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NSF awards to UT Arlington researchers will fuel sustainable solutions
Two University of Texas at Arlington professors have received SusChEM grants from the NSF. One will study a new method for converting carbon dioxide to methanol. Another will study the use of sulfurized hematite to build more efficient solar cell technologies. (2013-11-08)

Burning biomass pellets instead of wood or plants in China could lower mercury emissions
For millions of homes, plants, wood and other types of (2013-11-06)

iGEM competition: First runner up to world champion for Bielefeld
Many months of laboratory work, numerous challenges, and, finally, good reason to celebrate: Ten students from Bielefeld University have been taking part in this year's International Genetically Engineered Machine competition organized at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - and they gained second place (First Runner Up). The final World Championship Jamboree was held from 1-4 November at the MIT in Boston, USA. (2013-11-06)

Emissions pricing revenues could overcompensate profit losses of fossil fuel owners
Revenues from global carbon emission pricing could exceed the losses fossil fuel owners suffer from this policy. Stabilizing global warming at around 2 degrees Celsius by cutting greenhouse-gas emissions from fossil fuels would mean to leave much of coal, gas and oil unused underground. (2013-11-05)

Crafting a better enzyme cocktail to turn plants into fuel faster
Scientists looking to create a potent blend of enzymes to transform materials like corn stalks and wood chips into fuels have developed a test that should turbocharge their efforts. The work revolves around the fungus Trichoderma reesei, which introduced itself to US troops during World War II by chewing through their tents in the Pacific theater. Now the fungus is a star in the world of biofuels. (2013-11-04)

Combination of 3 propulsion technologies brings maritime fuel savings
According to the TRIPOD research project coordinated by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland lower fuel consumption and emissions are expected for an innovative propulsion system to be used as a promising alternative to conventional propellers. Annual fuel savings for a single cargo ship above half million euros are foreseen. The research examined the benefits derived from combining the RudderPod propulsion units developed by ABB-Finland with the contracted loaded tip propellers developed by the Spanish company Sistemar and with contra-rotating propellers. (2013-11-04)

Safer nuclear fuels
Presentation at AVS Meeting in Long Beach, Calif. describes new uranium pellets with degradation-resistant cladding for enhanced safety. (2013-10-29)

A noble yet simple way to synthesize new metal-free electrocatalysts for oxygen reduction reaction
A UNIST undergrad, Minju Park, and her research team found a new way to synthesize highly efficient electrocatalysts based on heteroatom-doped graphene nanosheets. (2013-10-28)

Scientists to gain from view inside of fuel cells
Powerful scanners that give scientists a direct line of sight into hydrogen fuel cells are the latest tools Simon Fraser University researchers will use to help Ballard Power Systems Inc create more durable, lower-cost fuel cells. Use of these fuel cells in vehicles can substantially reduce harmful emissions in the transportation sector. (2013-10-28)

Bielefeld iGEM team wins European preliminary round
Last weekend, Bielefeld University's iGEM team won the European region preliminary round of the international iGEM competition. The jury was so impressed by the microbial fuel cell the team has developed to generate energy directly from bacteria that they judged them to be the best team in Europe. (2013-10-21)

Wrangling flow to quiet cars and aircraft
With the use of high voltage equipment, very small plasmas can be used to manipulate fluid flows. In recent years, the development of devices known as plasma actuators has advanced the promise of controlling flows in new ways that increase lift, reduce drag and improve aerodynamic efficiencies -- advances that may lead to safer, more efficient and more quiet land and air vehicles in the near future. (2013-10-18)

Engine technology on the road to meeting emissions standards
An engine design appearing under the hoods of many new cars and light trucks today is close to meeting the latest pollution standards that will require vehicles to emit fewer harmful particles over their lifetimes, scientists are reporting. The new study on emissions from gasoline direct injection technology appears in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology. (2013-10-16)

Study: Renewable fuel standard needs to be modified, not repealed
In a new study, University of Illinois law professor Jay P. Kesan, right, and Timothy A. Slating, a regulatory associate with the Energy Biosciences Institute, say that the Renewable Fuel Standard should be slightly modified, not repealed. (2013-10-14)

