Current Fracture News and Events

Current Fracture News and Events, Fracture News Articles.
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Can bacteria make stronger cars, airplanes and armor?
Biological systems can harness their living cells for growth and regeneration, but engineering systems cannot. Until now.Researchers are harnessing living bacteria to create engineering materials that are strong, tolerant, and resilient. (2021-02-22)

Certain factors are linked with an elevated risk of bone fractures
A new study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research has identified various factors that may indicate whether a person faces a higher likelihood of experiencing a bone fracture over the next two decades. (2021-02-18)

Geisel study examines variation in intensity of fracture-associated prescription drug use
A Dartmouth-led study reveals that there is substantial variation across different regions of the country in the intensity of fracture-associated drug use among long-term care residents, and that areas with greater use of these prescription drugs experience higher fracture rates. (2021-02-16)

Improved use of databases could save billions of euro in health care costs
Years of suffering and billions of euro in global health care costs, arising from osteoporosis-related bone fractures, could be eliminated using big data to target vulnerable patients, according to researchers at Lero, the Science Foundation Ireland Research Centre for Software. (2021-02-15)

A 'skeletal age' calculator to predict bone fracture risk
Garvan researchers have developed a model to predict the biological age of bones that may improve the management of osteoporotic fractures. (2021-02-09)

How has Covid-19 affected the treatment of osteoporosis?
A global survey of healthcare providers by IOF, NOF and ESCEO has revealed unprecedented effects of the Covid-19 pandemic on worldwide healthcare delivery for osteoporosis. (2021-02-09)

Highly deformable piezoelectric nanotruss for tactile electronics
A KAIST research team confirmed the potential of tactile devices by developing ceramic piezoelectric materials that are three times more deformable. For the fabrication of highly deformable nanomaterials, the research team built a zinc oxide hollow nanostructure using proximity field nanopatterning and atomic layered deposition. (2021-02-01)

Osteoporosis, controversial fractures and various bone markers
Aging and lifestyle-related metabolic imbalances cause the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). A team of doctors from Shinshu University School of Medicine compared the impacts of AGEs on bone status and prevalent osteoporotic fractures in a cohort of postmenopausal women. They hope to provide an effective intervention for the AGEs accumulation in bone tissue leading to bone health retention in the elderly. (2021-01-28)

New IOF position paper urges routine use of DXA-VFA in fracture liaison services
A new position paper by an International Osteoporosis Foundation (IOF) Fracture Working Group reviews the clinical significance of vertebral fractures, and the rationale for performing vertebral fracture assessment (VFA) routinely within post-fracture care coordination programs such as fracture liaison services (FLS). VFA is a tool available on modern DXA scanners which allows the detection of previous vertebral fractures by providing a lateral view of the spine during a regular DXA bone mineral density measurement of the hip and spine. (2021-01-28)

New benchmark set to deliver optimal osteoporosis care throughout Asia Pacific
The Asia Pacific Consortium on Osteoporosis (APCO) has today launched the first pan-Asia Pacific clinical practice standards for the screening, diagnosis, and management of osteoporosis, targeting a broad range of high-risk groups. Published in Osteoporosis International, 'The APCO Framework' comprises 16 minimum clinical standards set to serve as a benchmark for the provision of optimal osteoporosis care in the region. (2021-01-27)

IOF and IFCC review calls for harmonization of assays for reference bone turnover markers
The newly published review 'Analytical considerations and plans to standardize or harmonize assays for the reference bone turnover markers PINP and β-CTX in blood' describes the current status of assays for PINP and β-CTX in blood, as well as the plans for and ongoing progress towards the achievement of harmonization or standardization of commercial assays for these reference markers. (2021-01-15)

Hip fracture incidence expected to increase two-to-three fold in some Eurasian countries
A new report on the burden of osteoporosis in the Russian Federation and seven other Eurasian countries warns of increasing fracture rates due to expected demographic changes, and poor access to diagnosis and treatment. (2021-01-12)

Living alone may increase risk of dying after hip fracture
Individuals face a higher risk of dying following hip fractures. A new study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research has found that living alone after experiencing a hip fracture may further elevate this risk. (2021-01-06)

