only one of its kind to include advocacy groups. (2006-01-11)

The EU is missing its targets
European Union member nations carry out their promises poorly, according to a summit in Brussels. (2005-12-14)

Max Planck researchers win part of Descartes Research Prize 2005
European Commission honours outstanding scientific research projects involving European co-operation. (2005-12-08)

Pulsar astronomers win the European Union Descartes Prize for Research
A collaboration of European research teams (The Pulsar Science in Europe - PULSE - collaboration) led by Professor Andrew Lyne of the University of Manchester, have been awarded the European Commission's prestigious 2005 Descartes Prize for Research. (2005-12-02)

Scientists use new techniques to narrow down impact of global warming on specific regions
People will soon be able to find out how vulnerable their own local area is to global warming, thanks to new techniques developed by an European wide research group. The STARDEX project led by the University of East Anglia narrowed down evidence of changing weather patterns to predict the occurence of floods, heatwaves and drought. (2005-11-23)

The future of nuclear energy: A boost for plasma physics at EPFL
The Six Parties of the International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) consortium have reached a decision in their negotiations, specifying the location of the world's first energy-producing fusion reactor in Cadarache, in Southern France. The €10 billion project will generate multiple research opportunities for the Plasma Physics Research Center at the Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL). (2005-06-28)

Researchers find evidence of photosynthesis deep within the ocean
A team of researchers, including a photosynthesis expert from Arizona State University, has found evidence of photosynthesis taking place deep within the Pacific Ocean. The team found a bacterium that is the first photosynthetic organism that doesn't live off sunlight but from the dim light coming from hydrothermal vents nearly 2,400 meters (7,875 feet) deep in the ocean. (2005-06-20)

Europe's fishermen should have marine 'stewardship' role, says study
North Sea fishermen should be allowed to play a greater part in taking care of the marine environment as part of a new strategy to protect the sea's wildlife and habitats, including taking on 'stewardship' roles. European researchers, led by the University of Newcastle upon Tyne, produced the report. (2004-12-14)

Doctors and patients call on politicians to save lives of cancer patients
Cancer specialists and representatives of cancer patients, speaking today at a workshop on 'Cancer treatment: a priority for patients in Europe,' called on the UK and Luxembourg governments to put access to quality cancer treatment at the top of their health agendas during their Presidencies of the EU in 2005. (2004-10-07)

From Jupiter's Moon, Io, come ideas about what Earth may have looked like as a newborn planet
Investigations into lava lakes on the surface of Io, the intensely volcanic moon that orbits Jupiter, may provide clues to what Earth looked like in its earliest phases, according to researchers at the University at Buffalo and NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. (2004-03-19)

Life could be tough on acid Europa
The general perception of Jupiter's moon Europa is of a frozen crust of water ice with a salty ocean below. However, researchers studying the measurements from the spacecraft Galileo, say that Europa may be a corrosive hotbed of acid and peroxide. But they are not sure if this is just a surface covering or whether the chemicals come from the ocean below. (2004-02-11)

Scientists find new way to store hydrogen fuel
University of Chicago scientists have proposed a new method for storing hydrogen fuel in this week's online edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. (2004-01-06)

Old equation may shed new light on planet formation
New work with an old equation may help scientists calculate the thickness of ice covering the oceans on Jupiter's moon Europa and ultimately provide insight into planet formation. (2004-01-05)

First extrasolar planets, now extrasolar moons
ESA is now planning a mission that can detect moons around planets outside our Solar System, those orbiting other stars! (2003-10-09)

New study of Europa may explain mysterious ice domes, places to search for evidence of life
A new University of Colorado at Boulder study of Jupiter's moon Europa may help explain the origin of the giant ice domes peppering its surface and the implications for discovering evidence of past or present life forms there. (2003-09-02)

Destination Deadhorse...and beyond
In late March, the U.S. Navy established a camp on a severe and unforgivingly cold stretch of ice about 150 miles north of Deadhorse, Alaska. While most of us were looking forward to the long, hot, sultry days of summer, nearly 30 scientists eagerly accepted an Office of Naval Research invitation to head to the Arctic camp to study ice, sea, and atmosphere. (2003-04-29)

'Europeans and biotechnology' survey of public perception
The Eurobarometer 2002 survey on (2003-03-27)