Uniformity: The secret of better fusion ignition
One of the ways to achieve thermonuclear fusion is through a controlled reaction between two light variants of hydrogen, called deuterium and tritium. Researchers have made theoretical calculations indicating how best to improve the ignition stage of fusion reaction. Their approach, described in a paper published in EPJ D, involves increasing the uniformity of irradiation using high-power laser beams on the external shell of a spherical capsule containing a mix of deuterium and tritium. (2013-10-11)

Study: Ethanol not a major factor in reducing gas prices
MIT economist finds that biofuels, contrary to claims, do not meaningfully affect what drivers pay at the pump. (2013-10-10)

NSF, DOE partner to support University of Houston's diesel emissions research
As diesel engines have become more fuel efficient, reducing their emissions has become more challenging, because better efficiency means more of the energy in diesel fuel is used to move the vehicle and less escapes out the tailpipe in the form of heat, presenting a challenge for emissions reduction. University of Houston researchers are seeking to design a new catalyst to better capture diesel emissions. (2013-10-02)

MOgene awarded $1.5 million from US Department of Energy
The MGC project is one of 15 energy projects selected by the ARPA-E to participate in the agency's new REMOTE program -- Reducing Emissions using Methanotrophic Organisms for Transportation Energy. (2013-09-27)

Time to rethink misguided policies that promote biofuels to protect climate
Policymakers need to rethink the idea of promoting biofuels to protect the climate because the methods used to justify such policies are inherently flawed, according to a University of Michigan energy researcher. (2013-09-24)

New steering tech for heavy equipment saves fuel, ups efficiency
Researchers at Purdue University have shown how to reduce fuel consumption while improving the efficiency of hydraulic steering systems in heavy construction equipment. (2013-09-24)

First steps towards achieving better and cheaper biodiesel
The SUPREN research group of the Department of Chemical Engineering and the Environment of the Faculty of Engineering in Bilbao is working on a project that is seeking to encourage the use of this rare fuel. The idea is to produce acetals more easily and more cheaply. The starting point is the alcohol obtained from sugar-rich plants, or glycerol, a bi-product of biodiesel which is also a kind of alcohol. (2013-09-23)

Non-precious metal catalysts outperforming Pt-based one by UNIST research team
Researchers from Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Korea Institute of Energy Research, and Brookhaven National Laboratory, have discovered a new family of non-precious metal catalysts. (2013-09-23)

Scientists create new hydrogen fuel cell safety app
Engineers and scientists have developed an app that focuses on hydrogen safety. The Hydrogen Tools app comes at a time when the use of fuel cells is growing -- as back-up energy sources in buildings, in vehicles, and in warehouses, where they are often used to power forklifts. (2013-09-19)

CU-Boulder awarded $3.6 million for new way to produce magnesium for auto parts
A University of Colorado Boulder professor has been awarded a three-year, $3.6 million grant from the Energy Department's Advanced Research Projects Agency to develop a new process to produce magnesium that can be used to make lightweight vehicle parts. (2013-09-19)

American Chemical Society podcast: Duckweed as a cost-competitive raw material for biofuel
The latest episode in the American Chemical Society's award-winning Global Challenges/Chemistry Solutions podcast series describes how the search for a less-expensive, sustainable source of biomass, or plant material, for producing gasoline, diesel and jet fuel has led scientists to duckweed, that fast-growing floating plant that turns ponds and lakes green. (2013-09-18)

First-time measurements in Greenland snowpack show a drop in atmospheric co since 1950s
A first-ever study of air trapped in the deep snowpack of Greenland shows that atmospheric levels of carbon monoxide (CO) in the 1950s were actually slightly higher than what we have today, not lower as has been predicted by computer models. And improved combustion technology has been linked to the lower CO levels. (2013-09-17)

NRL achieves highest open-circuit voltage for quantum dot solar cells
Using colloidal lead sulfide nanocrystal quantum dot substances, NRL researchers achieve the highest recorded open-circuit voltages for quantum dot solar cells to date. (2013-09-13)

