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Current Eye Contact News and Events, Eye Contact News Articles.
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Why the lights don't dim when we blink
Every few seconds, our eyelids automatically shutter and our eyeballs roll back in their sockets. So why doesn't blinking plunge us into intermittent darkness and light? New research led by the University of California, Berkeley, shows that the brain works extra hard to stabilize our vision despite our fluttering eyes. (2017-01-19)

Could better eye training help reduce concussion in women's soccer?
With the ever-growing popularity of women's soccer, attention to sports-related concussions is also a growing concern. High school female soccer players incur a higher concussion rate than males, and UC researchers noticed in photographs of female soccer players, the players often had their eyes closed. They wanted to quantify whether female athletes closed their eyes more frequently than male counterparts, as a first step toward determining if less visual awareness might expose players to a higher risk of injury. (2017-01-18)

Retail therapy for jealous partners
When people in a relationships fees jealous about the attention their partners are receiving, they are more likely to purchase eye-grabbing products. This is an attempt to recapture the attention of their partners. (2017-01-16)

Improving longevity of functionally integrated stem cells in regenerative vision therapy
One of the challenges in developing stem cell therapies is ensuring that transplanted cells can survive long enough to work. Buck Institute researchers report one of the first demonstrations of long-term vision restoration in blind mice by transplanting photoreceptors derived from human stem cells and blocking the immune response that causes transplanted cells to be rejected. The findings support a path to improving clinical applications in restoring human vision lost to degenerative eye diseases. (2017-01-12)

Researchers identify factors responsible for chronic nature of autoimmune disease
Researchers have uncovered two factors responsible for the chronic, lifelong nature of autoimmune disorders, which tend to flare up intermittently in affected patients. (2017-01-04)

Powerful anti-inflammatory molecule may block vision loss in diabetic retinopathy
A more powerful version of an anti-inflammatory molecule already circulating in our blood may help protect our vision in the face of diabetes. (2017-01-03)

A closer look at the eye
URMC researchers have developed a new imaging technique that allowed the first glimpse of individual cells in the retina, a layer of tissue at the back of the eye. The new technique could allow earlier diagnosis and treatment for diseases like glaucoma and prevent vision loss caused by death of these retinal cells. (2017-01-02)

A new direction in ophthalmic development: Nanoparticle drug delivery systems
Most ophthalmic diseases are usually treated with topically administered drug formulations (e.g. eye drops). Their main disadvantage is the short time of contact with the eye, which leads to a low degree of absorption of the active substance (less than 5 percent of the drug administered). This requires frequent instillation, which usually leads to a high systemic exposure. (2017-01-02)

Why chess masters win
What is the secret of successful chess players? Cognitive scientists at the Cluster of Excellence Cognitive Interaction Technology (CITEC) at Bielefeld University investigate this question in the project 'Ceege' by recording players' eye movements and facial expressions. They cooperate with colleagues from Inria Grenoble Rhones-Aples, a research institute in France. (2016-12-23)

The strange effects of thinking healthy food is costlier
Consumers believe healthy food must be more expensive than cheap eats and that higher-priced food is healthier -- even when there is no supporting evidence, according to new research. The results mean not only that marketers can charge more for products that are touted as healthy, but that consumers may not believe that a product is healthy if it doesn't cost more, researchers say. (2016-12-19)

Study highlights need for improved, stable eye screening for premature babies
A survey of neonatal intensive care unit medical directors shows it's getting difficult to make arrangements for premature babies to get their eyes screened by an ophthalmologist. (2016-12-14)

NASA provides 2 views of former Tropical Cyclone Vardah
NASA satellite data provided a look at the cloud cover and rainfall rates within Tropical Cyclone Vardah. The Global Precipitation Measurement mission or GPM core satellite measured rainfall rates as Vardah was headed for landfall. After landfall, NASA-NOAA's Suomi NPP satellite captured an image of the storm's cloud cover as it weakened to a remnant low pressure area over southern India. (2016-12-13)

How physical exercise aids in stroke recovery
Study shoes that mice that had free-access to a running wheel were able to maintain ocular dominance plasticity after suffering a stroke, compared to those that didn't. These exciting observations have the potential to provide a simple but effective method to protect and rehabilitate patients that are prone to, or have already suffered, a stroke. (2016-12-12)