NASA's new spacecraft tool reveals massive Jupiter gas cloud
Using a sensitive new instrument on NASA's Cassini spacecraft, researchers have discovered a large and surprisingly dense gas cloud sharing an orbit with Jupiter's icy moon Europa. (2003-02-28)

European research policy for a more competitive Europe and better quality of life
Today (16 Feb.) Director General Achilleas Mitsos of the European Commission will give a topical lecture on European research policy. The presentation, entitled (2003-02-16)

European research at AAAS meeting
For the first time the European Commission, the executive arm of the European Union, is represented at an AAAS annual meeting. This is the latest step in a growing cooperation between the European Commission's research department and the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Director General Achilleas Mitsos will give a topical lecture on European research policy on February. 16. The European Commission's research policy and funding activities will also be showcased at the European Commission booth in the exhibition area. (2003-02-13)

Colorado U. space team studying water, ice and potential life on Jupiter moon, Europa
The oozing of glacial material in the floating ice shell on Jupiter's moon Europa has important implications for future exploration of the enigmatic moon and prospects of life in its ice-covered ocean, according to a University of Colorado at Boulder professor. (2002-10-25)

Sounding Europa on the cheap: Eavesdropping on ice
Forget drilling. A simpler and cheaper way to search for an ocean under Europa's glacial surface is to land a solitary electronic ear on the Jovian moon, and listen to the echoes of cracking ice. (2002-10-25)

Breast cancer under threat from the new ethics say top cancer specialists
Breast cancer research is under threat from the (2002-03-22)

Alien life forms more likely to be found outside solar system, says Colorado prof.
The chance of detecting life outside our own solar system probably is greater than discovering it on neighboring planets and moons like Mars or Europa, a moon of Jupiter, according to a University of Colorado at Boulder professor. (2002-02-18)

What makes Europa pink?
The rosy glow of Europa, one of Jupiter's moons, could be caused by frozen bits of bacteria, according to an American researcher. Their presence would also help explain Europa's mysterious infrared signal. (2001-12-05)

Listening for an ocean
Things are cracking up on the Jovian moon Europa, but nobody's laughing. Instead, Office of Naval Research funded scientists are intrigued with the notion that acoustic techniques now used by the Navy to determine water depth, can be used to establish the existence and depth of an ocean under Europa's ice mantle. (2001-09-26)

Weird chemistry: Researchers study unique radiation-driven reactions in extreme cold and high vacuum of Jupiter's moons
By his own admission, Thomas Orlando deals with (2001-08-29)

Study finds significant gender differences in risk factors for HIV infection among injection drug users
Significant differences exist in the risk factors men and women face for contracting HIV, according a 10-year study of injection drug users. For women, sexual activity is a greater risk factor for contracting HIV than the sharing of needles, visiting drug shooting galleries, or other aspects of the drug-related lifestyle. However, these same risk factors play a significant role among men for contracting HIV. (2001-05-26)

Scientists determine how chemistry keeps weird worms "out of hot water" at steaming deep-sea vents
Research led by University of Delaware marine scientists has determined that water chemistry controls the location and distribution of two species of weird worms inhabiting deep- sea hydrothermal vent sites. This is the first study demonstrating through real-time measurements how different chemical compounds control the biology at the vents. (2001-04-10)

Stress, chaos form tallest mountains in the solar system
It takes a lot of stress, and a little chaos, to create some of the tallest mountains in our solar system. That is the theory proposed by earth and planetary scientists at Washington University in St. Louis studying mountain formation and volcanic activity on Io, one of Jupiter's many moons. The researchers analyzed images taken by the Galileo and Voyager spacecraft and found that Io's enigmatic mountains may be the combined result of heating, melting, and tilting of giant blocks of crust. (2001-02-25)

Life in Europa's icy crust
The cracks in Europa's icy crust would provide an ideal home for life, says a researcher from the University of Arizona. This means that it may be possible to find life without having to drill down to the ocean of water beneath Europa's crust. (2000-10-31)

Using Hubble data, scientists show Io's mantle is similar to Earth's
Researchers at Washington University in St. Louis have determined the eruption conditions of Jupiter's satellite Io and concluded that the moon has a differentiated mantle similar to Earth's. The scientists used Hubble data, the first time that telescope data has been used to study present-day interior processes of a solar system body. (2000-10-05)

New method speeds planning of space missions
Planning a mission to Jupiter, its moons and other destinations in the solar system has gotten quicker and easier, thanks to a Purdue University engineer who will discuss his technique during a national conference in August. (2000-08-02)

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