'The Machines of Sex Research': Powering repression and revolution
A new Springer title, The Machines of Sex Research: Technology and the Politics of Identity, 1945-1985 by Donna J. Drucker, dives into the history of the machines of sex research and their implications on society. The book is part of the series Springer Briefs in History of Science and Technology. (2013-09-12)

The efficient choice among combustion engines
Researchers at ETH Zurich have developed an internal combustion engine that emits less than half the CO2 compared to a regular engine without compromising performance. This corresponds to fuel consumption of less than 2.4l per 100km. This natural gas-diesel hybrid engine is based on a system of sophisticated control engineering. (2013-09-12)

Researchers read the coffee grounds and find a promising energy resource for the future
What's usually considered old garbage might be a promising asset for our energy supply, according to University of Cincinnati researchers. (2013-09-09)

Indy 500 race cars showcase green fuels
Mention cars that get barely 3 miles to a gallon and are built for speed rather than cleanliness, and images of gas-guzzling, pollution-belching menaces burning leaded gasoline or nitro may spring to mind. But experts today described how ethanol blends used as fuel in the race cars of the Indianapolis 500 actually make those emissions cleaner than cars on the street. They spoke at the 246th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society. (2013-09-09)

University of Tennessee professor and student develop device to detect biodiesel contamination
A professor and student team at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville, has developed a quick and easy-to-use sensor that can detect trace amounts of biodiesel contamination in diesel. (2013-09-05)

Hydrogen fuel from sunlight
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint Center for Artificial Photosynthesis have developed a way to interface a molecular hydrogen-producing catalyst with a visible light absorbing semiconductor. With this approach, hydrogen fuel can be produced off a photocathode using sunlight. (2013-08-29)

Refrigerated trucks to keep their cool thanks to fuel cell technology
Grocery merchants in Texas, California and New York will soon have ice cream, frozen foods and fresh produce delivered by tractor trailers whose refrigeration units are powered by fuel cells, a clean technology that makes energy silently and with dramatically reduced emissions. The fuel cells will do the work normally done by a small diesel engine, which keeps the cargo at the proper temperature while the trucks are making deliveries. (2013-08-23)

More efficient and economical capture of power plant carbon dioxide emissions
A consortium led by VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland has developed a new technology that captures the carbon dioxide emissions of power plants more economically and ecologically. The International Energy Agency IEA regards carbon dioxide capture as essential if the emission reduction targets set for greenhouse gases are to be met. (2013-08-22)

Home cooking, traffic are sources of key air pollutants from China
Almost 80 percent of air pollution involving soot that spreads from China over large areas of East Asia -- impacting human health and fostering global warming -- comes from city traffic and other forms of fossil-fuel combustion, such as home cooking with coal briquettes. That's the conclusion of a study in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology, which resolves long-standing questions about sources of air pollution responsible for Asia's infamous atmospheric brown clouds. (2013-08-21)

Try clapping your wet hands; a physics lesson from Virginia Tech engineers
The article, Dynamics of squeezing fluids: Clapping wet hands, (2013-08-15)

Cutting consumption, saving lives: Fuel cell technology proves powerful in demo
Technology developed for tactical generators under an Office of Naval Research program recently demonstrated the ability to cut fuel use nearly in half compared to diesel systems currently powering forward-operating bases. (2013-08-14)

Fuel cell innovation by Korean researchers
Research team of Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, Georgia Institute of Technology, and Dong-Eui University developed a novel cathode material which has outstanding performance and robust reliability even at the intermediate temperature range. (2013-08-13)

Low-temperature combustion enables cleaner, more efficient engines
As demand climbs for more fuel-efficient vehicles, knowledge compiled over several years about diesel engines and a new strategy known as (2013-08-13)

Getting to the core of Fukushima
Critical to the recovery efforts following the devastating effects of the 2011 tsunami on Japan's Fukushima reactor is the ability to assess damage within the reactor's core. A study in the journal AIP Advances by a team of scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory shows that muon imaging may offer the best hope of assessing damage to the reactor cores and locating the melted fuel. (2013-08-07)

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