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Current Fossil Fuels News and Events, Fossil Fuels News Articles.
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Feeding habits of ancient elephants uncovered from grass fragments stuck in their teeth
A new study, led by scientists at the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology in Beijing, China, including University of Bristol Ph.D. student Zhang Hanwen, examined the feeding habits of ancient elephant relatives that inhabited Central Asia some 17 million years ago. (2018-05-17)

Can we get 100 percent of our energy from renewable sources?
In a review paper last year in Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Benjamin Heard and colleagues presented their case against 100 percent renewable electricity systems. They doubted the feasibility of many of the recent scenarios for high shares of renewable energy. Now scientists have hit back with their response to the points raised by Heard and colleagues. They demonstrate that there are no roadblocks on the way to a 100 percent renewable future. (2018-05-17)

New catalyst upgrades greenhouse gas into renewable hydrocarbons
Research team out of U of T Engineering designs most efficient and stable process for converting climate-warming carbon dioxide into a key chemical building block for plastics -- all powered using renewable electricity. (2018-05-17)

Biodiversity suffers as climate warms
High levels of warming will lead to systemic ecological simplification, a process where many 'climate losers' are replaced by far fewer 'climate winners.' Such a simplified ecological landscape could have impacts on ecosystem services such as water quality, soil conservation, flood prevention, all of which are important for human well-being. Fewer insects also mean fewer pollinators and hence concomitant implications for many plant species, and related food production. (2018-05-17)

A green approach to making ammonia could help feed the world
A UCF research team with collaborators at Virginia Tech have developed a new 'green' approach to making ammonia that may help make feeding the rising world population more sustainable. (2018-05-15)

New 'Silk Road' brings challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation
In an article published in Nature Sustainability, scientists argues that environmental protection should be a priority for the 'Belt and Road' initiative. This Chinese project would then represent not only an investment to foster international trade but also an opportunity for sustainable development leadership. Among the team, who calls for rigorous strategic environmental and social assessments, are researchers from CIBIO-InBIO in Portugal, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg and German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv). (2018-05-15)

Lignin -- A supergreen fuel for fuel cells
Researchers from the Laboratory of Organic Electronics at Linköping University have developed a fuel cell that uses lignin, a cheap by-product from paper manufacture and one of the most common biopolymers. (2018-05-14)

Majorities see government efforts to protect the environment as insufficient
Majorities of Americans say the federal government is doing too little to protect key aspects of the environment, according to a new study released today by Pew Research Center. In a national survey of 2,541 US adults, 69 percent of Americans say the federal government isn't doing enough to protect water quality of lakes, rivers and streams and 64 percent say the same about air quality. Two-thirds (67 percent) say the government is doing too little to reduce the effects of climate change. (2018-05-14)

Simple equation directs creation of clean-energy catalysts
New guidelines laid down by Nebraska and Chinese researchers could steer the design of less costly, more efficient catalysts geared toward revving up the production of hydrogen as a renewable fuel. Using its equation, the team discovered several atom-framework combinations that approximate the performance of precious-metal catalysts - platinum, gold, iridium - at mere thousandths of the cost. (2018-05-14)

Jurassic fossil tail tells of missing link in crocodile family tree
A 180 million-year-old fossil has shed light on how some ancient crocodiles evolved into dolphin-like animals. (2018-05-11)

Fossil find solves questions around baleen whale evolution
A University of Otago palaeontologist's discovery of an ancient fossil whale that swam the Antarctica seas 34 million years ago has paved the way for new knowledge about the evolution of baleen whales. (2018-05-10)

New study finds climate change threatens Marine Protected Areas
New research from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill and collaborators found that most marine life in Marine Protected Areas will not be able to tolerate warming ocean temperatures caused by greenhouse gas emissions. The study found that with continued 'business-as-usual' emissions, the protections currently in place won't matter, because by 2100, warming and reduced oxygen concentration will make Marine Protected Areas uninhabitable by most species currently residing in those areas. (2018-05-07)

Vulnerable communities may be adversely affected by the transition to cleaner energy
Indiana University researchers have developed a method for identifying communities that may be negatively affected by clean energy policies that hasten the move from fossil fuels to more environmentally friendly solutions. (2018-05-07)

