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MU study reveals effective anti-tobacco ads should either scare or disgust viewers
Now's the perfect time to increase anti-smoking campaigns -- Nov. 20 is the American Cancer Society's Great American Smokeout. In a new study, University of Missouri researchers examined the effects of two types of content commonly used in anti-tobacco ads -- tobacco health threats that evoke fear and disturbing or disgusting images. The researchers found that ads focused on either fear or disgust increased attention and memory in viewers; however, ads that included both fear and disgust decreased viewers' attention and memory. (2008-11-20)

New understanding of how we remember traumatic events
Neuroscientists at the University of Queensland have discovered a new way to explain how emotional events can sometimes lead to disturbing long term memories. (2008-10-27)

Forget about it: Inducible and selective erasure of memories in mice
Targeted memory erasure is no longer limited to the realm of science fiction. A new study describes a method through which a selected set of memories can be rapidly and specifically erased from the mouse brain in a controlled and inducible manner. (2008-10-22)

Effective anti-tobacco ads should either scare or disgust viewers, MU study reveals
In a new study, University of Missouri researchers examined the effects of two types of content commonly used in anti-tobacco ads -- tobacco health threats that evoke fear and disturbing or disgusting images. The researchers found that ads focused on either fear or disgust increased attention and memory in viewers; however, ads that included both fear and disgust decreased viewers' attention and memory. (2008-10-22)

Risk and reward compete in brain
Imaging study follows on previous lesion studies to pinpoint regions of brain involved in risk management: finds that individuals' response to risk and reward can be gauged from activity in two distinct brain regions. (2008-10-09)

Pregnancy not turning minds to mush: Study
Pregnancy and motherhood may make us all go a little gooey, but it's not turning mums' brains into mush, according to mental health researchers at the Australian National University. (2008-10-09)

Learning how not to be afraid
New studies by Howard Hughes Medical Institute researchers are showing how the brain changes when mice learn to feel safe and secure in situations that would normally make them anxious. The mice developed a conditioned inhibition of fear that squelches anxiety as effectively as antidepressant drugs, such as Prozac. (2008-10-08)

Learned safety cheers depressed mice: An animal model of behavioral intervention for depression
A new animal model has provided insight into the cellular and molecular mechanisms associated with behavioral therapy for depression. The study, published by Cell Press in the Oct. 9 issue of Neuron, may provide a good model system for testing cellular and molecular interactions between antidepressive medications and behavioral treatments for depression. (2008-10-08)

Individuals with social phobia see themselves differently
Magnetic resonance brain imaging reveals that patients with generalized social phobia respond differently than others to negative comments about themselves, according to a report in the October issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2008-10-06)

Survey confirms parents' fears, confusion over autism
The first national survey of attitudes toward autism reveals that a small but significant percentage of people still believe the disease is caused by childhood vaccines. The survey of 1,000 randomly selected adults was conducted for the Florida Institute of Technology. (2008-10-03)

'Hub' of fear memory formation identified in brain cells
A protein required for the earliest steps in embryonic development also plays a key role in solidifying fear memories in the brains of adult animals, scientists have revealed. An apparent (2008-09-28)

Brain imaging study provides new insight into why people pay too much in auctions
Auctions are an old and widely used method for allocating goods that have become increasingly common with the advent of internet auctions sites such as Ebay. Previous economic research has shown that in an auction people tend to bid (2008-09-25)

What's the difference between a liberal and conservative?
Political conservatives operate out of a fear of chaos and absence of order while political liberals operate out of a fear of emptiness, a new study finds. Social scientists long have assumed that liberals are more rational and less fearful than conservatives, but Northwestern University research finds that both groups view the world as (2008-09-24)

Neuroscientist reveals how nonconformists achieve success
In a new book, (2008-09-24)

A child dies every 3 seconds, a mother every minute
In a comment published early online and later this week in the print edition of the Lancet, the Prime Ministers of Norway and the Netherlands, and the presidents of Tanzania and the World Bank, discuss the finance issues that surround the attempts to attain the Millennium Development Goals on Maternal and Child Mortality. The publication coincides with the high profile meeting on MDG progression at the UN General Assembly. (2008-09-24)

No helicopter moms among Rutgers mutant mice
First, he discovered a gene that controls innate fear in animals. Now Rutgers geneticist Gleb Shumyatsky has shown that the same gene promotes (2008-09-15)

Brains rely on old and new mechanisms to diminish fear, NYU and Rutgers researchers find
Humans have developed complex thought processes that can help to regulate their emotions, but these processes are also linked with evolutionarily older mechanisms that are common across species, according to a study by neuroscientists at New York and Rutgers universities. (2008-09-10)

Book by Brian Michael Jenkins explores nuclear terrorism
Almost since the dawn of the nuclear age, experts have tried to assess the chance terrorists could acquire the raw materials and technological skill needed to assemble a nuclear bomb. In a new book, (2008-09-10)

Brains rely on old and new mechanisms for diminishing fear
A new study suggests that although humans may have developed complex thought processes that can help to regulate their emotions, these processes are linked with evolutionarily older mechanisms that are common across species. The research provides new insight into way the brain manages fear and may guide exploration of novel pharmacological and therapeutic treatments for anxiety disorders. (2008-09-10)

Loneliness undermines health as well as mental well-being
Feeling connected to others is vital to a person's mental well-being, as well as physical health. Studies on loneliness show that a sense of rejection or isolation disrupts not only will power and perseverance, but also key cellular processes deep within the human body. The findings suggest that chronic loneliness belongs among health risk factors such as smoking, obesity or lack of exercise. People can learn, however, to overcome loneliness. (2008-09-03)

