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Current Fear News and Events, Fear News Articles.
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Pregnancy and birth: Safe for women with kidney transplants
Women who have had a kidney transplant and have good kidney function can get pregnant and give birth without jeopardizing their health or the health of their transplant. Having children does not affect patients' kidney function or their life-span compared with transplanted women who do not have children, according to a matching cohort study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society Nephrology. (2009-09-24)

'Back-breaking' work beliefs contribute to health workers' pain
Whether from heaving, twisting, bending or bad lifting postures, it's well known that caring for the sick or elderly can lead to back pain. This often results in time off work or dropping out of caring professions altogether. Now Danish research published in the online open-access journal BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders suggests that the fear of getting back pain from care work is predictive of actually developing it. (2009-09-23)

Seasonal influenza: Not enough health care workers have themselves vaccinated
Less than one third of healthcare workers have themselves vaccinated against classic influenza. In the new issue of Deutsches Arzteblatt International, Sabine Wicker of Johann Wolfgang Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt, and her co-authors reveal why vaccination rates have stayed so low and how they can be improved. (2009-09-18)

Bureaucracy stifling studies
A group of researchers whose planned leg ulceration study was hamstrung by a physician recruitment rate of 2 percent have published the reasons why so many doctors turned them down. The qualitative information, featured in the open access journal BMC Medical Research Methodology, should be of use to those designing trials of their own. (2009-08-13)

Safety and supply issues around an H1N1 vaccine
An editorial in this week's Lancet says that countries must have strong post-marketing surveillance in place forthcoming H1N1 vaccines, since countries fast-tracking the approval could bypass the usual safety and efficacy requirements. The editorial also says the USA must support strategies proposed by WHO to make doses of the H1N1 flu vaccine go further. (2009-07-30)

Finding fear: Neuroscientists locate where it is stored in the brain
Neuroscientists using an imaging technique that enabled them to trace the process of neural activation in the brain have pinpointed the neurons where fear conditioning is encoded. (2009-07-06)

Study finds improved communication encourages patients to seek colorectal cancer screening
Improved communication among patients and primary care physicians increases the chances those due for colorectal cancer screening will follow their doctors' advice and complete the procedure, a University at Buffalo study has found. (2009-06-29)

From Columbine to Dawson: study on psychological impact of mass shootings
Time does not heal all wounds, according to a new study completed by researchers from the Université de Montréal's Louis-H. Lafontaine Hospital-Fernand-Seguin Research Centre and the McGill University Health Center. Since the Sept. 13, 2006, mass shooting at Dawson College in Montreal, Canada, 40 percent of respondents have reported mental health problems, while others experienced severe post-traumatic stress symptoms. Preliminary findings from the study will be presented in New York. (2009-06-29)

Brain detects happiness more quickly than sadness
People make value judgments about others based on their facial expressions. A new study, carried out be Spanish and Brazilian researchers, shows that -- after looking at a face for only 100 milliseconds -- we can detect expressions of happiness and surprise faster than those of sadness or fear. (2009-06-17)

Naps with rapid eye movement sleep increase receptiveness to positive emotion
Naps with rapid eye movement sleep refresh the brain's empathetic sensitivity for evaluating human emotions by decreasing a negative bias and amplifying recognition of positive emotions, according to a research abstract that will be presented on Wednesday, June 10, at SLEEP 2009, the 23rd Annual Meeting of the Associated Professional Sleep Societies. (2009-06-10)

Individuals with family history of genetic disease at risk of discrimination
People with a family history of genetic disease are often discriminated against by insurance companies and their relatives and friends, according to research published on bmj.com today. (2009-06-09)

Despite increased danger, youth gang members still feel safer
Children who join gangs feel safer despite a greater risk of being assaulted or killed, according to federally funded research led by a Michigan State University criminologist. (2009-06-03)

Fish may actually feel pain and react to it much like humans
Fish don't make noises or contort their faces to show that it hurts when hooks are pulled from their mouths, but a Purdue University researcher believes they feel that pain all the same. (2009-04-30)

Potential new drug target for depression identified
An acid-sensitive protein in the brain may represent a new target for the treatment of depression, according to animal research in the April 29 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. The study shows that disrupting acid-sensitive ion channel-1a produces antidepressant-like effects in mice. The findings may one day benefit people who do not respond to traditional antidepressants or who cannot tolerate their side effects. (2009-04-28)

Study suggests new target for treatment of depression
A brain protein involved in fear behavior and anxiety may represent a new target for depression therapies, according to research from the University of Iowa and the Iowa City Veterans Affairs Medical Center. The study showed that disrupting the ASIC1a protein produced an antidepressant-like effect in mice. The effect was similar to that produced by currently available antidepressant drugs, but ASIC1a's effect appears to occur through a new and different biological mechanism. (2009-04-28)

California high school exit exam gets a failing grade in Stanford study
Graduation rates for low-achieving minority students and girls have fallen nearly 20 percentage points since California implemented a law requiring high school students to pass exit exams in order to graduate, according to a new Stanford study. The new study said that the exit exam has failed to meet one of its primary goals: to significantly improve student achievement. (2009-04-22)

ASU professor tracks Columbine media discourse from 'school shooting' to 'terrorism'
Arizona State University's David Altheide builds on his two-decade study of mass media messages of fear to argue that Columbine and other school shootings were redefined as a form of terrorism that was consistent with news emphases and social control efforts that emerged prior to the invasion of Iraq. One result was to extend terrorism frames and discourse into public policy and funding sources that influenced school districts' priorities, rules and student discipline. (2009-04-17)

Well-timed timeout effective in wiping out fear memory response
Researchers target a key time when memories are ripe for change to substantially modify memories of fear into benign memories and to keep them that way. (2009-04-02)

