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Stay focused: Algae-inspired polymers light the way for enhanced night vision
Researchers from the University of Tsukuba processed sulfur, and algae and plant compounds, into an elastic lens that maintains substantial variable focus in infrared imaging. This development will be useful in policing, firefighting, ecology, and many other applications where it's critical to see detail at variable distances in dark environments, such as at night or through smoke. (2020-10-27)

Primary care patients assess econsult model for provider-to-specialist consultations
A study across five academic medical centers examined the reaction of patients to the use of an electronic consultation (eConsult) service for primary care provider-to-specialist consultation. (2020-02-18)

Shifting the focus of climate-change strategies may benefit younger generations
Strategies to limit climate change that focus on warming in the next couple of decades would leave less of a burden for future generations. (2019-09-18)

Study reveals how motivation affects nutrition and diet
New research led by the University of East Anglia suggests that people with a positive attitude are more likely to eat healthily. The study examined the motivational role of a theory called regulatory focus on consumers' involvement in nutrition, that is, the time and effort they put in to finding out about nutrition and seeking out nutritious food. It also examined the effect of nutrition involvement on consumers' knowledge of nutrition and dietary behavior. (2019-03-15)

Study examines race-based differences in social support needs among breast cancer patients
In a Psycho-Oncology study of 28 women who were being treated for breast cancer and were participating in focus groups, White participants noted that having other breast cancer survivors in their support network was essential for meeting their social support needs. Black participants did not reference other breast cancer survivors as part of their networks, however. (2019-02-06)

Positive well-being may protect against depression in people with autism
In an Autism Research study of 36 newly employed adults with autism spectrum disorder who were participating in a supported employment program, positive well-being -- or a sense of happiness and life satisfaction -- was associated with a lower risk of developing depression over 12 months of follow-up. (2019-01-24)

Do local employment conditions affect women's pregnancy intentions?
Economic conditions can shape the decisions that adults make about their families, such as whether and when to have children. A recent Journal of Marriage & Family analysis of US women aged 20 to 44 years found that higher unemployment rates were associated with a lower likelihood of unintended pregnancy. (2018-11-21)

A new lens for microscopy has been developed
BFU physicists suggested a new model of a variable focus lens called a mini transfocator. It may be used in microscopic research that requires compact and mobile optical systems. The development was supported by the Ministry of Education and Science with a grant (No. 14. Y26.31.0002). The results were published in the Microscopy and Microanalysis journal. (2018-11-08)

Research calls for new approach to tropical marine conservation
A new article by a Swansea University researcher has called for a rethink on tropical marine conservation efforts, as people who previously relied on coral reefs for food and income are increasingly looking to alternative habitats which is putting pressure on the animals that inhabit seagrass meadows. (2018-11-06)

Flying focus: Controlling lasers through time and space
Scientists have produced an extremely bright spot of light that can travel at any speed -- including faster than the speed of light. Researchers have found a way to use this concept, called 'flying focus,' to move an intense laser focal point over long distances at any speed. Their technique includes capturing some of the fastest movies ever recorded. (2018-11-05)

How our ancestors with autistic traits led a revolution in Ice Age art
Around 30,000 years ago realistic art suddenly flourished in Europe. Extremely accurate depictions of bears, bison, horses and lions decorate the walls of Ice Age archaeological sites such as Chauvet Cave in southern France. The authors of a new study argue that individuals with (2018-05-14)

Rochester researchers use 'flying focus' to better control lasers over long distances
For the first time, researchers at the University of Rochester's Laboratory for Laser Energetics (LLE) have found a way to use a concept called 'flying focus' to better control the intensity of lasers over longer distances. Their technique includes capturing some of the fastest movies ever recorded and has the potential to help researchers design the next generation of high-power lasers or produce light sources with novel wavelengths. (2018-03-12)

New framework for multimorbidity care identifies changes and gaps
Researchers have developed a new framework for reporting and designing models of care for multimorbidity. (2017-11-20)

People will desire something even more if you increase their focus on it
The relationship between desire and attention was long thought to only work in one direction: When a person desires something, they focus their attention on it. (2017-11-13)

Efforts to revive coal industry unlikely to work, may slow job growth
Current federal efforts to revive the coal industry will likely do more harm than good to fragile Appalachian communities transitioning from coal as a major source of employment, according to a study conducted by Indiana University researchers. (2017-10-27)

Call for the creation of chief primary care medical officer in hospitals
This article appears in the July/August 2017 Annals of Family Medicine. Article link goes live at 5 p.m. ET, July 10. (2017-07-10)

Special issue of Future Medicinal Chemistry explores advances in neurodegenerative disease therapy
Future Medicinal Chemistry, a leading MEDLINE indexed journal for medicinal chemists, has published two Special Focus issues on Medicinal Chemistry Advances in Neurodegenerative Disease Therapy. (2017-06-23)

Charisma-challenged? You can still be a good boss
You don't need the charisma of Steve Jobs to be an effective boss, indicates new research led by Michigan State University business scholars. (2017-04-18)

Australian solar tech to help China reach clean energy targets
Australia's solar heliostat technology will be used for concentrating solar thermal electricity generation in China. (2016-11-28)

How visual attention selects important information
Researchers at Tohoku University have revealed multiple functions of visual attention, the process of selecting important information from retinal images. (2016-11-14)