Bone fracture risk may increase when critical enzymatic processes decline
A loss of enzymatic processes within the body can increase a person's risk of bone fracture. This new insight was recently published in eLife by an international team of scientists and engineers led by Deepak Vashishth, the director of the Center for Biotechnology and Interdisciplinary Studies (CBIS) at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute. (2021-01-05)

Obesity increases the risk of early hip fracture in postmenopausal women
Obese women have an increased risk of hip fracture earlier than others, already well before the age of 70, a new study from the University of Eastern Finland shows. The study followed 12,715 women for a period of 25 years. (2020-12-01)

Forearm fractures may signal intimate partner violence
Up to one-third of adult women who sustain a non-displaced fracture to the ulna bone of the forearm may be victims of intimate partner violence, according to a study being presented at the annual meeting of the Radiological Society of North America (RSNA). The findings underscore the need to screen for intimate partner violence in women with these types of injuries, researchers said. (2020-11-30)

Strain engineering of 2D semiconductor and graphene
Strain engineering can significantly manipulate the two-dimensional (2D) materials' electronic and optical properties, which endow it the potential applications in optoelectronics and nanophotonics. To summarize recent fascinating work about the strain engineering of 2D materials, scientists in China write a review article that gives people a comprehensive introduction to this field, including the strain field theory, tunable band structure and optical properties of 2D materials under strain field, and their photonic applications. (2020-11-23)

East African Rift System is slowly breaking away, with Madagascar splitting into pieces
''The rate of present-day break-up is millimeters per year, so it will be millions of years before new oceans start to form,'' said Stamps, an assistant professor in the Virginia Tech College of Science.  (2020-11-13)

Could reduced lead exposure explain the downward trend in hip fractures?
Hip fractures are one of the leading causes of hospitalization among older adults and are a strong predictor of mortality. There has been a steady and substantial decline in the incidence of hip fractures in the last four decades in much of the developed world including the USA, Canada, Europe, Australia, New Zealand, Hong Kong and Taiwan. (2020-11-11)

New European consensus on management of osteoporosis in advanced chronic kidney disease
This Consensus is authored by the European Renal Osteodystrophy Working Group, with expertise from the European Renal Association-European Dialysis and Transplant Association and the International Osteoporosis Foundation. It provides a succinct review of current clinical practice, and outlines practical recommendations for diagnosis, assessment of fracture risk, intervention thresholds, non-pharmacological and pharmacological intervention strategies, monitoring, and secondary fracture prevention. (2020-11-11)

Romosozumab substantially builds bone density in hip and spine
New research presented at ACR Convergence, the American College Rheumatology's annual meeting, reveals that romosozumab, an osteoporosis drug, produces substantial gains in bone mineral density in the hip and lumbar spine within one year, and that transitioning patients to a potent antiresorptive drug can lead to even more bone density gains. (2020-11-06)

Osteoporosis is underdiagnosed and undertreated in older men
A new study reveals that many older men who experience a fracture are still underdiagnosed with and undertreated for osteoporosis. Details of the study was presented at ACR Convergence, the American College Rheumatology's annual meeting. (2020-11-06)

No reduction in fractures seen in falls prevention programmes prescribed to older people
Two population screen and treat programmes commonly prescribed to prevent older people falling have no impact on reducing fractures, researchers from the University of Warwick and University of Exeter have concluded. (2020-11-04)

This beetle can survive getting run over by a car. Engineers are figuring out how.
Getting run over by a car is not a near-death experience for the diabolical ironclad beetle. How the beetle survives could inspire the development of new materials with the same herculean toughness, engineers show in a paper published Wednesday (Oct. 21) in Nature. (2020-10-21)

Steroid inhalers/pills for asthma linked to heightened risk of brittle bones and fractures
Taking steroid inhalers or tablets to treat asthma or control flare-ups is linked to a heightened risk of brittle bones (osteoporosis) and increased vulnerability to broken bones (fragility fractures), finds research published online in the journal Thorax. (2020-10-20)