6 out of every 10 university students present 'mathematical anxiety' or fear of this subject
A study carried out at the University of Granada concludes that this problem affects more women than men. The research work was carried out through a survey to 885 first-year students of 23 degrees given at the UGR who study mathematics. Tension, nervousness, concern, worry, edginess, impatience, confusion, fear and mental block are some of the symptoms of this disorder. (2009-04-01)

Aussie meat ants may be invasive cane toad's Achilles' heel
Ecologists in Australia have discovered that cane toads are far more susceptible to being killed and eaten by meat ants than native frogs. Their research -- published in the British Ecological Society's journal Functional Ecology -- reveals a chink in the cane toad's armor that could help control the spread of this alien invasive species in tropical Australia. (2009-03-30)

Forget it! A biochemical pathway for blocking your worst fears?
A receptor for glutamate, the most prominent neurotransmitter in the brain, plays a key role in the process of (2009-03-24)

Fear or romance could make you change your mind, U of Minnesota study finds
New research from Vladas Griskevicius, professor of marketing at the University of Minnesota's Carlson School of Management, suggests that the effectiveness of common persuasion tactics can be dramatically altered by two primal emotions -- fear and romantic desire. (2009-03-23)

An end to fear
A team of Dutch researchers under the leadership of Vici-winner Merel Kindt has successfully reduced the fear response. They weakened fear memories in human volunteers by administering the beta-blocker propranolol. Interestingly, the fear response does not return over the course of time. Top journal Nature Neuroscience published the findings on February 15, 2009. (2009-03-11)

The genetics of fear: Study suggests specific genetic variations contribute to anxiety disorders
A new study suggests that individuals with specific polymorphisms may be more susceptible to anxiety disorders by being more prone to developing fear and being less likely to overcome that fear by common cognitive behavioral treatments which are based on the extinction principle. (2009-03-10)

Tiny brain region better part of valor
Piece of hypothalamus is key to animals' fear of territorial rivals and predators, according to a study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Without it, animals lose all sense of caution. (2009-03-09)

Hatha yoga practice and fear of falling in older adults
Indiana University researchers found promising results in an exploratory study involving yoga practice by older adults who expressed a fear of falling. After a 12-week, twice weekly hatha yoga class, taught by a professional yoga therapist, study participants reported a reduced fear of falling, increased lower body flexibility and a reduction in their leisure constraints. (2009-03-09)

Rockefeller University president applauds new US policy on stem cells
Today's executive order making federal money once again available for research on human embryonic stem cells will accelerate biomedical research and hopefully bring us closer to cures for some of our most devastating diseases, says Rockefeller University president Paul Nurse. (2009-03-09)

Rice psychologist explores perception of fear in human sweat
When threatened, many animals release chemicals as a warning signal to members of their own species, who in turn react to the signals and take action. Research by Rice University psychologist Denise Chen suggests a similar phenomenon occurs in humans. (2009-03-06)

Politicians can use fear to manipulate the public
A new study in the American Journal of Political Science explores how and when politicians can use fear to manipulate the public into supporting policies they might otherwise oppose. Politicians' use of fear is more likely with regard to topics that are abstract and difficult for citizens (and/or the media) to observe. (2009-03-04)

Xenophobia, for men only
We have an evolved mental readiness to be fearful of certain things in our world. It's known that people are more fearful of (2009-02-04)

Mother's experience impacts offspring's memory
A mother's life experience can affect the biology of her offspring, according to new animal research in the Feb. 4 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. The study shows that a stimulating environment improved the memory of young mice with a memory-impairing genetic defect and also improved the memory of their eventual offspring. The findings suggest that parental behaviors that occur long before pregnancy may influence an offspring's well-being. (2009-02-03)

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the Jan. 14 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: (2009-01-13)

Tiny capsules deliver
A tiny particle syringe composed of polymer layers and nanoparticles may provide drug delivery that targets diseased cells without harming the rest of the body, according to a team of chemical engineers. This delivery system could be robust and flexible enough to deliver a variety of substances. (2009-01-12)

Ode to joy and serenity and curiosity and ...
University of North Carolina psychologist Barbara Fredrickson uses the antics of patas monkeys as both an example and metaphor for her (2008-12-18)

Fear of nuts creating hysteria of epidemic proportions
Measures imposed to reduce exposure to nuts are often based on irrational fears of nut allergies and are becoming increasingly sensationalist, according to a doctor on bmj.com today. (2008-12-09)

Depression rife among medical students
Medical students frequently suffer from depression, especially during their internship years. New research published in the open access journal BMC Medical Education reveals the extent of the problem and features a detailed analysis of the symptoms and sufferers. (2008-12-04)

New HIV film tackles stigma faced by teachers in Africa
Addressing the discrimination against HIV-positive teachers in Africa is a key aim of a new documentary and accompanying book being launched in Senegal today by the Partnership for Child Development based at Imperial College London. (2008-12-03)

Workbook co-authored by UH psychologist offers self-help for those suffering anxieties
A new workbook co-authored by a University of Houston psychologist takes readers who suffer anxiety on a journey of self-discovery in order to reach recovery. (2008-12-02)

Jack Bauer: The glamorization of torture does not change its inhumanity
The glamorization of torture through the TV character Jack Bauer is discussed in a viewpoint in this week's edition of the Lancet, written by Dr. Homer Drae Venters, New York University. Dr. Venters also proposes the steps doctors can take to oppose torture. (2008-11-27)

Fear of hypoglycemia a barrier to exercise for type 1 diabetics
According to a new study, published in the November issue of Diabetes Care, a majority of diabetics avoid physical activity because they worry about exercise-induced hypoglycemia and severe consequences including loss of consciousness. (2008-11-26)

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