25 years of fossil collecting yields clearest picture of extinct 12-foot aquatic predator
More than two decades of exploration at a Pennsylvania fossil site have given Academy of Natural Sciences paleontologists their best idea of how a giant, prehistoric predator would have looked and behaved. (2018-05-07)

High-performance multimetallic AuPd@Pd@Pt core-interlayer-shell icosahedral electrocatalysts for ORR
Pt-based core-shell electrocatalysts have received abundant research interests over the past decade. Recently, a research team led by Professor Deren Yang from Zhejiang University has successfully synthesized the AuPd@Pd@Pt core-interlayer-shell nanoicosahedra catalysts for oxygen reduction. Such catalysts exhibited not only an excellent ORR activity but also a good durability compared with commercial Pt/C, arising from the incorporation of Pd ultrathin interlayer. (2018-05-04)

Low-carbon energy transition requires more renewables than previously thought
The transition to a low-carbon energy society will require more renewable energy sources than previously thought if current levels of energy consumption per capita and lifestyles are to be maintained. This is one of the main conclusions of the study carried out by the researchers of the Institute of Science and Environmental Technology of the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Lewis King and Jeroen van den Bergh, and recently published in Nature Energy. (2018-05-04)

Weeds take over kelp in high CO2 oceans
Weedy plants will thrive and displace long-lived, ecologically valuable kelp forests under forecast ocean acidification, new research from the University of Adelaide shows. The researchers describe how kelp forests are displaced by weedy marine plants in high CO2 conditions, equivalent to those predicted for the turn of the century. (2018-05-03)

Odd microbial partnerships via electrically conductive particles
Human activities have contributed to global warming subsequently leading to increasing erosion of land. This results in conductive minerals being washed increasingly into water streams. The inflow of conductive particles can enable unusual electric partnerships between microbes leading to additional emissions of methane, which is a potent greenhouse gas. (2018-05-03)

Arctic survivalists
They form the basis of the Arctic food web -- and are extremely tough: even when the water becomes more acidic and the available light or temperatures change, various phytoplankton assemblages in the Arctic demonstrate undiminished productivity and biodiversity. (2018-04-30)

Study finds very few pages devoted to climate change in introductory science textbooks
In new research published in the journal Environmental Communication, Rachel Yoho and co-author Bruce Rittmann examined more than the 15,000 combined pages from current editions of 16 of the leading physics, biology and chemistry undergraduate textbooks published between 2013 and 2015. They found that less than 4 percent of pages were devoted toward discussing climate change, global warming, related environmental issues or renewable energy applications. (2018-04-30)

Research gives new ray of hope for solar fuel
The quest to develop the 'Holy Grail' of affordable, viable and environmentally-friendly fuels using sunlight has taken an exciting new twist. (2018-04-27)

100-million-year-old liverwort mimicry in insects
Researchers from China and USA reported a new lacewing species (green lacewing larvae) based on two larvae from the Cretaceous Burmese amber (approximately 100 million years old). These larvae are anatomically modified to mimic coeval liverworts. This discovery represents the first record of liverwort mimicry by fossil insects and brings to light an evolutionary novelty, both in terms of morphological specialization as well as plant-insect interaction. (2018-04-26)

Applying network analysis to natural history
By using network analysis to search for communities of marine life in the fossil records of the Paleobiology Database, the team, including researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, was able to quantify the ecological impacts of major events like mass extinctions and may help us anticipate the consequences of a 'sixth mass extinction.' (2018-04-23)

Grassland plants react unexpectedly to high levels of carbon dioxide
Plants are responding in unexpected ways to increased carbon dioxide in the air, according to a 20-year study conducted by researchers at the University of Minnesota. (2018-04-20)

New species of ancient whale identified and named by Otago paleontologists
University of Otago paleontologists are rewriting the history of New Zealand's ancient whales by describing a previously unknown genus of baleen whale, alive more than 27.5 million years ago and found in the Hakataramea Valley, South Canterbury. (2018-04-18)

We think we're the first advanced earthlings -- but how do we really know?
Imagine if, many millions of years ago, dinosaurs drove cars through cities of mile-high buildings. A preposterous idea, right? In a compelling thought experiment, professor of physics and astronomy Adam Frank and director of the NASA Goddard Institute for Space Studies Gavin Schmidt wonder how we would truly know if there were a past civilization so advanced that it left little or no trace of its impact on the planet. (2018-04-16)