How turtles and crocodiles lost parietal eye and differing color vision adaptations
University of California zoologist Christopher Emerling has traced back 200 million years of eye evolution in turtles and crocodiles and contributed to a new understanding of color vision. It turns out that some turtles have reduced their color vision during their adaptation to fresh water and crocodiles have 'reinvented' vertebrate color vision for their nocturnal habits. (2016-12-08)

Direct link between REM sleep loss and the desire for sugary and fatty foods discovered
The researchers at the University of Tsukuba's International Institute for Integrative Sleep Medicine (IIIS) used a new method to produce REM sleep loss in mice along with a chemical-genetic technique to block prefrontal cortex neurons and the behaviors they mediate. As a result, the IIIS researchers discovered that inhibiting these neurons reversed the effect of REM sleep loss on sucrose consumption while having no effect on fat consumption. (2016-12-06)

Protein that promotes 'cell-suicide' could revolutionize eye cancer treatment
New research from the University of Liverpool has identified the role of a specific protein in the human body that can help prevent the survival and spread of eye cancer, by initiating cancer 'cell-suicide.' (2016-12-06)

Poor anti-VEGF responses linked to genetic variation in immune regulation
Though reducing VEGF signaling with anti-VEGF therapies has positive effects in many patients with wet age-related macular degeneration, some individuals continue to experience vision deterioration during treatment. In a study published this week in the JCI, Martin Friedlander's lab at Scripps Research Institute investigated whether genetic variation in an immune system component called the complement system may contribute to vision loss during anti-VEGF therapy in some patients. (2016-12-05)

Increased UVB exposure associated with reduced risk of nearsightedness, particularly in teens, young
Higher ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation exposure, directly related to time outdoors and sunlight exposure, was associated with reduced odds of myopia (nearsightedness), and exposure to UVB between ages 14 and 29 years was associated with the highest reduction in odds of adult myopia, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. (2016-12-01)

Zika and glaucoma linked for first time in new study
A team of researchers in Brazil and at the Yale School of Public Health has published the first report demonstrating that the Zika virus can cause glaucoma in infants who were exposed to the virus during gestation. (2016-11-30)

Secret phenotypes: Disease devils in invisible details
The human eye often falls short in the hunt for faint genetic drivers that raise the risk of devastating neurological diseases such as autism and schizophrenia. But little eludes a microscope optic attached to a computer, and algorithms that can relate previously hidden phenotypes to subtle genetic mutations. (2016-11-28)

Vestibular function declines starting at age 40
A new study led by researchers at Massachusetts Eye and Ear found that vestibular thresholds begin to double every 10 years above the age of 40, representing a decline in our ability to receive sensory information about motion, balance and spatial orientation. The report was published online ahead of print in Frontiers in Neurology. (2016-11-28)

It's all in the eyes: Women and men really do see things differently
Women and men look at faces and absorb visual information in different ways, which suggests there is a gender difference in understanding visual cues, according to a team of scientists that included psychologists from Queen Mary University of London. (2016-11-28)

Substantial percentage of patients surveyed report new visual symptoms following LASIK surgery
In a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology, Malvina Eydelman, M.D., of the US Food and Drug Administration, Silver Spring, Md., and colleagues examined the frequency of patient-reported visual symptoms, dry eye symptoms, satisfaction with vision, and satisfaction with laser insitu keratomileusis (LASIK) surgery in the Patient-Reported Outcomes With LASIK (PROWL) studies. (2016-11-23)

The eye has it: Vitreous gel could hold clues to visual impairment
Research is underway at Rochester Institute of Technology that will give scientists a better understanding of the vitreous humor, or gel, that fills the eye and could lead to advances in the treatment of vision disorders, drug delivery and eye surgery. RIT biophysicist Moumita Das is leading a National Science Foundation-funded study to explore properties critical to the function of the vitreous and the eye. (2016-11-23)

NIAID-supported scientists sequence, explore the genome of the river blindness parasite
Scientists have sequenced the genome of the parasitic worm responsible for causing onchocerciasis -- an eye and skin infection more commonly known as river blindness. Through their work, researchers have gained insight into the workings of the parasite and identified proteins that potentially could be targeted with existing drugs or provide areas for developing new treatments and a preventive vaccine. The NIAID-supported research is described in a pair of papers published this week in Nature Microbiology. (2016-11-21)