COVID-19 pandemic has dramatic impact on osteoporosis management, finds new global study
A new study published prior to World Osteoporosis Day finds that the COVID-19 pandemic, which has severely affected management of non-communicable diseases, is markedly impacting the management of osteoporosis as judged by access to online FRAX fracture risk assessments. Globally, usage of the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX®) website was on average 58% lower in April than in February 2020. (2020-10-19)

'Bandage' developed to rebuild broken bone
Researchers at King's College London have developed a material that allows transplantation of bone-forming stem cells into severe bone fractures and speeds up the healing process. (2020-09-21)

Ocean acidification puts deep-sea coral reefs at risk of collapse
Deep-sea coral reefs face challenges as changes to ocean chemistry triggered by climate change may cause their foundations to become brittle, a study suggests. (2020-09-17)

Researchers find cuttlebone's microstructure sits at a 'sweet spot'
Ling Li has a lesson in one of his mechanical engineering courses on how brittle materials like calcium carbonate behave under stress. In it, he takes a piece of chalk composed of the compound and snaps it in half to show his students the edge of one of the broken pieces. The break is blunt and straight. (2020-09-11)

Sleep apnea linked with higher spine fracture risk among women
Emerging evidence suggests that obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) may negatively affect bone health. Results from a new study published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research now indicate that women with history of OSA may face a higher risk of spine, or vertebral, fractures. (2020-09-10)

Scientists predicted new superhard materials
A group of Skoltech scientists used machine learning (ML) methods to predict superhard materials based on their crystal structure. (2020-09-10)

Failure to calibrate for ethnicity in fracture epidemiology would do more harm than good
A recent article from the NEJM questioned the use of ethnicity in risk assessment algorithms, including the Fracture Risk Assessment Tool FRAX. In response to this article, experts from the International Osteoporosis Foundation have written an editorial which explains the main considerations in fracture epidemiology and risk assessment, with key messages related to the inclusion of race/ethnicity in FRAX algorithms. (2020-09-09)

Scientists predicted new hard and superhard ternary compounds
Scientists have predicted new hard and superhard ternary compounds in the tungsten-molybdenum-boron system using computational methods. (2020-09-04)

Hip fracture risk linked to nanoscale bone inflexibility
New research has highlighted a preventative treatment gap in patients prone to bone fractures who are otherwise healthy. (2020-08-26)

New research on Post-fracture Care Coordination Programs highlighted at WCO-IOF-ESCEO
After the first fragility fracture, there is a high risk of subsequent fractures, with the risk highest in the following two years. This is why secondary fracture prevention, and specifically topics related to Post-fracture Care Coordination Program (such as Fracture Liaison Service - FLS) development, are a focus of several live and pre-recorded presentations at the virtual World Congress on Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis and Musculoskeletal Diseases (WCO-IOF-ESCEO 2020 from August 20-22, 2020. Several of these important sessions and related abstracts are highlighted. (2020-08-21)

UCI materials scientists study a sea creature that packs a powerful punch
University of California, Irvine materials science researchers discovered that the dactyl clubs of mantis shrimp have a uniquely designed nanoparticle coating that absorbs and dissipates energy. The findings, published Aug. 17, 2020 in Nature Materials, have significant implications for engineered materials in the automotive, aerospace and sports industries. (2020-08-17)

Causes of higher risk of stress fractures in female runners
A pair of new studies identify overlooked physiological factors and lack of knowledge around wellness as contributors to risk of stress fracture in women who run. (2020-08-11)

Rare 'boomerang' earthquake observed along Atlantic Ocean fault line
Scientists have tracked a 'boomerang' earthquake in the ocean for the first time, providing clues about how they could cause devastation on land. (2020-08-10)

'Avoid surgery' for most cases of common wrist fracture in young people, urge researchers
Study finds plaster casts are just as effective at healing scaphoid waist fractures in the wrist as surgery. (2020-08-06)

Lung-specific risk factors may increase hip fracture risk in individuals who smoke
Smoking has been linked to a higher risk of bone fractures. Researchers have now identified certain lung-related factors that may help to predict an individual smoker's fracture risk. The findings are published in the Journal of Bone and Mineral Research. (2020-08-05)

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