First an alga, then a squid, enigmatic fossil is actually a fish
A fossil slab discovered in Kansas 70 years ago and twice misidentified -- first as a green alga and then as a cephalopod -- has been reinterpreted as the preserved remains of a large cartilaginous fish, the group that includes sharks and rays. In a study published in the Journal of Paleontology, American Museum of Natural History researchers describe the fishy characteristics of the animal, which lived between 70-85 million years ago. (2018-04-16)

Actual fossil fuel emissions checked with new technique
Researchers have measured CO2 emissions from fossil fuel use in California and compared them to reported emissions. This is the first time fossil fuel emissions have been independently checked for such a large area. (2018-04-12)

Baby fish led astray by high CO2 in oceans
Baby fish will find it harder to reach secure shelters in future acidified oceans -- putting fish populations at risk, new research from the University of Adelaide has concluded. (2018-04-11)

Why do some children read more?
A new study of more than 11,000 7-year-old twins found that how well children read determines how much they read, not vice versa. (2018-04-11)

Smithsonian scientists and collaborators demonstrate new driver of extinction
By analyzing thousands of fossilized ancient crustaceans, a team of scientists led by NMNH paleontologist Gene Hunt found that devoting a lot of energy to the competition for mates may compromise species' resilience to change and increase their risk of extinction. Hunt, NMNH postdoctoral fellow M. João Fernandes Martins, and collaborators at the College of William and Mary and the University of Southern Mississippi reported their findings April 11, 2018, in the journal Nature. (2018-04-11)

200-million-year-old insect color revealed by fossil scales
Researchers from the Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology (NIGP) of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and their colleagues from Germany and the UK reported scale architectures from Jurassic Lepidoptera from the UK, Germany, Kazakhstan and China and Tarachoptera (a stem group of Amphiesmenoptera) from mid-Cretaceous Burmese amber. (2018-04-11)

The secret life of teeth: Evo-devo models of tooth development
A simple, straightforward developmental rule -- the 'patterning cascade' -- is powerful enough to explain the massive variability in molar crown configuration over the past 15 million years of ape and human evolution. (2018-04-11)

Fossil study sheds light on ancient butterfly wing colors
Pioneering new research has given an illuminating new insight into the metallic, iridescent colors found on the earliest known ancestors of moths and butterflies, which inhabited the Earth almost 200 million years ago. (2018-04-11)

First human migration out of Africa more geographically widespread than previously thought
A project led by the Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History has discovered a fossilized finger bone of an early modern human in the Nefud Desert of Saudi Arabia, dating to approximately 90,000 years ago. The discovery, described in Nature Ecology and Evolution, is the oldest directly dated Homo sapiens fossil outside of Africa and the Levant and indicates that early dispersals into Eurasia were more expansive than previously thought. (2018-04-09)

NUS engineers pioneer greener and cheaper technique for biofuel production
A research team led by Associate Professor He Jianzhong from the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering at NUS Faculty of Engineering has found that a natural bacterium isolated from mushroom crop residue can directly convert cellulose to biobutanol, a biofuel. (2018-04-05)

Notre Dame researchers developing renewable energy approach for producing ammonia
Ammonia is an essential component of fertilizers that support the world's food production needs, and currently production relies on non-renewable fossil fuels and has limited applications for only large, centralized chemical plants. (2018-04-04)

Trap, contain and convert
Injecting carbon dioxide deep underground into basalt flows holds promise as an abatement strategy. Now, new research by scientists at Washington University in St. Louis sheds light on exactly what happens underground during the process, illustrating precisely how effective the volcanic rock could be in trapping and converting CO2 emissions. (2018-04-04)

Your wood stove affects the climate more than you might think
Heating with wood has a significant warming effect on the climate, which is cause for concern. But at the same time, burning wood also causes significant cooling. (2018-04-03)

Use of solid fuels for heating, cooking in China associated with increased risk of death
Use of coal, wood or charcoal for cooking and heating in rural China was associated with a greater risk of death, with that risk decreased by having switched to gas, electricity or central heating, or using ventilation. (2018-04-03)

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