Alzheimer's disease proteins could be at fault for leading cause of vision loss among older people
Research from the University of Southampton gives new insight into possible causes of Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD), a leading cause of vision loss among people aged 50 and older. (2016-11-21)

Toddlers with autism don't avoid eye contact, but do miss its significance
Marcus Autism Center researchers studied eye movements in 2-year-olds with and without autism. (2016-11-18)

National study led by NYU Langone seeks innovative treatment for shingles of the eye
NYU Langone receives $15 million for a five-year research grant from the National Eye Institute to evaluate treatment for shingles of the eye. (2016-11-17)

Neurons in the human eye are organized for error correction
Neurons found in the human eye naturally display a form of error correction in the collective visual signals they send to the brain, according to a new study in PLOS Computational Biology. (2016-11-17)

Ducklings 'maintain two separate memory banks of visual information'
Scientists from the University of Oxford have shown that newly hatched ducklings that are shown a substitute mother object with only one eye do not recognize it when they have only the other eye available. (2016-11-17)

Microbes in your gut influence major eye disease
Bacteria in your intestines may play an important role in determining if you will develop blinding wet age-related macular degeneration. (2016-11-15)

Retinitis pigmentosa may be treated by reprogramming sugar metabolism
Columbia University researchers slowed vision loss in mice with a form of retinitis pigmentosa by reprogramming the metabolism of photoreceptors in the retina. (2016-11-14)

Researchers find a better way to save eyesight in third-world countries
A new study in the American Journal of Ophthalmology reports that low-cost widely available eye drops are just as effective as antibiotics in treating bacterial keratitis, a leading cause of blindness. (2016-11-14)

UofL researcher receives grant to study methods to restore depth perception
Aaron W. McGee, Ph.D., assistant professor at the University of Louisville School of Medicine, has received the Disney Award for Amblyopia Research in the amount of $100,000 from Research to Prevent Blindness (RPB). McGee will use the award to investigate approaches for improving recovery from amblyopia, or 'lazy eye.' (2016-11-14)

New findings show promise for treatment of Graves' disease and other ocular disorders
A new class of therapies may be on the horizon for thyroid eye disease (TED) and other destructive scarring conditions. A new study published in The American Journal of Pathology found that activation of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor pathway by its ligands blocks collagen production and myofibroblast proliferation in TED. (2016-11-11)

Smartphone app for early autism detection being developed by UB undergrad
Early detection of autism can dramatically improve the benefits of treatment, but often the disability is not suspected until a child enters school. A new smartphone app being developed by a University at Buffalo undergraduate and her advisor could change that by giving parents a reliable, easy-to-use tool for at home use to determine if there is a need for clinical examination. (2016-11-11)

iPad game effective in treating common eye condition in children
A special type of iPad game was effective in treating children with amblyopia (lazy eye) and was more effective than the standard treatment of patching, according to a study published online by JAMA Ophthalmology. (2016-11-10)

New eye pressure test could prevent vision loss in older adults
By age 75, approximately half of all Americans will develop cloudy vision caused by cataracts, according to the National Eye Institute. The most common complication from cataract surgery is high eye pressure, which can cause swelling and other issues that can lead to vision loss or even blindness. Now, researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine recommend a new test to check eye pressure to prevent possible vision loss. (2016-11-10)

Global experts discuss new approaches and innovations in ocular drug delivery systems
A special issue 'Ocular Drug Delivery' has just been published in the journal Drug Delivery and Translational Research. It is co-edited by Dr. Ilva Rupenthal from the University of Auckland, New Zealand, and Michael O'Rourke, President of Scotia Vision Consultants. The special issue contains articles by recognized global experts in the field, covering a broad spectrum of drug delivery topics including current challenges faced and establishment of suitable models to drive future technology success. (2016-11-07)

Protamine shows promise for new types of contact lens disinfectant
Protamine -- a natural protein with a proven safety record -- may be useful in developing new types of disinfectant solutions for contact lenses, according to a study published in the November issue of Optometry and Vision Science, official journal of the American Academy of Optometry. The journal is published by Wolters Kluwer. (2016-11-07)

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