Understanding why potentially inappropriate medications are continued at the end of life
A recent interview study has uncovered factors that may contribute to the use of potentially inappropriate medications at the end of life. (2016-10-17)

Newspapers often publish false depictions of gout
A new analysis reveals that popular newspaper articles depict gout as a self-inflicted condition that is socially embarrassing and the focus of humor. (2016-05-04)

Winner announced for Dove Medical Press inaugural Video Abstract Award
Dove Medical Press is pleased to announce the winner for their inaugural Video Abstract Award (2015). (2016-01-07)

Science-backed brain game eases distraction, anxiety
Researchers have created a surprisingly simple yet targeted brain game that reduces anxiety by helping people focus in an increasingly distracting world. (2015-08-12)

How to digitally stoke that old-time auction fever
The authors explore the impact of time pressure and social competition on bidders in online auctions and how those factors influence auction results and users' experience. (2015-07-28)

Not always cool to stay cool in negotiations, study finds
Negotiators shouldn't always try to keep their cool during a heated meeting. Trying to suppress their anger about important points related to the negotiations could, in fact, cause them to lose the focus of discussions, says Bo Shao of the University of New South Wales in Australia, who led a study in Springer's Journal of Business and Psychology. (2015-01-13)

New technology focuses diffuse light inside living tissue
New research from the School of Engineering & Applied Science at Washington University in St. Louis reveals for the first time a new technique that focuses diffuse light inside a dynamic scattering medium containing living tissue. In addition, they have improved the speed of optical focusing deep inside tissue by two orders of magnitude. (2015-01-05)

Synthetic biology still in uncharted waters of public opinion
A new set of focus groups convened by the Synthetic Biology Project at the Wilson Center found continued low awareness of synthetic biology, as well as concerns about specific applications. (2014-05-15)

Mood and food: The better your mood, the better you eat
Individuals select healthy or indulgent foods depending on whether they are in a good or a bad mood, respectively. Individuals in positive moods who make healthier food choices are often thinking more about future health benefits than those in negative moods, who focus more on the immediate taste and sensory experience. Trying to focus on something pleasant can reduce consumption of indulgent foods. If you think about what makes you happy, you'll eat 77 percent healthier! (2014-02-24)

Mustering resiliency to cope after traumas is focus of new book
People often assume that experiencing something horrific automatically leads to posttraumatic stress disorder. In contrast though, most people are actually resilient in the aftermath of trauma. Understanding the principles that underlie such resilience is the focus of Facilitating Resilience and Recovery Following Trauma (Guilford Publications, 2014). (2013-12-12)

Public wants labels for food nanotech -- and they're willing to pay for it
New research finds that people in the United States want labels on food products that use nanotechnology -- whether the nanotechnology is in the food or is used in food packaging. The research also shows that many people are willing to pay more for the labeling. (2013-10-28)

Community-based programs may help prevent childhood obesity
When it comes to confronting childhood obesity, researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health conclude that community-based approaches are important. A systematic review of childhood obesity prevention programs found that community-based intervention programs that incorporate schools and focus on both diet and physical activity are more effective at preventing obesity in children. (2013-06-17)

Selling concert tickets? Consider parking when setting the price
Sellers mostly focus on the desirability of a product when setting prices. Buyers, however, focus evenly on the product itself and what's entailed in using it, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2013-04-09)

Government funding for 'super-material'
Royal Holloway is among a select group of top universities to receive £21.5 million in government funding to explore commercial uses for graphene. (2013-01-10)

AGI to provide input on critical United Nations Document
On September 11th, the American Geosciences Institute will participate in a focus group to discuss the United Nations' process of defining Article 15 in the International Covenant of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights. Article 15 recognizes the human right to (2012-09-10)

Targeting confident consumers? Focus on high-level product features
Confident consumers pay more attention to advertisements and product information that focus on high-level features of a product, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. Less confident consumers, however, focus on the basics. (2012-08-14)

Greater working memory capacity benefits analytic, but not creative, problem-solving
Psychological scientists have long known that the amount of information we can actively hold in mind at any given time - known as working memory - is limited. Our working memory capacity reflects our ability to focus and control attention and strongly influences our ability to solve problems. Psychological scientists find that while increased working memory capacity seems to boost mathematical problem-solving, it might actually get in the way of creative problem solving. (2012-08-07)

Controlling uncertainty: Why do consumers need to believe in certain service providers?
Consumers evaluate services and make decisions based on the level of uncertainty associated with a product -- the greater the uncertainty, the more likely it is they will need to have faith in a company and focus on its unique offerings, according to a new study in the Journal of Consumer Research. (2012-07-16)

Alexandra Witze and Jane Qiu awarded EGU Science Journalism Fellowship
The European Geosciences Union has named journalists Alexandra Witze and Jane Qiu as the winners of its first Geosciences Communications Fellowship for proposals on volcanology and climate change reporting, respectively. Each will receive €2,500 to cover expenses related to their projects. (2012-01-31)

How our brains keep us focused
In a new study to appear in Neuron, scientists at the RIKEN Brain Science Institute have uncovered mechanisms that help our brain to focus by efficiently routing only relevant information to perceptual brain regions. The results provide valuable insights on how our brains achieve such focus and on how this focus can be disrupted, suggesting new ways of presenting information that augment the brain's natural focal capabilities. (2011-12-07)

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