Rutgers research identifies brain cells related to fear
Potentially paving the way for more effective treatments of anxiety disorders, a recent Nature report by Denis Paré, professor at the Center for Molecular and Behavioral Neuroscience at Rutgers University, Newark, has identified a critical component of the amygdala's neural network normally involved in the extinction, or elimination, of fear memories. His research was published online by Nature on July 9, 2008, and is scheduled to appear in the print edition later in July. (2008-07-10)

Study reveals potential reasons for school absenteeism
A questionnaire of Swiss schoolchildren has revealed the extent of truancy and school fear. The research, published in BioMed Central's open access journal Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health, links truancy and school fear to life events, parental behavior and school environment. (2008-07-10)

Brain chemical shown to induce both desire and dread
The chemical dopamine induces both desire and dread, according to new animal research in the July 9 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience. Although dopamine is well known to motivate animals and people to seek positive rewards, the study indicates that it also can promote negative feelings like fear. The finding may help explain why dopamine dysfunction is implicated not only in drug addiction, which involves excessive desire, but in schizophrenia and some phobias, which involve excessive fear. (2008-07-08)

Spiritual effects of hallucinogens persist, Johns Hopkins researchers report
In a follow-up to research showing that psilocybin, a substance contained in (2008-07-01)

Intimate examinations should not be performed without consent
Intimate examinations, performed by medical students on anesthetised patients, are often carried out without adequate consent from patients, but this violates their basic human rights and should not be allowed, claims an editorial in the July issue of Student BMJ. (2008-06-19)

Perspective: Policies must keep pace with genetic progress
Enactment of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008 is a boon for individual patients and for genetic research, write Kathy Hudson, M.K. Holohan, and Francis Collins in the June 19 issue of the New England Journal of Medicine. But the bill is not a panacea, they note. (2008-06-19)

Obese women in Canada are less likely to be screened for cervical cancer
A University of Alberta study shows obese Canadian women are shying away from undergoing cervical cancer screening because of fear of embarrassment, pain or finding something wrong. This is a concerning find for researchers, who say the issue should be addressed through increased awareness and vigilance on the part of patients and health care providers. (2008-06-17)

Looking tired or angry may have more to do with facial aesthetics than how you feel
The old saying, (2008-05-28)

Brain's 'trust machinery' identified
The brain centers triggered by a betrayal of trust have been identified by researchers, who found they could suppress such triggering and maintain trust by administering the brain chemical oxytocin. The researchers said their findings not only offer basic insights into the neural machinery underlying trust; the results may also help in understanding the neural basis of social disorders such as phobias and autism. (2008-05-21)

News tips from the Journal of Neuroscience
The following articles are featured in the May 21 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience: (2008-05-20)

Fear of crime or anxiety about a rapidly changing society?
Do we really fear crime or are we just anxious about neighbourhood breakdown and the speed of change in society? Research, funded by the Economic & Social Research Council, shows that our everyday concerns about crime in England & Wales are much less frequent than previously thought. (2008-05-19)

Imaging study provides glimpse of alcohol's effect on brain
New brain imaging research published this week shows that, after consuming alcohol, social drinkers had decreased sensitivity in brain regions involved in detecting threats, and increased activity in brain regions involved in reward. The study, in the April 30 issue of the Journal of Neuroscience, is the first human brain imaging study of alcohol's effect on the response of neuronal circuits to threatening stimuli. (2008-04-29)

Cause and affect: Emotions can be unconsciously and subliminally evoked, study shows
Most people agree that emotions can be caused by a specific event and that the person experiencing it is aware of the cause, such as a child's excitement at the sound of an ice cream truck. But recent research suggests emotions also can be unconsciously evoked and manipulated. (2008-04-28)

Virtual world therapeautic for addicts: UH study shows
Patients in therapy to overcome addictions have a new arena to test their coping skills -- the virtual world. A new study by University of Houston Associate Professor Patrick Bordnick found that a virtual reality environment can provide the climate necessary to spark an alcohol craving so that patients can practice how to say (2008-04-28)

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act clears Senate
The Senate passed the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act by unanimous consent. (2008-04-25)

Study suggests genetic factors associated with common fears
Genetic factors that are associated with fears appear to change as children and adolescents age, with some familial factors declining in importance over time while other genetic risk factors arise in adolescence and adulthood, according to a report in the April issue of Archives of General Psychiatry, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. (2008-04-07)

Fear that freezes the blood in your veins
If you are (2008-03-25)

Fighting terror online
Online terrorism is the use of new technology to elicit fear and panic in society. This new book, Fighting Terror Online, focuses on how different societies react to this new form of terrorism and the ethics behind these responses. In Fighting Terror Online, Prof. Martin Golumbic asks the burning question, (2008-03-19)

Dementia diagnosis brings relief, not depression
When it comes to a diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease, what you don't know may not kill you, but knowing the truth as soon as possible appears to be the better approach -- one that may improve the emotional well-being of both patients and their caregivers, suggests new research from Washington University in St. Louis. (2008-03-03)

Detecting the snake in the grass
Adults and very young children apparently have an innate ability to very quickly detect the presence of a snake from among a variety of nonthreatening objects and creatures such as a caterpillar, flower or toad, according to a new study by psychologists at the University of Virginia. (2008-03-03)

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